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51. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 337)

Fan, Qingzhai
 Certain Properties of $K_0$-monoids Preserved by Tracial Approximation We show that the following $K_0$-monoid properties of $C^*$-algebras in the class $\Omega$ are inherited by simple unital $C^*$-algebras in the class $TA\Omega$: (1) weak comparability, (2) strictly unperforated, (3) strictly cancellative. Keywords:$C^*$-algebra, tracial approximation, $K_0$-monoidCategories:46L05, 46L80, 46L35

52. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 783)

Motallebi, M. R.; Saiflu, H.
 Products and Direct Sums in Locally Convex Cones In this paper we define lower, upper, and symmetric completeness and discuss closure of the sets in product and direct sums. In particular, we introduce suitable bases for these topologies, which leads us to investigate completeness of the direct sum and its components. Some results obtained about $X$-topologies and polars of the neighborhoods. Keywords:product and direct sum, duality, locally convex coneCategories:20K25, 46A30, 46A20

53. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 400)

Prunaru, Bebe
 A Factorization Theorem for Multiplier Algebras of Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces Let $(X,\mathcal B,\mu)$ be a $\sigma$-finite measure space and let $H\subset L^2(X,\mu)$ be a separable reproducing kernel Hilbert space on $X$. We show that the multiplier algebra of $H$ has property $(A_1(1))$. Keywords:reproducing kernel Hilbert space, Berezin transform, dual algebraCategories:46E22, 47B32, 47L45

54. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 272)

Cheng, Lixin; Luo, Zhenghua; Zhou, Yu
 On Super Weakly Compact Convex Sets and Representation of the Dual of the Normed Semigroup They Generate In this note, we first give a characterization of super weakly compact convex sets of a Banach space $X$: a closed bounded convex set $K\subset X$ is super weakly compact if and only if there exists a $w^*$ lower semicontinuous seminorm $p$ with $p\geq\sigma_K\equiv\sup_{x\in K}\langle\,\cdot\,,x\rangle$ such that $p^2$ is uniformly FrÃ©chet differentiable on each bounded set of $X^*$. Then we present a representation theorem for the dual of the semigroup $\textrm{swcc}(X)$ consisting of all the nonempty super weakly compact convex sets of the space $X$. Keywords:super weakly compact set, dual of normed semigroup, uniform FrÃ©chet differentiability, representationCategories:20M30, 46B10, 46B20, 46E15, 46J10, 49J50

55. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 388)

Mursaleen, M.
 Application of Measure of Noncompactness to Infinite Systems of Differential Equations In this paper we determine the Hausdorff measure of noncompactness on the sequence space $n(\phi)$ of W. L. C. Sargent. Further we apply the technique of measures of noncompactness to the theory of infinite systems of differential equations in the Banach sequence spaces $n(\phi)$ and $m(\phi)$. Our aim is to present some existence results for infinite systems of differential equations formulated with the help of measures of noncompactness. Keywords:sequence spaces, BK spaces, measure of noncompactness, infinite system of differential equationsCategories:46B15, 46B45, 46B50, 34A34, 34G20

56. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 434)

Wnuk, Witold
 Some Remarks on the Algebraic Sum of Ideals and Riesz Subspaces Following ideas used by Drewnowski and Wilansky we prove that if $I$ is an infinite dimensional and infinite codimensional closed ideal in a complete metrizable locally solid Riesz space and $I$ does not contain any order copy of $\mathbb R^{\mathbb N}$ then there exists a closed, separable, discrete Riesz subspace $G$ such that the topology induced on $G$ is Lebesgue, $I \cap G = \{0\}$, and $I + G$ is not closed. Keywords:locally solid Riesz space, Riesz subspace, ideal, minimal topological vector space, Lebesgue propertyCategories:46A40, 46B42, 46B45

57. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 65)

Ghenciu, Ioana
 The Uncomplemented Subspace $\mathbf K(X,Y)$ A vector measure result is used to study the complementation of the space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators in the spaces $W(X,Y)$ of weakly compact operators, $CC(X,Y)$ of completely continuous operators, and $U(X,Y)$ of unconditionally converging operators. Results of Kalton and Emmanuele concerning the complementation of $K(X,Y)$ in $L(X,Y)$ and in $W(X,Y)$ are generalized. The containment of $c_0$ and $\ell_\infty$ in spaces of operators is also studied. Keywords:compact operators, weakly compact operators, uncomplemented subspaces of operatorsCategories:46B20, 46B28

58. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 136)

 On Constructing Ergodic Hyperfinite Equivalence Relations of Non-Product Type Product type equivalence relations are hyperfinite measured equivalence relations, which, up to orbit equivalence, are generated by product type odometer actions. We give a concrete example of a hyperfinite equivalence relation of non-product type, which is the tail equivalence on a Bratteli diagram. In order to show that the equivalence relation constructed is not of product type we will use a criterion called property A. This property, introduced by Krieger for non-singular transformations, is defined directly for hyperfinite equivalence relations in this paper. Keywords:property A, hyperfinite equivalence relation, non-product typeCategories:37A20, 37A35, 46L10

59. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 821)

Perez-Garcia, C.; Schikhof, W. H.
 New Examples of Non-Archimedean Banach Spaces and Applications The study carried out in this paper about some new examples of Banach spaces, consisting of certain valued fields extensions, is a typical non-archimedean feature. We determine whether these extensions are of countable type, have $t$-orthogonal bases, or are reflexive. As an application we construct, for a class of base fields, a norm $\|\cdot\|$ on $c_0$, equivalent to the canonical supremum norm, without non-zero vectors that are $\|\cdot\|$-orthogonal and such that there is a multiplication on $c_0$ making $(c_0,\|\cdot\|)$ into a valued field. Keywords:non-archimedean Banach spaces, valued field extensions, spaces of countable type, orthogonal basesCategories:46S10, 12J25

60. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 673)

Aizenbud, Avraham; Gourevitch, Dmitry
 Multiplicity Free Jacquet Modules Let $F$ be a non-Archimedean local field or a finite field. Let $n$ be a natural number and $k$ be $1$ or $2$. Consider $G:=\operatorname{GL}_{n+k}(F)$ and let $M:=\operatorname{GL}_n(F) \times \operatorname{GL}_k(F)\lt G$ be a maximal Levi subgroup. Let $U\lt G$ be the corresponding unipotent subgroup and let $P=MU$ be the corresponding parabolic subgroup. Let $J:=J_M^G: \mathcal{M}(G) \to \mathcal{M}(M)$ be the Jacquet functor, i.e., the functor of coinvariants with respect to $U$. In this paper we prove that $J$ is a multiplicity free functor, i.e., $\dim \operatorname{Hom}_M(J(\pi),\rho)\leq 1$, for any irreducible representations $\pi$ of $G$ and $\rho$ of $M$. We adapt the classical method of Gelfand and Kazhdan, which proves the multiplicity free" property of certain representations to prove the multiplicity free" property of certain functors. At the end we discuss whether other Jacquet functors are multiplicity free. Keywords:multiplicity one, Gelfand pair, invariant distribution, finite groupCategories:20G05, 20C30, 20C33, 46F10, 47A67

61. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 697)

Borwein, Jonathan M.; Vanderwerff, Jon
 Constructions of Uniformly Convex Functions We give precise conditions under which the composition of a norm with a convex function yields a uniformly convex function on a Banach space. Various applications are given to functions of power type. The results are dualized to study uniform smoothness and several examples are provided. Keywords:convex function, uniformly convex function, uniformly smooth function, power type, Fenchel conjugate, composition, normCategories:52A41, 46G05, 46N10, 49J50, 90C25

62. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 767)

Martini, Horst; Wu, Senlin
 On Zindler Curves in Normed Planes We extend the notion of Zindler curve from the Euclidean plane to normed planes. A characterization of Zindler curves for general normed planes is given, and the relation between Zindler curves and curves of constant area-halving distances in such planes is discussed. Keywords:rc length, area-halving distance, Birkhoff orthogonality, convex curve, halving pair, halving distance, isosceles orthogonality, midpoint curve, Minkowski plane, normed plane, Zindler curveCategories:52A21, 52A10, 46C15

63. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 654)

Forrest, Brian E.; Runde, Volker
 Norm One Idempotent $cb$-Multipliers with Applications to the Fourier Algebra in the $cb$-Multiplier Norm For a locally compact group $G$, let $A(G)$ be its Fourier algebra, let $M_{cb}A(G)$ denote the completely bounded multipliers of $A(G)$, and let $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ stand for the closure of $A(G)$ in $M_{cb}A(G)$. We characterize the norm one idempotents in $M_{cb}A(G)$: the indicator function of a set $E \subset G$ is a norm one idempotent in $M_{cb}A(G)$ if and only if $E$ is a coset of an open subgroup of $G$. As applications, we describe the closed ideals of $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ with an approximate identity bounded by $1$, and we characterize those $G$ for which $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ is $1$-amenable in the sense of B. E. Johnson. (We can even slightly relax the norm bounds.) Keywords:amenability, bounded approximate identity, $cb$-multiplier norm, Fourier algebra, norm one idempotentCategories:43A22, 20E05, 43A30, 46J10, 46J40, 46L07, 47L25

64. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 449)

Bahreini, Manijeh; Bator, Elizabeth; Ghenciu, Ioana
 Complemented Subspaces of Linear Bounded Operators We study the complementation of the space $W(X,Y)$ of weakly compact operators, the space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators, the space $U(X,Y)$ of unconditionally converging operators, and the space $CC(X,Y)$ of completely continuous operators in the space $L(X,Y)$ of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. Feder proved that if $X$ is infinite-dimensional and $c_0 \hookrightarrow Y$, then $K(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in $L(X,Y)$. Emmanuele and John showed that if $c_0 \hookrightarrow K(X,Y)$, then $K(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in $L(X,Y)$. Bator and Lewis showed that if $X$ is not a Grothendieck space and $c_0 \hookrightarrow Y$, then $W(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in $L(X,Y)$. In this paper, classical results of Kalton and separably determined operator ideals with property $(*)$ are used to obtain complementation results that yield these theorems as corollaries. Keywords:spaces of operators, complemented subspaces, compact operators, weakly compact operators, completely continuous operatorsCategories:46B20, 46B28

65. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 548)

Lewis, Paul; Schulle, Polly
 Non-complemented Spaces of Operators, Vector Measures, and $c_o$ The Banach spaces $L(X, Y)$, $K(X, Y)$, $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$, and $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are studied to determine when they contain the classical Banach spaces $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$. The complementation of the Banach space $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ is discussed as well as what impact this complementation has on the embedding of $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$ in $K(X, Y)$ or $L(X, Y)$. Results of Kalton, Feder, and Emmanuele concerning the complementation of $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ are generalized. Results concerning the complementation of the Banach space $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ in $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are also explored as well as how that complementation affects the embedding of $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$ in $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ or $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$. The $\ell_p$ spaces for $1 = p < \infty$ are studied to determine when the space of compact operators from one $\ell_p$ space to another contains $c_o$. The paper contains a new result which classifies these spaces of operators. A new result using vector measures is given to provide more efficient proofs of theorems by Kalton, Feder, Emmanuele, Emmanuele and John, and Bator and Lewis. Keywords:spaces of operators, compact operators, complemented subspaces, $w^*-w$-compact operatorsCategory:46B20

66. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 385)

 Irreducible Representations of Inner Quasidiagonal $C^*$-Algebras It is shown that a separable $C^*$-algebra is inner quasidiagonal if and only if it has a separating family of quasidiagonal irreducible representations. As a consequence, a separable $C^*$-algebra is a strong NF algebra if and only if it is nuclear and has a separating family of quasidiagonal irreducible representations. We also obtain some permanence properties of the class of inner quasidiagonal $C^*$-algebras. Category:46L05

67. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 260)

Delvaux, L.; Van Daele, A.; Wang, Shuanhong
 A Note on the Antipode for Algebraic Quantum Groups Recently, Beattie, Bulacu ,and Torrecillas proved Radford's formula for the fourth power of the antipode for a co-Frobenius Hopf algebra. In this note, we show that this formula can be proved for any regular multiplier Hopf algebra with integrals (algebraic quantum groups). This, of course, not only includes the case of a finite-dimensional Hopf algebra, but also that of any Hopf algebra with integrals (co-Frobenius Hopf algebras). Moreover, it turns out that the proof in this more general situation, in fact, follows in a few lines from well-known formulas obtained earlier in the theory of regular multiplier Hopf algebras with integrals. We discuss these formulas and their importance in this theory. We also mention their generalizations, in particular to the (in a certain sense) more general theory of locally compact quantum groups. Doing so, and also because the proof of the main result itself is very short, the present note becomes largely of an expository nature. Keywords:multiplier Hopf algebras, algebraic quantum groups, the antipodeCategories:16W30, 46L65

68. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 410)

Service, Robert
 A Ramsey Theorem with an Application to Sequences in Banach Spaces The notion of a maximally conditional sequence is introduced for sequences in a Banach space. It is then proved using Ramsey theory that every basic sequence in a Banach space has a subsequence which is either an unconditional basic sequence or a maximally conditional sequence. An apparently novel, purely combinatorial lemma in the spirit of Galvin's theorem is used in the proof. An alternative proof of the dichotomy result for sequences in Banach spaces is also sketched, using the Galvin-Prikry theorem. Keywords:Banach spaces, Ramsey theoryCategories:46B15, 05D10

69. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)

Loring, Terry A.
 From Matrix to Operator Inequalities We generalize LÃ¶wner's method for proving that matrix monotone functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$-relations being residually finite dimensional. Our main result is a meta-theorem about theorems involving relations on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices. Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$-polynomials. Keywords:$C*$-algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensionalCategories:46L05, 47B99

70. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 577)

Aqzzouz, Belmesnaoui
 Erratum: The Duality Problem For The Class of AM-Compact Operators On Banach Lattices It is proved that if a positive operator $S: E \rightarrow F$ is AM-compact whenever its adjoint $S': F' \rightarrow E'$ is AM-compact, then either the norm of F is order continuous or $E'$ is discrete. This note corrects an error in the proof of Theorem 2.3 of B. Aqzzouz, R. Nouira, and L. Zraoula, The duality problem for the class of AM-compact operators on Banach lattices. Canad. Math. Bull. 51(2008). Categories:46A40, 46B40, 46B42

71. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 73)

Dean, Andrew J.
 Classification of Inductive Limits of Outer Actions of ${\mathbb R}$ on Approximate Circle Algebras In this paper we present a classification, up to equivariant isomorphism, of $C^*$-dynamical systems $(A,{\mathbb R},\alpha )$ arising as inductive limits of directed systems $\{ (A_n,{\mathbb R},\alpha_n),\varphi_{nm}\}$, where each $A_n$ is a finite direct sum of matrix algebras over the continuous functions on the unit circle, and the $\alpha_n$s are outer actions generated by rotation of the spectrum. Keywords:classification, $C^*$-dynamical systemCategories:46L57, 46L35

72. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 726)

Ostrovskii, M. I.
 Auerbach Bases and Minimal Volume Sufficient Enlargements Let $B_Y$ denote the unit ball of a normed linear space $Y$. A symmetric, bounded, closed, convex set $A$ in a finite dimensional normed linear space $X$ is called a sufficient enlargement for $X$ if, for an arbitrary isometric embedding of $X$ into a Banach space $Y$, there exists a linear projection $P\colon Y\to X$ such that $P(B_Y)\subset A$. Each finite dimensional normed space has a minimal-volume sufficient enlargement that is a parallelepiped; some spaces have exotic'' minimal-volume sufficient enlargements. The main result of the paper is a characterization of spaces having exotic'' minimal-volume sufficient enlargements in terms of Auerbach bases. Keywords:Banach space, Auerbach basis, sufficient enlargementCategories:46B07, 52A21, 46B15

73. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 411)

Davidson, Kenneth R.; Wright, Alex
 Operator Algebras with Unique Preduals We show that every free semigroup algebra has a (strongly) unique Banach space predual. We also provide a new simpler proof that a weak-$*$ closed unital operator algebra containing a weak-$*$ dense subalgebra of compact operators has a unique Banach space predual. Keywords:unique predual, free semigroup algebra, CSL algebraCategories:47L50, 46B04, 47L35

74. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 680)

Jiménez-Vargas, A.; Villegas-Vallecillos, Moisés
 $2$-Local Isometries on Spaces of Lipschitz Functions Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space, and let $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ denote the Banach space of all scalar-valued bounded Lipschitz functions $f$ on $X$ endowed with one of the natural norms $\| f\| =\max \{\| f\| _\infty ,L(f)\}$ or $\|f\| =\| f\| _\infty +L(f),$ where $L(f)$ is the Lipschitz constant of $f.$ It is said that the isometry group of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is canonical if every surjective linear isometry of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is induced by a surjective isometry of $X$. In this paper we prove that if $X$ is bounded separable and the isometry group of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is canonical, then every $2$-local isometry of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is a surjective linear isometry. Furthermore, we give a complete description of all $2$-local isometries of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ when $X$ is bounded. Keywords:isometry, local isometry, Lipschitz functionCategories:46B04, 46J10, 46E15

75. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 593)

Boersema, Jeffrey L.; Ruiz, Efren
 Stability of Real $C^*$-Algebras We will give a characterization of stable real $C^*$-algebras analogous to the one given for complex $C^*$-algebras by Hjelmborg and RÃ¸rdam. Using this result, we will prove that any real $C^*$-algebra satisfying the corona factorization property is stable if and only if its complexification is stable. Real $C^*$-algebras satisfying the corona factorization property include AF-algebras and purely infinite $C^*$-algebras. We will also provide an example of a simple unstable $C^*$-algebra, the complexification of which is stable. Keywords:stability, real C*-algebrasCategory:46L05
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