location:

## Problems

E.J. Barbeau
Department of Mathematics
University of Toronto
Toronto, ON M5S 3G3

no later than December 31, 2001. Please make sure that your name, email address and complete mailing address are on the first page.

115.
Let U be a set of n distinct real numbers and let V be the set of all sums of distinct pairs of them, i.e.,

 V = { x + y : x, y Î U, x ¹ y } .
What is the smallest possible number of distinct elements that V can contain?

116.
Prove that the equation

 x4 + 5x3 + 6x2 - 4x - 16 = 0
has exactly two real solutions.

117.
Let a be a real number. Solve the equation

 (a - 1) æç è 1sinx + 1cosx + 1sinx cosx ö÷ ø = 2 .

118.
Let a, b, c be nonnegative real numbers. Prove that

 a2(b + c - a) + b2(c + a - b) + c2(a + b - c) £ 3abc .
When does equality hold?

119.
The medians of a triangle ABC intersect in G. Prove that

 |AB |2 + |BC |2 + |CA |2 = 3 (|GA |2 + |GB |2 + |GC |2) .

120.
Determine all pairs of nonnull vectors x, y for which the following sequence { an : n = 1, 2, ¼} is (a) increasing, (b) decreasing, where

 an = |x - ny | .

 top of page | contact us | privacy | site map |