In this paper we introduce a nested family of spaces of continuous functions defined
on the spectrum of a uniform algebra. The smallest space in the family is the
uniform algebra itself. In the ``finite dimensional'' case, from some point on the
spaces will be the space of all continuous complex-valued functions on the
spectrum. These spaces are defined in terms of solutions to the nonlinear
Cauchy--Riemann equations as introduced by the author in 1976, so they are not
generally linear spaces of functions. However, these spaces do shed light on the
higher dimensional properties of a uniform algebra. In particular, these spaces are
directly related to the generalized Shilov boundary of the uniform algebra (as
defined by the author and, independently, by Sibony in the early 1970s).

We provide concise series representations for various
L-series integrals. Different techniques are needed below and above
the abscissa of absolute convergence of the underlying L-series.

Consider a real potential $V$ on
$\RR^d$, $d\geq 2$, and the Schr\"odinger equation:
\begin{equation}
\tag{LS} \label{LS1} i\partial_t u +\Delta u -Vu=0,\quad
u_{\restriction t=0}=u_0\in L^2.
\end{equation}
In this paper, we investigate the minimal local regularity of $V$
needed to get local in time dispersive estimates (such as local in
time Strichartz estimates or local smoothing effect with gain of
$1/2$ derivative) on solutions of \eqref{LS1}. Prior works
show some dispersive properties when $V$ (small at infinity) is in
$L^{d/2}$ or in spaces just a little larger but with a smallness
condition on $V$ (or at least on its negative part).

In this work, we prove the critical character of these results by
constructing a positive potential $V$ which has compact support,
bounded outside $0$ and of the order $(\log|x|)^2/|x|^2$ near $0$.
The lack of dispersiveness comes from the existence of a sequence
of quasimodes for the operator $P:=-\Delta+V$.

The elementary construction of $V$ consists in sticking together
concentrated, truncated potential wells near $0$. This yields a
potential oscillating with infinite speed and amplitude at $0$,
such that the operator $P$ admits a sequence of quasi-modes of
polynomial order whose support concentrates on the pole.

In this paper, we study the tensor product $\pi=\sigma^{\min}\otimes
\sigma^{\min}$ of the minimal representation $\sigma^{\min}$ of $O(p,q)$ with
itself, and decompose $\pi$ into a direct integral of irreducible
representations. The decomposition is given in terms of the Plancherel measure
on a certain real hyperbolic space.

In this paper, we investigate the higher simplicial cohomology
groups of the convolution algebra $\ell^1(S)$ for various semigroups
$S$. The classes of semigroups considered are semilattices, Clifford
semigroups, regular Rees semigroups and the additive semigroups of
integers greater than $a$ for some integer $a$. Our results are of
two types: in some cases, we show that some cohomology groups are $0$,
while in some other cases, we show that some cohomology groups are
Banach spaces.

Fix an integer $m>1$, and set $\zeta_{m}=\exp(2\pi i/m)$. Let ${\bar x}$
denote the multiplicative inverse of $x$ modulo $m$. The Kloosterman
sums $R(d)=\sum_{x} \zeta_{m}^{x + d{\bar x}}$, $1 \leq d \leq
m$, $(d,m)=1$,
satisfy the polynomial
$$f_{m}(x) = \prod_{d} (x-R(d)) = x^{\phi(m)} +c_{1}
x^{\phi(m)-1} + \dots + c_{\phi(m)},$$
where the sum and product are taken over a complete system of reduced residues
modulo $m$. Here we give a natural factorization of $f_{m}(x)$, namely,
$$ f_{m}(x) = \prod_{\sigma} f_{m}^{(\sigma)}(x),$$
where $\sigma$ runs through the square classes of the group ${\bf Z}_{m}^{*}$
of reduced residues modulo $m$. Questions concerning the explicit
determination of the factors $f_{m}^{(\sigma)}(x)$ (or at least their
beginning coefficients), their reducibility over the rational field
${\bf Q}$ and duplication among the factors are studied. The treatment
is similar to what has been done for period polynomials for finite
fields.

Given a finite group $G$, we examine the classification of all
frame representations of $G$ and the classification of all
$G$-frames, i.e., frames induced by group representations of $G$.
We show that the exact number of equivalence classes of $G$-frames
and the exact number of frame representations can be explicitly
calculated. We also discuss how to calculate the largest number
$L$ such that there exists an $L$-tuple of strongly disjoint
$G$-frames.

We study a real hypersurface $M$ in a complex space
form $\mn$, $c \neq 0$, whose shape operator and structure tensor
commute each other on the holomorphic distribution of $M$.

We study natural $*$-valuations, $*$-places and graded $*$-rings
associated with $*$-ordered rings.
We prove that the natural $*$-valuation is always quasi-Ore and is
even quasi-commutative (i.e., the corresponding graded $*$-ring is
commutative), provided the ring contains an imaginary unit.
Furthermore, it is proved that the graded $*$-ring is isomorphic
to a twisted semigroup algebra. Our results are applied to answer a question
of Cimpri\v c regarding $*$-orderability of quantum
groups.

In this paper, we consider Hermitian harmonic maps from
Hermitian manifolds into convex balls. We prove that there exist
no non-trivial Hermitian harmonic maps from closed Hermitian
manifolds into convex balls, and we use the heat flow method to
solve the Dirichlet problem for Hermitian harmonic maps when the
domain is a compact Hermitian manifold with non-empty boundary.

Starting with the Leibniz algebra defined by a $\varphi$-dialgebra, we
construct examples of ``coquecigrues,'' in the sense of Loday, that is to
say, manifolds whose tangent structure at a distinguished point coincides
with that of the Leibniz algebra. We discuss some possible
implications and generalizations of this construction.

We study the structure of the sets of symmetric sequences and
spreading models of an Orlicz sequence space equipped with partial
order with respect to domination of bases. In the cases that these
sets are ``small'', some descriptions of the structure of these posets
are obtained.

We show that there exists a non-archimedean
Fr\'echet-Montel space $W$ with a basis and with a continuous norm
such that any non-archimedean Fr\'echet space of countable type is isomorphic
to a quotient of $W$. We also prove that any non-archimedean nuclear
Fr\'echet space is isomorphic to a quotient of some non-archimedean nuclear
Fr\'echet space with a basis and with a continuous norm.

Let $G(X)$ denote the number of positive composite integers $n$
satisfying $\sum_{j=1}^{n-1}j^{n-1}\equiv -1 \tmod{n}$.
Then $G(X)\ll X^{1/2}\log X$ for sufficiently large $X$.