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126. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 283)

Thibault, Lionel; Zagrodny, Dariusz
Enlarged Inclusion of Subdifferentials
This paper studies the integration of inclusion of subdifferentials. Under various verifiable conditions, we obtain that if two proper lower semicontinuous functions $f$ and $g$ have the subdifferential of $f$ included in the $\gamma$-enlargement of the subdifferential of $g$, then the difference of those functions is $ \gamma$-Lipschitz over their effective domain.

Keywords:subdifferential,, directionally regular function,, approximate convex function,, subdifferentially and directionally stable function
Categories:49J52, 46N10, 58C20

127. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 251)

Murphy, G. J.
The Index Theory Associated to a Non-Finite Trace on a $C^\ast$-Algebra
The index theory considered in this paper, a generalisation of the classical Fredholm index theory, is obtained in terms of a non-finite trace on a unital $C^\ast$-algebra. We relate it to the index theory of M.~Breuer, which is developed in a von~Neumann algebra setting, by means of a representation theorem. We show how our new index theory can be used to obtain an index theorem for Toeplitz operators on the compact group $\mathbf{U}(2)$, where the classical index theory does not give any interesting result.

Categories:46L, 47B35, 47L80

128. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 69)

Fabian, M.; Montesinos, V.; Zizler, V.
Biorthogonal Systems in Weakly Lindelöf Spaces
We study countable splitting of Markushevich bases in weakly Lindel\"of Banach spaces in connection with the geometry of these spaces.

Keywords:Weak compactness, projectional resolutions,, Markushevich bases, Eberlein compacts, Va\v sák spaces
Categories:46B03, 46B20., 46B26

129. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 97)

Katavolos, Aristides; Paulsen, Vern I.
On the Ranges of Bimodule Projections
We develop a symbol calculus for normal bimodule maps over a masa that is the natural analogue of the Schur product theory. Using this calculus we are easily able to give a complete description of the ranges of contractive normal bimodule idempotents that avoids the theory of J*-algebras. We prove that if $P$ is a normal bimodule idempotent and $\|P\| < 2/\sqrt{3}$ then $P$ is a contraction. We finish with some attempts at extending the symbol calculus to non-normal maps.

Categories:46L15, 47L25

130. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 50)

Elliott, George A.; Gong, Guihua; Li, Liangqing
Injectivity of the Connecting Maps in AH Inductive Limit Systems
Let $A$ be the inductive limit of a system $$A_{1}\xrightarrow{\phi_{1,2}}A_{2} \xrightarrow{\phi_{2,3}} A_{3}\longrightarrow \cd $$ with $A_n = \bigoplus_{i=1}^{t_n} P_{n,i}M_{[n,i]}(C(X_{n,i}))P_{n,i}$, where $~X_{n,i}$ is a finite simplicial complex, and $P_{n,i}$ is a projection in $M_{[n,i]}(C(X_{n,i}))$. In this paper, we will prove that $A$ can be written as another inductive limit $$B_1\xrightarrow{\psi_{1,2}} B_2 \xrightarrow{\psi_{2,3}} B_3\longrightarrow \cd $$ with $B_n = \bigoplus_{i=1}^{s_n} Q_{n,i}M_{\{n,i\}}(C(Y_{n,i}))Q_{n,i}$, where $Y_{n,i}$ is a finite simplicial complex, and $Q_{n,i}$ is a projection in $M_{\{n,i\}}(C(Y_{n,i}))$, with the extra condition that all the maps $\psi_{n,n+1}$ are \emph{injective}. (The result is trivial if one allows the spaces $Y_{n,i}$ to be arbitrary compact metrizable spaces.) This result is important for the classification of simple AH algebras (see \cite{G5,G6,EGL}. The special case that the spaces $X_{n,i}$ are graphs is due to the third named author \cite{Li1}.

Categories:46L05, 46L35, 19K14

131. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 540)

Jain, Pankaj; Jain, Pawan K.; Gupta, Babita
Compactness of Hardy-Type Operators over Star-Shaped Regions in $\mathbb{R}^N$
We study a compactness property of the operators between weighted Lebesgue spaces that average a function over certain domains involving a star-shaped region. The cases covered are (i) when the average is taken over a difference of two dilations of a star-shaped region in $\RR^N$, and (ii) when the average is taken over all dilations of star-shaped regions in $\RR^N$. These cases include, respectively, the average over annuli and the average over balls centered at origin.

Keywords:Hardy operator, Hardy-Steklov operator, compactness, boundedness, star-shaped regions
Categories:46E35, 26D10

132. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 615)

Randrianantoanina, Narcisse
$C^*$-Algebras and Factorization Through Diagonal Operators
Let $\cal A$ be a $C^*$-algebra and $E$ be a Banach space with the Radon-Nikodym property. We prove that if $j$ is an embedding of $E$ into an injective Banach space then for every absolutely summing operator $T:\mathcal{A}\longrightarrow E$, the composition $j \circ T$ factors through a diagonal operator from $l^{2}$ into $l^{1}$. In particular, $T$ factors through a Banach space with the Schur property. Similarly, we prove that for $2
Keywords:$C^*$-algebras, summing operators, diagonal operators,, Radon-Nikodym property
Categories:46L50, 47D15

133. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 553)

Kerr, David
A Geometric Approach to Voiculescu-Brown Entropy
A basic problem in dynamics is to identify systems with positive entropy, i.e., systems which are ``chaotic.'' While there is a vast collection of results addressing this issue in topological dynamics, the phenomenon of positive entropy remains by and large a mystery within the broader noncommutative domain of $C^*$-algebraic dynamics. To shed some light on the noncommutative situation we propose a geometric perspective inspired by work of Glasner and Weiss on topological entropy. This is a written version of the author's talk at the Winter 2002 Meeting of the Canadian Mathematical Society in Ottawa, Ontario.

Categories:46L55, 37B40

134. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 481)

Bekjan, Turdebek N.
A New Characterization of Hardy Martingale Cotype Space
We give a new characterization of Hardy martingale cotype property of complex quasi-Banach space by using the existence of a kind of plurisubharmonic functions. We also characterize the best constants of Hardy martingale inequalities with values in the complex quasi-Banach space.

Keywords:Hardy martingale, Hardy martingale cotype,, plurisubharmonic function
Categories:46B20, 52A07, 60G44

135. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 445)

Pirkovskii, A. Yu.
Biprojectivity and Biflatness for Convolution Algebras of Nuclear Operators
For a locally compact group $G$, the convolution product on the space $\nN(L^p(G))$ of nuclear operators was defined by Neufang \cite{Neuf_PhD}. We study homological properties of the convolution algebra $\nN(L^p(G))$ and relate them to some properties of the group $G$, such as compactness, finiteness, discreteness, and amenability.

Categories:46M10, 46H25, 43A20, 16E65

136. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 206)

Hurri-Syrjänen, Ritva
The Poincaré Inequality and Reverse Doubling Weights
We show that Poincar\'e inequalities with reverse doubling weights hold in a large class of irregular domains whenever the weights satisfy certain conditions. Examples of these domains are John domains.

Keywords:reverse doubling weights, Poincaré inequality, John domains
Category:46E35

137. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 108)

Śliwa, Wiesław
On Universal Schauder Bases in Non-Archimedean Fréchet Spaces
It is known that any non-archimedean Fr\'echet space of countable type is isomorphic to a subspace of $c_0^{\mathbb{N}}$. In this paper we prove that there exists a non-archimedean Fr\'echet space $U$ with a basis $(u_n)$ such that any basis $(x_n)$ in a non-archimedean Fr\'echet space $X$ is equivalent to a subbasis $(u_{k_n})$ of $(u_n)$. Then any non-archimedean Fr\'echet space with a basis is isomorphic to a complemented subspace of $U$. In contrast to this, we show that a non-archimedean Fr\'echet space $X$ with a basis $(x_n)$ is isomorphic to a complemented subspace of $c_0^{\mathbb{N}}$ if and only if $X$ is isomorphic to one of the following spaces: $c_0$, $c_0 \times \mathbb{K}^{\mathbb{N}}$, $\mathbb{K}^{\mathbb{N}}$, $c_0^{\mathbb{N}}$. Finally, we prove that there is no nuclear non-archimedean Fr\'echet space $H$ with a basis $(h_n)$ such that any basis $(y_n)$ in a nuclear non-archimedean Fr\'echet space $Y$ is equivalent to a subbasis $(h_{k_n})$ of $(h_n)$.

Keywords:universal bases, complemented subspaces with bases
Categories:46S10, 46A35

138. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 49)

Lindström, Mikael; Makhmutov, Shamil; Taskinen, Jari
The Essential Norm of a Bloch-to-$Q_p$ Composition Operator
The $Q_p$ spaces coincide with the Bloch space for $p>1$ and are subspaces of $\BMOA$ for $0
Keywords:Bloch space, little Bloch space, $\BMOA$, $\VMOA$, $Q_p$ spaces,, composition operator, compact operator, essential norm
Categories:47B38, 47B10, 46E40, 46E15

139. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 509)

Benson, David J.; Kumjian, Alex; Phillips, N. Christopher
Symmetries of Kirchberg Algebras
Let $G_0$ and $G_1$ be countable abelian groups. Let $\gamma_i$ be an automorphism of $G_i$ of order two. Then there exists a unital Kirchberg algebra $A$ satisfying the Universal Coefficient Theorem and with $[1_A] = 0$ in $K_0 (A)$, and an automorphism $\alpha \in \Aut(A)$ of order two, such that $K_0 (A) \cong G_0$, such that $K_1 (A) \cong G_1$, and such that $\alpha_* \colon K_i (A) \to K_i (A)$ is $\gamma_i$. As a consequence, we prove that every $\mathbb{Z}_2$-graded countable module over the representation ring $R (\mathbb{Z}_2)$ of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ is isomorphic to the equivariant $K$-theory $K^{\mathbb{Z}_2} (A)$ for some action of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ on a unital Kirchberg algebra~$A$. Along the way, we prove that every not necessarily finitely generated $\mathbb{Z} [\mathbb{Z}_2]$-module which is free as a $\mathbb{Z}$-module has a direct sum decomposition with only three kinds of summands, namely $\mathbb{Z} [\mathbb{Z}_2]$ itself and $\mathbb{Z}$ on which the nontrivial element of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ acts either trivially or by multiplication by $-1$.

Categories:20C10, 46L55, 19K99, 19L47, 46L40, 46L80

140. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 632)

Runde, Volker
The Operator Amenability of Uniform Algebras
We prove a quantized version of a theorem by M.~V.~She\u{\i}nberg: A uniform algebra equipped with its canonical, {\it i.e.}, minimal, operator space structure is operator amenable if and only if it is a commutative $C^\ast$-algebra.

Keywords:uniform algebras, amenable Banach algebras, operator amenability, minimal, operator space
Categories:46H20, 46H25, 46J10, 46J40, 47L25

141. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 588)

Monteiro, Martha Salerno
Weakly Stable Relations and Inductive Limits of $C^\ast$-algebras
We show that if $\mathcal{A}$ is a class of $C^\ast$-algebras for which the set of formal relations $\mathcal{R}$ is weakly stable, then $\mathcal{R}$ is weakly stable for the class $\mathcal{B}$ that contains $\mathcal{A}$ and all the inductive limits that can be constructed with the $C^\ast$-algebras in $\mathcal{A}$. A set of formal relations $\mathcal{R}$ is said to be {\it weakly stable\/} for a class $\mathcal{C}$ of $C^\ast$-algebras if, in any $C^\ast$-algebra $A\in \mathcal{C}$, close to an approximate representation of the set $\mathcal{R}$ in $A$ there is an exact representation of $\mathcal{R}$ in $A$.

Category:46L05

142. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 575)

Marshall, M.
Optimization of Polynomial Functions
This paper develops a refinement of Lasserre's algorithm for optimizing a polynomial on a basic closed semialgebraic set via semidefinite programming and addresses an open question concerning the duality gap. It is shown that, under certain natural stability assumptions, the problem of optimization on a basic closed set reduces to the compact case.

Categories:14P10, 46L05, 90C22

143. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 538)

Borwein, Jonathan; Fitzpatrick, Simon; Girgensohn, Roland
Subdifferentials Whose Graphs Are Not Norm$\times$Weak* Closed
In this note we give examples of convex functions whose subdifferentials have unpleasant properties. Particularly, we exhibit a proper lower semicontinuous convex function on a separable Hilbert space such that the graph of its subdifferential is not closed in the product of the norm and bounded weak topologies. We also exhibit a set whose sequential normal cone is not norm closed.

Categories:46N10, 47H05

144. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 481)

Bachir, M.; Lancien, G.
On the Composition of Differentiable Functions
We prove that a Banach space $X$ has the Schur property if and only if every $X$-valued weakly differentiable function is Fr\'echet differentiable. We give a general result on the Fr\'echet differentiability of $f\circ T$, where $f$ is a Lipschitz function and $T$ is a compact linear operator. Finally we study, using in particular a smooth variational principle, the differentiability of the semi norm $\Vert \ \Vert_{\lip}$ on various spaces of Lipschitz functions.

Categories:58C20, 46B20

145. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 419)

Masuda, Toshihiko
On Non-Strongly Free Automorphisms of Subfactors of Type III$_0$
We determine when an automorphism of a subfactor of type III$_0$ with finite index is non-strongly free in the sense of C.~Winsl\o w in terms of the modular endomorphisms introduced by M.~Izumi.

Category:46L37

146. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 457)

Toms, Andrew
Strongly Perforated $K_{0}$-Groups of Simple $C^{*}$-Algebras
In the sequel we construct simple, unital, separable, stable, amenable $C^{*}$-algebras for which the ordered $K_{0}$-group is strongly perforated and group isomorphic to $Z$. The particular order structures to be constructed will be described in detail below, and all known results of this type will be generalised.

Categories:46, 19

147. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 441)

Stacey, P. J.
An Inductive Limit Model for the $K$-Theory of the Generator-Interchanging Antiautomorphism of an Irrational Rotation Algebra
Let $A_\theta$ be the universal $C^*$-algebra generated by two unitaries $U$, $V$ satisfying $VU=e^{2\pi i\theta} UV$ and let $\Phi$ be the antiautomorphism of $A_\theta$ interchanging $U$ and $V$. The $K$-theory of $R_\theta=\{a\in A_\theta:\Phi(a)=a^*\}$ is computed. When $\theta$ is irrational, an inductive limit of algebras of the form $M_q(C(\mathbb{T})) \oplus M_{q'} (\mathbb{R}) \oplus M_q(\mathbb{R})$ is constructed which has complexification $A_\theta$ and the same $K$-theory as $R_\theta$.

Categories:46L35, 46L80

148. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 388)

Lin, Huaxin
Tracially Quasidiagonal Extensions
It is known that a unital simple $C^*$-algebra $A$ with tracial topological rank zero has real rank zero. We show in this note that, in general, there are unital $C^*$-algebras with tracial topological rank zero that have real rank other than zero. Let $0\to J\to E\to A\to 0$ be a short exact sequence of $C^*$-algebras. Suppose that $J$ and $A$ have tracial topological rank zero. It is known that $E$ has tracial topological rank zero as a $C^*$-algebra if and only if $E$ is tracially quasidiagonal as an extension. We present an example of a tracially quasidiagonal extension which is not quasidiagonal.

Keywords:tracially quasidiagonal extensions, tracial rank
Categories:46L05, 46L80

149. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 365)

Kishimoto, Akitaka; Ozawa, Narutaka; Sakai, Shôichirô
Homogeneity of the Pure State Space of a Separable $C^*$-Algebra
We prove that the pure state space is homogeneous under the action of the automorphism group (or the subgroup of asymptotically inner automorphisms) for all the separable simple $C^*$-algebras. The first result of this kind was shown by Powers for the UHF algbras some 30 years ago.

Categories:46L40, 46L30

150. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 242)

Litvak, A. E.; Milman, V. D.
Euclidean Sections of Direct Sums of Normed Spaces
We study the dimension of ``random'' Euclidean sections of direct sums of normed spaces. We compare the obtained results with results from \cite{LMS}, to show that for the direct sums the standard randomness with respect to the Haar measure on Grassmanian coincides with a much ``weaker'' randomness of ``diagonal'' subspaces (Corollary~\ref{sle} and explanation after). We also add some relative information on ``phase transition''.

Keywords:Dvoretzky theorem, ``random'' Euclidean section, phase transition in asymptotic convexity
Categories:46B07, 46B09, 46B20, 52A21
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