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1. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 526)
On $3$-manifolds with Torus or Klein Bottle Category Two A subset $W$ of a closed manifold $M$ is $K$-contractible, where $K$
is a torus or Kleinbottle, if the inclusion $W\rightarrow M$ factors
homotopically through a map to $K$. The image of $\pi_1 (W)$ (for any
base point) is a subgroup of $\pi_1 (M)$ that is isomorphic to a
subgroup of a quotient group of $\pi_1 (K)$. Subsets of $M$ with this
latter property are called $\mathcal{G}_K$-contractible. We obtain a
list of the closed $3$-manifolds that can be covered by two open
$\mathcal{G}_K$-contractible subsets. This is applied to obtain a list
of the possible closed prime $3$-manifolds that can be covered by two
open $K$-contractible subsets.
Keywords:Lusternik--Schnirelmann category, coverings of $3$-manifolds by open $K$-contractible sets Categories:57N10, 55M30, 57M27, 57N16 |
2. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 459)
LS-catÃ©gorie algÃ©brique et attachement de cellules Nous montrons que la A-cat\'egorie d'un espace simplement connexe de
type fini est inf\'erieure ou \'egale \`a $n$ si et seulement si son
mod\`ele d'Adams-Hilton est un r\'etracte homotopique d'une alg\`ebre
diff\'erentielle \`a $n$ \'etages. Nous en d\'eduisons que
l'invariant $\Acat$ augmente au plus de 1 lors de l'attachement
d'une cellule \`a un espace.
We show that the A-category of a simply connected space of finite type
is less than or equal to $n$ if and only if its Adams-Hilton model is
a homotopy retract of an $n$-stage differential algebra. We deduce
from this that the invariant $\Acat$ increases by at most 1 when a
cell is attached to a space.
Keywords:LS-category, strong category, Adams-Hilton models, cell attachments Categories:55M30, 18G55 |