126. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 389)
 Hiai, Fumio; Petz, Dénes; Ueda, Yoshimichi

A Free Logarithmic Sobolev Inequality on the Circle
Free analogues of the logarithmic Sobolev inequality compare the relative
free Fisher information with the relative free entropy. In the present paper
such an inequality is obtained for measures on the circle. The method is
based on a random matrix approximation procedure, and a large deviation
result concerning the eigenvalue distribution of special unitary matrices is
applied and discussed.
Categories:46L54, 60E15, 94A17 

127. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 185)
 Averkov, Gennadiy

On the Inequality for Volume and Minkowskian Thickness
Given a centrally symmetric convex body $B$ in $\E^d,$ we denote
by $\M^d(B)$ the Minkowski space ({\em i.e.,} finite dimensional
Banach space) with unit ball $B.$ Let $K$ be an arbitrary convex
body in $\M^d(B).$ The relationship between volume $V(K)$ and the
Minkowskian thickness ($=$ minimal width) $\thns_B(K)$ of $K$ can
naturally be given by the sharp geometric inequality $V(K) \ge
\alpha(B) \cdot \thns_B(K)^d,$ where $\alpha(B)>0.$ As a simple
corollary of the RogersShephard inequality we obtain that
$\binom{2d}{d}{}^{1} \le \alpha(B)/V(B) \le 2^{d}$ with equality
on the left attained if and only if $B$ is the difference body of
a simplex and on the right if $B$ is a crosspolytope. The main
result of this paper is that for $d=2$ the equality on the right
implies that $B$ is a parallelogram. The obtained results yield
the sharp upper bound for the modified BanachMazur distance to the
regular hexagon.
Keywords:convex body, geometric inequality, thickness, Minkowski space, Banach space, normed space, reduced body, BanachMazur compactum, (modified) BanachMazur distance, volume ratio Categories:52A40, 46B20 

128. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 313)
129. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 213)
130. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 117)
 Levene, R. H.

A Double Triangle Operator Algebra From $SL_2(\R)$
We consider the w$^*$closed operator algebra $\cA_+$ generated
by the image of the semigroup $SL_2(\R_+)$ under a unitary representation
$\rho$ of $SL_2(\R)$ on the Hilbert~space $L_2(\R)$.
We show that $\cA_+$ is a reflexive operator algebra and
$\cA_+=\Alg\cD$ where $\cD$ is a double triangle subspace
lattice. Surprisingly, $\cA_+$ is also generated as a
w$^*$closed algebra by the image under $\rho$ of a strict
subsemigroup of $SL_2(\R_+)$.
Categories:46K50, 47L55 

131. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 82)
 Gogatishvili, Amiran; Pick, Luboš

Embeddings and Duality Theorem for Weak Classical Lorentz Spaces
We characterize the weight functions
$u,v,w$ on $(0,\infty)$ such that
$$
\left(\int_0^\infty f^{*}(t)^
qw(t)\,dt\right)^{1/q}
\leq
C \sup_{t\in(0,\infty)}f^{**}_u(t)v(t),
$$
where
$$
f^{**}_u(t):=\left(\int_{0}^{t}u(s)\,ds\right)^{1}
\int_{0}^{t}f^*(s)u(s)\,ds.
$$
As an application we present a~new simple characterization of
the associate space to the space $\Gamma^ \infty(v)$, determined by the
norm
$$
\f\_{\Gamma^ \infty(v)}=\sup_{t\in(0,\infty)}f^{**}(t)v(t),
$$
where
$$
f^{**}(t):=\frac1t\int_{0}^{t}f^*(s)\,ds.
$$
Keywords:Discretizing sequence, antidiscretization, classical Lorentz spaces, weak Lorentz spaces, embeddings, duality, Hardy's inequality Categories:26D10, 46E20 

132. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 481)
 Azagra, D.; Fabian, M.; JiménezSevilla, M.

Exact Filling of Figures with the Derivatives of Smooth Mappings Between Banach Spaces
We establish sufficient conditions on the shape of a set $A$
included in the space $\mathcal L _s^n(X,Y)$ of the $n$linear
symmetric mappings between Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$, to ensure
the existence of a $C^n$\nobreakdashsmooth
mapping $f\colon X \rightarrow Y$,
with bounded support, and such that $f^{(n)}(X)=A$, provided that
$X$ admits a $C^{n}$smooth bump with bounded $n$th derivative
and $\dens X=\dens \mathcal L ^n(X,Y)$. For instance, when $X$ is
infinitedimensional, every bounded connected and open set $U$
containing the origin is the range of the $n$th derivative of
such a mapping. The same holds true for the closure of $U$,
provided that every point in the boundary of $U$ is the end
point of a path within $U$. In the finitedimensional case, more
restrictive conditions are required. We also study the Fr\'echet
smooth case for mappings from $\mathbb R^n$ to a separable
infinitedimensional Banach space and the G\^ateaux smooth case
for mappings defined on a separable infinitedimensional Banach
space and with values in a separable Banach space.
Category:46B20 

133. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 607)
 Park, Efton

Toeplitz Algebras and Extensions of\\Irrational Rotation Algebras
For a given irrational number $\theta$, we define Toeplitz operators with
symbols in the irrational rotation algebra ${\mathcal A}_\theta$,
and we show that the $C^*$algebra $\mathcal T({\mathcal
A}_\theta)$ generated by these Toeplitz operators is an extension
of ${\mathcal A}_\theta$ by the algebra of compact operators. We
then use these extensions to explicitly exhibit generators of the
group $KK^1({\mathcal A}_\theta,\mathbb C)$. We also prove an
index theorem for $\mathcal T({\mathcal A}_\theta)$ that
generalizes the standard index theorem for Toeplitz operators on
the circle.
Keywords:Toeplitz operators, irrational rotation algebras, index theory Categories:47B35, 46L80 

134. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 455)
 Rychtář, Jan

On GÃ¢teaux Differentiability of Convex Functions in WCG Spaces
It is shown, using the BorweinPreiss variational principle
that for every continuous convex function $f$ on
a weakly compactly generated space $X$,
every $x_0\in X$ and every weakly compact convex symmetric set $K$ such that
$\cspan K=X$,
there is a point of G\^ateaux differentiability of $f$ in $x_0+K$.
This extends a Klee's result for separable spaces.
Keywords:GÃ¢teaux smoothness, BorweinPreiss variational principle,, weakly compactly generated spaces Category:46B20 

135. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 340)
 Andruchow, Esteban

Short Geodesics of Unitaries in the $L^2$ Metric
Let $\M$ be a type II$_1$ von Neumann algebra, $\tau$ a trace in $\M$,
and $\l2$ the GNS Hilbert space of $\tau$. We regard the unitary group
$U_\M$ as a subset of $\l2$ and characterize the shortest smooth
curves joining two fixed unitaries in the $L^2$ metric. As a
consequence of this we obtain that $U_\M$, though a complete (metric)
topological group, is not an embedded riemannian submanifold of $\l2$
Keywords:unitary group, short geodesics, infinite dimensional riemannian manifolds. Categories:46L51, 58B10, 58B25 

136. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 251)
 Murphy, G. J.

The Index Theory Associated to a NonFinite Trace on a $C^\ast$Algebra
The index theory considered in this paper, a
generalisation of the classical Fredholm index theory, is obtained
in terms of a nonfinite trace on a unital $C^\ast$algebra. We relate
it to the index theory of M.~Breuer, which is developed in a
von~Neumann algebra setting, by means of a representation theorem.
We show how our new index theory can be used to obtain an index
theorem for Toeplitz operators on the compact group $\mathbf{U}(2)$,
where the classical index theory does not give any interesting result.
Categories:46L, 47B35, 47L80 

137. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 283)
 Thibault, Lionel; Zagrodny, Dariusz

Enlarged Inclusion of Subdifferentials
This paper studies the integration of inclusion of subdifferentials. Under
various verifiable conditions, we obtain that if two proper lower
semicontinuous functions $f$ and $g$ have the subdifferential of $f$
included in the $\gamma$enlargement of the subdifferential of $g$, then
the difference of those functions is $ \gamma$Lipschitz over their
effective domain.
Keywords:subdifferential,, directionally regular function,, approximate convex function,, subdifferentially and directionally stable function Categories:49J52, 46N10, 58C20 

138. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 161)
139. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 69)
 Fabian, M.; Montesinos, V.; Zizler, V.

Biorthogonal Systems in Weakly LindelÃ¶f Spaces
We study countable splitting of Markushevich bases in weakly Lindel\"of
Banach spaces in connection with the geometry of these spaces.
Keywords:Weak compactness, projectional resolutions,, Markushevich bases, Eberlein compacts, Va\v sÃ¡k spaces Categories:46B03, 46B20., 46B26 

140. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 97)
 Katavolos, Aristides; Paulsen, Vern I.

On the Ranges of Bimodule Projections
We develop a symbol calculus for normal bimodule maps over a masa
that is the natural analogue of the Schur product theory. Using
this calculus we are easily able to give a complete description of
the ranges of contractive normal bimodule idempotents that avoids
the theory of J*algebras.
We prove that if $P$ is a normal
bimodule idempotent and $\P\ < 2/\sqrt{3}$ then $P$ is a
contraction. We finish with some attempts at extending the symbol
calculus to nonnormal maps.
Categories:46L15, 47L25 

141. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 50)
 Elliott, George A.; Gong, Guihua; Li, Liangqing

Injectivity of the Connecting Maps in AH Inductive Limit Systems
Let $A$ be the inductive limit of a system
$$A_{1}\xrightarrow{\phi_{1,2}}A_{2}
\xrightarrow{\phi_{2,3}} A_{3}\longrightarrow \cd
$$
with $A_n =
\bigoplus_{i=1}^{t_n} P_{n,i}M_{[n,i]}(C(X_{n,i}))P_{n,i}$, where
$~X_{n,i}$ is a finite simplicial complex, and $P_{n,i}$ is a
projection in $M_{[n,i]}(C(X_{n,i}))$. In this paper, we will
prove that $A$ can be written as another inductive limit
$$B_1\xrightarrow{\psi_{1,2}} B_2
\xrightarrow{\psi_{2,3}} B_3\longrightarrow \cd $$
with $B_n =
\bigoplus_{i=1}^{s_n} Q_{n,i}M_{\{n,i\}}(C(Y_{n,i}))Q_{n,i}$,
where $Y_{n,i}$ is a finite simplicial complex, and $Q_{n,i}$ is a
projection in $M_{\{n,i\}}(C(Y_{n,i}))$, with the extra condition
that all the maps $\psi_{n,n+1}$ are \emph{injective}. (The
result is trivial if one allows the spaces $Y_{n,i}$ to be
arbitrary compact metrizable spaces.) This result is important
for the classification of simple AH algebras (see
\cite{G5,G6,EGL}. The special case that the spaces $X_{n,i}$ are
graphs is due to the third named author \cite{Li1}.
Categories:46L05, 46L35, 19K14 

142. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 540)
 Jain, Pankaj; Jain, Pawan K.; Gupta, Babita

Compactness of HardyType Operators over StarShaped Regions in $\mathbb{R}^N$
We study a compactness property of the operators between weighted
Lebesgue spaces that average a function over certain domains involving
a starshaped region. The cases covered are (i) when the average is
taken over a difference of two dilations of a starshaped region in
$\RR^N$, and (ii) when the average is taken over all dilations of
starshaped regions in $\RR^N$. These cases include, respectively,
the average over annuli and the average over balls centered at origin.
Keywords:Hardy operator, HardySteklov operator, compactness, boundedness, starshaped regions Categories:46E35, 26D10 

143. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 615)
 Randrianantoanina, Narcisse

$C^*$Algebras and Factorization Through Diagonal Operators
Let $\cal A$ be a $C^*$algebra and $E$ be a Banach space with
the RadonNikodym property. We prove that if $j$ is an embedding
of $E$ into an injective Banach space then for every absolutely
summing operator $T:\mathcal{A}\longrightarrow E$, the composition
$j \circ T$ factors through a diagonal operator from $l^{2}$ into
$l^{1}$. In particular, $T$ factors through a Banach space with
the Schur property. Similarly, we prove that for $2
Keywords:$C^*$algebras, summing operators, diagonal operators,, RadonNikodym property Categories:46L50, 47D15 

144. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 553)
 Kerr, David

A Geometric Approach to VoiculescuBrown Entropy
A basic problem in dynamics is to identify systems
with positive entropy, i.e., systems which are ``chaotic.'' While
there is a vast collection of results addressing this issue in
topological dynamics, the phenomenon of positive entropy remains by and
large a mystery within the broader noncommutative domain of $C^*$algebraic
dynamics. To shed some light on the noncommutative situation we propose
a geometric perspective inspired by work of Glasner and Weiss on
topological entropy.
This is a written version of the author's talk
at the Winter 2002 Meeting of the Canadian Mathematical Society
in Ottawa, Ontario.
Categories:46L55, 37B40 

145. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 481)
 Bekjan, Turdebek N.

A New Characterization of Hardy Martingale Cotype Space
We give a new characterization of Hardy martingale cotype
property of complex quasiBanach space by using the existence of a
kind of plurisubharmonic functions. We also characterize the best
constants of Hardy martingale inequalities with values
in the complex quasiBanach space.
Keywords:Hardy martingale, Hardy martingale cotype,, plurisubharmonic function Categories:46B20, 52A07, 60G44 

146. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 445)
 Pirkovskii, A. Yu.

Biprojectivity and Biflatness for Convolution Algebras of Nuclear Operators
For a locally compact group $G$, the convolution product on
the space $\nN(L^p(G))$ of nuclear operators was defined by Neufang
\cite{Neuf_PhD}. We study homological properties of the convolution algebra
$\nN(L^p(G))$ and relate them to some properties of the group $G$,
such as compactness, finiteness, discreteness, and amenability.
Categories:46M10, 46H25, 43A20, 16E65 

147. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 206)
148. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 108)
 Śliwa, Wiesław

On Universal Schauder Bases in NonArchimedean FrÃ©chet Spaces
It is known that any nonarchimedean Fr\'echet space of countable
type is isomorphic to a subspace of $c_0^{\mathbb{N}}$. In this
paper we prove that there exists a nonarchimedean Fr\'echet space
$U$ with a basis $(u_n)$ such that any basis $(x_n)$ in a
nonarchimedean Fr\'echet space $X$ is equivalent to a subbasis
$(u_{k_n})$ of $(u_n)$. Then any nonarchimedean Fr\'echet space
with a basis is isomorphic to a complemented subspace of $U$. In
contrast to this, we show that a nonarchimedean Fr\'echet space
$X$ with a basis $(x_n)$ is isomorphic to a complemented subspace
of $c_0^{\mathbb{N}}$ if and only if $X$ is isomorphic to one of
the following spaces: $c_0$, $c_0 \times \mathbb{K}^{\mathbb{N}}$,
$\mathbb{K}^{\mathbb{N}}$, $c_0^{\mathbb{N}}$. Finally, we prove
that there is no nuclear nonarchimedean Fr\'echet space $H$ with
a basis $(h_n)$ such that any basis $(y_n)$ in a nuclear
nonarchimedean Fr\'echet space $Y$ is equivalent to a subbasis
$(h_{k_n})$ of $(h_n)$.
Keywords:universal bases, complemented subspaces with bases Categories:46S10, 46A35 

149. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 49)
 Lindström, Mikael; Makhmutov, Shamil; Taskinen, Jari

The Essential Norm of a Blochto$Q_p$ Composition Operator
The $Q_p$ spaces coincide with the Bloch space for $p>1$ and are
subspaces of $\BMOA$ for $0
Keywords:Bloch space, little Bloch space, $\BMOA$, $\VMOA$, $Q_p$ spaces,, composition operator, compact operator, essential norm Categories:47B38, 47B10, 46E40, 46E15 

150. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 481)
 Bachir, M.; Lancien, G.

On the Composition of Differentiable Functions
We prove that a Banach space $X$ has the Schur property if and only if every
$X$valued weakly differentiable function is Fr\'echet differentiable. We
give a general result on the Fr\'echet differentiability of $f\circ T$, where
$f$ is a Lipschitz function and $T$ is a compact linear operator. Finally
we study, using in particular a smooth variational principle, the
differentiability of the semi norm $\Vert \ \Vert_{\lip}$ on various spaces
of Lipschitz functions.
Categories:58C20, 46B20 
