Expand all Collapse all | Results 51 - 75 of 195 |
51. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 136)
On Constructing Ergodic Hyperfinite Equivalence Relations of Non-Product Type Product type equivalence relations are hyperfinite measured
equivalence relations, which, up to orbit equivalence, are generated
by product type odometer actions. We give a concrete example of a
hyperfinite equivalence relation of non-product type, which is the
tail equivalence on a Bratteli diagram.
In order to show that the equivalence relation constructed is not of
product type we will use a criterion called property A. This
property, introduced by Krieger for non-singular transformations, is
defined directly for hyperfinite equivalence relations in this paper.
Keywords:property A, hyperfinite equivalence relation, non-product type Categories:37A20, 37A35, 46L10 |
52. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 697)
Constructions of Uniformly Convex Functions We give precise conditions under which the composition
of a norm with a convex function yields a
uniformly convex function on a Banach space.
Various applications are given to functions of power type.
The results are dualized to study uniform smoothness
and several examples are provided.
Keywords:convex function, uniformly convex function, uniformly smooth function, power type, Fenchel conjugate, composition, norm Categories:52A41, 46G05, 46N10, 49J50, 90C25 |
53. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 767)
On Zindler Curves in Normed Planes We extend the notion of Zindler curve from the Euclidean plane to
normed planes. A characterization of Zindler curves for general
normed planes is given, and the relation between Zindler curves and
curves of constant area-halving distances in such planes is
discussed.
Keywords:rc length, area-halving distance, Birkhoff orthogonality, convex curve, halving pair, halving distance, isosceles orthogonality, midpoint curve, Minkowski plane, normed plane, Zindler curve Categories:52A21, 52A10, 46C15 |
54. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 449)
Complemented Subspaces of Linear Bounded Operators We study the complementation of the space $W(X,Y)$ of weakly compact operators, the space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators, the space $U(X,Y)$ of unconditionally converging operators, and the space $CC(X,Y)$ of completely continuous operators in the space $L(X,Y)$ of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$.
Feder proved that if $X$ is infinite-dimensional and $c_0
\hookrightarrow Y$, then $K(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in
$L(X,Y)$. Emmanuele and John showed that if $c_0 \hookrightarrow
K(X,Y)$, then $K(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in $L(X,Y)$.
Bator and Lewis showed that if $X$ is not a Grothendieck space and
$c_0 \hookrightarrow Y$, then $W(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in
$L(X,Y)$. In this paper, classical results of Kalton and separably
determined operator ideals with property $(*)$ are used to obtain
complementation results that yield these theorems as corollaries.
Keywords:spaces of operators, complemented subspaces, compact operators, weakly compact operators, completely continuous operators Categories:46B20, 46B28 |
55. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 654)
Norm One Idempotent $cb$-Multipliers with Applications to the Fourier Algebra in the $cb$-Multiplier Norm |
Norm One Idempotent $cb$-Multipliers with Applications to the Fourier Algebra in the $cb$-Multiplier Norm For a locally compact group $G$, let $A(G)$ be its Fourier algebra, let $M_{cb}A(G)$ denote the completely
bounded multipliers of $A(G)$, and let $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ stand for the closure of $A(G)$ in $M_{cb}A(G)$. We
characterize the norm one idempotents in $M_{cb}A(G)$: the indicator function of a set $E \subset G$ is a norm
one idempotent in $M_{cb}A(G)$ if and only if $E$ is a coset of an open subgroup of $G$. As applications, we
describe the closed ideals of $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ with an approximate identity bounded by $1$, and we characterize
those $G$ for which $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ is $1$-amenable in the sense of B. E. Johnson. (We can even slightly
relax the norm bounds.)
Keywords:amenability, bounded approximate identity, $cb$-multiplier norm, Fourier algebra, norm one idempotent Categories:43A22, 20E05, 43A30, 46J10, 46J40, 46L07, 47L25 |
56. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 548)
Non-complemented Spaces of Operators, Vector Measures, and $c_o$ The Banach spaces $L(X, Y)$, $K(X, Y)$, $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$, and
$K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are studied to determine when they contain the
classical Banach spaces $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$. The complementation of
the Banach space $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ is discussed as well as what
impact this complementation has on the embedding of $c_o$ or
$\ell_\infty$ in $K(X, Y)$ or $L(X, Y)$. Results of Kalton, Feder, and
Emmanuele concerning the complementation of $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ are
generalized. Results concerning the complementation of the Banach
space $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ in $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are also explored as well
as how that complementation affects the embedding of $c_o$ or
$\ell_\infty$ in $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ or $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$. The $\ell_p$
spaces for $1 = p < \infty$ are studied to determine when the space of
compact operators from one $\ell_p$ space to another contains
$c_o$. The paper contains a new result which classifies these spaces
of operators. A new result using vector measures is given to
provide more efficient proofs of theorems by Kalton, Feder, Emmanuele,
Emmanuele and John, and Bator and Lewis.
Keywords:spaces of operators, compact operators, complemented subspaces, $w^*-w$-compact operators Category:46B20 |
57. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 385)
Irreducible Representations of Inner Quasidiagonal $C^*$-Algebras It is shown that a separable $C^*$-algebra is inner quasidiagonal if and
only if it has a separating family of quasidiagonal irreducible
representations. As a consequence, a separable $C^*$-algebra is a strong
NF algebra if and only if it is nuclear and has a separating family of
quasidiagonal irreducible representations.
We also obtain some permanence properties of the class of inner
quasidiagonal $C^*$-algebras.
Category:46L05 |
58. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 260)
A Note on the Antipode for Algebraic Quantum Groups Recently, Beattie, Bulacu ,and Torrecillas proved Radford's formula for the fourth power of the antipode for a co-Frobenius Hopf algebra.
In this note, we show that this formula can be proved for any regular multiplier Hopf
algebra with integrals (algebraic quantum groups). This, of course, not only includes the case of a
finite-dimensional Hopf algebra, but also that of any
Hopf algebra with integrals (co-Frobenius Hopf algebras). Moreover, it turns out that
the proof in this more general situation, in fact, follows in a few lines from well-known formulas obtained earlier in the
theory of regular multiplier Hopf algebras with integrals.
We discuss these formulas and their importance in this theory. We also mention their generalizations, in particular to the (in a certain sense) more general theory of locally compact quantum groups. Doing so, and also because the proof of the main result itself is very short, the present note becomes largely of an expository nature.
Keywords:multiplier Hopf algebras, algebraic quantum groups, the antipode Categories:16W30, 46L65 |
59. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 410)
A Ramsey Theorem with an Application to Sequences in Banach Spaces The notion of a maximally conditional sequence is introduced for sequences in a Banach space. It is then proved using
Ramsey theory that every basic sequence in a Banach space has a subsequence which is either an unconditional
basic sequence or a maximally conditional sequence. An apparently novel, purely combinatorial lemma in the spirit of
Galvin's theorem is used in the proof. An alternative proof
of the dichotomy result for sequences in Banach spaces is
also sketched,
using the Galvin-Prikry theorem.
Keywords:Banach spaces, Ramsey theory Categories:46B15, 05D10 |
60. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 577)
Erratum: The Duality Problem For The Class of AM-Compact Operators On Banach Lattices It is proved that if a positive operator
$S: E \rightarrow F$ is AM-compact whenever its adjoint
$S': F' \rightarrow E'$ is AM-compact, then either the
norm of F is order continuous or $E'$ is discrete.
This note corrects an error in the proof of Theorem 2.3 of
B. Aqzzouz, R. Nouira, and L. Zraoula, The duality problem for
the class of AM-compact operators on Banach lattices. Canad. Math. Bull.
51(2008).
Categories:46A40, 46B40, 46B42 |
61. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)
From Matrix to Operator Inequalities We generalize LÃ¶wner's method for proving that matrix monotone
functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded
operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$-relations
being residually finite dimensional.
Our main result is a meta-theorem about theorems involving relations
on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional
relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a
theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices.
Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms
of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$-polynomials.
Keywords:$C*$-algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensional Categories:46L05, 47B99 |
62. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 73)
Classification of Inductive Limits of Outer Actions of ${\mathbb R}$ on Approximate Circle Algebras In this paper we present a classification,
up to equivariant isomorphism, of $C^*$-dynamical systems $(A,{\mathbb R},\alpha )$
arising as inductive limits of directed systems
$\{ (A_n,{\mathbb R},\alpha_n),\varphi_{nm}\}$, where each $A_n$
is a finite direct sum of matrix algebras over the continuous
functions on the unit circle, and the $\alpha_n$s are outer actions
generated by rotation of the spectrum.
Keywords:classification, $C^*$-dynamical system Categories:46L57, 46L35 |
63. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 726)
Auerbach Bases and Minimal Volume Sufficient Enlargements Let $B_Y$ denote the unit ball of a
normed linear space $Y$. A symmetric, bounded, closed, convex set
$A$ in a finite dimensional normed linear space $X$ is called a
sufficient enlargement for $X$ if, for an arbitrary
isometric embedding of $X$ into a Banach space $Y$, there exists a
linear projection $P\colon Y\to X$ such that $P(B_Y)\subset A$. Each
finite dimensional normed space has a minimal-volume sufficient
enlargement that is a parallelepiped; some spaces have ``exotic''
minimal-volume sufficient enlargements. The main result of the
paper is a characterization of spaces having ``exotic''
minimal-volume sufficient enlargements in terms of Auerbach
bases.
Keywords:Banach space, Auerbach basis, sufficient enlargement Categories:46B07, 52A21, 46B15 |
64. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 411)
Operator Algebras with Unique Preduals We show that every free semigroup algebra has a (strongly) unique
Banach space predual. We also provide a new simpler proof that a
weak-$*$ closed unital operator algebra containing a weak-$*$
dense subalgebra of compact operators has a unique Banach space
predual.
Keywords:unique predual, free semigroup algebra, CSL algebra Categories:47L50, 46B04, 47L35 |
65. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 593)
Stability of Real $C^*$-Algebras We will give a characterization of stable real $C^*$-algebras
analogous to the one given for complex $C^*$-algebras by Hjelmborg
and RÃ¸rdam. Using this result, we will prove
that any real $C^*$-algebra satisfying the corona factorization
property is stable if and only if its complexification is stable.
Real $C^*$-algebras satisfying the corona factorization property
include AF-algebras and purely infinite $C^*$-algebras. We will also
provide an example of a simple unstable $C^*$-algebra, the
complexification of which is stable.
Keywords:stability, real C*-algebras Category:46L05 |
66. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 680)
$2$-Local Isometries on Spaces of Lipschitz Functions Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space, and let $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ denote the Banach
space of all scalar-valued bounded Lipschitz functions $f$ on $X$
endowed with one of the natural norms
$
\| f\| =\max \{\| f\| _\infty ,L(f)\}$ or $\|f\| =\|
f\| _\infty +L(f),
$
where $L(f)$ is the
Lipschitz constant of $f.$ It is said that the isometry
group of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is canonical if every
surjective linear isometry of
$\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X) $ is induced by a surjective isometry of $X$.
In this paper
we prove that if $X$ is bounded separable and the isometry group of
$\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is canonical, then every $2$-local isometry
of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is
a surjective linear isometry. Furthermore, we give a complete
description of all $2$-local isometries of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ when $X$ is
bounded.
Keywords:isometry, local isometry, Lipschitz function Categories:46B04, 46J10, 46E15 |
67. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 338)
SzegÃ¶'s Theorem and Uniform Algebras We study SzegÃ¶'s theorem for a uniform algebra.
In particular, we do it for the disc algebra or the bidisc algebra.
Keywords:SzegÃ¶'s theorem, uniform algebras, disc algebra, weighted Bergman space Categories:32A35, 46J15, 60G25 |
68. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 347)
The Haar System in the Preduals of Hyperfinite Factors We shall present examples of Schauder bases in the preduals to the
hyperfinite factors of types~$\hbox{II}_1$, $\hbox{II}_\infty$,
$\hbox{III}_\lambda$, $0 < \lambda \leq 1$. In the semifinite
(respectively, purely infinite) setting, these systems form Schauder bases
in any associated separable symmetric space of measurable operators
(respectively, in any non-commutative $L^p$-space).
Category:46L52 |
69. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 302)
Structure of the Set of Norm-attaining Functionals on Strictly Convex Spaces Let $X$ be a separable non-reflexive Banach space. We show that there
is no Borel class which contains the set of norm-attaining functionals
for every strictly convex renorming of $X$.
Keywords:separable non-reflexive space, set of norm-attaining functionals, strictly convex norm, Borel class Categories:46B20, 54H05, 46B10 |
70. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 68)
Non-splitting in Kirchberg's Ideal-related $KK$-Theory
A. Bonkat obtained a universal coefficient theorem in the setting of Kirchberg's
ideal-related $KK$-theory in the fundamental case of a
$C^*$-algebra with one
specified ideal. The universal coefficient sequence was shown to split, unnaturally, under certain
conditions. Employing certain $K$-theoretical information derivable
from the given operator algebras using a method introduced here, we shall
demonstrate that Bonkat's UCT does not split in general. Related
methods lead to information on the complexity of the $K$-theory which
must be used to
classify $*$-isomorphisms for purely infinite $C^*$-algebras with
one non-trivial ideal.
Keywords:KK-theory, UCT Category:46L35 |
71. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 141)
Linear Maps on $C^*$-Algebras Preserving the Set of Operators that are Invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ |
Linear Maps on $C^*$-Algebras Preserving the Set of Operators that are Invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$
For $C^*$-algebras $\mathcal{A}$ of real rank zero, we describe
linear maps $\phi$ on $\mathcal{A}$ that are surjective up to ideals
$\mathcal{I}$, and $\pi(A)$ is invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ if and only if
$\pi(\phi(A))$ is invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$, where $A\in\mathcal{A}$ and
$\pi:\mathcal{A}\to\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ is the quotient map. We also consider similar
linear maps preserving zero products on the Calkin algebra.
Keywords:preservers, Jordan automorphisms, invertible operators, zero products Categories:47B48, 47A10, 46H10 |
72. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 82)
Lefschetz Numbers for $C^*$-Algebras
Using Poincar\'e duality, we obtain a formula of Lefschetz type
that computes the Lefschetz number of an endomorphism of a separable
nuclear $C^*$-algebra satisfying Poincar\'e duality and the Kunneth
theorem. (The Lefschetz number of an endomorphism is the graded trace
of the induced map on $\textrm{K}$-theory tensored with $\mathbb{C}$, as in the
classical case.) We then examine endomorphisms of Cuntz--Krieger
algebras $O_A$. An endomorphism has an invariant, which is a
permutation of an infinite set, and the contracting and expanding
behavior of this permutation describes the Lefschetz number of the
endomorphism. Using this description, we derive a closed polynomial
formula for the Lefschetz number depending on the matrix $A$ and the
presentation of the endomorphism.
Categories:19K35, 46L80 |
73. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 690)
On the Maximal Operator Ideal Associated with a Tensor Norm Defined by Interpolation Spaces
The classical approach to studying operator ideals using tensor
norms mainly focuses on those tensor norms and operator ideals
defined by means of $\ell_p$ spaces. In a previous paper,
an interpolation space, defined via the real method
and using
$\ell_p$ spaces, was used to define a tensor
norm, and the associated minimal operator ideals were characterized.
In this paper, the next natural step is taken, that is, the
corresponding maximal operator
ideals are characterized. As an application, necessary and sufficient
conditions for the coincidence of
the maximal and minimal ideals are given.
Finally, the previous results are used in order to find some new
metric properties of the mentioned tensor norm.
Keywords:maximal operator ideals, ultraproducts of spaces, interpolation spaces Categories:46M05, 46M35, 46A32 |
74. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 587)
Hulls of Ring Extensions We investigate the behavior of the quasi-Baer and the
right FI-extending right ring hulls under various ring extensions
including group ring extensions, full and triangular matrix ring
extensions, and infinite matrix ring extensions. As a consequence,
we show that for semiprime rings $R$ and $S$, if $R$ and $S$ are
Morita equivalent, then so are the quasi-Baer right ring hulls
$\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(R)$ and $\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(S)$ of
$R$ and $S$, respectively. As an application, we prove that if
unital $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$ are Morita equivalent as rings,
then the bounded central closure of $A$ and that of $B$ are
strongly Morita equivalent as $C^*$-algebras. Our results show
that the quasi-Baer property is always preserved by infinite
matrix rings, unlike the Baer property. Moreover, we give an
affirmative answer to an open question of Goel and Jain for the
commutative group ring $A[G]$ of a torsion-free Abelian group $G$
over a commutative semiprime quasi-continuous ring $A$. Examples
that illustrate and delimit the results of this paper are provided.
Keywords:(FI-)extending, Morita equivalent, ring of quotients, essential overring, (quasi-)Baer ring, ring hull, u.p.-monoid, $C^*$-algebra Categories:16N60, 16D90, 16S99, 16S50, 46L05 |
75. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 550)
Representing a Product System Representation as a Contractive Semigroup and Applications to Regular Isometric Dilations |
Representing a Product System Representation as a Contractive Semigroup and Applications to Regular Isometric Dilations
In this paper we propose a new technical tool for analyzing
representations of Hilbert $C^*$-product systems. Using this tool,
we give a new proof that every doubly commuting representation
over $\mathbb{N}^k$ has a regular isometric dilation, and we also
prove sufficient conditions for the existence of a regular
isometric dilation of representations over more general
subsemigroups of $\mathbb R_{+}^k$.
Categories:47A20, 46L08 |