Expand all Collapse all | Results 26 - 50 of 185 |
26. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 37)
Character Amenability of Lipschitz Algebras Let ${\mathcal X}$ be a locally compact metric space and let
${\mathcal A}$ be any of the Lipschitz algebras
${\operatorname{Lip}_{\alpha}{\mathcal X}}$, ${\operatorname{lip}_{\alpha}{\mathcal X}}$ or
${\operatorname{lip}_{\alpha}^0{\mathcal X}}$. In this paper, we show, as a
consequence of rather more general results on Banach algebras,
that ${\mathcal A}$ is $C$-character amenable if and only if
${\mathcal X}$ is uniformly discrete.
Keywords:character amenable, character contractible, Lipschitz algebras, spectrum Categories:43A07, 46H05, 46J10 |
27. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 551)
Real Dimension Groups Dimension groups (not countable) that are also real ordered vector
spaces can be obtained as direct limits (over directed sets) of
simplicial real vector spaces (finite dimensional vector spaces with
the coordinatewise ordering), but the directed set is not as
interesting as one would like, i.e., it is not true that a
countable-dimensional real vector space that has interpolation can be
represented as such a direct limit over the a countable directed
set. It turns out this is the case when the group is additionally
simple, and it is shown that the latter have an ordered tensor product
decomposition. In the Appendix, we provide a huge class of polynomial
rings that, with a pointwise ordering, are shown to satisfy
interpolation, extending a result outlined by Fuchs.
Keywords:dimension group, simplicial vector space, direct limit, Riesz interpolation Categories:46A40, 06F20, 13J25, 19K14 |
28. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 503)
Weak Sequential Completeness of $\mathcal K(X,Y)$ For Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$, we show that if $X^\ast$ and $Y$ are
weakly sequentially complete and every weakly compact operator from
$X$ to $Y$ is compact then the space of all compact operators from $X$
to $Y$ is weakly sequentially complete. The converse is also true if,
in addition, either $X^\ast$ or $Y$ has the bounded compact
approximation property.
Keywords:weak sequential completeness, reflexivity, compact operator space Categories:46B25, 46B28 |
29. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 870)
Note on Kasparov Product of $C^*$-algebra Extensions Using the Dadarlat isomorphism, we give a characterization for the
Kasparov product of $C^*$-algebra extensions. A certain relation
between $KK(A, \mathcal q(B))$ and $KK(A, \mathcal q(\mathcal k B))$ is also considered when
$B$ is not stable and it is proved that $KK(A, \mathcal q(B))$ and
$KK(A, \mathcal q(\mathcal k B))$ are not isomorphic in general.
Keywords:extension, Kasparov product, $KK$-group Category:46L80 |
30. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 534)
A Cohomological Property of $\pi$-invariant Elements Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and $\pi \colon A \longrightarrow \mathscr L(H)$
be a continuous representation of $A$ on a separable Hilbert space $H$
with $\dim H =\frak m$. Let $\pi_{ij}$ be the coordinate functions of
$\pi$ with respect to an orthonormal basis and suppose that for each
$1\le j \le \frak m$, $C_j=\sum_{i=1}^{\frak m}
\|\pi_{ij}\|_{A^*}\lt \infty$ and $\sup_j C_j\lt \infty$. Under these
conditions, we call an element $\overline\Phi \in l^\infty (\frak m , A^{**})$
left $\pi$-invariant if $a\cdot \overline\Phi ={}^t\pi (a) \overline\Phi$ for all
$a\in A$. In this paper we prove a link between the existence
of left $\pi$-invariant elements and the vanishing of certain
Hochschild cohomology groups of $A$. Our results extend an earlier
result by Lau on $F$-algebras and recent results of Kaniuth-Lau-Pym
and the second named author in the special case that $\pi \colon A
\longrightarrow \mathbf C$ is a non-zero character on $A$.
Keywords:Banach algebras, $\pi$-invariance, derivations, representations Categories:46H15, 46H25, 13N15 |
31. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 630)
Inverse Semigroups and Sheu's Groupoid for the Odd Dimensional Quantum Spheres In this paper, we give a different proof of the fact that the odd dimensional
quantum spheres are groupoid $C^{*}$-algebras. We show that the $C^{*}$-algebra
$C(S_{q}^{2\ell+1})$ is generated by an inverse semigroup $T$ of partial
isometries. We show that the groupoid $\mathcal{G}_{tight}$ associated with the
inverse semigroup $T$ by Exel is exactly the same as the groupoid
considered by Sheu.
Keywords:inverse semigroups, groupoids, odd dimensional quantum spheres Categories:46L99, 20M18 |
32. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 337)
Certain Properties of $K_0$-monoids Preserved by Tracial Approximation We show that the following $K_0$-monoid properties of $C^*$-algebras
in the class $\Omega$ are inherited by simple unital $C^*$-algebras in
the class $TA\Omega$: (1) weak comparability, (2) strictly
unperforated, (3) strictly cancellative.
Keywords:$C^*$-algebra, tracial approximation, $K_0$-monoid Categories:46L05, 46L80, 46L35 |
33. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 783)
Products and Direct Sums in Locally Convex Cones In this paper we define lower, upper, and symmetric completeness and
discuss closure of the sets in product and direct sums. In particular,
we introduce suitable bases for these topologies, which leads us to
investigate completeness of the direct sum and its components. Some
results obtained about $X$-topologies and polars of the neighborhoods.
Keywords:product and direct sum, duality, locally convex cone Categories:20K25, 46A30, 46A20 |
34. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 400)
A Factorization Theorem for Multiplier Algebras of Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces Let $(X,\mathcal B,\mu)$ be a $\sigma$-finite
measure space and let $H\subset L^2(X,\mu)$
be a separable reproducing kernel Hilbert
space on $X$. We show that the multiplier
algebra of $H$ has property $(A_1(1))$.
Keywords:reproducing kernel Hilbert space, Berezin transform, dual algebra Categories:46E22, 47B32, 47L45 |
35. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 272)
On Super Weakly Compact Convex Sets and Representation of the Dual of the Normed Semigroup They Generate |
On Super Weakly Compact Convex Sets and Representation of the Dual of the Normed Semigroup They Generate In this note, we first give a characterization of super weakly
compact convex sets of a Banach space $X$:
a closed bounded convex set $K\subset X$ is
super weakly compact if and only if there exists a $w^*$ lower
semicontinuous seminorm $p$ with $p\geq\sigma_K\equiv\sup_{x\in
K}\langle\,\cdot\,,x\rangle$ such that $p^2$ is uniformly FrÃ©chet
differentiable on each bounded set of $X^*$. Then we present a
representation theorem for the dual of the semigroup $\textrm{swcc}(X)$
consisting of all the nonempty super weakly compact convex sets of the
space $X$.
Keywords:super weakly compact set, dual of normed semigroup, uniform FrÃ©chet differentiability, representation Categories:20M30, 46B10, 46B20, 46E15, 46J10, 49J50 |
36. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 388)
Application of Measure of Noncompactness to Infinite Systems of Differential Equations In this paper we determine the Hausdorff measure of noncompactness on
the sequence space $n(\phi)$ of W. L. C. Sargent.
Further we apply
the technique of measures of noncompactness to the theory of infinite
systems of differential equations in the Banach sequence spaces
$n(\phi)$ and $m(\phi)$. Our aim is to present some existence results
for infinite systems of differential equations formulated with the help
of measures of noncompactness.
Keywords:sequence spaces, BK spaces, measure of noncompactness, infinite system of differential equations Categories:46B15, 46B45, 46B50, 34A34, 34G20 |
37. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 434)
Some Remarks on the Algebraic Sum of Ideals and Riesz Subspaces Following ideas used by Drewnowski and Wilansky we prove that if $I$
is an infinite dimensional and
infinite codimensional closed ideal in a complete metrizable locally
solid Riesz space and $I$ does
not contain any order copy of $\mathbb R^{\mathbb N}$ then there exists a
closed, separable, discrete Riesz subspace
$G$ such that the topology induced on $G$ is Lebesgue, $I \cap G =
\{0\}$, and $I + G$ is not closed.
Keywords:locally solid Riesz space, Riesz subspace, ideal, minimal topological vector space, Lebesgue property Categories:46A40, 46B42, 46B45 |
38. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 65)
The Uncomplemented Subspace $\mathbf K(X,Y) $ A vector measure result is used to study the complementation of the
space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators in the spaces $W(X,Y)$ of weakly
compact operators, $CC(X,Y)$ of completely continuous operators, and
$U(X,Y)$ of unconditionally converging operators.
Results of Kalton and Emmanuele concerning the complementation of
$K(X,Y)$ in $L(X,Y)$ and in $W(X,Y)$ are generalized. The containment
of $c_0$ and $\ell_\infty$ in spaces of operators is also studied.
Keywords:compact operators, weakly compact operators, uncomplemented subspaces of operators Categories:46B20, 46B28 |
39. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 136)
On Constructing Ergodic Hyperfinite Equivalence Relations of Non-Product Type Product type equivalence relations are hyperfinite measured
equivalence relations, which, up to orbit equivalence, are generated
by product type odometer actions. We give a concrete example of a
hyperfinite equivalence relation of non-product type, which is the
tail equivalence on a Bratteli diagram.
In order to show that the equivalence relation constructed is not of
product type we will use a criterion called property A. This
property, introduced by Krieger for non-singular transformations, is
defined directly for hyperfinite equivalence relations in this paper.
Keywords:property A, hyperfinite equivalence relation, non-product type Categories:37A20, 37A35, 46L10 |
40. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 821)
New Examples of Non-Archimedean Banach Spaces and Applications The study carried out in this paper about some new examples of
Banach spaces, consisting of certain valued fields extensions, is
a typical non-archimedean feature. We determine whether these
extensions are of countable type, have $t$-orthogonal bases, or are
reflexive.
As an application we construct, for a class of base fields, a norm
$\|\cdot\|$ on $c_0$, equivalent to the canonical supremum norm,
without non-zero vectors that are $\|\cdot\|$-orthogonal and such
that there is a multiplication on $c_0$ making $(c_0,\|\cdot\|)$
into a valued field.
Keywords:non-archimedean Banach spaces, valued field extensions, spaces of countable type, orthogonal bases Categories:46S10, 12J25 |
41. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 673)
Multiplicity Free Jacquet Modules Let $F$ be a non-Archimedean local field or a finite field.
Let $n$ be a natural number and $k$ be $1$ or $2$.
Consider $G:=\operatorname{GL}_{n+k}(F)$ and let
$M:=\operatorname{GL}_n(F) \times \operatorname{GL}_k(F)\lt G$ be a maximal Levi subgroup.
Let $U\lt G$ be the corresponding unipotent subgroup and let $P=MU$ be the corresponding parabolic subgroup.
Let $J:=J_M^G: \mathcal{M}(G) \to \mathcal{M}(M)$ be the Jacquet functor, i.e., the functor of coinvariants with respect to $U$.
In this paper we prove that $J$ is a multiplicity free functor, i.e.,
$\dim \operatorname{Hom}_M(J(\pi),\rho)\leq 1$,
for any irreducible representations $\pi$ of $G$ and $\rho$ of $M$.
We adapt the classical method of Gelfand and Kazhdan, which proves the ``multiplicity free" property of certain representations to prove the ``multiplicity free" property of certain functors.
At the end we discuss whether other Jacquet functors are multiplicity free.
Keywords:multiplicity one, Gelfand pair, invariant distribution, finite group Categories:20G05, 20C30, 20C33, 46F10, 47A67 |
42. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 697)
Constructions of Uniformly Convex Functions We give precise conditions under which the composition
of a norm with a convex function yields a
uniformly convex function on a Banach space.
Various applications are given to functions of power type.
The results are dualized to study uniform smoothness
and several examples are provided.
Keywords:convex function, uniformly convex function, uniformly smooth function, power type, Fenchel conjugate, composition, norm Categories:52A41, 46G05, 46N10, 49J50, 90C25 |
43. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 767)
On Zindler Curves in Normed Planes We extend the notion of Zindler curve from the Euclidean plane to
normed planes. A characterization of Zindler curves for general
normed planes is given, and the relation between Zindler curves and
curves of constant area-halving distances in such planes is
discussed.
Keywords:rc length, area-halving distance, Birkhoff orthogonality, convex curve, halving pair, halving distance, isosceles orthogonality, midpoint curve, Minkowski plane, normed plane, Zindler curve Categories:52A21, 52A10, 46C15 |
44. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 449)
Complemented Subspaces of Linear Bounded Operators We study the complementation of the space $W(X,Y)$ of weakly compact operators, the space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators, the space $U(X,Y)$ of unconditionally converging operators, and the space $CC(X,Y)$ of completely continuous operators in the space $L(X,Y)$ of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$.
Feder proved that if $X$ is infinite-dimensional and $c_0
\hookrightarrow Y$, then $K(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in
$L(X,Y)$. Emmanuele and John showed that if $c_0 \hookrightarrow
K(X,Y)$, then $K(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in $L(X,Y)$.
Bator and Lewis showed that if $X$ is not a Grothendieck space and
$c_0 \hookrightarrow Y$, then $W(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in
$L(X,Y)$. In this paper, classical results of Kalton and separably
determined operator ideals with property $(*)$ are used to obtain
complementation results that yield these theorems as corollaries.
Keywords:spaces of operators, complemented subspaces, compact operators, weakly compact operators, completely continuous operators Categories:46B20, 46B28 |
45. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 654)
Norm One Idempotent $cb$-Multipliers with Applications to the Fourier Algebra in the $cb$-Multiplier Norm |
Norm One Idempotent $cb$-Multipliers with Applications to the Fourier Algebra in the $cb$-Multiplier Norm For a locally compact group $G$, let $A(G)$ be its Fourier algebra, let $M_{cb}A(G)$ denote the completely
bounded multipliers of $A(G)$, and let $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ stand for the closure of $A(G)$ in $M_{cb}A(G)$. We
characterize the norm one idempotents in $M_{cb}A(G)$: the indicator function of a set $E \subset G$ is a norm
one idempotent in $M_{cb}A(G)$ if and only if $E$ is a coset of an open subgroup of $G$. As applications, we
describe the closed ideals of $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ with an approximate identity bounded by $1$, and we characterize
those $G$ for which $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ is $1$-amenable in the sense of B. E. Johnson. (We can even slightly
relax the norm bounds.)
Keywords:amenability, bounded approximate identity, $cb$-multiplier norm, Fourier algebra, norm one idempotent Categories:43A22, 20E05, 43A30, 46J10, 46J40, 46L07, 47L25 |
46. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 548)
Non-complemented Spaces of Operators, Vector Measures, and $c_o$ The Banach spaces $L(X, Y)$, $K(X, Y)$, $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$, and
$K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are studied to determine when they contain the
classical Banach spaces $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$. The complementation of
the Banach space $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ is discussed as well as what
impact this complementation has on the embedding of $c_o$ or
$\ell_\infty$ in $K(X, Y)$ or $L(X, Y)$. Results of Kalton, Feder, and
Emmanuele concerning the complementation of $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ are
generalized. Results concerning the complementation of the Banach
space $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ in $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are also explored as well
as how that complementation affects the embedding of $c_o$ or
$\ell_\infty$ in $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ or $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$. The $\ell_p$
spaces for $1 = p < \infty$ are studied to determine when the space of
compact operators from one $\ell_p$ space to another contains
$c_o$. The paper contains a new result which classifies these spaces
of operators. A new result using vector measures is given to
provide more efficient proofs of theorems by Kalton, Feder, Emmanuele,
Emmanuele and John, and Bator and Lewis.
Keywords:spaces of operators, compact operators, complemented subspaces, $w^*-w$-compact operators Category:46B20 |
47. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 385)
Irreducible Representations of Inner Quasidiagonal $C^*$-Algebras It is shown that a separable $C^*$-algebra is inner quasidiagonal if and
only if it has a separating family of quasidiagonal irreducible
representations. As a consequence, a separable $C^*$-algebra is a strong
NF algebra if and only if it is nuclear and has a separating family of
quasidiagonal irreducible representations.
We also obtain some permanence properties of the class of inner
quasidiagonal $C^*$-algebras.
Category:46L05 |
48. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 260)
A Note on the Antipode for Algebraic Quantum Groups Recently, Beattie, Bulacu ,and Torrecillas proved Radford's formula for the fourth power of the antipode for a co-Frobenius Hopf algebra.
In this note, we show that this formula can be proved for any regular multiplier Hopf
algebra with integrals (algebraic quantum groups). This, of course, not only includes the case of a
finite-dimensional Hopf algebra, but also that of any
Hopf algebra with integrals (co-Frobenius Hopf algebras). Moreover, it turns out that
the proof in this more general situation, in fact, follows in a few lines from well-known formulas obtained earlier in the
theory of regular multiplier Hopf algebras with integrals.
We discuss these formulas and their importance in this theory. We also mention their generalizations, in particular to the (in a certain sense) more general theory of locally compact quantum groups. Doing so, and also because the proof of the main result itself is very short, the present note becomes largely of an expository nature.
Keywords:multiplier Hopf algebras, algebraic quantum groups, the antipode Categories:16W30, 46L65 |
49. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 410)
A Ramsey Theorem with an Application to Sequences in Banach Spaces The notion of a maximally conditional sequence is introduced for sequences in a Banach space. It is then proved using
Ramsey theory that every basic sequence in a Banach space has a subsequence which is either an unconditional
basic sequence or a maximally conditional sequence. An apparently novel, purely combinatorial lemma in the spirit of
Galvin's theorem is used in the proof. An alternative proof
of the dichotomy result for sequences in Banach spaces is
also sketched,
using the Galvin-Prikry theorem.
Keywords:Banach spaces, Ramsey theory Categories:46B15, 05D10 |
50. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)
From Matrix to Operator Inequalities We generalize LÃ¶wner's method for proving that matrix monotone
functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded
operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$-relations
being residually finite dimensional.
Our main result is a meta-theorem about theorems involving relations
on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional
relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a
theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices.
Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms
of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$-polynomials.
Keywords:$C*$-algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensional Categories:46L05, 47B99 |