1. CMB Online first
2. CMB Online first
 Alfuraidan, Monther Rashed

The Contraction Principle for Multivalued Mappings on a Modular Metric Space with a Graph
We study the existence of fixed points for contraction multivalued
mappings in modular metric spaces endowed with a graph. The
notion of a modular metric on an arbitrary set and the corresponding
modular spaces, generalizing classical modulars over linear spaces
like Orlicz spaces, were recently introduced. This paper can
be seen as a generalization of Nadler's and Edelstein's fixed
point theorems to modular metric spaces endowed with a graph.
Keywords:fixed point theory, modular metric spaces, multivalued contraction mapping, connected digraph. Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10 

3. CMB Online first
 Li, ChiKwong; Tsai, MingCheng

Factoring a quadratic operator as a product of two positive contractions
Let $T$ be a quadratic operator on a complex Hilbert space $H$.
We show that $T$ can be written as a product of two positive
contractions if and only if $T$ is of the form
\begin{equation*}
aI \oplus bI \oplus
\begin{pmatrix} aI & P \cr 0 & bI \cr
\end{pmatrix} \quad \text{on} \quad H_1\oplus H_2\oplus (H_3\oplus
H_3)
\end{equation*}
for some $a, b\in [0,1]$ and strictly positive operator $P$ with
$\P\ \le \sqrt{a}  \sqrt{b}\sqrt{(1a)(1b)}.$ Also, we
give a necessary condition for a bounded linear operator $T$
with operator matrix
$
\big(
\begin{smallmatrix} T_1 & T_3
\\ 0 & T_2\cr
\end{smallmatrix}
\big)
$ on $H\oplus K$ that can be written as a product
of two positive contractions.
Keywords:quadratic operator, positive contraction, spectral theorem Categories:47A60, 47A68, 47A63 

4. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 402)
 Tikuisis, Aaron Peter; Toms, Andrew

On the Structure of Cuntz Semigroups in (Possibly) Nonunital C*algebras
We examine the ranks of operators in semifinite $\mathrm{C}^*$algebras
as measured by their densely defined lower semicontinuous traces.
We first prove that a unital simple $\mathrm{C}^*$algebra whose
extreme tracial boundary is nonempty and finite contains positive
operators of every possible rank, independent of the property
of strict comparison. We then turn to nonunital simple algebras
and establish criteria that imply that the Cuntz semigroup is
recovered functorially from the Murrayvon Neumann semigroup
and the space of densely defined lower semicontinuous traces.
Finally, we prove that these criteria are satisfied by notnecessarilyunital
approximately subhomogeneous algebras of slow dimension growth.
Combined with results of the firstnamed author, this shows that
slow dimension growth coincides with $\mathcal Z$stability,
for approximately subhomogeneous algebras.
Keywords:nuclear C*algebras, Cuntz semigroup, dimension functions, stably projectionless C*algebras, approximately subhomogeneous C*algebras, slow dimension growth Categories:46L35, 46L05, 46L80, 47L40, 46L85 

5. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 241)
 Botelho, Fernanda

Isometries and Hermitian Operators on Zygmund Spaces
In this paper we characterize the isometries of subspaces of the little Zygmund space. We show that the isometries of these spaces are surjective and represented as integral operators. We also show that all hermitian operators on these settings are bounded.
Keywords:Zygmund spaces, the little Zygmund space, Hermitian operators, surjective linear isometries, generators of oneparameter groups of surjective isometries Categories:46E15, 47B15, 47B38 

6. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 91)
 Hasegawa, Kei

Essential Commutants of Semicrossed Products
Let $\alpha\colon G\curvearrowright M$ be a spatial action of countable
abelian group on a "spatial" von Neumann algebra $M$ and $S$ be its
unital subsemigroup with $G=S^{1}S$. We explicitly compute the
essential commutant and the essential fixedpoints, modulo the
Schatten $p$class or the compact operators, of the w$^*$semicrossed
product of $M$ by $S$ when $M'$ contains no nonzero compact
operators. We also prove a weaker result when $M$ is a von Neumann
algebra on a finite dimensional Hilbert space and
$(G,S)=(\mathbb{Z},\mathbb{Z}_+)$, which extends a famous result due
to Davidson (1977) for the classical analytic Toeplitz operators.
Keywords:essential commutant, semicrossed product Categories:47L65, 47A55 

7. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 276)
 Johnson, William; Nasseri, Amir Bahman; Schechtman, Gideon; Tkocz, Tomasz

Injective Tauberian Operators on $L_1$ and Operators with Dense Range on $\ell_\infty$
There exist injective Tauberian operators on $L_1(0,1)$ that have
dense, nonclosed range. This gives injective, nonsurjective
operators on $\ell_\infty$ that have dense range. Consequently, there
are two quasicomplementary, noncomplementary subspaces of
$\ell_\infty$ that are isometric to $\ell_\infty$.
Keywords:$L_1$, Tauberian operator, $\ell_\infty$ Categories:46E30, 46B08, 47A53 

8. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 9)
 Chavan, Sameer

Irreducible Tuples Without the Boundary Property
We examine spectral behavior of irreducible tuples which do not
admit boundary property. In particular, we prove under some mild
assumption that the spectral radius of such an $m$tuple $(T_1,
\dots, T_m)$ must be the operator norm of $T^*_1T_1 + \cdots +
T^*_mT_m$. We use this simple observation to ensure boundary
property for an irreducible, essentially normal joint $q$isometry provided it
is not a joint isometry.
We further exhibit a family of
reproducing Hilbert $\mathbb{C}[z_1, \dots, z_m]$modules (of which
the DruryArveson Hilbert module is a prototype) with the property that any
two nested unitarily equivalent submodules are indeed equal.
Keywords:boundary representations, subnormal, joint pisometry Categories:47A13, 46E22 

9. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 207)
 Moslehian, Mohammad Sal; Zamani, Ali

Exact and Approximate Operator Parallelism
Extending the notion of parallelism we introduce the concept of
approximate parallelism in normed spaces and then substantially
restrict ourselves to the setting of Hilbert space operators endowed
with the operator norm. We present several characterizations of the
exact and approximate operator parallelism in the algebra
$\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$ of bounded linear operators acting on a
Hilbert space $\mathscr{H}$. Among other things, we investigate the
relationship between approximate parallelism and norm of inner
derivations on $\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$. We also characterize the
parallel elements of a $C^*$algebra by using states. Finally we
utilize the linking algebra to give some equivalence assertions
regarding parallel elements in a Hilbert $C^*$module.
Keywords:$C^*$algebra, approximate parallelism, operator parallelism, Hilbert $C^*$module Categories:47A30, 46L05, 46L08, 47B47, 15A60 

10. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 128)
 Marković, Marijan

A Sharp Constant for the Bergman Projection
For the Bergman projection operator $P$ we prove that
\begin{equation*}
\P\colon L^1(B,d\lambda)\rightarrow B_1\ = \frac {(2n+1)!}{n!}.
\end{equation*}
Here $\lambda$ stands for the hyperbolic metric in the unit ball $B$ of
$\mathbb{C}^n$, and $B_1$ denotes the Besov space with an adequate
seminorm. We also consider a generalization of this result. This generalizes
some recent results due to PerÃ¤lÃ¤.
Keywords:Bergman projections, Besov spaces Categories:45P05, 47B35 

11. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 297)
 Khamsi, M. A.

Approximate Fixed Point Sequences of Nonlinear Semigroup in Metric Spaces
In this paper, we investigate the common
approximate fixed point sequences of nonexpansive semigroups of
nonlinear mappings $\{T_t\}_{t \geq 0}$, i.e., a family such that
$T_0(x)=x$, $T_{s+t}=T_s(T_t(x))$, where the domain is a metric space
$(M,d)$. In particular we prove that under suitable conditions, the
common approximate fixed point sequences set is the same as the common
approximate fixed point sequences set of two mappings from the family.
Then we use the Ishikawa iteration to construct a common approximate
fixed point sequence of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear
mappings.
Keywords:approximate fixed point, fixed point, hyperbolic metric space, Ishikawa iterations, nonexpansive mapping, semigroup of mappings, uniformly convex hyperbolic space Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10 

12. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 780)
 Erzakova, Nina A.

Measures of Noncompactness in Regular Spaces
Previous results by the author on the connection
between three of measures
of noncompactness obtained for $L_p$, are extended
to regular spaces of measurable
functions.
An example of advantage
in some cases one of them in comparison with another is given.
Geometric characteristics of regular spaces are determined.
New theorems for $(k,\beta)$boundedness of partially additive
operators are proved.
Keywords:measure of noncompactness, condensing map, partially additive operator, regular space, ideal space Categories:47H08, 46E30, 47H99, 47G10 

13. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 794)
 Fang, ZhongShan; Zhou, ZeHua

New Characterizations of the Weighted Composition Operators Between Bloch Type Spaces in the Polydisk
We give some new characterizations for compactness of weighted
composition operators $uC_\varphi$ acting on Blochtype spaces in
terms of the power of the components of $\varphi,$ where $\varphi$
is a holomorphic selfmap of the polydisk $\mathbb{D}^n,$ thus
generalizing the results obtained by HyvÃ¤rinen and
LindstrÃ¶m in 2012.
Keywords:weighted composition operator, compactness, Bloch type spaces, polydisk, several complex variables Categories:47B38, 47B33, 32A37, 45P05, 47G10 

14. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 463)
 Bownik, Marcin; Jasper, John

Constructive Proof of Carpenter's Theorem
We give a constructive proof of Carpenter's Theorem due to Kadison.
Unlike the original proof our approach also yields the
real case of this theorem.
Keywords:diagonals of projections, the SchurHorn theorem, the Pythagorean theorem, the Carpenter theorem, spectral theory Categories:42C15, 47B15, 46C05 

15. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 270)
 Didas, Michael; Eschmeier, Jörg

Derivations on Toeplitz Algebras
Let $H^2(\Omega)$ be the Hardy space on a strictly pseudoconvex domain $\Omega \subset
\mathbb{C}^n$,
and let $A \subset L^\infty(\partial \Omega)$ denote the subalgebra of all $L^\infty$functions $f$
with compact Hankel operator $H_f$. Given any closed subalgebra $B \subset A$ containing $C(\partial \Omega)$,
we describe the first Hochschild cohomology group of the
corresponding Toeplitz algebra $\mathcal(B) \subset B(H^2(\Omega))$.
In particular, we show that every derivation on $\mathcal{T}(A)$ is inner. These results are new even for $n=1$,
where it follows that every derivation on $\mathcal{T}(H^\infty+C)$ is inner, while there are noninner
derivations on $\mathcal{T}(H^\infty+C(\partial \mathbb{B}_n))$ over
the unit ball $\mathbb{B}_n$ in dimension $n\gt 1$.
Keywords:derivations, Toeplitz algebras, strictly pseudoconvex domains Categories:47B47, 47B35, 47L80 

16. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 166)
17. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 80)
 Khemphet, Anchalee; Peters, Justin R.

Semicrossed Products of the Disk Algebra and the Jacobson Radical
We consider semicrossed products of the disk algebra with respect to
endomorphisms defined by finite Blaschke products. We characterize the Jacobson radical
of these operator algebras. Furthermore, in the case the finite Blaschke product is elliptic,
we show that the semicrossed product contains no nonzero quasinilpotent
elements. However, if the finite Blaschke product is hyperbolic or parabolic with positive hyperbolic step,
the Jacobson radical is nonzero and a proper subset of the set of quasinilpotent elements.
Keywords:semicrossed product, disk algebra, Jacobson radical Categories:47L65, 47L20, 30J10, 30H50 

18. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 477)
 Ayadi, Adlene

Hypercyclic Abelian Groups of Affine Maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$
We give a characterization of hypercyclic abelian group
$\mathcal{G}$ of affine maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$. If $\mathcal{G}$
is finitely generated, this characterization is explicit. We prove
in particular
that no abelian group generated by $n$ affine maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ has a dense orbit.
Keywords:affine, hypercyclic, dense, orbit, affine group, abelian Categories:37C85, 47A16 

19. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 145)
 Mustafayev, H. S.

The Essential Spectrum of the Essentially Isometric Operator
Let $T$ be a contraction on a complex, separable, infinite dimensional
Hilbert space and let $\sigma \left( T\right) $ (resp. $\sigma _{e}\left(
T\right) )$ be its spectrum (resp. essential spectrum). We assume that $T$
is an essentially isometric operator, that is $I_{H}T^{\ast }T$ is compact.
We show that if $D\diagdown \sigma \left( T\right) \neq \emptyset ,$ then
for every $f$ from the discalgebra,
\begin{equation*}
\sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma _{e}\left(
T\right) \right) ,
\end{equation*}
where $D$ is the open unit disc. In addition, if $T$ lies in the class
$ C_{0\cdot }\cup C_{\cdot 0},$ then
\begin{equation*}
\sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma \left( T\right)
\cap \Gamma \right) ,
\end{equation*}
where $\Gamma $ is the unit circle. Some related problems are also discussed.
Keywords:Hilbert space, contraction, essentially isometric operator, (essential) spectrum, functional calculus Categories:47A10, 47A53, 47A60, 47B07 

20. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 25)
 Bourin, JeanChristophe; Harada, Tetsuo; Lee, EunYoung

Subadditivity Inequalities for Compact Operators
Some subadditivity inequalities for matrices and concave functions also hold for Hilbert space operators, but (unfortunately!) with an additional $\varepsilon$ term. It seems not possible to erase this residual term. However, in case of compact operators we show that the $\varepsilon$ term is unnecessary. Further, these inequalities are strict in a certain sense when some natural assumptions are satisfied. The discussion also stresses on matrices and their compressions and several open questions or conjectures are considered, both in the matrix and operator settings.
Keywords:concave or convex function, Hilbert space, unitary orbits, compact operators, compressions, matrix inequalities Categories:47A63, 15A45 

21. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 459)
 Athavale, Ameer; Patil, Pramod

On Certain Multivariable Subnormal Weighted Shifts and their Duals
To every subnormal $m$variable weighted shift $S$ (with bounded
positive weights) corresponds a positive Reinhardt measure $\mu$
supported on a compact Reinhardt subset of $\mathbb C^m$. We show that, for
$m \geq 2$, the dimensions of the $1$st cohomology vector spaces
associated with the Koszul complexes of $S$ and its dual ${\tilde S}$
are different if a certain radial function happens to be integrable
with respect to $\mu$ (which is indeed the case with many classical
examples). In particular, $S$ cannot in that case be similar to
${\tilde S}$. We next prove that, for $m \geq 2$, a Fredholm subnormal
$m$variable weighted shift $S$ cannot be similar to its dual.
Keywords:subnormal, Reinhardt, Betti numbers Category:47B20 

22. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 593)
23. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 39)
 Ben Amara, Jamel

Comparison Theorem for Conjugate Points of a Fourthorder Linear Differential Equation
In 1961, J. Barrett showed that if the first conjugate point
$\eta_1(a)$ exists for the differential equation $(r(x)y'')''=
p(x)y,$ where $r(x)\gt 0$ and $p(x)\gt 0$, then so does the first
systemsconjugate point $\widehat\eta_1(a)$. The aim of this note is to
extend this result to the general equation with middle term
$(q(x)y')'$ without further restriction on $q(x)$, other than
continuity.
Keywords:fourthorder linear differential equation, conjugate points, systemconjugate points, subwronskians Categories:47E05, 34B05, 34C10 

24. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 400)
25. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 229)
 Arvanitidis, Athanasios G.; Siskakis, Aristomenis G.

CesÃ ro Operators on the Hardy Spaces of the HalfPlane
In this article we study the CesÃ ro
operator
$$
\mathcal{C}(f)(z)=\frac{1}{z}\int_{0}^{z}f(\zeta)\,d\zeta,
$$
and its companion operator $\mathcal{T}$ on Hardy spaces of the
upper half plane. We identify $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ as
resolvents for appropriate semigroups of composition operators and we
find the norm and the spectrum in each case. The relation of
$\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ with the corresponding Ces\`{a}ro
operators on Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R)$ of the boundary line is also
discussed.
Keywords:CesÃ ro operators, Hardy spaces, semigroups, composition operators Categories:47B38, 30H10, 47D03 
