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76. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 538)

Borwein, Jonathan; Fitzpatrick, Simon; Girgensohn, Roland
Subdifferentials Whose Graphs Are Not Norm$\times$Weak* Closed
In this note we give examples of convex functions whose subdifferentials have unpleasant properties. Particularly, we exhibit a proper lower semicontinuous convex function on a separable Hilbert space such that the graph of its subdifferential is not closed in the product of the norm and bounded weak topologies. We also exhibit a set whose sequential normal cone is not norm closed.

Categories:46N10, 47H05

77. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 632)

Runde, Volker
The Operator Amenability of Uniform Algebras
We prove a quantized version of a theorem by M.~V.~She\u{\i}nberg: A uniform algebra equipped with its canonical, {\it i.e.}, minimal, operator space structure is operator amenable if and only if it is a commutative $C^\ast$-algebra.

Keywords:uniform algebras, amenable Banach algebras, operator amenability, minimal, operator space
Categories:46H20, 46H25, 46J10, 46J40, 47L25

78. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 216)

Li, Chi-Kwong; Rodman, Leiba; Šemrl, Peter
Linear Maps on Selfadjoint Operators Preserving Invertibility, Positive Definiteness, Numerical Range
Let $H$ be a complex Hilbert space, and $\HH$ be the real linear space of bounded selfadjoint operators on $H$. We study linear maps $\phi\colon \HH \to \HH$ leaving invariant various properties such as invertibility, positive definiteness, numerical range, {\it etc}. The maps $\phi$ are not assumed {\it a priori\/} continuous. It is shown that under an appropriate surjective or injective assumption $\phi$ has the form $X \mapsto \xi TXT^*$ or $X \mapsto \xi TX^tT^*$, for a suitable invertible or unitary $T$ and $\xi\in\{1, -1\}$, where $X^t$ stands for the transpose of $X$ relative to some orthonormal basis. Examples are given to show that the surjective or injective assumption cannot be relaxed. The results are extended to complex linear maps on the algebra of bounded linear operators on $H$. Similar results are proved for the (real) linear space of (selfadjoint) operators of the form $\alpha I+K$, where $\alpha$ is a scalar and $K$ is compact.

Keywords:linear map, selfadjoint operator, invertible, positive definite, numerical range
Categories:47B15, 47B49

79. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 113)

Lee, Jaesung; Rim, Kyung Soo
Properties of the $\mathcal{M}$-Harmonic Conjugate Operator
We define the $\mathcal{M}$-harmonic conjugate operator $K$ and prove that it is bounded on the nonisotropic Lipschitz space and on $\BMO$. Then we show $K$ maps Dini functions into the space of continuous functions on the unit sphere. We also prove the boundedness and compactness properties of $\mathcal{M}$-harmonic conjugate operator with $L^p$ symbol.

Keywords:$\mathcal{M}$-harmonic conjugate operator
Categories:32A70, 47G10

80. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 59)

Constantinescu, T.; Johnson, J. L.
A Note on Noncommutative Interpolation
In this paper we formulate and solve Nevanlinna-Pick and Carath\'eodory type problems for tensor algebras with data given on the $N$-dimensional operator unit ball of a Hilbert space. We develop an approach based on the displacement structure theory.

Categories:47A57, 47A20

81. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 309)

Xia, Jingbo
Joint Mean Oscillation and Local Ideals in the Toeplitz Algebra II: Local Commutivity and Essential Commutant
A well-known theorem of Sarason [11] asserts that if $[T_f,T_h]$ is compact for every $h \in H^\infty$, then $f \in H^\infty + C(T)$. Using local analysis in the full Toeplitz algebra $\calT = \calT (L^\infty)$, we show that the membership $f \in H^\infty + C(T)$ can be inferred from the compactness of a much smaller collection of commutators $[T_f,T_h]$. Using this strengthened result and a theorem of Davidson [2], we construct a proper $C^\ast$-subalgebra $\calT (\calL)$ of $\calT$ which has the same essential commutant as that of $\calT$. Thus the image of $\calT (\calL)$ in the Calkin algebra does not satisfy the double commutant relation [12], [1]. We will also show that no {\it separable} subalgebra $\calS$ of $\calT$ is capable of conferring the membership $f \in H^\infty + C(T)$ through the compactness of the commutators $\{[T_f,S] : S \in \calS\}$.

Categories:46H10, 47B35, 47C05

82. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 469)

Marcoux, Laurent W.
Sums and Products of Weighted Shifts
In this article it is shown that every bounded linear operator on a complex, infinite dimensional, separable Hilbert space is a sum of at most eighteen unilateral (alternatively, bilateral) weighted shifts. As well, we classify products of weighted shifts, as well as sums and limits of the resulting operators.

Categories:47B37, 47A99

83. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 270)

Cheung, Wai-Shun; Li, Chi-Kwong
Linear Operators Preserving Generalized Numerical Ranges and Radii on Certain Triangular Algebras of Matrices
Let $c = (c_1, \dots, c_n)$ be such that $c_1 \ge \cdots \ge c_n$. The $c$-numerical range of an $n \times n$ matrix $A$ is defined by $$ W_c(A) = \Bigl\{ \sum_{j=1}^n c_j (Ax_j,x_j) : \{x_1, \dots, x_n\} \text{ an orthonormal basis for } \IC^n \Bigr\}, $$ and the $c$-numerical radius of $A$ is defined by $r_c (A) = \max \{|z| : z \in W_c (A)\}$. We determine the structure of those linear operators $\phi$ on algebras of block triangular matrices, satisfying $$ W_c \bigl( \phi(A) \bigr) = W_c (A) \text{ for all } A \quad \text{or} \quad r_c \bigl( \phi(A) \bigr) = r_c (A) \text{ for all } A. $$

Keywords:linear operator, numerical range (radius), block triangular matrices
Categories:15A04, 15A60, 47B49

84. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 406)

Borwein, David
Weighted Mean Operators on $l_p$
The weighted mean matrix $M_a$ is the triangular matrix $\{a_k/A_n\}$, where $a_n > 0$ and $A_n := a_1 + a_2 + \cdots + a_n$. It is proved that, subject to $n^c a_n$ being eventually monotonic for each constant $c$ and to the existence of $\alpha := \lim \frac{A_n}{na_n}$, $M_a \in B(l_p)$ for $1 < p < \infty$ if and only if $\alpha < p$.

Keywords:weighted means, operators on $l_p$, norm estimates
Categories:47B37, 47A30, 40G05

85. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 157)

El Abdalaoui, El Houcein
A Larger Class of Ornstein Transformations with Mixing Property
We prove that Ornstein transformations are almost surely totally ergodic provided only that the cutting parameter is not bounded. We thus obtain a larger class of Ornstein transformations with the mixing property.

Categories:28D05, 47A35

86. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 193)

Magajna, Bojan
C$^*$-Convexity and the Numerical Range
If $A$ is a prime C$^*$-algebra, $a \in A$ and $\lambda$ is in the numerical range $W(a)$ of $a$, then for each $\varepsilon > 0$ there exists an element $h \in A$ such that $\norm{h} = 1$ and $\norm{h^* (a-\lambda)h} < \varepsilon$. If $\lambda$ is an extreme point of $W(a)$, the same conclusion holds without the assumption that $A$ is prime. Given any element $a$ in a von Neumann algebra (or in a general C$^*$-algebra) $A$, all normal elements in the weak* closure (the norm closure, respectively) of the C$^*$-convex hull of $a$ are characterized.

Categories:47A12, 46L05, 46L10

87. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 21)

Barnes, Bruce A.
The Commutant of an Abstract Backward Shift
A bounded linear operator $T$ on a Banach space $X$ is an abstract backward shift if the nullspace of $T$ is one dimensional, and the union of the null spaces of $T^k$ for all $k \geq 1$ is dense in $X$. In this paper it is shown that the commutant of an abstract backward shift is an integral domain. This result is used to derive properties of operators in the commutant.

Keywords:backward shift, commutant

88. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 87)

Lindström, Mikael; Schlüchtermann, Georg
Lomonosov's Techniques and Burnside's Theorem
In this note we give a proof of Lomonosov's extension of Burnside's theorem to infinite dimensional Banach spaces.


89. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 452)

Bradley, Sean
Finite Rank Operators in Certain Algebras
Let $\Alg(\l)$ be the algebra of all bounded linear operators on a normed linear space $\x$ leaving invariant each member of the complete lattice of closed subspaces $\l$. We discuss when the subalgebra of finite rank operators in $\Alg(\l)$ is non-zero, and give an example which shows this subalgebra may be zero even for finite lattices. We then give a necessary and sufficient lattice condition for decomposing a finite rank operator $F$ into a sum of a rank one operator and an operator whose range is smaller than that of $F$, each of which lies in $\Alg(\l)$. This unifies results of Erdos, Longstaff, Lambrou, and Spanoudakis. Finally, we use the existence of finite rank operators in certain algebras to characterize the spectra of Riesz operators (generalizing results of Ringrose and Clauss) and compute the Jacobson radical for closed algebras of Riesz operators and $\Alg(\l)$ for various types of lattices.

Categories:47D30, 47A15, 47A10

90. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 162)

Cobos, Fernando; Kühn, Thomas
Lorentz-Schatten Classes and Pointwise Domination of Matrices
We investigate pointwise domination property in operator spaces generated by Lorentz sequence spaces.


91. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 139)

Bonet, José; Domański, Paweł; Lindström, Mikael
Essential Norm and Weak Compactness of Composition Operators on Weighted Banach Spaces of Analytic Functions
Every weakly compact composition operator between weighted Banach spaces $H_v^{\infty}$ of analytic functions with weighted sup-norms is compact. Lower and upper estimates of the essential norm of continuous composition operators are obtained. The norms of the point evaluation functionals on the Banach space $H_v^{\infty}$ are also estimated, thus permitting to get new characterizations of compact composition operators between these spaces.

Keywords:weighted Banach spaces of holomorphic functions, composition operator, compact operator, weakly compact operator
Categories:47B38, 30D55, 46E15

92. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 104)

Nikolskaia, Ludmila
Instabilité de vecteurs propres d'opérateurs linéaires
We consider some geometric properties of eigenvectors of linear operators on infinite dimensional Hilbert space. It is proved that the property of a family of vectors $(x_n)$ to be eigenvectors $Tx_n= \lambda_n x_n$ ($\lambda_n \noteq \lambda_k$ for $n\noteq k$) of a bounded operator $T$ (admissibility property) is very instable with respect to additive and linear perturbations. For instance, (1)~for the sequence $(x_n+\epsilon_n v_n)_{n\geq k(\epsilon)}$ to be admissible for every admissible $(x_n)$ and for a suitable choice of small numbers $\epsilon_n\noteq 0$ it is necessary and sufficient that the perturbation sequence be eventually scalar: there exist $\gamma_n\in \C$ such that $v_n= \gamma_n v_{k}$ for $n\geq k$ (Theorem~2); (2)~for a bounded operator $A$ to transform admissible families $(x_n)$ into admissible families $(Ax_n)$ it is necessary and sufficient that $A$ be left invertible (Theorem~4).

Keywords:eigenvectors, minimal families, reproducing kernels
Categories:47A10, 46B15

93. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 87)

Kittaneh, Fuad
Some norm inequalities for operators
Let $A_i$, $B_i$ and $X_i$ $(i=1, 2, \dots, n)$ be operators on a separable Hilbert space. It is shown that if $f$ and $g$ are nonnegative continuous functions on $[0,\infty)$ which satisfy the relation $f(t)g(t) =t$ for all $t$ in $[0,\infty)$, then $$ \Biglvert \,\Bigl|\sum^n_{i=1} A^*_i X_i B_i \Bigr|^r \,\Bigrvert^2 \leq \Biglvert \Bigl( \sum^n_{i=1} A^*_i f (|X^*_i|)^2 A_i \Bigr)^r \Bigrvert \, \Biglvert \Bigl( \sum^n_{i=1} B^*_i g (|X_i|)^2 B_i \Bigr)^r \Bigrvert $$ for every $r>0$ and for every unitarily invariant norm. This result improves some known Cauchy-Schwarz type inequalities. Norm inequalities related to the arithmetic-geometric mean inequality and the classical Heinz inequalities are also obtained.

Keywords:Unitarily invariant norm, positive operator, arithmetic-geometric mean inequality, Cauchy-Schwarz inequality, Heinz inequality
Categories:47A30, 47B10, 47B15, 47B20

94. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 413)

Llorens-Fuster, Enrique; Sims, Brailey
The fixed point property in $\lowercase{c_0}$
A closed convex subset of $c_0$ has the fixed point property ($\fpp$) if every nonexpansive self mapping of it has a fixed point. All nonempty weak compact convex subsets of $c_0$ are known to have the $\fpp$. We show that closed convex subsets with a nonempty interior and nonempty convex subsets which are compact in a topology slightly coarser than the weak topology may fail to have the $\fpp$.

Categories:47H09, 47H10

95. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 434)

Mascioni, Vania; Molnár, Lajos
Linear maps on factors which preserve the extreme points of the unit ball
The aim of this paper is to characterize those linear maps from a von~Neumann factor $\A$ into itself which preserve the extreme points of the unit ball of $\A$. For example, we show that if $\A$ is infinite, then every such linear preserver can be written as a fixed unitary operator times either a unital $\ast$-homomorphism or a unital $\ast$-antihomomorphism.

Categories:47B49, 47D25

96. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 298)

Jahandideh, M. T.
On the ideal-triangularizability of semigroups of quasinilpotent positive operators on $C({\cal K})$
It is known that a semigroup of quasinilpotent integral operators, with positive lower semicontinuous kernels, on $L^2( X, \mu)$, where $X$ is a locally compact Hausdorff-Lindel\"of space and $\mu$ is a $\sigma$-finite regular Borel measure on $X$, is triangularizable. In this article we use the Banach lattice version of triangularizability to establish the ideal-triangularizability of a semigroup of positive quasinilpotent integral operators on $C({\cal K})$ where ${\cal K}$ is a compact Hausdorff space.


97. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 137)

Choksi, J. R.; Nadkarni, M. G.
Genericity of certain classes of unitary and self-adjoint operators
In a paper [1], published in 1990, in a (somewhat inaccessible) conference proceedings, the authors had shown that for the unitary operators on a separable Hilbert space, endowed with the strong operator topology, those with singular, continuous, simple spectrum, with full support, form a dense $G_\delta$. A similar theorem for bounded self-adjoint operators with a given norm bound (omitting simplicity) was recently given by Barry Simon [2], [3], with a totally different proof. In this note we show that a slight modification of our argument, combined with the Cayley transform, gives a proof of Simon's result, with simplicity of the spectrum added.


98. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 240)

Xia, Jingbo
On certain $K$-groups associated with minimal flows
It is known that the Toeplitz algebra associated with any flow which is both minimal and uniquely ergodic always has a trivial $K_1$-group. We show in this note that if the unique ergodicity is dropped, then such $K_1$-group can be non-trivial. Therefore, in the general setting of minimal flows, even the $K$-theoretical index is not sufficient for the classification of Toeplitz operators which are invertible modulo the commutator ideal.

Categories:46L80, 47B35, 47C15

99. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 196)

Nakazi, Takahiko
Brown-Halmos type theorems of weighted Toeplitz operators
The spectra of the Toeplitz operators on the weighted Hardy space $H^2(Wd\th/2\pi)$ and the Hardy space $H^p(d\th/2\pi)$, and the singular integral operators on the Lebesgue space $L^2(d\th/2\pi)$ are studied. For example, the theorems of Brown-Halmos type and Hartman-Wintner type are studied.

Keywords:Toeplitz operator, singular integral, operator, weighted Hardy space, spectrum.

100. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 129)

Lee, Young Joo
Pluriharmonic symbols of commuting Toeplitz type operators on the weighted Bergman spaces
A class of Toeplitz type operators acting on the weighted Bergman spaces of the unit ball in the $n$-dimensional complex space is considered and two pluriharmonic symbols of commuting Toeplitz type operators are completely characterized.

Keywords:Pluriharmonic functions, Weighted Bergman spaces, Toeplitz type operators.
Categories:47B38, 32A37
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