Abstract view
Isomorphisms of Twisted Hilbert Loop Algebras


Published:20160510
Printed: Apr 2017
TimothÃ©e Marquis,
Department Mathematik, FAU ErlangenNuernberg, Cauerstrasse 11, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
KarlHermann Neeb,
Department Mathematik, FAU ErlangenNuernberg, Cauerstrasse 11, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
Abstract
The closest infinite dimensional relatives of compact Lie algebras are HilbertLie algebras, i.e. real Hilbert spaces with a Lie
algebra
structure for which the scalar product is invariant.
Locally affine Lie algebras (LALAs)
correspond to double extensions of (twisted) loop algebras
over simple HilbertLie algebras $\mathfrak{k}$, also called
affinisations of $\mathfrak{k}$.
They possess a root space decomposition
whose corresponding root system is a locally affine root system
of one of the $7$ families $A_J^{(1)}$, $B_J^{(1)}$, $C_J^{(1)}$,
$D_J^{(1)}$, $B_J^{(2)}$, $C_J^{(2)}$ and $BC_J^{(2)}$ for some
infinite set $J$. To each of these types corresponds a ``minimal"
affinisation of some simple HilbertLie algebra $\mathfrak{k}$,
which we call standard.
In this paper, we give for each affinisation $\mathfrak{g}$ of
a simple HilbertLie algebra $\mathfrak{k}$ an explicit isomorphism
from $\mathfrak{g}$ to one of the standard affinisations of $\mathfrak{k}$. The existence of such an isomorphism could also be derived from
the classification
of locally affine root systems, but
for representation theoretic purposes it is crucial to obtain
it explicitly
as a deformation between two twists which is compatible
with the root decompositions.
We illustrate this by applying our isomorphism theorem to the
study of positive energy highest weight representations of $\mathfrak{g}$.
In subsequent work, the present paper will be used to obtain
a complete classification
of the positive energy highest weight representations of affinisations
of $\mathfrak{k}$.