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Inequalities for Eigenvalues of a General Clamped Plate Problem

Published:2011-03-08
Printed: Mar 2012
• K. Ghanbari,
Mathematics Department, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran
• B. Shekarbeigi,
Mathematics Department, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran
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Abstract

Let $D$ be a connected bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $0<\mu_1\leq\mu_2\leq\dots\leq\mu_k\leq\cdots$ be the eigenvalues of the following Dirichlet problem: $$\begin{cases}\Delta^2u(x)+V(x)u(x)=\mu\rho(x)u(x),\quad x\in D u|_{\partial D}=\frac{\partial u}{\partial n}|_{\partial D}=0, \end{cases}$$ where $V(x)$ is a nonnegative potential, and $\rho(x)\in C(\bar{D})$ is positive. We prove the following inequalities: $$\mu_{k+1}\leq\frac{1}{k}\sum_{i=1}^k\mu_i+\Bigl[\frac{8(n+2)}{n^2}\Bigl(\frac{\rho_{\max}} {\rho_{\min}}\Bigr)^2\Bigr]^{1/2}\times \frac{1}{k}\sum_{i=1}^k[\mu_i(\mu_{k+1}-\mu_i)]^{1/2},$$ $$\frac{n^2k^2}{8(n+2)}\leq \Bigl(\frac{\rho_{\max}}{\rho_{\min}}\Bigr)^2\Bigl[\sum_{i=1}^k\frac{\mu_i^{1/2}}{\mu_{k+1}-\mu_i}\Bigr] \times\sum_{i=1}^k\mu_i^{1/2}.$$
 Keywords: biharmonic operator, eigenvalue, eigenvector, inequality
 MSC Classifications: 35P15 - Estimation of eigenvalues, upper and lower bounds

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