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1. CMB Online first

Erzakova, Nina A.
Measures of Noncompactness in Regular Spaces
Previous results by the author on the connection between three of measures of non-compactness obtained for $L_p$, are extended to regular spaces of measurable functions. An example of advantage in some cases one of them in comparison with another is given. Geometric characteristics of regular spaces are determined. New theorems for $(k,\beta)$-boundedness of partially additive operators are proved.

Keywords:measure of non-compactness, condensing map, partially additive operator, regular space, ideal space
Categories:47H08, 46E30, 47H99, 47G10

2. CMB Online first

Fang, Zhong-Shan; Zhou, Ze-Hua
New Characterizations of the Weighted Composition Operators Between Bloch Type Spaces in the Polydisk
We give some new characterizations for compactness of weighted composition operators $uC_\varphi$ acting on Bloch-type spaces in terms of the power of the components of $\varphi,$ where $\varphi$ is a holomorphic self-map of the polydisk $\mathbb{D}^n,$ thus generalizing the results obtained by Hyvärinen and Lindström in 2012.

Keywords:weighted composition operator, compactness, Bloch type spaces, polydisk, several complex variables
Categories:47B38, 47B33, 32A37, 45P05, 47G10

3. CMB Online first

Bownik, Marcin; Jasper, John
Constructive Proof of Carpenter's Theorem
We give a constructive proof of Carpenter's Theorem due to Kadison. Unlike the original proof our approach also yields the real case of this theorem.

Keywords:diagonals of projections, the Schur-Horn theorem, the Pythagorean theorem, the Carpenter theorem, spectral theory
Categories:42C15, 47B15, 46C05

4. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 270)

Didas, Michael; Eschmeier, Jörg
Derivations on Toeplitz Algebras
Let $H^2(\Omega)$ be the Hardy space on a strictly pseudoconvex domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{C}^n$, and let $A \subset L^\infty(\partial \Omega)$ denote the subalgebra of all $L^\infty$-functions $f$ with compact Hankel operator $H_f$. Given any closed subalgebra $B \subset A$ containing $C(\partial \Omega)$, we describe the first Hochschild cohomology group of the corresponding Toeplitz algebra $\mathcal(B) \subset B(H^2(\Omega))$. In particular, we show that every derivation on $\mathcal{T}(A)$ is inner. These results are new even for $n=1$, where it follows that every derivation on $\mathcal{T}(H^\infty+C)$ is inner, while there are non-inner derivations on $\mathcal{T}(H^\infty+C(\partial \mathbb{B}_n))$ over the unit ball $\mathbb{B}_n$ in dimension $n\gt 1$.

Keywords:derivations, Toeplitz algebras, strictly pseudoconvex domains
Categories:47B47, 47B35, 47L80

5. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 166)

Öztop, Serap; Spronk, Nico
On Minimal and Maximal $p$-operator Space Structures
We show that for $p$-operator spaces, there are natural notions of minimal and maximal structures. These are useful for dealing with tensor products.

Keywords:$p$-operator space, min space, max space
Categories:46L07, 47L25, 46G10

6. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 80)

Khemphet, Anchalee; Peters, Justin R.
Semicrossed Products of the Disk Algebra and the Jacobson Radical
We consider semicrossed products of the disk algebra with respect to endomorphisms defined by finite Blaschke products. We characterize the Jacobson radical of these operator algebras. Furthermore, in the case the finite Blaschke product is elliptic, we show that the semicrossed product contains no nonzero quasinilpotent elements. However, if the finite Blaschke product is hyperbolic or parabolic with positive hyperbolic step, the Jacobson radical is nonzero and a proper subset of the set of quasinilpotent elements.

Keywords:semicrossed product, disk algebra, Jacobson radical
Categories:47L65, 47L20, 30J10, 30H50

7. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 477)

Ayadi, Adlene
Hypercyclic Abelian Groups of Affine Maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$
We give a characterization of hypercyclic abelian group $\mathcal{G}$ of affine maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$. If $\mathcal{G}$ is finitely generated, this characterization is explicit. We prove in particular that no abelian group generated by $n$ affine maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ has a dense orbit.

Keywords:affine, hypercyclic, dense, orbit, affine group, abelian
Categories:37C85, 47A16

8. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 145)

Mustafayev, H. S.
The Essential Spectrum of the Essentially Isometric Operator
Let $T$ be a contraction on a complex, separable, infinite dimensional Hilbert space and let $\sigma \left( T\right) $ (resp. $\sigma _{e}\left( T\right) )$ be its spectrum (resp. essential spectrum). We assume that $T$ is an essentially isometric operator, that is $I_{H}-T^{\ast }T$ is compact. We show that if $D\diagdown \sigma \left( T\right) \neq \emptyset ,$ then for every $f$ from the disc-algebra, \begin{equation*} \sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma _{e}\left( T\right) \right) , \end{equation*} where $D$ is the open unit disc. In addition, if $T$ lies in the class $ C_{0\cdot }\cup C_{\cdot 0},$ then \begin{equation*} \sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma \left( T\right) \cap \Gamma \right) , \end{equation*} where $\Gamma $ is the unit circle. Some related problems are also discussed.

Keywords:Hilbert space, contraction, essentially isometric operator, (essential) spectrum, functional calculus
Categories:47A10, 47A53, 47A60, 47B07

9. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 25)

Bourin, Jean-Christophe; Harada, Tetsuo; Lee, Eun-Young
Subadditivity Inequalities for Compact Operators
Some subadditivity inequalities for matrices and concave functions also hold for Hilbert space operators, but (unfortunately!) with an additional $\varepsilon$ term. It seems not possible to erase this residual term. However, in case of compact operators we show that the $\varepsilon$ term is unnecessary. Further, these inequalities are strict in a certain sense when some natural assumptions are satisfied. The discussion also stresses on matrices and their compressions and several open questions or conjectures are considered, both in the matrix and operator settings.

Keywords:concave or convex function, Hilbert space, unitary orbits, compact operators, compressions, matrix inequalities
Categories:47A63, 15A45

10. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 459)

Athavale, Ameer; Patil, Pramod
On Certain Multivariable Subnormal Weighted Shifts and their Duals
To every subnormal $m$-variable weighted shift $S$ (with bounded positive weights) corresponds a positive Reinhardt measure $\mu$ supported on a compact Reinhardt subset of $\mathbb C^m$. We show that, for $m \geq 2$, the dimensions of the $1$-st cohomology vector spaces associated with the Koszul complexes of $S$ and its dual ${\tilde S}$ are different if a certain radial function happens to be integrable with respect to $\mu$ (which is indeed the case with many classical examples). In particular, $S$ cannot in that case be similar to ${\tilde S}$. We next prove that, for $m \geq 2$, a Fredholm subnormal $m$-variable weighted shift $S$ cannot be similar to its dual.

Keywords:subnormal, Reinhardt, Betti numbers
Category:47B20

11. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 593)

Liu, Congwen; Zhou, Lifang
On the $p$-norm of an Integral Operator in the Half Plane
We give a partial answer to a conjecture of Dostanić on the determination of the norm of a class of integral operators induced by the weighted Bergman projection in the upper half plane.

Keywords:Bergman projection, integral operator, $L^p$-norm, the upper half plane
Categories:47B38, 47G10, 32A36

12. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 39)

Ben Amara, Jamel
Comparison Theorem for Conjugate Points of a Fourth-order Linear Differential Equation
In 1961, J. Barrett showed that if the first conjugate point $\eta_1(a)$ exists for the differential equation $(r(x)y'')''= p(x)y,$ where $r(x)\gt 0$ and $p(x)\gt 0$, then so does the first systems-conjugate point $\widehat\eta_1(a)$. The aim of this note is to extend this result to the general equation with middle term $(q(x)y')'$ without further restriction on $q(x)$, other than continuity.

Keywords:fourth-order linear differential equation, conjugate points, system-conjugate points, subwronskians
Categories:47E05, 34B05, 34C10

13. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 400)

Prunaru, Bebe
A Factorization Theorem for Multiplier Algebras of Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces
Let $(X,\mathcal B,\mu)$ be a $\sigma$-finite measure space and let $H\subset L^2(X,\mu)$ be a separable reproducing kernel Hilbert space on $X$. We show that the multiplier algebra of $H$ has property $(A_1(1))$.

Keywords:reproducing kernel Hilbert space, Berezin transform, dual algebra
Categories:46E22, 47B32, 47L45

14. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 229)

Arvanitidis, Athanasios G.; Siskakis, Aristomenis G.
Cesàro Operators on the Hardy Spaces of the Half-Plane
In this article we study the Cesàro operator $$ \mathcal{C}(f)(z)=\frac{1}{z}\int_{0}^{z}f(\zeta)\,d\zeta, $$ and its companion operator $\mathcal{T}$ on Hardy spaces of the upper half plane. We identify $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ as resolvents for appropriate semigroups of composition operators and we find the norm and the spectrum in each case. The relation of $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ with the corresponding Ces\`{a}ro operators on Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R)$ of the boundary line is also discussed.

Keywords:Cesàro operators, Hardy spaces, semigroups, composition operators
Categories:47B38, 30H10, 47D03

15. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 646)

Zhou, Jiang; Ma, Bolin
Marcinkiewicz Commutators with Lipschitz Functions in Non-homogeneous Spaces
Under the assumption that $\mu$ is a nondoubling measure, we study certain commutators generated by the Lipschitz function and the Marcinkiewicz integral whose kernel satisfies a Hörmander-type condition. We establish the boundedness of these commutators on the Lebesgue spaces, Lipschitz spaces, and Hardy spaces. Our results are extensions of known theorems in the doubling case.

Keywords:non doubling measure, Marcinkiewicz integral, commutator, ${\rm Lip}_{\beta}(\mu)$, $H^1(\mu)$
Categories:42B25, 47B47, 42B20, 47A30

16. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 673)

Aizenbud, Avraham; Gourevitch, Dmitry
Multiplicity Free Jacquet Modules
Let $F$ be a non-Archimedean local field or a finite field. Let $n$ be a natural number and $k$ be $1$ or $2$. Consider $G:=\operatorname{GL}_{n+k}(F)$ and let $M:=\operatorname{GL}_n(F) \times \operatorname{GL}_k(F)\lt G$ be a maximal Levi subgroup. Let $U\lt G$ be the corresponding unipotent subgroup and let $P=MU$ be the corresponding parabolic subgroup. Let $J:=J_M^G: \mathcal{M}(G) \to \mathcal{M}(M)$ be the Jacquet functor, i.e., the functor of coinvariants with respect to $U$. In this paper we prove that $J$ is a multiplicity free functor, i.e., $\dim \operatorname{Hom}_M(J(\pi),\rho)\leq 1$, for any irreducible representations $\pi$ of $G$ and $\rho$ of $M$. We adapt the classical method of Gelfand and Kazhdan, which proves the ``multiplicity free" property of certain representations to prove the ``multiplicity free" property of certain functors. At the end we discuss whether other Jacquet functors are multiplicity free.

Keywords:multiplicity one, Gelfand pair, invariant distribution, finite group
Categories:20G05, 20C30, 20C33, 46F10, 47A67

17. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 555)

Michalowski, Nicholas; Rule, David J.; Staubach, Wolfgang
Weighted $L^p$ Boundedness of Pseudodifferential Operators and Applications
In this paper we prove weighted norm inequalities with weights in the $A_p$ classes, for pseudodifferential operators with symbols in the class ${S^{n(\rho -1)}_{\rho, \delta}}$ that fall outside the scope of Calderón-Zygmund theory. This is accomplished by controlling the sharp function of the pseudodifferential operator by Hardy-Littlewood type maximal functions. Our weighted norm inequalities also yield $L^{p}$ boundedness of commutators of functions of bounded mean oscillation with a wide class of operators in $\mathrm{OP}S^{m}_{\rho, \delta}$.

Keywords:weighted norm inequality, pseudodifferential operator, commutator estimates
Categories:42B20, 42B25, 35S05, 47G30

18. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 654)

Forrest, Brian E.; Runde, Volker
Norm One Idempotent $cb$-Multipliers with Applications to the Fourier Algebra in the $cb$-Multiplier Norm
For a locally compact group $G$, let $A(G)$ be its Fourier algebra, let $M_{cb}A(G)$ denote the completely bounded multipliers of $A(G)$, and let $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ stand for the closure of $A(G)$ in $M_{cb}A(G)$. We characterize the norm one idempotents in $M_{cb}A(G)$: the indicator function of a set $E \subset G$ is a norm one idempotent in $M_{cb}A(G)$ if and only if $E$ is a coset of an open subgroup of $G$. As applications, we describe the closed ideals of $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ with an approximate identity bounded by $1$, and we characterize those $G$ for which $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ is $1$-amenable in the sense of B. E. Johnson. (We can even slightly relax the norm bounds.)

Keywords:amenability, bounded approximate identity, $cb$-multiplier norm, Fourier algebra, norm one idempotent
Categories:43A22, 20E05, 43A30, 46J10, 46J40, 46L07, 47L25

19. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 456)

Gustafson, Karl
On Operator Sum and Product Adjoints and Closures
We comment on domain conditions that regulate when the adjoint of the sum or product of two unbounded operators is the sum or product of their adjoints, and related closure issues. The quantum mechanical problem PHP essentially selfadjoint for unbounded Hamiltonians is addressed, with new results.

Keywords:unbounded operators, adjoints of sums and products, quantum mechanics
Category:47A05

20. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 15)

Akiyama, Shigeki; Suzuki, Tomonari
Browder's Convergence for One-Parameter Nonexpansive Semigroups
We give the sufficient and necessary conditions of Browder's convergence theorem for one-parameter nonexpansive semigroups which was proved by Suzuki. We also discuss the perfect kernels of topological spaces.

Keywords:nonexpansive semigroup, common fixed point, Browder's convergence, perfect kernel
Category:47H20

21. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 882)

Xueli, Song; Jigen, Peng
Equivalence of $L_p$ Stability and Exponential Stability of Nonlinear Lipschitzian Semigroups
$L_p$ stability and exponential stability are two important concepts for nonlinear dynamic systems. In this paper, we prove that a nonlinear exponentially bounded Lipschitzian semigroup is exponentially stable if and only if the semigroup is $L_p$ stable for some $p>0$. Based on the equivalence, we derive two sufficient conditions for exponential stability of the nonlinear semigroup. The results obtained extend and improve some existing ones.

Keywords:exponentially stable, $L_p$ stable, nonlinear Lipschitzian semigroups
Categories:34D05, 47H20

22. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 506)

Neamaty, A.; Mosazadeh, S.
On the Canonical Solution of the Sturm-Liouville Problem with Singularity and Turning Point of Even Order
In this paper, we are going to investigate the canonical property of solutions of systems of differential equations having a singularity and turning point of even order. First, by a replacement, we transform the system to the Sturm-Liouville equation with turning point. Using of the asymptotic estimates provided by Eberhard, Freiling, and Schneider for a special fundamental system of solutions of the Sturm-Liouville equation, we study the infinite product representation of solutions of the systems. Then we transform the Sturm-Liouville equation with turning point to the equation with singularity, then we study the asymptotic behavior of its solutions. Such representations are relevant to the inverse spectral problem.

Keywords:turning point, singularity, Sturm-Liouville, infinite products, Hadamard's theorem, eigenvalues
Categories:34B05, 34Lxx, 47E05

23. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)

Loring, Terry A.
From Matrix to Operator Inequalities
We generalize Löwner's method for proving that matrix monotone functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$-relations being residually finite dimensional. Our main result is a meta-theorem about theorems involving relations on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices. Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$-polynomials.

Keywords:$C*$-algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensional
Categories:46L05, 47B99

24. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 441)

Zorboska, Nina
Univalently Induced, Closed Range, Composition Operators on the Bloch-type Spaces
While there is a large variety of univalently induced closed range composition operators on the Bloch space, we show that the only univalently induced, closed range, composition operators on the Bloch-type spaces $B^{\alpha}$ with $\alpha \ne 1$ are the ones induced by a disc automorphism.

Keywords:composition operators, Bloch-type spaces, closed range, univalent
Categories:47B35, 32A18

25. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 498)

Mortad, Mohammed Hichem
On the Adjoint and the Closure of the Sum of Two Unbounded Operators
We prove, under some conditions on the domains, that the adjoint of the sum of two unbounded operators is the sum of their adjoints in both Hilbert and Banach space settings. A similar result about the closure of operators is also proved. Some interesting consequences and examples "spice up" the paper.

Keywords:unbounded operators, sum and products of operators, Hilbert and Banach adjoints, self-adjoint operators, closed operators, closure of operators
Category:47A05
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