76. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 469)
 Marcoux, Laurent W.

Sums and Products of Weighted Shifts
In this article it is shown that every bounded linear operator
on a complex, infinite dimensional, separable Hilbert space is
a sum of at most eighteen unilateral (alternatively, bilateral)
weighted shifts. As well, we classify products of weighted shifts,
as well as sums and limits of the resulting operators.
Categories:47B37, 47A99 

77. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 270)
 Cheung, WaiShun; Li, ChiKwong

Linear Operators Preserving Generalized Numerical Ranges and Radii on Certain Triangular Algebras of Matrices
Let $c = (c_1, \dots, c_n)$ be such that $c_1 \ge \cdots \ge c_n$.
The $c$numerical range of an $n \times n$ matrix $A$ is defined by
$$
W_c(A) = \Bigl\{ \sum_{j=1}^n c_j (Ax_j,x_j) : \{x_1, \dots, x_n\}
\text{ an orthonormal basis for } \IC^n \Bigr\},
$$
and the $c$numerical radius of $A$ is defined by $r_c (A) = \max
\{z : z \in W_c (A)\}$. We determine the structure of those linear
operators $\phi$ on algebras of block triangular matrices, satisfying
$$
W_c \bigl( \phi(A) \bigr) = W_c (A) \text{ for all } A \quad \text{or}
\quad r_c \bigl( \phi(A) \bigr) = r_c (A) \text{ for all } A.
$$
Keywords:linear operator, numerical range (radius), block triangular matrices Categories:15A04, 15A60, 47B49 

78. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 406)
 Borwein, David

Weighted Mean Operators on $l_p$
The weighted mean matrix $M_a$ is the triangular matrix $\{a_k/A_n\}$,
where $a_n > 0$ and $A_n := a_1 + a_2 + \cdots + a_n$. It is proved
that, subject to $n^c a_n$ being eventually monotonic for each
constant $c$ and to the existence of $\alpha := \lim
\frac{A_n}{na_n}$, $M_a \in B(l_p)$ for $1 < p < \infty$ if and only
if $\alpha < p$.
Keywords:weighted means, operators on $l_p$, norm estimates Categories:47B37, 47A30, 40G05 

79. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 157)
80. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 193)
 Magajna, Bojan

C$^*$Convexity and the Numerical Range
If $A$ is a prime C$^*$algebra, $a \in A$ and $\lambda$ is in the
numerical range $W(a)$ of $a$, then for each $\varepsilon > 0$ there
exists an element $h \in A$ such that $\norm{h} = 1$ and $\norm{h^*
(a\lambda)h} < \varepsilon$. If $\lambda$ is an extreme point of
$W(a)$, the same conclusion holds without the assumption that $A$ is
prime. Given any element $a$ in a von Neumann algebra (or in a
general C$^*$algebra) $A$, all normal elements in the weak* closure
(the norm closure, respectively) of the C$^*$convex hull of $a$ are
characterized.
Categories:47A12, 46L05, 46L10 

81. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 21)
 Barnes, Bruce A.

The Commutant of an Abstract Backward Shift
A bounded linear operator $T$ on a Banach space $X$ is an abstract
backward shift if the nullspace of $T$ is one dimensional, and the
union of the null spaces of $T^k$ for all $k \geq 1$ is dense in
$X$. In this paper it is shown that the commutant of an abstract
backward shift is an integral domain. This result is used to
derive properties of operators in the commutant.
Keywords:backward shift, commutant Category:47A99 

82. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 87)
83. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 452)
 Bradley, Sean

Finite Rank Operators in Certain Algebras
Let $\Alg(\l)$ be the algebra of all bounded linear operators
on a normed linear space $\x$ leaving invariant each member
of the complete lattice of closed subspaces $\l$. We discuss
when the subalgebra of finite rank operators in $\Alg(\l)$ is
nonzero, and give an example which shows this subalgebra may
be zero even for finite lattices. We then give a necessary
and sufficient lattice condition for decomposing a finite rank
operator $F$ into a sum of a rank one operator and an operator
whose range is smaller than that of $F$, each of which lies in
$\Alg(\l)$. This unifies results of Erdos, Longstaff, Lambrou,
and Spanoudakis. Finally, we use the existence of finite rank
operators in certain algebras to characterize the spectra of
Riesz operators (generalizing results of Ringrose and Clauss)
and compute the Jacobson radical for closed algebras of Riesz
operators and $\Alg(\l)$ for various types of lattices.
Categories:47D30, 47A15, 47A10 

84. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 162)
85. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 139)
86. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 104)
 Nikolskaia, Ludmila

InstabilitÃ© de vecteurs propres d'opÃ©rateurs linÃ©aires
We consider some geometric properties of eigenvectors of linear
operators on infinite dimensional Hilbert space. It is proved that
the property of a family of vectors $(x_n)$ to be eigenvectors
$Tx_n= \lambda_n x_n$ ($\lambda_n \noteq \lambda_k$ for $n\noteq k$)
of a bounded operator $T$ (admissibility property) is very instable
with respect to additive and linear perturbations. For instance,
(1)~for the sequence $(x_n+\epsilon_n v_n)_{n\geq k(\epsilon)}$ to
be admissible for every admissible $(x_n)$ and for a suitable
choice of small numbers $\epsilon_n\noteq 0$ it is necessary and
sufficient that the perturbation sequence be eventually scalar:
there exist $\gamma_n\in \C$ such that $v_n= \gamma_n v_{k}$ for
$n\geq k$ (Theorem~2); (2)~for a bounded operator $A$ to transform
admissible families $(x_n)$ into admissible families $(Ax_n)$ it is
necessary and sufficient that $A$ be left invertible (Theorem~4).
Keywords:eigenvectors, minimal families, reproducing kernels Categories:47A10, 46B15 

87. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 87)
 Kittaneh, Fuad

Some norm inequalities for operators
Let $A_i$, $B_i$ and $X_i$ $(i=1, 2, \dots, n)$ be operators on a
separable Hilbert space. It is shown that if $f$ and $g$ are
nonnegative continuous functions on $[0,\infty)$ which satisfy the
relation $f(t)g(t) =t$ for all $t$ in $[0,\infty)$, then
$$
\Biglvert \,\Bigl\sum^n_{i=1} A^*_i X_i B_i \Bigr^r \,\Bigrvert^2
\leq \Biglvert \Bigl( \sum^n_{i=1} A^*_i f (X^*_i)^2 A_i \Bigr)^r
\Bigrvert \, \Biglvert \Bigl( \sum^n_{i=1} B^*_i g (X_i)^2 B_i
\Bigr)^r \Bigrvert
$$
for every $r>0$ and for every unitarily invariant norm. This result
improves some known CauchySchwarz type inequalities. Norm
inequalities related to the arithmeticgeometric mean inequality and
the classical Heinz inequalities are also obtained.
Keywords:Unitarily invariant norm, positive operator, arithmeticgeometric mean inequality, CauchySchwarz inequality, Heinz inequality Categories:47A30, 47B10, 47B15, 47B20 

88. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 413)
 LlorensFuster, Enrique; Sims, Brailey

The fixed point property in $\lowercase{c_0}$
A closed convex subset of $c_0$ has the fixed point property
($\fpp$) if every nonexpansive self mapping of it has a fixed
point. All nonempty weak compact convex subsets of $c_0$ are
known to have the $\fpp$. We show that closed convex subsets
with a nonempty interior and nonempty convex subsets which are
compact in a topology slightly coarser than the weak topology
may fail to have the $\fpp$.
Categories:47H09, 47H10 

89. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 434)
90. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 298)
 Jahandideh, M. T.

On the idealtriangularizability of semigroups of quasinilpotent positive operators on $C({\cal K})$
It is known that a semigroup of quasinilpotent integral operators,
with positive lower semicontinuous kernels, on $L^2( X, \mu)$,
where $X$ is a locally compact HausdorffLindel\"of space and $\mu$
is a $\sigma$finite regular Borel measure on $X$, is
triangularizable. In this article we use the Banach lattice version
of triangularizability to establish the idealtriangularizability
of a semigroup of positive quasinilpotent integral operators on
$C({\cal K})$ where ${\cal K}$ is a compact Hausdorff space.
Category:47B65 

91. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 137)
 Choksi, J. R.; Nadkarni, M. G.

Genericity of certain classes of unitary and selfadjoint operators
In a paper [1], published in 1990, in a (somewhat inaccessible)
conference proceedings, the authors had shown that for the unitary
operators on a separable Hilbert space, endowed with the strong
operator topology, those with singular, continuous, simple spectrum,
with full support, form a dense $G_\delta$. A similar theorem for
bounded selfadjoint operators with a given norm bound (omitting
simplicity) was recently given by Barry Simon [2], [3], with a totally
different proof. In this note we show that a slight modification of
our argument, combined with the Cayley transform, gives a proof of
Simon's result, with simplicity of the spectrum added.
Category:47B15 

92. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 240)
 Xia, Jingbo

On certain $K$groups associated with minimal flows
It is known that the Toeplitz algebra associated with any flow
which is both minimal and uniquely ergodic always has a trivial
$K_1$group. We show in this note that if the unique ergodicity is
dropped, then such $K_1$group can be nontrivial. Therefore, in
the general setting of minimal flows, even the $K$theoretical
index is not sufficient for the classification of Toeplitz
operators which are invertible modulo the commutator ideal.
Categories:46L80, 47B35, 47C15 

93. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 196)
 Nakazi, Takahiko

BrownHalmos type theorems of weighted Toeplitz operators
The spectra of the Toeplitz operators on the weighted Hardy space
$H^2(Wd\th/2\pi)$ and the Hardy space $H^p(d\th/2\pi)$, and the
singular integral operators on the Lebesgue space $L^2(d\th/2\pi)$
are studied. For example, the theorems of BrownHalmos type and
HartmanWintner type are studied.
Keywords:Toeplitz operator, singular integral, operator, weighted Hardy space, spectrum. Category:47B35 

94. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 129)
95. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 49)
 Harrison, K. J.; Ward, J. A.; Eaton, LJ.

Stability of weighted darma filters
We study the stability of linear filters associated with certain types of
linear difference equations with variable coefficients. We show that
stability is determined by the locations of the poles of a rational transfer
function relative to the spectrum of an associated weighted shift operator.
The known theory for filters associated with constantcoefficient difference
equations is a special case.
Keywords:Difference equations, adaptive $\DARMA$ filters, weighted shifts,, stability and boundedness, automatic continuity Categories:47A62, 47B37, 93D25, 42A85, 47N70 

96. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 10)
 Borwein, David

Simple conditions for matrices to be bounded operators on $l_p$
The two theorems proved yield simple yet reasonably
general conditions for triangular matrices to be bounded
operators on $l_p$. The theorems are applied to N\"orlund and
weighted mean matrices.
Keywords:Triangular matrices, NÃ¶rlund matrices, weighted means, operators, on $l_p$. Categories:47B37, 47A30, 40G05 

97. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 443)
98. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 464)
 Kuo, ChungCheng

On the solvability of a Neumann boundary value problem at resonance
We study the existence of solutions of the semilinear equations (1)
$\triangle u + g(x,u)=h$, ${\partial u \over \partial n} = 0$ on
$\partial \Omega$ in which the nonlinearity $g$ may grow
superlinearly in $u$ in one of directions $u \to \infty$ and $u \to
\infty$, and (2) $\triangle u + g(x,u)=h$, ${\partial u \over
\partial n} = 0$ on $\partial \Omega$ in which the nonlinear term $g$
may grow superlinearly in $u$ as $u \to \infty$. The purpose of this
paper is to obtain solvability theorems for (1) and (2) when the
LandesmanLazer condition does not hold. More precisely, we require
that $h$ may satisfy $\int g^\delta_ (x) \, dx < \int h(x) \, dx = 0<
\int g^\gamma_+ (x)\,dx$, where $\gamma, \delta$ are arbitrarily
nonnegative constants, $g^\gamma_+ (x) = \lim_{u \to \infty} \inf
g(x,u) u^\gamma$ and $g^\delta_ (x)=\lim_{u \to \infty} \sup
g(x,u)u^\delta$. The proofs are based upon degree theoretic arguments.
Keywords:LandesmanLazer condition, Leray Schauder degree Categories:35J65, 47H11, 47H15 

99. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 193)