Operator Algebras and Operator Theory
Org:
Ken Davidson (Waterloo) and
Matthew Kennedy (Carleton)
[
PDF]
 MARTIN ARGERAMI, University of Regina
Classification of finitely generated operator systems [PDF]

The classification problem for separable operator systems is commonly
believed to be intractable. In recent collaboration with S. Coskey, M. Kalantar,
M. Kennedy, M. Lupini, and M. Sabok, we have shown that, on the other hand,
the classification problem for finitely generated operator systems is smooth. After
an introduction to operator systems and completely positive maps, I will discuss
Borel complexity theory, I will tell you what “smooth” means, and I will present
some concrete classification results.
 RAPHAEL CLOUATRE, University of Waterloo
Duality and peakinterpolation for continuous multipliers of the DruryArveson space [PDF]

A measure on the unit sphere is said to be Henkin if it has a certain weak* continuity property. Such measures are completely characterized by a classical theorem due to Henkin and ColeRange, and they can be used in the context of operator theory to show that a constrained absolutely continuous contraction must be pure. Motivated by the corresponding question for commuting row contractions, we investigate the dual of the algebra $\mathcal{A}_d$ of continuous multipliers of the DruryArveson space by studying ``Henkin" functionals. We also consider a version of the classical peakinterpolation problem from the theory of uniform algebras. (Joint work with Ken Davidson)
 ADAM DORON, University of Waterloo
C*envelopes of tensor algebras arising from Markov chains [PDF]

In this talk we consider the C*envelope of the tensor algebras associated to subproduct systems arising from stochastic matrices. This builds upon our previous work where we classified these tensor algebras, and computed the CuntzPimsner algebras associated to finite essential stochastic matrices.
For a tensor algebra arising from a product system $X$, Katsoulis and Kribs have shown that the C*envelope of the tensor algebra is always the CuntzPimsner algebra $\mathcal{O}(X)$.
When one considers a subproduct system $X$, which is not necessarily a product system, the situation may change. When $X$ is a ``commutative`` subproduct system of finite dimensional Hilbert spaces, Davidson, Ramsey and Shalit have shown that the C*envelope of the tensor algebra of $X$ is the Toeplitz algebra $\mathcal{T}(X)$. Moreover, Kakariadis and Shalit have recently proven that for a subproduct system $X$ of finite dimensional Hilbert spaces associated to two sided subshifts, either $C_{env}^*(\mathcal{T}_+(X)) = \mathcal{O}(X)$ or $C_{env}^*(\mathcal{T}_+(X)) = \mathcal{T}(X)$ depending on a combinatorial condition on the subshifts.
In contrast to the plausible dichotomy suggested above, for a $d\times d$ irreducible stochastic matrix $P$ we show that the tensor algebra $\mathcal{T}_+(P)$ associated to $P$ yields different C*envelopes, depending on the columns of the matrix $P$, which are all ``between`` the Toeplitz algebra $\mathcal{T}(P)$ and the CuntzPimsner algebra $\mathcal{O}(P)$. We also provide an explicit description of the Shilov ideal of $\mathcal{T}_+(P)$ inside $\mathcal{T}(P)$.
*Joint work with Daniel Markiewicz.
 GEORGE ELLIOTT, University of Toronto
Recent progress in C*algebra classification theory [PDF]

A brief survey will be given of recent progress in the classification of separable amenable C*algebras. There has been progress both in the general theory (with striking results by Matui and Sato), and in the study of examples. (A number of different constructions have been shown to give rise to C*algebras that are not only amenable but amenable to classification!)
 ILIJAS FARAH, York
Model theory of strongly self absorbing C*algebras [PDF]

Virtually all uses of ultrapowers in operator algebras (and elsewhere) rely on two of their modeltheoretic properties, countable saturation and Los's theorem. Unlike ultrapowers, relative commutants do not have a wellstudied abstract analogue. Because of their central role it would be desirable to have a better understanding of relative commutants. When algebras in question are stronglyself absorbing the relative commutant is as well behaved as the ultrapower, in a very specific (and somewhat surprising) way.
 DOUG FARENICK, University of Regina
Expectation and Bayes rule with quantum random variables [PDF]

Common statistical notions, such as expected value and variance, may be defined for quantum random variables in the context of positive operatorvalued measures. In this lecture I will review these notions and indicated how Bayes' rule is formulated. I will also describe how, through the use of the operatortheoretic geometric mean, the standard chain rules for RadonNikodym derivatives extend to positive operatorvalued measures. Based on joint work with Michael Kozdron and Sarah Plosker.
 ADAM FULLER, University of Nebraska  Lincoln
Von Neumann Algebras and Extensions of Inverse Semigroups [PDF]

Recall that a maximal abelain subalgebra D of a von Neumann algebra M is Cartan if the unitaries $U\in M$ satisfying $UDU^* \subseteq D$ span a dense subset of M.
Feldman and Moore gave a complete description of Cartan MASAs in von Neumann algebras with separable preduals, in terms of measured equivalence relations. I will present joint work with Allan Donsig and David Pitts in which we describe a bijective correspondence between the family of all Cartan pairs and a certain family of extensions of inverse semigroups.
 MICHAEL HARTZ, University of Waterloo
NevanlinnaPick spaces with subnormal multiplication operators [PDF]

The Hardy space $H^2$ on the unit disc enjoys two seemingly unrelated properties: Firstly, it is a complete NevanlinnaPick space, and secondly, all multiplication operators on $H^2$ are subnormal. I will talk about a result which indicates that this is special: The Hardy space $H^2$ is essentially the only Hilbert function space which satisfies both properties.
 MATTHEW KENNEDY, Carleton University
C*simplicity and the unique trace property for discrete groups [PDF]

In joint work with M. Kalantar, we established necessary and sufficient conditions for the simplicity of the reduced C*algebra of a discrete group. More recently, in joint work with E. Breuillard, M. Kalantar and N. Ozawa, we proved that any tracial state on the reduced C*algebra of a discrete group is supported on the amenable radical. Hence every C*simple group has the unique trace property. I will discuss these results, along with some applications.
 MARCELO LACA, University of Victoria
von Neumann algebras of strongly connected higher rank graphs [PDF]

We investigate the factor types of the extremal KMS states for the preferred dynamics on the Toeplitz algebra and the CuntzKrieger algebra of a strongly connected finite $k$graph. For inverse temperatures above 1, all of the extremal KMS states are of type I$_\infty$. At inverse temperature 1, there is a dichotomy: if the $k$graph is a simple $k$dimensional cycle, we obtain a finite type I factor; otherwise we obtain a type III factor, whose Connes invariant we compute in terms of the spectral radii of the coordinate matrices and the degrees of cycles in the graph.
 MARTINO LUPINI, York University
Uniqueness, homogeneity, and universality of the noncommutative Gurarij space [PDF]

The noncommutative Gurarij space is the operator space analog of the Gurarij Banach space introduced and studied by Oikhberg. We prove that such an operator space is unique up to complete isometry, homogeneous, and universal for separable 1exact operator spaces. This result is obtained as an application of the Fraisse theory for metric structures recently developed by Ben Yaacov.
 LAURENT MARCOUX, University of Waterloo
On selfadjoint extensions of semigroups of partial isometries [PDF]

Let $\mathcal{S}$ be a semigroup of partial isometries acting on a complex, infinitedimensional, separable Hilbert space. We shall discuss criteria which will guarantee that the selfadjoint semigroup $\mathcal{T}$ generated by $\mathcal{S}$ consists of partial isometries as well. Amongst other things, we show that this is the case when the set $\mathcal{Q}(\mathcal{S})$ of final projections of elements of $\mathcal{S}$ generates an abelian von Neumann algebra of uniform finite multiplicity.
 JAMIE MINGO, Queen's University
Freeness and the Transpose [PDF]

One of the most stunning achievements of free probability
theory is that freeness can be used to model certain
ensembles of random matrices. These theorems, which go back
to Voiculescu in 1991, assume that the ensembles are
independent and satisfy some invariance condition and
conclude that the ensembles are asymptotically free, in that
as the size of the matrix increases the matrices become free
in the sense of Voiculescu.
Recently Mihai Popa and I showed that a matrix can be free
from its transpose or even its partial transpose, thereby
eliminating the independence assumption. I will give a brief
explanation of asymptotic freeness and illustrate this with
some simple examples.
 ZHUANG NIU, University of Wyoming
The C*algebra of a minimal homeomorphism with zero mean dimension [PDF]

Consider an infinite compact metrizable space together with a minimal homeomorphism of zero mean dimension. It is shown that the C*algebra of this dynamical system always absorbs the JiangSu algebra tensorially. In particular, this implies that the C*algebra of an arbitrary uniquely ergodic system is classifiable. This is a joint work with George A. Elliott.
 CHRIS RAMSEY, University of Virginia
The semicrossed product algebra of a dynamical system [PDF]

A multivariable dynamical system is a locally compact Hausdorf space along with n proper continuous self maps. From such a system one can construct a universal operator algebra called the semicrossed product algebra. In the onevariable case, first introduced by Arveson, it has been proven by Davidson and Katsoulis that two systems are conjugate if and only if their semicrossed product algebras are isomorphic as algebras. In the multivariable context, I will establish that two dynamical systems with connected spaces are conjugate if and only if their semicrossed product algebras are isometrically isomorphic.
 PAUL SKOUFRANIS, Texas A\&M Univesity
Free Probability for Pairs of Faces [PDF]

Free probability is a noncommutative probability theory that arises by examining the joint moments of operators acting on the lefthand side of reduced free product spaces. Introduced by Voiculescu in the 1980s, free probability has become an important part of the theory of operator algebras with applications to random matrix theory and subfactor theory.
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Last year, Voiculescu introduced the notion of bifree independence in order to simultaneously study the left and right representations of algebras on reduced free product spaces. In this talk, we will survey the recent advances in bifree probability including the $(\ell, r)$cumulants, partial $R$transforms, and the combinatorical structures of bifree probability.
 YANLI SONG, University of Toronto
Localization of fundamental Khomology classes [PDF]

In this talk, I will talk about the distinguished Khomology fundamental classes associated to Riemannian
manifolds with compact Lie groups action. This class was introduced by Kasparov and defined using the de Rham differential operators. With some vector fields on the manifolds, we can define perturbed fundamental classes which live in the Khomology of crossed product of C*algebra and obtain a localization formula. This provides a Khomological approach to transversally elliptic operators.
 VLADIMIR TROITSKY, University of Alberta
Multinorms, pmultinorms, and Banach lattices [PDF]

Let $1\le p\le\infty$ and $X$ be a vector space. For every
$n\in\mathbb N$, let $\lVert\cdot\rVert_n$ be a norm on $X^n$. The
resulting sequence of norms is called a $p$multinorm provided
$
\lVert A\bar x \rVert_m\le
\lVert A\colon\ell_p^n\to\ell_p^m \rVert_n
\cdot \lVert \bar x\rVert_n
$
for every ``multivector'' $\bar x\in X^n$ and every $m\times n$ scalar
matrix $A$. In the cases $p=1$ and $p=\infty$, these spaces were
introduced by G.Dales and M.Polyakov. $p$multinorms can be characterized
as certain norms on $\ell_p\otimes X$ and (under certain assumptions)
as subspaces of Banach lattices. This is a joint work with G.Dales,
N.Laustsen, and T.Oikhberg.
 MARIAGRAZIA VIOLA, Lakehead University
Classification of spatial $L^p$ AF algebras [PDF]

We first introduce the notion of $L^p$ operator algebras and spatial $L^p$ AF algebras. Our main result gives a complete classification of spatial $L^p$ AF algebras. We show that two spatial $L^p$ AF algebras are isomorphic if and only if their scaled ordered $K_0$ groups are isomorphic. Moreover, we prove that any countable Riesz group can be realized as the scaled ordered $K_0$ group of a spatial $L^p$ AF algebra. Therefore, the classification given by G. Elliott for AF algebras also holds for spatial $L^p$ AF algebras. Lastly, we discuss incompressibility and pincompressibility for $L^p$ AF algebras.
 KUN WANG, Fields Institute
Equivalence of two Invariants of $\text{C}^*$algebras with the ideal property [PDF]

Successful classification results have been obtained by using the traditional Elliott's Invariant for
the $AH$ algebras for cases of real rank zero and simple $AH$
algebras with slow dimension growth. The ideal property (each closed twosided nontrivial ideal is
generated by the projections inside the ideal) unifies and generalizes the above two cases. K.Stevens first uses the so called Stevens' Invariant to classify $AI$ algebras with the ideal property. After that, C.Jiang, K.Ji and K.Wang prove more general classification theorems. In my talk, I want to show that the Stevens' Invariant are equivalent to the Elliott's Invariant when extended positive real valued traces are considered for the $\text{C}^{*}$algebras with the ideal property.
 QINGYUN WANG, University of Toronto
Regularity property and actions with the weak tracial Rokhlin property [PDF]

Tracial Rokhlin property was introduced by Chris Phillips to
study the structure of the crossed product of actions on C*algebras. It
is more flexible than the Rokhlin property, and still yield important
structural theorems. In this talk, we will generalize the definition of
tracial Rokhlin property to actions of amenable groups and to C*algebras
possibly without projection, which we shall call the weak tracial Rokhlin
property. We will show that, the crossed product of an action with the
weak tracial Rokhlin property preserves the following classes:
(1). tracially $\mathcal{Z}$stable C*algebras.
(2). C*algebra whose Cuntz semigroup is almost unperforated and almost
divisible.
If time permits, we will also talk about some interesting examples. This
is a joint work with Chris Phillips and Joav Oravitz.
 MATT WIERSMA, University of Waterloo
C*norms for tensor products of discrete group C*algebras [PDF]

A $C^*$algebra $\mathcal A$ is said to be nuclear if the algebraic tensor product $\mathcal A\otimes \mathcal B$ admits a unique $C^*$norm for every $C^*$algebra $\mathcal B$. Lance showed in 1973 that a discrete group $\Gamma$ is amenable if and only if $C^*_r(\Gamma)$ is nuclear. We are able to show that if $\Gamma$ is nonamenable, then $C^*_r(\Gamma)\otimes C^*_r(\Gamma)$ and $C^*(\Gamma)\otimes C^*_r(\Gamma)$ admit nonunique $C^*$norms. Further, when $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ contain copies of noncommutative free groups, then $C^*_r(\Gamma_1)\otimes C^*_r(\Gamma_2)$ and $C^*(\Gamma_1)\otimes C^*_r(\Gamma_2)$ admit $2^{\aleph_0}$ distinct $C^*$norms.
 DILIAN YANG, University of Windsor
Cycline subalgebras of kgraph C*algebras [PDF]

$k$graphs are a higher dimensional generalization of directed graphs; directed graphs are naturally identified with $1$graphs. The graph C*algebra of a $k$graph is the universal C*algebra among its all CuntzKrieger families. An important subalgebra of a $k$graph C*algebra is its cycline algebra, which plays a vital role in a generalized CuntzKrieger uniqueness theorem. In this talk, we will present some new results on the cycline algebra.
© Canadian Mathematical Society