Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 19 of 19 |
1. CMB Online first
On the Structure of Cuntz Semigroups in (Possibly) Nonunital C*-algebras We examine the ranks of operators in semi-finite $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebras
as measured by their densely defined lower semicontinuous traces.
We first prove that a unital simple $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebra whose
extreme tracial boundary is nonempty and finite contains positive
operators of every possible rank, independent of the property
of strict comparison. We then turn to nonunital simple algebras
and establish criteria that imply that the Cuntz semigroup is
recovered functorially from the Murray-von Neumann semigroup
and the space of densely defined lower semicontinuous traces.
Finally, we prove that these criteria are satisfied by not-necessarily-unital
approximately subhomogeneous algebras of slow dimension growth.
Combined with results of the first-named author, this shows that
slow dimension growth coincides with $\mathcal Z$-stability,
for approximately subhomogeneous algebras.
Keywords:nuclear C*-algebras, Cuntz semigroup, dimension functions, stably projectionless C*-algebras, approximately subhomogeneous C*-algebras, slow dimension growth Categories:46L35, 46L05, 46L80, 47L40, 46L85 |
2. CMB Online first
Exact and Approximate Operator Parallelism Extending the notion of parallelism we introduce the concept of
approximate parallelism in normed spaces and then substantially
restrict ourselves to the setting of Hilbert space operators endowed
with the operator norm. We present several characterizations of the
exact and approximate operator parallelism in the algebra
$\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$ of bounded linear operators acting on a
Hilbert space $\mathscr{H}$. Among other things, we investigate the
relationship between approximate parallelism and norm of inner
derivations on $\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$. We also characterize the
parallel elements of a $C^*$-algebra by using states. Finally we
utilize the linking algebra to give some equivalence assertions
regarding parallel elements in a Hilbert $C^*$-module.
Keywords:$C^*$-algebra, approximate parallelism, operator parallelism, Hilbert $C^*$-module Categories:47A30, 46L05, 46L08, 47B47, 15A60 |
3. CMB Online first
Property T and Amenable Transformation Group $C^*$-algebras It is well known that a discrete group which is both amenable and
has Kazhdan's Property T must be finite. In this note we generalize
the above statement to the case of transformation groups. We show
that if $G$ is a discrete amenable group acting on a compact
Hausdorff space $X$, then the transformation group $C^*$-algebra
$C^*(X, G)$ has Property T if and only if both $X$ and $G$ are finite. Our
approach does not rely on the use of tracial states on $C^*(X, G)$.
Keywords:Property T, $C^*$-algebras, transformation group, amenable Categories:46L55, 46L05 |
4. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 90)
Compact Subsets of the Glimm Space of a $C^*$-algebra If $A$ is a $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebra and $a$ is a strictly positive element of $A$ then for every compact subset $K$ of the complete
regularization $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ of $\mathrm{Prim}(A)$ there exists
$\alpha \gt 0$ such that $K\subset \{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq
\alpha\}$. This extends
a result of J. Dauns
to all $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebras. However, there are a $C^*$-algebra $A$
and a compact subset of $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ that is not contained in any set of the form $\{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq
\alpha\}$, $a\in A$ and $\alpha \gt 0$.
Keywords:primitive ideal space, complete regularization Category:46L05 |
5. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 337)
Certain Properties of $K_0$-monoids Preserved by Tracial Approximation We show that the following $K_0$-monoid properties of $C^*$-algebras
in the class $\Omega$ are inherited by simple unital $C^*$-algebras in
the class $TA\Omega$: (1) weak comparability, (2) strictly
unperforated, (3) strictly cancellative.
Keywords:$C^*$-algebra, tracial approximation, $K_0$-monoid Categories:46L05, 46L80, 46L35 |
6. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 385)
Irreducible Representations of Inner Quasidiagonal $C^*$-Algebras It is shown that a separable $C^*$-algebra is inner quasidiagonal if and
only if it has a separating family of quasidiagonal irreducible
representations. As a consequence, a separable $C^*$-algebra is a strong
NF algebra if and only if it is nuclear and has a separating family of
quasidiagonal irreducible representations.
We also obtain some permanence properties of the class of inner
quasidiagonal $C^*$-algebras.
Category:46L05 |
7. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)
From Matrix to Operator Inequalities We generalize LÃ¶wner's method for proving that matrix monotone
functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded
operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$-relations
being residually finite dimensional.
Our main result is a meta-theorem about theorems involving relations
on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional
relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a
theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices.
Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms
of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$-polynomials.
Keywords:$C*$-algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensional Categories:46L05, 47B99 |
8. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 593)
Stability of Real $C^*$-Algebras We will give a characterization of stable real $C^*$-algebras
analogous to the one given for complex $C^*$-algebras by Hjelmborg
and RÃ¸rdam. Using this result, we will prove
that any real $C^*$-algebra satisfying the corona factorization
property is stable if and only if its complexification is stable.
Real $C^*$-algebras satisfying the corona factorization property
include AF-algebras and purely infinite $C^*$-algebras. We will also
provide an example of a simple unstable $C^*$-algebra, the
complexification of which is stable.
Keywords:stability, real C*-algebras Category:46L05 |
9. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 587)
Hulls of Ring Extensions We investigate the behavior of the quasi-Baer and the
right FI-extending right ring hulls under various ring extensions
including group ring extensions, full and triangular matrix ring
extensions, and infinite matrix ring extensions. As a consequence,
we show that for semiprime rings $R$ and $S$, if $R$ and $S$ are
Morita equivalent, then so are the quasi-Baer right ring hulls
$\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(R)$ and $\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(S)$ of
$R$ and $S$, respectively. As an application, we prove that if
unital $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$ are Morita equivalent as rings,
then the bounded central closure of $A$ and that of $B$ are
strongly Morita equivalent as $C^*$-algebras. Our results show
that the quasi-Baer property is always preserved by infinite
matrix rings, unlike the Baer property. Moreover, we give an
affirmative answer to an open question of Goel and Jain for the
commutative group ring $A[G]$ of a torsion-free Abelian group $G$
over a commutative semiprime quasi-continuous ring $A$. Examples
that illustrate and delimit the results of this paper are provided.
Keywords:(FI-)extending, Morita equivalent, ring of quotients, essential overring, (quasi-)Baer ring, ring hull, u.p.-monoid, $C^*$-algebra Categories:16N60, 16D90, 16S99, 16S50, 46L05 |
10. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 447)
Injective Convolution Operators on l^{∞}(Γ) are Surjective Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group and let $f \in \ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. We observe that if the natural convolution operator $\rho_f: \ell^{\infty}(\Gamma)\to \ell^{\infty}(\Gamma)$ is injective, then $f$ is invertible in $\ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. Our proof simplifies and generalizes calculations in a preprint of Deninger and Schmidt by appealing to the direct finiteness of the algebra $\ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. We give simple examples to show that in general one cannot replace $\ell^{\infty}$ with $\ell^{p}$, $1\leq p< \infty$, nor with $L^{\infty}(G)$ for nondiscrete $G$. Finally, we consider the problem of extending the main result to the case of weighted convolution operators on $\Gamma$, and give some partial results.
Categories:43A20, 46L05, 43A22 |
11. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 39)
A Representation Theorem for Archimedean Quadratic Modules on $*$-Rings We present a new approach to noncommutative real algebraic geometry
based on the representation theory of $C^\ast$-algebras.
An important result in commutative real algebraic geometry is
Jacobi's representation theorem for archimedean quadratic modules
on commutative rings.
We show that this theorem is a consequence of the
Gelfand--Naimark representation theorem for commutative $C^\ast$-algebras.
A noncommutative version of Gelfand--Naimark theory was studied by
I. Fujimoto. We use his results to generalize
Jacobi's theorem to associative rings with involution.
Keywords:Ordered rings with involution, $C^\ast$-algebras and their representations, noncommutative convexity theory, real algebraic geometry Categories:16W80, 46L05, 46L89, 14P99 |
12. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 460)
Weak Semiprojectivity for Purely Infinite $C^*$-Algebras We prove that a separable, nuclear, purely infinite, simple
$C^*$-algebra satisfying the universal coefficient theorem
is weakly semiprojective if and only if
its $K$-groups are direct sums of cyclic groups.
Keywords:Kirchberg algebra, weak semiprojectivity, graph $C^*$-algebra Categories:46L05, 46L80, 22A22 |
13. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 50)
Injectivity of the Connecting Maps in AH Inductive Limit Systems Let $A$ be the inductive limit of a system
$$A_{1}\xrightarrow{\phi_{1,2}}A_{2}
\xrightarrow{\phi_{2,3}} A_{3}\longrightarrow \cd
$$
with $A_n =
\bigoplus_{i=1}^{t_n} P_{n,i}M_{[n,i]}(C(X_{n,i}))P_{n,i}$, where
$~X_{n,i}$ is a finite simplicial complex, and $P_{n,i}$ is a
projection in $M_{[n,i]}(C(X_{n,i}))$. In this paper, we will
prove that $A$ can be written as another inductive limit
$$B_1\xrightarrow{\psi_{1,2}} B_2
\xrightarrow{\psi_{2,3}} B_3\longrightarrow \cd $$
with $B_n =
\bigoplus_{i=1}^{s_n} Q_{n,i}M_{\{n,i\}}(C(Y_{n,i}))Q_{n,i}$,
where $Y_{n,i}$ is a finite simplicial complex, and $Q_{n,i}$ is a
projection in $M_{\{n,i\}}(C(Y_{n,i}))$, with the extra condition
that all the maps $\psi_{n,n+1}$ are \emph{injective}. (The
result is trivial if one allows the spaces $Y_{n,i}$ to be
arbitrary compact metrizable spaces.) This result is important
for the classification of simple AH algebras (see
\cite{G5,G6,EGL}. The special case that the spaces $X_{n,i}$ are
graphs is due to the third named author \cite{Li1}.
Categories:46L05, 46L35, 19K14 |
14. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 588)
Weakly Stable Relations and Inductive Limits of $C^\ast$-algebras We show that if $\mathcal{A}$ is a class of $C^\ast$-algebras for which
the set of formal relations $\mathcal{R}$ is weakly stable, then $\mathcal{R}$
is weakly stable for the class $\mathcal{B}$ that contains $\mathcal{A}$ and
all the inductive limits that can be constructed with the $C^\ast$-algebras in
$\mathcal{A}$.
A set of formal relations $\mathcal{R}$ is said to be {\it weakly stable\/} for
a class $\mathcal{C}$ of $C^\ast$-algebras if, in any $C^\ast$-algebra $A\in
\mathcal{C}$, close to an approximate representation of the set $\mathcal{R}$
in $A$ there is an exact representation of $\mathcal{R}$ in $A$.
Category:46L05 |
15. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 575)
Optimization of Polynomial Functions This paper develops a refinement of Lasserre's algorithm for
optimizing a polynomial on a basic closed semialgebraic set via
semidefinite programming and addresses an open question concerning the
duality gap. It is shown that, under certain natural stability
assumptions, the problem of optimization on a basic closed set reduces
to the compact case.
Categories:14P10, 46L05, 90C22 |
16. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 388)
Tracially Quasidiagonal Extensions It is known that a unital simple $C^*$-algebra $A$ with tracial
topological rank zero has real rank zero. We show in this note that,
in general, there are unital $C^*$-algebras with tracial topological
rank zero that have real rank other than zero.
Let $0\to J\to E\to A\to 0$ be a short exact sequence of
$C^*$-algebras. Suppose that $J$ and $A$ have tracial topological
rank zero. It is known that $E$ has tracial topological rank zero
as a $C^*$-algebra if and only if $E$ is tracially quasidiagonal
as an extension. We present an example of a tracially
quasidiagonal extension which is not quasidiagonal.
Keywords:tracially quasidiagonal extensions, tracial rank Categories:46L05, 46L80 |
17. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 418)
Obstructions to $\mathcal{Z}$-Stability for Unital Simple $C^*$-Algebras Let $\cZ$ be the unital simple nuclear infinite dimensional
$C^*$-algebra which has the same Elliott invariant as $\bbC$,
introduced in \cite{JS}. A $C^*$-algebra is called $\cZ$-stable
if $A \cong A \otimes \cZ$. In this note we give some necessary
conditions for a unital simple $C^*$-algebra to be $\cZ$-stable.
Keywords:simple $C^*$-algebra, $\mathcal{Z}$-stability, weak (un)perforation in $K_0$ group, property $\Gamma$, finiteness Category:46L05 |
18. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 320)
On Classification of Certain $C^\ast$-Algebras We consider \cst-algebras which are inductive limits of finite
direct sums of copies of $ C([0,1]) \otimes \Otwo$. For such
algebras, the lattice of closed two-sided ideals is proved to be
a complete invariant.
Categories:46L05, 46L35 |
19. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 193)
C$^*$-Convexity and the Numerical Range If $A$ is a prime C$^*$-algebra, $a \in A$ and $\lambda$ is in the
numerical range $W(a)$ of $a$, then for each $\varepsilon > 0$ there
exists an element $h \in A$ such that $\norm{h} = 1$ and $\norm{h^*
(a-\lambda)h} < \varepsilon$. If $\lambda$ is an extreme point of
$W(a)$, the same conclusion holds without the assumption that $A$ is
prime. Given any element $a$ in a von Neumann algebra (or in a
general C$^*$-algebra) $A$, all normal elements in the weak* closure
(the norm closure, respectively) of the C$^*$-convex hull of $a$ are
characterized.
Categories:47A12, 46L05, 46L10 |