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Search: MSC category 60J65 ( Brownian motion [See also 58J65] )

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1. CMB Online first

Lehec, Joseph
Short Probabilistic Proof of the Brascamp-Lieb and Barthe Theorems
We give a short proof of the Brascamp-Lieb theorem, which asserts that a certain general form of Young's convolution inequality is saturated by Gaussian functions. The argument is inspired by Borell's stochastic proof of the Prékopa-Leindler inequality and applies also to the reversed Brascamp-Lieb inequality, due to Barthe.

Keywords:functional inequalities, Brownian motion
Categories:39B62, 60J65

2. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 503)

Kurenok, V. P.
The Time Change Method and SDEs with Nonnegative Drift
Using the time change method we show how to construct a solution to the stochastic equation $dX_t=b(X_{t-})dZ_t+a(X_t)dt$ with a nonnegative drift $a$ provided there exists a solution to the auxililary equation $dL_t=[a^{-1/\alpha}b](L_{t-})d\bar Z_t+dt$ where $Z, \bar Z$ are two symmetric stable processes of the same index $\alpha\in(0,2]$. This approach allows us to prove the existence of solutions for both stochastic equations for the values $0<\alpha<1$ and only measurable coefficients $a$ and $b$ satisfying some conditions of boundedness. The existence proof for the auxililary equation uses the method of integral estimates in the sense of Krylov.

Keywords:One-dimensional SDEs, symmetric stable processes, nonnegative drift, time change, integral estimates, weak convergence
Categories:60H10, 60J60, 60J65, 60G44

3. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 146)

Zhou, Xiaowen
Stepping-Stone Model with Circular Brownian Migration
In this paper we consider the stepping-stone model on a circle with circular Brownian migration. We first point out a connection between Arratia flow on the circle and the marginal distribution of this model. We then give a new representation for the stepping-stone model using Arratia flow and circular coalescing Brownian motion. Such a representation enables us to carry out some explicit computations. In particular, we find the distribution for the first time when there is only one type left across the circle.

Keywords:stepping-stone model, circular coalescing Brownian motion, Arratia flow, duality, entrance law
Categories:60G57, 60J65

4. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 19)

Derbez, Eric; Slade, Gordon
Lattice trees and super-Brownian motion
This article discusses our recent proof that above eight dimensions the scaling limit of sufficiently spread-out lattice trees is the variant of super-Brownian motion called {\it integrated super-Brownian excursion\/} ($\ISE$), as conjectured by Aldous. The same is true for nearest-neighbour lattice trees in sufficiently high dimensions. The proof, whose details will appear elsewhere, uses the lace expansion. Here, a related but simpler analysis is applied to show that the scaling limit of a mean-field theory is $\ISE$, in all dimensions. A connection is drawn between $\ISE$ and certain generating functions and critical exponents, which may be useful for the study of high-dimensional percolation models at the critical point.

Categories:82B41, 60K35, 60J65

5. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 67)

Knight, Frank B.
On a Brownian motion problem of T. Salisbury
Let $B$ be a Brownian motion on $R$, $B(0)=0$, and let $f(t,x)$ be continuous. T.~Salisbury conjectured that if the total variation of $f(t,B(t))$, $0\leq t\leq 1$, is finite $P$-a.s., then $f$ does not depend on $x$. Here we prove that this is true if the expected total variation is finite.


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