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Search: MSC category 47A63 ( Operator inequalities )

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1. CMB Online first

Li, Chi-Kwong; Tsai, Ming-Cheng
Factoring a quadratic operator as a product of two positive contractions
Let $T$ be a quadratic operator on a complex Hilbert space $H$. We show that $T$ can be written as a product of two positive contractions if and only if $T$ is of the form \begin{equation*} aI \oplus bI \oplus \begin{pmatrix} aI & P \cr 0 & bI \cr \end{pmatrix} \quad \text{on} \quad H_1\oplus H_2\oplus (H_3\oplus H_3) \end{equation*} for some $a, b\in [0,1]$ and strictly positive operator $P$ with $\|P\| \le |\sqrt{a} - \sqrt{b}|\sqrt{(1-a)(1-b)}.$ Also, we give a necessary condition for a bounded linear operator $T$ with operator matrix $ \big( \begin{smallmatrix} T_1 & T_3 \\ 0 & T_2\cr \end{smallmatrix} \big) $ on $H\oplus K$ that can be written as a product of two positive contractions.

Keywords:quadratic operator, positive contraction, spectral theorem
Categories:47A60, 47A68, 47A63

2. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 25)

Bourin, Jean-Christophe; Harada, Tetsuo; Lee, Eun-Young
Subadditivity Inequalities for Compact Operators
Some subadditivity inequalities for matrices and concave functions also hold for Hilbert space operators, but (unfortunately!) with an additional $\varepsilon$ term. It seems not possible to erase this residual term. However, in case of compact operators we show that the $\varepsilon$ term is unnecessary. Further, these inequalities are strict in a certain sense when some natural assumptions are satisfied. The discussion also stresses on matrices and their compressions and several open questions or conjectures are considered, both in the matrix and operator settings.

Keywords:concave or convex function, Hilbert space, unitary orbits, compact operators, compressions, matrix inequalities
Categories:47A63, 15A45

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