We discuss the global theory for Schrödinger Maps in higher dimensions. For n ³ 3 we establish the global well-posedness for small initial data in the critical Besov space, while for n ³ 4 we establish the global well-posedness for small initial data in the critical Sobolev space.
In this talk we compare the decay of solutions to the wave equation in R3 to those of the wave equation on a three-dimensional warp product space, (x,w) Î R ×S2 with metric dx2 +r(x)2 dw2. If the radii of spheres, r(x), has a unique minimum, then the sphere of minimal radius is a closed geodesic surface. Heuristically, this should impede the decay of waves, since waves follow the paths of geodesics. Indeed, Ralston has shown that initial data can be chosen for which an arbitrarily large percentage of the energy (H1 density) remains within a neighbourhood of the geodesic for arbitrary long periods of time. Thus, if decay estimates hold, there must be some loss of regularity, with higher derivatives used to control the decay of localised energy. The conformal charge is a weighted H1 norm defined by analogy to Rn, and its growth is controlled by the time integral of the energy near the geodesic surface. Using refinements of previous local decay arguments, the conformal charge can be shown to be bounded with an epsilon loss of regularity if the geodesic surface is unstable. This gives the same rate of decay for certain Lp norms as in Rn. This argument uses vector field techniques and can be extended to small data, nonlinear problems under additional assumptions on the growth of r(x). Since vector field techniques are analogous to commutator methods, we expect that similar methods will apply to the NLS on manifolds.
In this talk, we will discuss the initial value problem for the
quadratic non-linear Schrödinger equation
The following scenario has been seen in many non-integrable, dispersive, nonlinear PDE over the last 25 years: two solitary waves are propagated on a collision course. Above some critical velocity vc, they simply bounce off each other. Below vc they may be captured and merge into a single localized mass, or they may interact a finite number of times before escaping each other's embrace. Whether they are captured, and how many times the solitary waves interact before escape, depends on the initial velocity in a complicated manner, often remarked, though never shown, to be a fractal (a chaotic scattering process). This has been observed in coupled NLS, sine-Gordon, phi4, and others.
These PDE systems are commonly studied by (nonrigorously) deriving a reduced set of ODE that numerically reproduce this behavior. Using matched asymptotics and Melnikov integrals, we give asymptotic formulas for vc and for certain salient features of the fractal structure. We derive a discrete-time iterated map through which the entire structure can be unravelled.
Joint with Richard Haberman, Southern Methodist University.
In this talk we will present a joint work with Daniela De Silva, Gigliola Staffilani and Nikolaos Tzirakis on global well-posedness for the L2 critical NLS in Rn with n ³ 3. Inspired by a recent paper of Fang and Grillakis, we combine the method of almost conservation laws with a local in time Morawetz estimate to improve global well-posedness results in higher dimensions.
This talk is about the stability properties of solutions to the NLS equation with a periodic potential which bifurcate from the Floquet-Bloch eigenstates of the linear problem in the small amplitude limit. We exploit the symmetries of the problem, in particular the fact that the monodromy matrix is a symplectic matrix. We find that the solutions corresponding to the band edges alternate stability, with the first band edge being modulationally unstable in the focusing case, the second band edge being modulationally unstable in the defocusing case, and so on.
I will describe some recent results on the interplay between diffusion and strong advection by an incompressible flow.
Morawetz type estimates are monotonicity formulae that take advantage of the momentum conservation law of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS), and have been used extensively in obtaining global well-posedness and scattering results. By using an interaction Morawetz inequality for an "almost solution" of the NLS we prove a local-in-time Lt6 Lx6 bound. We use this bound along with the "I-method" to prove a new global well-posedness result for the quintic NLS in 1d.
This is joint work with D. De Silva, N. Pavlovic and G. Staffilani.
We discuss recent progress on global well-posedness and scattering for the mass-critical NLS with initial data in L2.
The results presented are joint work with Terence Tao and Xiaoyi Zhang.
In this talk I will address my work joint with D. Xuong and L. Yan.
More precisely, given p Î [1,¥) and l Î (0,n), we
discuss Morrey space Lp,l (Rn) of all locally
integrable complex-valued functions f on Rn such that
for every open Euclidean ball B Ì Rn with radius
rB there are numbers C=C(f) (depending on f) and c=c(f,B)
(relying upon f and B) satisfying
Dispersion managed NLS is a model for optical pulse propagation in a fiber with piecewise constant dispersion. In a certain parameter regime, this equation possesses approximately periodic solitary waves called dispersion managed solitons. They turn out to be minimizers of an averaged variational principle. This variational principle is closely related to the Strichartz inequality. We will describe some interplay between these objects and in particular, we will present an easy proof of the classical version of the Strichartz inequality.
This is joint work with Dirk Hundertmark.
In this presentation I will show the asymptotic stability of trapped solitions of generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equations with external potentials. We use Fermi Golden rule (FGR) to show the dynamics of the soliton which is close to Newton's equation plus a radiation term. We compute the expressions for the fourth and the sixth order Fermi Golden Rules (FGR) by perturbation expansion.