CMS/SMC
Canadian Mathematical Society
www.cms.math.ca
Canadian Mathematical Society
  location:  PublicationsjournalsCJM
Abstract view

Isomorphisms of Twisted Hilbert Loop Algebras

  Published:2016-05-10
 Printed: Apr 2017
  • Timothée Marquis,
    Department Mathematik, FAU Erlangen-Nuernberg, Cauerstrasse 11, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
  • Karl-Hermann Neeb,
    Department Mathematik, FAU Erlangen-Nuernberg, Cauerstrasse 11, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
Format:   LaTeX   MathJax   PDF  

Abstract

The closest infinite dimensional relatives of compact Lie algebras are Hilbert-Lie algebras, i.e. real Hilbert spaces with a Lie algebra structure for which the scalar product is invariant. Locally affine Lie algebras (LALAs) correspond to double extensions of (twisted) loop algebras over simple Hilbert-Lie algebras $\mathfrak{k}$, also called affinisations of $\mathfrak{k}$. They possess a root space decomposition whose corresponding root system is a locally affine root system of one of the $7$ families $A_J^{(1)}$, $B_J^{(1)}$, $C_J^{(1)}$, $D_J^{(1)}$, $B_J^{(2)}$, $C_J^{(2)}$ and $BC_J^{(2)}$ for some infinite set $J$. To each of these types corresponds a ``minimal" affinisation of some simple Hilbert-Lie algebra $\mathfrak{k}$, which we call standard. In this paper, we give for each affinisation $\mathfrak{g}$ of a simple Hilbert-Lie algebra $\mathfrak{k}$ an explicit isomorphism from $\mathfrak{g}$ to one of the standard affinisations of $\mathfrak{k}$. The existence of such an isomorphism could also be derived from the classification of locally affine root systems, but for representation theoretic purposes it is crucial to obtain it explicitly as a deformation between two twists which is compatible with the root decompositions. We illustrate this by applying our isomorphism theorem to the study of positive energy highest weight representations of $\mathfrak{g}$. In subsequent work, the present paper will be used to obtain a complete classification of the positive energy highest weight representations of affinisations of $\mathfrak{k}$.
Keywords: locally affine Lie algebra, Hilbert-Lie algebra, positive energy representation locally affine Lie algebra, Hilbert-Lie algebra, positive energy representation
MSC Classifications: 17B65, 17B70, 17B22, 17B10 show english descriptions Infinite-dimensional Lie (super)algebras [See also 22E65]
Graded Lie (super)algebras
Root systems
Representations, algebraic theory (weights)
17B65 - Infinite-dimensional Lie (super)algebras [See also 22E65]
17B70 - Graded Lie (super)algebras
17B22 - Root systems
17B10 - Representations, algebraic theory (weights)
 

© Canadian Mathematical Society, 2017 : https://cms.math.ca/