Abstract view
Some Questions about Semisimple Lie Groups Originating in Matrix Theory


Published:20030901
Printed: Sep 2003
Dragomir Z. Đoković
TinYau Tam
Abstract
We generalize the wellknown result that a square traceless complex
matrix is unitarily similar to a matrix with zero diagonal to
arbitrary connected semisimple complex Lie groups $G$ and their Lie
algebras $\mathfrak{g}$ under the action of a maximal compact subgroup
$K$ of $G$. We also introduce a natural partial order on
$\mathfrak{g}$: $x\le y$ if $f(K\cdot x) \subseteq f(K\cdot y)$ for
all $f\in \mathfrak{g}^*$, the complex dual of $\mathfrak{g}$. This
partial order is $K$invariant and induces a partial order on the
orbit space $\mathfrak{g}/K$. We prove that, under some restrictions
on $\mathfrak{g}$, the set $f(K\cdot x)$ is starshaped with respect
to the origin.