1. CMB Online first
 Izumiya, Shyuichi

Geometric interpretation of Lagrangian equivalence
As an application of the theory of
graphlike Legendrian unfoldings, relations of the hidden structures
of caustics and wave front propagations are revealed.
Keywords:wave front propagations, big wave fronts, graphlike Legendrian unfoldings, caustics Categories:58K05, 57R45, 58K60 

2. CMB Online first
 Clay, Adam; Desmarais, Colin; Naylor, Patrick

Testing biorderability of knot groups
We investigate the biorderability of twobridge knot groups
and the groups of knots with 12 or fewer crossings by applying
recent theorems of Chiswell, Glass and Wilson.
Amongst all knots with 12 or fewer crossings (of which there
are 2977), previous theorems were only able to determine biorderability
of 499 of the corresponding knot groups. With our methods we
are able to deal with 191 more.
Keywords:knots, fundamental groups, orderable groups Categories:57M25, 57M27, 06F15 

3. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 170)
 MartínezPedroza, Eduardo

A Note on Fine Graphs and Homological Isoperimetric Inequalities
In the framework of homological characterizations of relative
hyperbolicity, Groves and Manning posed the question of whether
a simply connected $2$complex $X$ with a linear homological
isoperimetric inequality, a bound on the length of attaching
maps of $2$cells and finitely many $2$cells adjacent to any
edge must have a fine $1$skeleton. We provide a positive answer
to this question. We revisit a homological characterization
of relative hyperbolicity, and show that a group $G$ is hyperbolic
relative to a collection of subgroups $\mathcal P$ if and only if
$G$ acts cocompactly with finite edge stabilizers on an connected
$2$dimensional cell complex with a linear homological isoperimetric
inequality and $\mathcal P$ is a collection of representatives of
conjugacy classes of vertex stabilizers.
Keywords:isoperimetric functions, Dehn functions, hyperbolic groups Categories:20F67, 05C10, 20J05, 57M60 

4. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 159)
 MacColl, Joseph

Rotors in Khovanov Homology
Anstee, Przytycki, and Rolfsen introduced the idea of rotants,
pairs of links related by a generalised form of link mutation.
We exhibit infinitely many pairs of rotants which can be distinguished
by Khovanov homology, but not by the Jones polynomial.
Keywords:geometric topology, knot theory, rotants, khovanov homology, jones polynomial Categories:57M27, 57M25 

5. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 182)
 Naylor, Geoff; Rolfsen, Dale

Generalized Torsion in Knot Groups
In a group, a nonidentity element is called
a generalized torsion element if some product of its conjugates
equals the identity. We show that for many classical knots one
can find generalized torsion in the fundamental group of its
complement, commonly called the knot group. It follows that
such a group is not biorderable. Examples include all torus
knots, the (hyperbolic) knot $5_2$ and algebraic knots in the
sense of Milnor.
Keywords:knot group, generalized torsion, ordered group Categories:57M27, 32S55, 29F60 

6. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 196)
7. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 69)
 Fulp, Ronald Owen

Correction to "Infinite Dimensional DeWitt Supergroups and Their Bodies"
The Theorem below is a correction to Theorem
3.5 in the article
entitled " Infinite Dimensional DeWitt Supergroups and Their
Bodies" published
in Canad. Math. Bull. Vol. 57 (2) 2014 pp. 283288. Only part
(iii) of that Theorem
requires correction. The proof of Theorem 3.5 in the original
article failed to separate
the proof of (ii) from the proof of (iii). The proof of (ii)
is complete once it is established
that $ad_a$ is quasinilpotent for each $a$ since it immediately
follows that $K$
is quasinilpotent. The proof of (iii) is not complete
in the original article. The revision appears as the proof of
(iii) of the revised Theorem below.
Keywords:super groups, body of super groups, Banach Lie groups Categories:58B25, 17B65, 81R10, 57P99 

8. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 431)
 Tagami, Keiji

The Rasmussen Invariant, Fourgenus and Threegenus of an Almost Positive Knot Are Equal
An oriented link is positive if it has a link diagram whose crossings are all positive.
An oriented link is almost positive if it is not positive and has a link diagram with exactly one negative crossing.
It is known that the Rasmussen invariant, $4$genus and $3$genus of a positive knot are equal.
In this paper, we prove that the Rasmussen invariant, $4$genus and $3$genus of an almost positive knot are equal.
Moreover, we determine the Rasmussen invariant of an almost positive knot in terms of its almost positive knot diagram.
As corollaries, we prove that all almost positive knots are not homogeneous, and there is no almost positive knot of $4$genus one.
Keywords:almost positive knot, fourgenus, Rasmussen invariant Categories:57M27, 57M25 

9. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 526)
 Heil, Wolfgang; Wang, Dongxu

On $3$manifolds with Torus or Klein Bottle Category Two
A subset $W$ of a closed manifold $M$ is $K$contractible, where $K$
is a torus or Kleinbottle, if the inclusion $W\rightarrow M$ factors
homotopically through a map to $K$. The image of $\pi_1 (W)$ (for any
base point) is a subgroup of $\pi_1 (M)$ that is isomorphic to a
subgroup of a quotient group of $\pi_1 (K)$. Subsets of $M$ with this
latter property are called $\mathcal{G}_K$contractible. We obtain a
list of the closed $3$manifolds that can be covered by two open
$\mathcal{G}_K$contractible subsets. This is applied to obtain a list
of the possible closed prime $3$manifolds that can be covered by two
open $K$contractible subsets.
Keywords:LusternikSchnirelmann category, coverings of $3$manifolds by open $K$contractible sets Categories:57N10, 55M30, 57M27, 57N16 

10. CMB Online first


Leftorderable fundamental group and Dehn surgery on the knot $5_2$
We show that the resulting manifold by $r$surgery on the knot $5_2$, which is
the twobridge knot corresponding to the rational number $3/7$, has leftorderable
fundamental group if the slope $r$ satisfies $0\le r \le 4$.
Keywords:leftordering, Dehn surgery Categories:57M25, 06F15 

11. CMB Online first


Leftorderable fundamental group and Dehn surgery on the knot $5_2$
We show that the resulting manifold by $r$surgery on the knot $5_2$, which is
the twobridge knot corresponding to the rational number $3/7$, has leftorderable
fundamental group if the slope $r$ satisfies $0\le r \le 4$.
Keywords:leftordering, Dehn surgery Categories:57M25, 06F15 

12. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 310)
13. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 850)
 Teragaito, Masakazu

Leftorderability and Exceptional Dehn Surgery on Twist Knots
We show that any exceptional nontrivial Dehn surgery on a twist knot, except the trefoil,
yields a $3$manifold whose fundamental group is leftorderable.
This is a generalization of a result of Clay, Lidman and Watson, and
also gives a new supporting evidence for a conjecture of Boyer, Gordon and Watson.
Keywords:leftordering, twist knot, Dehn surgery Categories:57M25, 06F15 

14. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 586)
 Nie, Zhaohu

On Sha's Secondary ChernEuler Class
For a manifold with boundary, the restriction of Chern's transgression
form of the Euler curvature form over the boundary is closed. Its
cohomology class is called the secondary ChernEuler class and was
used by Sha to formulate a relative PoincarÃ©Hopf theorem under the
condition that the metric on the manifold is locally product near the
boundary. We show that the secondary ChernEuler form is exact away
from the outward and inward unit normal vectors of the boundary by
explicitly constructing a transgression form. Using Stokes' theorem,
this evaluates the boundary term in Sha's relative PoincarÃ©Hopf
theorem in terms of more classical indices of the tangential
projection of a vector field. This evaluation in particular shows
that Sha's relative PoincarÃ©Hopf theorem is equivalent to the more
classical law of vector fields.
Keywords:transgression, secondary ChernEuler class, locally product metric, law of vector fields Categories:57R20, 57R25 

15. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 368)
 Nie, Zhaohu

The Secondary ChernEuler Class for a General Submanifold
We define and study the secondary ChernEuler class for a general submanifold of a Riemannian manifold. Using this class, we define and study the index for a vector field with nonisolated singularities on a submanifold. As an application, we give conceptual proofs of a result of Chern.
Keywords:secondary ChernEuler class, normal sphere bundle, Euler characteristic, index, nonisolated singularities, blowup Category:57R20 

16. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 164)
 Pergher, Pedro L. Q.

Involutions Fixing $F^n \cup \{\text{Indecomposable}\}$
Let $M^m$ be an $m$dimensional, closed and smooth manifold, equipped with a smooth involution $T\colon M^m \to M^m$ whose fixed point set has the form $F^n \cup F^j$, where $F^n$ and $F^j$ are submanifolds with dimensions $n$ and $j$, $F^j$ is indecomposable and $ n >j$. Write $nj=2^pq$, where $q \ge 1$ is odd and $p \geq 0$, and set $m(nj) = 2n+pq+1$ if $p \leq q + 1$
and $m(nj)= 2n + 2^{pq}$ if $p \geq q$. In this paper we show that $m \le m(nj) + 2j+1$. Further, we show that this bound is \emph{almost} best possible, by exhibiting examples $(M^{m(nj) +2j},T)$ where the fixed point set of
$T$ has the form $F^n \cup F^j$ described above, for every $2 \le j
Keywords:involution, projective space bundle, indecomposable manifold, splitting principle, StiefelWhitney class, characteristic number Category:57R85 

17. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 693)
 Lusala, Tsasa; Śniatycki, Jędrzej

Stratified Subcartesian Spaces
We show that if the family $\mathcal{O}$ of orbits of all vector fields on
a subcartesian space $P$ is locally finite and each orbit in $\mathcal{O}$
is locally closed, then $\mathcal{O}$ defines a smooth Whitney A
stratification of $P$. We also show that the stratification by orbit type of
the space of orbits $M/G$ of a proper action of a Lie group $G$ on a smooth
manifold $M$ is given by orbits of the family of all vector fields on $M/G$.
Keywords:Subcartesian spaces, orbits of vector fields, stratifications, Whitney Conditions Categories:58A40, 57N80 

18. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 283)
19. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 556)
 Teragaito, Masakazu

Cyclic Surgery Between Toroidal Surgeries
We show that there is an infinite family of hyperbolic knots such that
each knot admits a cyclic surgery $m$ whose adjacent surgeries $m1$
and $m+1$ are toroidal. This gives an affirmative answer to a
question asked by Boyer and Zhang.
Keywords:cyclic surgery, toroidal surgery Category:57M25 

20. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 147)
 Nelson, Sam

Generalized Quandle Polynomials
We define a family of generalizations of the twovariable quandle polynomial.
These polynomial invariants generalize in a natural way to eightvariable
polynomial invariants of finite biquandles. We use these polynomials to define
a family of link invariants that further generalize the quandle counting
invariant.
Keywords:finite quandles, finite biquandles, link invariants Categories:57M27, 76D99 

21. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 706)
22. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 542)
23. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 257)
 Ikeda, Toru

Essential Surfaces in Graph Link Exteriors
An irreducible graph manifold $M$ contains an essential torus if
it is not a special Seifert manifold.
Whether $M$ contains a closed essential surface of
negative Euler characteristic or not
depends on the difference of Seifert fibrations from the two sides
of a torus system which splits $M$ into Seifert manifolds.
However,
it is not easy to characterize geometrically the class of
irreducible graph manifolds which contain such surfaces.
This article studies this problem in the case of graph link exteriors.
Keywords:Graph link, Graph manifold, Seifert manifold, Essential surface Category:57M25 

24. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 508)
 Cavicchioli, Alberto; Spaggiari, Fulvia

A Result in Surgery Theory
We study the topological $4$dimensional surgery problem
for a closed connected orientable
topological $4$manifold $X$ with vanishing
second homotopy and $\pi_1(X)\cong A * F(r)$, where $A$ has
one end and $F(r)$ is the free group of rank $r\ge 1$.
Our result is related to a theorem of Krushkal and Lee, and
depends on the validity of the Novikov conjecture for
such fundamental groups.
Keywords:fourmanifolds, homotopy type, obstruction theory, homology with local coefficients, surgery, normal invariant, assembly map Categories:57N65, 57R67, 57Q10 

25. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 535)