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1. CMB Online first

Basu, Samik; Subhash, B
Topology of certain quotient spaces of Stiefel manifolds
We compute the cohomology of the right generalised projective Stiefel manifolds. Following this, we discuss some easy applications of the computations to the ranks of complementary bundles, and bounds on the span and immersibility.

Keywords:projective Stiefel manifold, span, spectral sequence
Categories:55R20, 55R25, 57R20

2. CMB Online first

Hemasundar, Gollakota V. V.; Simha, R. R.
The Jordan Curve Theorem via Complex Analysis
The aim of this article is to give a proof of the Jordan Curve Theorem via complex analysis.

Keywords:Jordan Curve Theorem
Categories:55P15, 30G12

3. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 682)

Carlson, Jon F.; Chebolu, Sunil K.; Mináč, Ján
Ghosts and Strong Ghosts in the Stable Category
Suppose that $G$ is a finite group and $k$ is a field of characteristic $p\gt 0$. A ghost map is a map in the stable category of finitely generated $kG$-modules which induces the zero map in Tate cohomology in all degrees. In an earlier paper we showed that the thick subcategory generated by the trivial module has no nonzero ghost maps if and only if the Sylow $p$-subgroup of $G$ is cyclic of order 2 or 3. In this paper we introduce and study variations of ghost maps. In particular, we consider the behavior of ghost maps under restriction and induction functors. We find all groups satisfying a strong form of Freyd's generating hypothesis and show that ghosts can be detected on a finite range of degrees of Tate cohomology. We also consider maps which mimic ghosts in high degrees.

Keywords:Tate cohomology, ghost maps, stable module category, almost split sequence, periodic cohomology
Categories:20C20, 20J06, 55P42

4. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 483)

Crooks, Peter; Holden, Tyler
Generalized Equivariant Cohomology and Stratifications
For $T$ a compact torus and $E_T^*$ a generalized $T$-equivariant cohomology theory, we provide a systematic framework for computing $E_T^*$ in the context of equivariantly stratified smooth complex projective varieties. This allows us to explicitly compute $E_T^*(X)$ as an $E_T^*(\text{pt})$-module when $X$ is a direct limit of smooth complex projective $T_{\mathbb{C}}$-varieties with finitely many $T$-fixed points and $E_T^*$ is one of $H_T^*(\cdot;\mathbb{Z})$, $K_T^*$, and $MU_T^*$. We perform this computation on the affine Grassmannian of a complex semisimple group.

Keywords:equivariant cohomology theory, stratification, affine Grassmannian
Categories:55N91, 19L47

5. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 575)

Martinez-Torres, David
The Diffeomorphism Type of Canonical Integrations Of Poisson Tensors on Surfaces
A surface $\Sigma$ endowed with a Poisson tensor $\pi$ is known to admit canonical integration, $\mathcal{G}(\pi)$, which is a 4-dimensional manifold with a (symplectic) Lie groupoid structure. In this short note we show that if $\pi$ is not an area form on the 2-sphere, then $\mathcal{G}(\pi)$ is diffeomorphic to the cotangent bundle $T^*\Sigma$. This extends results by the author and by Bonechi, Ciccoli, Staffolani, and Tarlini.

Keywords:Poisson tensor, Lie groupoid, cotangent bundle
Categories:58H05, 55R10, 53D17

6. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 80)

Harada, Megumi; Horiguchi, Tatsuya; Masuda, Mikiya
The Equivariant Cohomology Rings of Peterson Varieties in All Lie Types
Let $G$ be a complex semisimple linear algebraic group and let $Pet$ be the associated Peterson variety in the flag variety $G/B$. The main theorem of this note gives an efficient presentation of the equivariant cohomology ring $H^*_S(Pet)$ of the Peterson variety as a quotient of a polynomial ring by an ideal $J$ generated by quadratic polynomials, in the spirit of the Borel presentation of the cohomology of the flag variety. Here the group $S \cong \mathbb{C}^*$ is a certain subgroup of a maximal torus $T$ of $G$. Our description of the ideal $J$ uses the Cartan matrix and is uniform across Lie types. In our arguments we use the Monk formula and Giambelli formula for the equivariant cohomology rings of Peterson varieties for all Lie types, as obtained in the work of Drellich. Our result generalizes a previous theorem of Fukukawa-Harada-Masuda, which was only for Lie type $A$.

Keywords:equivariant cohomology, Peterson varieties, flag varieties, Monk formula, Giambelli formula
Categories:55N91, 14N15

7. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 526)

Heil, Wolfgang; Wang, Dongxu
On $3$-manifolds with Torus or Klein Bottle Category Two
A subset $W$ of a closed manifold $M$ is $K$-contractible, where $K$ is a torus or Kleinbottle, if the inclusion $W\rightarrow M$ factors homotopically through a map to $K$. The image of $\pi_1 (W)$ (for any base point) is a subgroup of $\pi_1 (M)$ that is isomorphic to a subgroup of a quotient group of $\pi_1 (K)$. Subsets of $M$ with this latter property are called $\mathcal{G}_K$-contractible. We obtain a list of the closed $3$-manifolds that can be covered by two open $\mathcal{G}_K$-contractible subsets. This is applied to obtain a list of the possible closed prime $3$-manifolds that can be covered by two open $K$-contractible subsets.

Keywords:Lusternik--Schnirelmann category, coverings of $3$-manifolds by open $K$-contractible sets
Categories:57N10, 55M30, 57M27, 57N16

8. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 225)

Adamaszek, Michał
Small Flag Complexes with Torsion
We classify flag complexes on at most $12$ vertices with torsion in the first homology group. The result is moderately computer-aided. As a consequence we confirm a folklore conjecture that the smallest poset whose order complex is homotopy equivalent to the real projective plane (and also the smallest poset with torsion in the first homology group) has exactly $13$ elements.

Keywords:clique complex, order complex, homology, torsion, minimal model
Categories:55U10, 06A11, 55P40, 55-04, 05-04

9. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 245)

Brodskiy, N.; Dydak, J.; Lang, U.
Assouad-Nagata Dimension of Wreath Products of Groups
Consider the wreath product $H\wr G$, where $H\ne 1$ is finite and $G$ is finitely generated. We show that the Assouad-Nagata dimension $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)$ of $H\wr G$ depends on the growth of $G$ as follows: \par If the growth of $G$ is not bounded by a linear function, then $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\infty$, otherwise $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\dim_{AN}(G)\leq 1$.

Keywords:Assouad-Nagata dimension, asymptotic dimension, wreath product, growth of groups
Categories:54F45, 55M10, 54C65

10. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 523)

Iwase, Norio; Mimura, Mamoru; Oda, Nobuyuki; Yoon, Yeon Soo
The Milnor-Stasheff Filtration on Spaces and Generalized Cyclic Maps
The concept of $C_{k}$-spaces is introduced, situated at an intermediate stage between $H$-spaces and $T$-spaces. The $C_{k}$-space corresponds to the $k$-th Milnor-Stasheff filtration on spaces. It is proved that a space $X$ is a $C_{k}$-space if and only if the Gottlieb set $G(Z,X)=[Z,X]$ for any space $Z$ with ${\rm cat}\, Z\le k$, which generalizes the fact that $X$ is a $T$-space if and only if $G(\Sigma B,X)=[\Sigma B,X]$ for any space $B$. Some results on the $C_{k}$-space are generalized to the $C_{k}^{f}$-space for a map $f\colon A \to X$. Projective spaces, lens spaces and spaces with a few cells are studied as examples of $C_{k}$-spaces, and non-$C_{k}$-spaces.

Keywords:Gottlieb sets for maps, L-S category, T-spaces
Categories:55P45, 55P35

11. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 319)

Jardine, J. F.
The Verdier Hypercovering Theorem
This note gives a simple cocycle-theoretic proof of the Verdier hypercovering theorem. This theorem approximates morphisms $[X,Y]$ in the homotopy category of simplicial sheaves or presheaves by simplicial homotopy classes of maps, in the case where $Y$ is locally fibrant. The statement proved in this paper is a generalization of the standard Verdier hypercovering result in that it is pointed (in a very broad sense) and there is no requirement for the source object $X$ to be locally fibrant.

Keywords:simplicial presheaf, hypercover, cocycle
Categories:14F35, 18G30, 55U35

12. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 48)

Chebolu, Sunil K.; Christensen, J. Daniel; Mináč, Ján
Freyd's Generating Hypothesis for Groups with Periodic Cohomology
Let $G$ be a finite group, and let $k$ be a field whose characteristic $p$ divides the order of $G$. Freyd's generating hypothesis for the stable module category of $G$ is the statement that a map between finite-dimensional $kG$-modules in the thick subcategory generated by $k$ factors through a projective if the induced map on Tate cohomology is trivial. We show that if $G$ has periodic cohomology, then the generating hypothesis holds if and only if the Sylow $p$-subgroup of $G$ is $C_2$ or $C_3$. We also give some other conditions that are equivalent to the GH for groups with periodic cohomology.

Keywords:Tate cohomology, generating hypothesis, stable module category, ghost map, principal block, thick subcategory, periodic cohomology
Categories:20C20, 20J06, 55P42

13. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 730)

Theriault, Stephen D.
A Case When the Fiber of the Double Suspension is the Double Loops on Anick's Space
The fiber $W_{n}$ of the double suspension $S^{2n-1}\rightarrow\Omega^{2} S^{2n+1}$ is known to have a classifying space $BW_{n}$. An important conjecture linking the $EHP$ sequence to the homotopy theory of Moore spaces is that $BW_{n}\simeq\Omega T^{2np+1}(p)$, where $T^{2np+1}(p)$ is Anick's space. This is known if $n=1$. We prove the $n=p$ case and establish some related properties.

Keywords:double suspension, Anick's space
Categories:55P35, 55P10

14. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 438)

Chigogidze, A.; Nagórko, A.
Near-Homeomorphisms of Nöbeling Manifolds
We characterize maps between $n$-dimensional Nöbeling manifolds that can be approximated by homeomorphisms.

Keywords:n-dimensional Nöbeling manifold, Z-set unknotting, near-homeomorphism
Categories:55M10, 54F45

15. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 535)

Csorba, Péter
On the Simple $\Z_2$-homotopy Types of Graph Complexes and Their Simple $\Z_2$-universality
We prove that the neighborhood complex $\N(G)$, the box complex $\B(G)$, the homomorphism complex $\Hom(K_2,G)$and the Lov\'{a}sz complex $\L(G)$ have the same simple $\Z_2$-homotopy type in the sense of Whitehead. We show that these graph complexes are simple $\Z_2$-universal.

Keywords:graph complexes, simple $\Z_2$-homotopy, universality
Categories:57Q10, 05C10, 55P10

16. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 310)

Witbooi, P. J.
Relative Homotopy in Relational Structures
The homotopy groups of a finite partially ordered set (poset) can be described entirely in the context of posets, as shown in a paper by B. Larose and C. Tardif. In this paper we describe the relative version of such a homotopy theory, for pairs $(X,A)$ where $X$ is a poset and $A$ is a subposet of $X$. We also prove some theorems on the relevant version of the notion of weak homotopy equivalences for maps of pairs of such objects. We work in the category of reflexive binary relational structures which contains the posets as in the work of Larose and Tardif.

Keywords:binary reflexive relational structure, relative homotopy group, exact sequence, locally finite space, weak homotopy equivalence
Categories:55Q05, 54A05;, 18B30

17. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 365)

Godinho, Leonor
Equivariant Cohomology of $S^{1}$-Actions on $4$-Manifolds
Let $M$ be a symplectic $4$-dimensional manifold equipped with a Hamiltonian circle action with isolated fixed points. We describe a method for computing its integral equivariant cohomology in terms of fixed point data. We give some examples of these computations.

Categories:53D20, 55N91, 57S15

18. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 440)

Raghuram, A.
A Künneth Theorem for $p$-Adic Groups
Let $G_1$ and $G_2$ be $p$-adic groups. We describe a decomposition of ${\rm Ext}$-groups in the category of smooth representations of $G_1 \times G_2$ in terms of ${\rm Ext}$-groups for $G_1$ and $G_2$. We comment on ${\rm Ext}^1_G(\pi,\pi)$ for a supercuspidal representation $\pi$ of a $p$-adic group $G$. We also consider an example of identifying the class, in a suitable ${\rm Ext}^1$, of a Jacquet module of certain representations of $p$-adic ${\rm GL}_{2n}$.

Categories:22E50, 18G15, 55U25

19. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 206)

Golasiński, Marek; Gonçalves, Daciberg Lima
Spherical Space Forms: Homotopy Types and Self-Equivalences for the Group $({\mathbb Z}/a\rtimes{\mathbb Z}/b) \times SL_2\,(\mathbb{F}_p)$
Let $G=({\mathbb Z}/a\rtimes{\mathbb Z}/b) \times \SL_2(\mathbb{F}_p)$, and let $X(n)$ be an $n$-dimensional $CW$-complex of the homotopy type of an $n$-sphere. We study the automorphism group $\Aut (G)$ in order to compute the number of distinct homotopy types of spherical space forms with respect to free and cellular $G$-actions on all $CW$-complexes $X(2dn-1)$, where $2d$ is the period of $G$. The groups ${\mathcal E}(X(2dn-1)/\mu)$ of self homotopy equivalences of space forms $X(2dn-1)/\mu$ associated with free and cellular $G$-actions $\mu$ on $X(2dn-1)$ are determined as well.

Keywords:automorphism group, $CW$-complex, free and cellular $G$-action, group of self homotopy equivalences, Lyndon--Hochschild--Serre spectral sequence, special (linear) group, spherical space form
Categories:55M35, 55P15, 20E22, 20F28, 57S17

20. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 407)

Jardine, J. F.
Intermediate Model Structures for Simplicial Presheaves
This note shows that any set of cofibrations containing the standard set of generating projective cofibrations determines a cofibrantly generated proper closed model structure on the category of simplicial presheaves on a small Grothendieck site, for which the weak equivalences are the local weak equivalences in the usual sense.

Categories:18G30, 18F20, 55U35

21. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 41)

Doeraene, Jean-Paul; El Haouari, Mohammed
The Ganea and Whitehead Variants of the\\Lusternik--Schnirelmann Category
The Lusternik--Schnirelmann category has been described in different ways. Two major ones, the first by Ganea, the second by Whitehead, are presented here with a number of variants. The equivalence of these variants relies on the axioms of Quillen's model category, but also sometimes on an additional axiom, the so-called ``cube axiom''.


22. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 614)

Tuncali, H. Murat; Valov, Vesko
On Finite-to-One Maps
Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a $\sigma$-perfect $k$-dimensional surjective map of metrizable spaces such that $\dim Y\leq m$. It is shown that for every positive integer $p$ with $ p\leq m+k+1$ there exists a dense $G_{\delta}$-subset ${\mathcal H}(k,m,p)$ of $C(X,\uin^{k+p})$ with the source limitation topology such that each fiber of $f\triangle g$, $g\in{\mathcal H}(k,m,p)$, contains at most $\max\{k+m-p+2,1\}$ points. This result provides a proof the following conjectures of S. Bogatyi, V. Fedorchuk and J. van Mill. Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a $k$-dimensional map between compact metric spaces with $\dim Y\leq m$. Then: \begin{inparaenum}[\rm(1)] \item there exists a map $h\colon X\to\uin^{m+2k}$ such that $f\triangle h\colon X\to Y\times\uin^{m+2k}$ is 2-to-one provided $k\geq 1$; \item there exists a map $h\colon X\to\uin^{m+k+1}$ such that $f\triangle h\colon X\to Y\times\uin^{m+k+1}$ is $(k+1)$-to-one. \end{inparaenum}

Keywords:finite-to-one maps, dimension, set-valued maps
Categories:54F45, 55M10, 54C65

23. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 321)

Bullejos, M.; Cegarra, A. M.
Classifying Spaces for Monoidal Categories Through Geometric Nerves
The usual constructions of classifying spaces for monoidal categories produce CW-complexes with many cells that, moreover, do not have any proper geometric meaning. However, geometric nerves of monoidal categories are very handy simplicial sets whose simplices have a pleasing geometric description: they are diagrams with the shape of the 2-skeleton of oriented standard simplices. The purpose of this paper is to prove that geometric realizations of geometric nerves are classifying spaces for monoidal categories.

Keywords:monoidal category, pseudo-simplicial category,, simplicial set, classifying space, homotopy type
Categories:18D10, 18G30, 55P15, 55P35, 55U40

24. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 246)

Makai, Endre; Martini, Horst
On Maximal $k$-Sections and Related Common Transversals of Convex Bodies
Generalizing results from [MM1] referring to the intersection body $IK$ and the cross-section body $CK$ of a convex body $K \subset \sR^d, \, d \ge 2$, we prove theorems about maximal $k$-sections of convex bodies, $k \in \{1, \dots, d-1\}$, and, simultaneously, statements about common maximal $(d-1)$- and $1$-transversals of families of convex bodies.

Categories:52A20, 55Mxx

25. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 119)

Theriault, Stephen D.
$2$-Primary Exponent Bounds for Lie Groups of Low Rank
Exponent information is proven about the Lie groups $SU(3)$, $SU(4)$, $Sp(2)$, and $G_2$ by showing some power of the $H$-space squaring map (on a suitably looped connected-cover) is null homotopic. The upper bounds obtained are $8$, $32$, $64$, and $2^8$ respectively. This null homotopy is best possible for $SU(3)$ given the number of loops, off by at most one power of~$2$ for $SU(4)$ and $Sp(2)$, and off by at most two powers of $2$ for $G_2$.

Keywords:Lie group, exponent
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