1. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 435)
 Yao, Hongliang

On Extensions of Stably Finite C*algebras (II)
For any $C^*$algebra $A$ with an approximate
unit of projections, there is a smallest ideal $I$ of $A$ such
that the quotient $A/I$ is stably finite.
In this paper, a sufficient and necessary condition is obtained
for an ideal of a $C^*$algebra with real rank zero is this smallest
ideal by $K$theory.
Keywords:extension, stably finite C*algebra, index map Categories:46L05, 46L80 

2. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 846)
 Sundar, S.

A Computation with the ConnesThom Isomorphism
Let $A \in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ be an invertible matrix. Consider
the semidirect product $\mathbb{R}^{n} \rtimes \mathbb{Z}$ where
the action of $\mathbb{Z}$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ is induced by
the left multiplication by $A$. Let $(\alpha,\tau)$ be a strongly
continuous action of $\mathbb{R}^{n} \rtimes \mathbb{Z}$ on a
$C^{*}$algebra $B$ where $\alpha$ is a strongly continuous action
of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $\tau$ is an automorphism. The map $\tau$
induces a map $\widetilde{\tau}$ on $B \rtimes_{\alpha} \mathbb{R}^{n}$.
We show that, at the $K$theory level, $\tau$ commutes with the
ConnesThom map if $\det(A)\gt 0$ and anticommutes if $\det(A)\lt 0$.
As an application, we recompute the $K$groups of the CuntzLi
algebra associated to an integer dilation matrix.
Keywords:Ktheory, ConnesThom isomorphism, CuntzLi algebras Categories:46L80, 58B34 

3. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 402)
 Tikuisis, Aaron Peter; Toms, Andrew

On the Structure of Cuntz Semigroups in (Possibly) Nonunital C*algebras
We examine the ranks of operators in semifinite $\mathrm{C}^*$algebras
as measured by their densely defined lower semicontinuous traces.
We first prove that a unital simple $\mathrm{C}^*$algebra whose
extreme tracial boundary is nonempty and finite contains positive
operators of every possible rank, independent of the property
of strict comparison. We then turn to nonunital simple algebras
and establish criteria that imply that the Cuntz semigroup is
recovered functorially from the Murrayvon Neumann semigroup
and the space of densely defined lower semicontinuous traces.
Finally, we prove that these criteria are satisfied by notnecessarilyunital
approximately subhomogeneous algebras of slow dimension growth.
Combined with results of the firstnamed author, this shows that
slow dimension growth coincides with $\mathcal Z$stability,
for approximately subhomogeneous algebras.
Keywords:nuclear C*algebras, Cuntz semigroup, dimension functions, stably projectionless C*algebras, approximately subhomogeneous C*algebras, slow dimension growth Categories:46L35, 46L05, 46L80, 47L40, 46L85 

4. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 51)
 De Nitties, Giuseppe; SchulzBaldes, Hermann

Spectral Flows of Dilations of Fredholm Operators
Given an essentially unitary contraction and an arbitrary unitary
dilation of it, there is a naturally associated spectral flow which is
shown to be equal to the index of the operator. This result is
interpreted in terms of the $K$theory of an associated mapping
cone. It is then extended to connect $\mathbb{Z}_2$ indices of odd symmetric
Fredholm operators to a $\mathbb{Z}_2$valued spectral flow.
Keywords:spectral flow, Fredholm operators, Z2 indices Categories:19K56, 46L80 

5. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 870)
 Wei, Changguo

Note on Kasparov Product of $C^*$algebra Extensions
Using the Dadarlat isomorphism, we give a characterization for the
Kasparov product of $C^*$algebra extensions. A certain relation
between $KK(A, \mathcal q(B))$ and $KK(A, \mathcal q(\mathcal k B))$ is also considered when
$B$ is not stable and it is proved that $KK(A, \mathcal q(B))$ and
$KK(A, \mathcal q(\mathcal k B))$ are not isomorphic in general.
Keywords:extension, Kasparov product, $KK$group Category:46L80 

6. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 337)
7. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 82)
 Emerson, Heath

Lefschetz Numbers for $C^*$Algebras
Using Poincar\'e duality, we obtain a formula of Lefschetz type
that computes the Lefschetz number of an endomorphism of a separable
nuclear $C^*$algebra satisfying Poincar\'e duality and the Kunneth
theorem. (The Lefschetz number of an endomorphism is the graded trace
of the induced map on $\textrm{K}$theory tensored with $\mathbb{C}$, as in the
classical case.) We then examine endomorphisms of CuntzKrieger
algebras $O_A$. An endomorphism has an invariant, which is a
permutation of an infinite set, and the contracting and expanding
behavior of this permutation describes the Lefschetz number of the
endomorphism. Using this description, we derive a closed polynomial
formula for the Lefschetz number depending on the matrix $A$ and the
presentation of the endomorphism.
Categories:19K35, 46L80 

8. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 37)
 Choi, ManDuen; Latrémolière, Frédéric

$C^*$CrossedProducts by an OrderTwo Automorphism
We describe the representation theory of $C^*$crossedproducts of a unital $C^*$algebra A by the cyclic group of order~2. We prove that there are two main types of irreducible representations for the crossedproduct: those whose restriction to A is irreducible and those who are the sum of two unitarily unequivalent representations of~A. We characterize each class in term of the restriction of the representations to the fixed point $C^*$subalgebra of~A. We apply our results to compute the Ktheory of several crossedproducts of the free group on two generators.
Categories:46L55, 46L80 

9. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 598)
 Moreno, M. A.; Nicola, J.; Pardo, E.; Thomas, H.

Numerical Semigroups That Are Not Intersections of $d$Squashed Semigroups
We say that a numerical semigroup is \emph{$d$squashed} if it can
be written in the form
$$ S=\frac 1 N \langle a_1,\dots,a_d \rangle \cap \mathbb{Z}$$
for $N,a_1,\dots,a_d$ positive integers with
$\gcd(a_1,\dots, a_d)=1$.
Rosales and Urbano have shown that a numerical semigroup is
2squashed if and only if it is proportionally modular.
Recent works by Rosales \emph{et al.} give a concrete example of a
numerical semigroup that cannot be written as an intersection of
$2$squashed semigroups. We will show the existence of infinitely
many numerical semigroups that cannot be written as an
intersection of $2$squashed semigroups. We also will prove the
same result for $3$squashed semigroups. We conjecture that there
are numerical semigroups that cannot be written as the
intersection of $d$squashed semigroups for any fixed $d$, and we
prove some partial results towards this conjecture.
Keywords:numerical semigroup, squashed semigroup, proportionally modular semigroup Categories:20M14, 06F05, 46L80 

10. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 545)
 Ionescu, Marius; Watatani, Yasuo

$C^{\ast}$Algebras Associated with MauldinWilliams Graphs
A MauldinWilliams graph $\mathcal{M}$ is a generalization of an
iterated function system by a directed graph. Its invariant set $K$
plays the role of the selfsimilar set. We associate a $C^{*}$algebra
$\mathcal{O}_{\mathcal{M}}(K)$ with a MauldinWilliams graph $\mathcal{M}$
and the invariant set $K$, laying emphasis on the singular points.
We assume that the underlying graph $G$ has no sinks and no sources.
If $\mathcal{M}$ satisfies the open set condition in $K$, and $G$
is irreducible and is not a cyclic permutation, then the associated
$C^{*}$algebra $\mathcal{O}_{\mathcal{M}}(K)$ is simple and purely
infinite. We calculate the $K$groups for some examples including the
inflation rule of the Penrose tilings.
Categories:46L35, 46L08, 46L80, 37B10 

11. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 460)
 Spielberg, Jack

Weak Semiprojectivity for Purely Infinite $C^*$Algebras
We prove that a separable, nuclear, purely infinite, simple
$C^*$algebra satisfying the universal coefficient theorem
is weakly semiprojective if and only if
its $K$groups are direct sums of cyclic groups.
Keywords:Kirchberg algebra, weak semiprojectivity, graph $C^*$algebra Categories:46L05, 46L80, 22A22 

12. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 268)
 Manuilov, V.; Thomsen, K.

On the Lack of Inverses to $C^*$Extensions Related to Property T Groups
Using ideas of S. Wassermann on nonexact $C^*$algebras and
property T groups, we show that one of his examples of noninvertible
$C^*$extensions is not semiinvertible. To prove this, we
show that a certain element vanishes in the asymptotic tensor
product. We also show that a modification of the example gives
a $C^*$extension which is not even invertible up to homotopy.
Keywords:$C^*$algebra extension, property T group, asymptotic tensor $C^*$norm, homotopy Categories:19K33, 46L06, 46L80, 20F99 

13. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 227)
14. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 607)
 Park, Efton

Toeplitz Algebras and Extensions of\\Irrational Rotation Algebras
For a given irrational number $\theta$, we define Toeplitz operators with
symbols in the irrational rotation algebra ${\mathcal A}_\theta$,
and we show that the $C^*$algebra $\mathcal T({\mathcal
A}_\theta)$ generated by these Toeplitz operators is an extension
of ${\mathcal A}_\theta$ by the algebra of compact operators. We
then use these extensions to explicitly exhibit generators of the
group $KK^1({\mathcal A}_\theta,\mathbb C)$. We also prove an
index theorem for $\mathcal T({\mathcal A}_\theta)$ that
generalizes the standard index theorem for Toeplitz operators on
the circle.
Keywords:Toeplitz operators, irrational rotation algebras, index theory Categories:47B35, 46L80 

15. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 509)
 Benson, David J.; Kumjian, Alex; Phillips, N. Christopher

Symmetries of Kirchberg Algebras
Let $G_0$ and $G_1$ be countable abelian groups. Let $\gamma_i$ be an
automorphism of $G_i$ of order two. Then there exists a unital
Kirchberg algebra $A$ satisfying the Universal Coefficient Theorem and
with $[1_A] = 0$ in $K_0 (A)$, and an automorphism $\alpha \in
\Aut(A)$ of order two, such that $K_0 (A) \cong G_0$, such that $K_1
(A) \cong G_1$, and such that $\alpha_* \colon K_i (A) \to K_i (A)$ is
$\gamma_i$. As a consequence, we prove that every
$\mathbb{Z}_2$graded countable module over the representation ring $R
(\mathbb{Z}_2)$ of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ is isomorphic to the equivariant
$K$theory $K^{\mathbb{Z}_2} (A)$ for some action of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ on
a unital Kirchberg algebra~$A$.
Along the way, we prove that every not necessarily finitely generated
$\mathbb{Z} [\mathbb{Z}_2]$module which is free as a
$\mathbb{Z}$module has a direct sum decomposition with only three
kinds of summands, namely $\mathbb{Z} [\mathbb{Z}_2]$ itself and
$\mathbb{Z}$ on which the nontrivial element of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ acts
either trivially or by multiplication by $1$.
Categories:20C10, 46L55, 19K99, 19L47, 46L40, 46L80 

16. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 388)
 Lin, Huaxin

Tracially Quasidiagonal Extensions
It is known that a unital simple $C^*$algebra $A$ with tracial
topological rank zero has real rank zero. We show in this note that,
in general, there are unital $C^*$algebras with tracial topological
rank zero that have real rank other than zero.
Let $0\to J\to E\to A\to 0$ be a short exact sequence of
$C^*$algebras. Suppose that $J$ and $A$ have tracial topological
rank zero. It is known that $E$ has tracial topological rank zero
as a $C^*$algebra if and only if $E$ is tracially quasidiagonal
as an extension. We present an example of a tracially
quasidiagonal extension which is not quasidiagonal.
Keywords:tracially quasidiagonal extensions, tracial rank Categories:46L05, 46L80 

17. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 441)
18. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 69)
19. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 274)
 Dădărlat, Marius; Eilers, Søren

The Bockstein Map is Necessary
We construct two nonisomorphic nuclear, stably finite,
real rank zero $C^\ast$algebras $E$ and $E'$ for which
there is an isomorphism of ordered groups
$\Theta\colon \bigoplus_{n \ge 0} K_\bullet(E;\ZZ/n) \to
\bigoplus_{n \ge 0} K_\bullet(E';\ZZ/n)$ which is compatible
with all the coefficient transformations. The $C^\ast$algebras
$E$ and $E'$ are not isomorphic since there is no $\Theta$
as above which is also compatible with the Bockstein operations.
By tensoring with Cuntz's algebra $\OO_\infty$ one obtains a pair
of nonisomorphic, real rank zero, purely infinite $C^\ast$algebras
with similar properties.
Keywords:$K$theory, torsion coefficients, natural transformations, Bockstein maps, $C^\ast$algebras, real rank zero, purely infinite, classification Categories:46L35, 46L80, 19K14 

20. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 240)
 Xia, Jingbo

On certain $K$groups associated with minimal flows
It is known that the Toeplitz algebra associated with any flow
which is both minimal and uniquely ergodic always has a trivial
$K_1$group. We show in this note that if the unique ergodicity is
dropped, then such $K_1$group can be nontrivial. Therefore, in
the general setting of minimal flows, even the $K$theoretical
index is not sufficient for the classification of Toeplitz
operators which are invertible modulo the commutator ideal.
Categories:46L80, 47B35, 47C15 
