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1. CMB Online first

Fulp, Ronald Owen
Correction to "Infinite Dimensional DeWitt Supergroups and Their Bodies"
The Theorem below is a correction to Theorem 3.5 in the article entitled " Infinite Dimensional DeWitt Supergroups and Their Bodies" published in Canad. Math. Bull. Vol. 57 (2) 2014 pp. 283-288. Only part (iii) of that Theorem requires correction. The proof of Theorem 3.5 in the original article failed to separate the proof of (ii) from the proof of (iii). The proof of (ii) is complete once it is established that $ad_a$ is quasi-nilpotent for each $a$ since it immediately follows that $K$ is quasi-nilpotent. The proof of (iii) is not complete in the original article. The revision appears as the proof of (iii) of the revised Theorem below.

Keywords:super groups, body of super groups, Banach Lie groups
Categories:58B25, 17B65, 81R10, 57P99

2. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 357)

Lauret, Emilio A.
Representation Equivalent Bieberbach Groups and Strongly Isospectral Flat Manifolds
Let $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ be Bieberbach groups contained in the full isometry group $G$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$. We prove that if the compact flat manifolds $\Gamma_1\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\Gamma_2\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ are strongly isospectral then the Bieberbach groups $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ are representation equivalent, that is, the right regular representations $L^2(\Gamma_1\backslash G)$ and $L^2(\Gamma_2\backslash G)$ are unitarily equivalent.

Keywords:representation equivalent, strongly isospectrality, compact flat manifolds
Categories:58J53, 22D10

3. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 814)

Petridis, Yiannis N.; Raulf, Nicole; Risager, Morten S.
Quantum Limits of Eisenstein Series and Scattering States
We identify the quantum limits of scattering states for the modular surface. This is obtained through the study of quantum measures of non-holomorphic Eisenstein series away from the critical line. We provide a range of stability for the quantum unique ergodicity theorem of Luo and Sarnak.

Keywords:quantum limits, Eisenstein series, scattering poles
Categories:11F72, 58G25, 35P25

4. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 127)

Li, Junfang
Evolution of Eigenvalues along Rescaled Ricci Flow
In this paper, we discuss monotonicity formulae of various entropy functionals under various rescaled versions of Ricci flow. As an application, we prove that the lowest eigenvalue of a family of geometric operators $-4\Delta + kR$ is monotonic along the normalized Ricci flow for all $k\ge 1$ provided the initial manifold has nonpositive total scalar curvature.

Keywords:monotonicity formulas, Ricci flow
Categories:58C40, 53C44

5. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 3)

Aïssiou, Tayeb
Semiclassical Limits of Eigenfunctions on Flat $n$-Dimensional Tori
We provide a proof of a conjecture by Jakobson, Nadirashvili, and Toth stating that on an $n$-dimensional flat torus $\mathbb T^{n}$, and the Fourier transform of squares of the eigenfunctions $|\varphi_\lambda|^2$ of the Laplacian have uniform $l^n$ bounds that do not depend on the eigenvalue $\lambda$. The proof is a generalization of an argument by Jakobson, et al. for the lower dimensional cases. These results imply uniform bounds for semiclassical limits on $\mathbb T^{n+2}$. We also prove a geometric lemma that bounds the number of codimension-one simplices satisfying a certain restriction on an $n$-dimensional sphere $S^n(\lambda)$ of radius $\sqrt{\lambda}$, and we use it in the proof.

Keywords:semiclassical limits, eigenfunctions of Laplacian on a torus, quantum limits
Categories:58G25, 81Q50, 35P20, 42B05

6. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 366)

Kyritsi, Sophia Th.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.
Multiple Solutions for Nonlinear Periodic Problems
We consider a nonlinear periodic problem driven by a nonlinear nonhomogeneous differential operator and a Carathéodory reaction term $f(t,x)$ that exhibits a $(p-1)$-superlinear growth in $x \in \mathbb{R}$ near $\pm\infty$ and near zero. A special case of the differential operator is the scalar $p$-Laplacian. Using a combination of variational methods based on the critical point theory with Morse theory (critical groups), we show that the problem has three nontrivial solutions, two of which have constant sign (one positive, the other negative).

Keywords:$C$-condition, mountain pass theorem, critical groups, strong deformation retract, contractible space, homotopy invariance
Categories:34B15, 34B18, 34C25, 58E05

7. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 723)

Gigli, Nicola; Ohta, Shin-Ichi
First Variation Formula in Wasserstein Spaces over Compact Alexandrov Spaces
We extend results proved by the second author (Amer. J. Math., 2009) for nonnegatively curved Alexandrov spaces to general compact Alexandrov spaces $X$ with curvature bounded below. The gradient flow of a geodesically convex functional on the quadratic Wasserstein space $(\mathcal P(X),W_2)$ satisfies the evolution variational inequality. Moreover, the gradient flow enjoys uniqueness and contractivity. These results are obtained by proving a first variation formula for the Wasserstein distance.

Keywords:Alexandrov spaces, Wasserstein spaces, first variation formula, gradient flow
Categories:53C23, 28A35, 49Q20, 58A35

8. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 396)

Cho, Jong Taek; Inoguchi, Jun-ichi; Lee, Ji-Eun
Parabolic Geodesics in Sasakian $3$-Manifolds
We give explicit parametrizations for all parabolic geodesics in 3-dimensional Sasakian space forms.

Keywords:parabolic geodesics, pseudo-Hermitian geometry, Sasakian manifolds
Category:58E20

9. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 693)

Lusala, Tsasa; Śniatycki, Jędrzej
Stratified Subcartesian Spaces
We show that if the family $\mathcal{O}$ of orbits of all vector fields on a subcartesian space $P$ is locally finite and each orbit in $\mathcal{O}$ is locally closed, then $\mathcal{O}$ defines a smooth Whitney A stratification of $P$. We also show that the stratification by orbit type of the space of orbits $M/G$ of a proper action of a Lie group $G$ on a smooth manifold $M$ is given by orbits of the family of all vector fields on $M/G$.

Keywords:Subcartesian spaces, orbits of vector fields, stratifications, Whitney Conditions
Categories:58A40, 57N80

10. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 249)

Dattori da Silva, Paulo L.
A Note about Analytic Solvability of Complex Planar Vector Fields with Degeneracies
This paper deals with the analytic solvability of a special class of complex vector fields defined on the real plane, where they are tangent to a closed real curve, while off the real curve, they are elliptic.

Keywords:semi-global solvability, analytic solvability, normalization, complex vector fields, condition~($\mathcal P$)
Categories:35A01, 58Jxx

11. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 674)

Kristály, Alexandru; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.; Varga, Csaba
Multiple Solutions for a Class of Neumann Elliptic Problems on Compact Riemannian Manifolds with Boundary
We study a semilinear elliptic problem on a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary, subject to an inhomogeneous Neumann boundary condition. Under various hypotheses on the nonlinear terms, depending on their behaviour in the origin and infinity, we prove multiplicity of solutions by using variational arguments.

Keywords:Riemannian manifold with boundary, Neumann problem, sublinearity at infinity, multiple solutions
Categories:58J05, 35P30

12. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 684)

Proctor, Emily; Stanhope, Elizabeth
An Isospectral Deformation on an Infranil-Orbifold
We construct a Laplace isospectral deformation of metrics on an orbifold quotient of a nilmanifold. Each orbifold in the deformation contains singular points with order two isotropy. Isospectrality is obtained by modifying a generalization of Sunada's theorem due to DeTurck and Gordon.

Keywords:spectral geometry, global Riemannian geometry, orbifold, nilmanifold
Categories:58J53, 53C20

13. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 542)

Pintea, Cornel
Smooth Mappings with Higher Dimensional Critical Sets
In this paper we provide lower bounds for the dimension of various critical sets, and we point out some differential maps with high dimensional critical sets.

Categories:58K05, 57R70

14. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 122)

Mo, Xiaohuan; Zhou, Linfeng
A Class of Finsler Metrics with Bounded Cartan Torsion
In this paper, we find a class of $(\alpha,\beta)$ metrics which have a bounded Cartan torsion. This class contains all Randers metrics. Furthermore, we give some applications and obtain two corollaries about curvature of this metrics.

Keywords:Finsler manifold, $(\alpha,\beta)$ metric, Cartan torsion, R-quadratic, flag curvature
Category:58E20

15. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 340)

Lusala, Tsasa; Śniatycki, Jędrzej; Watts, Jordan
Regular Points of a Subcartesian Space
We discuss properties of the regular part $S_{\operatorname{reg}}$ of a subcartesian space $S$. We show that $S_{\operatorname{reg}}$ is open and dense in $S$ and the restriction to $ S_{\operatorname{reg}}$ of the tangent bundle space of $S$ is locally trivial.

Keywords:differential structures, singular and regular points
Category:58A40

16. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 18)

Chinea, Domingo
Harmonicity of Holomorphic Maps Between Almost Hermitian Manifolds
In this paper we study holomorphic maps between almost Hermitian manifolds. We obtain a new criterion for the harmonicity of such holomorphic maps, and we deduce some applications to horizontally conformal holomorphic submersions.

Keywords:almost Hermitian manifolds, harmonic maps, harmonic morphism
Categories:53C15, 58E20

17. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 66)

Dryden, Emily B.; Strohmaier, Alexander
Huber's Theorem for Hyperbolic Orbisurfaces
We show that for compact orientable hyperbolic orbisurfaces, the Laplace spectrum determines the length spectrum as well as the number of singular points of a given order. The converse also holds, giving a full generalization of Huber's theorem to the setting of compact orientable hyperbolic orbisurfaces.

Keywords:Huber's theorem, length spectrum, isospectral, orbisurfaces
Categories:58J53, 11F72

18. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 467)

Wang, Yue
Coupled Vortex Equations on Complete Kähler Manifolds
In this paper, we first investigate the Dirichlet problem for coupled vortex equations. Secondly, we give existence results for solutions of the coupled vortex equations on a class of complete noncompact K\"ahler manifolds which include simply-connected strictly negative curved manifolds, Hermitian symmetric spaces of noncompact type and strictly pseudo-convex domains equipped with the Bergmann metric.

Categories:58J05, 53C07

19. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 249)

Mangoubi, Dan
On the Inner Radius of a Nodal Domain
Let $M$ be a closed Riemannian manifold. We consider the inner radius of a nodal domain for a large eigenvalue $\lambda$. We give upper and lower bounds on the inner radius of the type $C/\lambda^\alpha(\log\lambda)^\beta$. Our proof is based on a local behavior of eigenfunctions discovered by Donnelly and Fefferman and a Poincar\'{e} type inequality proved by Maz'ya. Sharp lower bounds are known only in dimension two. We give an account of this case too.

Categories:58J50, 35P15, 35P20

20. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 100)

Petkov, Vesselin
Dynamical Zeta Function for Several Strictly Convex Obstacles
The behavior of the dynamical zeta function $Z_D(s)$ related to several strictly convex disjoint obstacles is similar to that of the inverse $Q(s) = \frac{1}{\zeta(s)}$ of the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$. Let $\Pi(s)$ be the series obtained from $Z_D(s)$ summing only over primitive periodic rays. In this paper we examine the analytic singularities of $Z_D(s)$ and $\Pi(s)$ close to the line $\Re s = s_2$, where $s_2$ is the abscissa of absolute convergence of the series obtained by the second iterations of the primitive periodic rays. We show that at least one of the functions $Z_D(s), \Pi(s)$ has a singularity at $s = s_2$.

Keywords:dynamical zeta function, periodic rays
Categories:11M36, 58J50

21. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 447)

Śniatycki, Jędrzej
Generalizations of Frobenius' Theorem on Manifolds and Subcartesian Spaces
Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a family of vector fields on a manifold or a subcartesian space spanning a distribution $D$. We prove that an orbit $O$ of $\mathcal{F}$ is an integral manifold of $D$ if $D$ is involutive on $O$ and it has constant rank on $O$. This result implies Frobenius' theorem, and its various generalizations, on manifolds as well as on subcartesian spaces.

Keywords:differential spaces, generalized distributions, orbits, Frobenius' theorem, Sussmann's theorem
Categories:58A30, 58A40

22. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 113)

Li, ZhenYang; Zhang, Xi
Hermitian Harmonic Maps into Convex Balls
In this paper, we consider Hermitian harmonic maps from Hermitian manifolds into convex balls. We prove that there exist no non-trivial Hermitian harmonic maps from closed Hermitian manifolds into convex balls, and we use the heat flow method to solve the Dirichlet problem for Hermitian harmonic maps when the domain is a compact Hermitian manifold with non-empty boundary.

Keywords:Hermitian harmonic map, Hermitian manifold, convex ball
Categories:58E15, 53C07

23. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 337)

Berlanga, R.
Homotopy Equivalence and Groups of Measure-Preserving Homeomorphisms
It is shown that the group of compactly supported, measure-preserving homeomorphisms of a connected, second countable manifold is locally contractible in the direct limit topology. Furthermore, this group is weakly homotopically equivalent to the more general group of compactly supported homeomorphisms.

Categories:57S05, 58F11

24. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 226)

Engman, Martin
The Spectrum and Isometric Embeddings of Surfaces of Revolution
A sharp upper bound on the first $S^{1}$ invariant eigenvalue of the Laplacian for $S^1$ invariant metrics on $S^2$ is used to find obstructions to the existence of $S^1$ equivariant isometric embeddings of such metrics in $(\R^3,\can)$. As a corollary we prove: If the first four distinct eigenvalues have even multiplicities then the metric cannot be equivariantly, isometrically embedded in $(\R^3,\can)$. This leads to generalizations of some classical results in the theory of surfaces.

Categories:58J50, 58J53, 53C20, 35P15

25. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 36)

Daskalopoulos, Georgios D.; Wentworth, Richard A.
Holomorphic Frames for Weakly Converging Holomorphic Vector Bundles
Using a modification of Webster's proof of the Newlander--Nirenberg theorem, it is shown that, for a weakly convergent sequence of integrable unitary connections on a complex vector bundle over a complex manifold, there is a subsequence of local holomorphic frames that converges strongly in an appropriate Holder class.

Categories:57M50, 58E20, 53C24
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