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76. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 68)

Eilers, Søren; Restorff, Gunnar; Ruiz, Efren
 Non-splitting in Kirchberg's Ideal-related $KK$-Theory A. Bonkat obtained a universal coefficient theorem in the setting of Kirchberg's ideal-related $KK$-theory in the fundamental case of a $C^*$-algebra with one specified ideal. The universal coefficient sequence was shown to split, unnaturally, under certain conditions. Employing certain $K$-theoretical information derivable from the given operator algebras using a method introduced here, we shall demonstrate that Bonkat's UCT does not split in general. Related methods lead to information on the complexity of the $K$-theory which must be used to classify $*$-isomorphisms for purely infinite $C^*$-algebras with one non-trivial ideal. Keywords:KK-theory, UCTCategory:46L35

77. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 141)

Kim, Sang Og; Park, Choonkil
 Linear Maps on $C^*$-Algebras Preserving the Set of Operators that are Invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ For $C^*$-algebras $\mathcal{A}$ of real rank zero, we describe linear maps $\phi$ on $\mathcal{A}$ that are surjective up to ideals $\mathcal{I}$, and $\pi(A)$ is invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ if and only if $\pi(\phi(A))$ is invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$, where $A\in\mathcal{A}$ and $\pi:\mathcal{A}\to\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ is the quotient map. We also consider similar linear maps preserving zero products on the Calkin algebra. Keywords:preservers, Jordan automorphisms, invertible operators, zero productsCategories:47B48, 47A10, 46H10

78. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 82)

Emerson, Heath
 Lefschetz Numbers for $C^*$-Algebras Using Poincar\'e duality, we obtain a formula of Lefschetz type that computes the Lefschetz number of an endomorphism of a separable nuclear $C^*$-algebra satisfying Poincar\'e duality and the Kunneth theorem. (The Lefschetz number of an endomorphism is the graded trace of the induced map on $\textrm{K}$-theory tensored with $\mathbb{C}$, as in the classical case.) We then examine endomorphisms of Cuntz--Krieger algebras $O_A$. An endomorphism has an invariant, which is a permutation of an infinite set, and the contracting and expanding behavior of this permutation describes the Lefschetz number of the endomorphism. Using this description, we derive a closed polynomial formula for the Lefschetz number depending on the matrix $A$ and the presentation of the endomorphism. Categories:19K35, 46L80

79. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 690)

Puerta, M. E.; Loaiza, G.
 On the Maximal Operator Ideal Associated with a Tensor Norm Defined by Interpolation Spaces The classical approach to studying operator ideals using tensor norms mainly focuses on those tensor norms and operator ideals defined by means of $\ell_p$ spaces. In a previous paper, an interpolation space, defined via the real method and using $\ell_p$ spaces, was used to define a tensor norm, and the associated minimal operator ideals were characterized. In this paper, the next natural step is taken, that is, the corresponding maximal operator ideals are characterized. As an application, necessary and sufficient conditions for the coincidence of the maximal and minimal ideals are given. Finally, the previous results are used in order to find some new metric properties of the mentioned tensor norm. Keywords:maximal operator ideals, ultraproducts of spaces, interpolation spacesCategories:46M05, 46M35, 46A32

80. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 587)

Birkenmeier, Gary F.; Park, Jae Keol; Rizvi, S. Tariq
 Hulls of Ring Extensions We investigate the behavior of the quasi-Baer and the right FI-extending right ring hulls under various ring extensions including group ring extensions, full and triangular matrix ring extensions, and infinite matrix ring extensions. As a consequence, we show that for semiprime rings $R$ and $S$, if $R$ and $S$ are Morita equivalent, then so are the quasi-Baer right ring hulls $\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(R)$ and $\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(S)$ of $R$ and $S$, respectively. As an application, we prove that if unital $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$ are Morita equivalent as rings, then the bounded central closure of $A$ and that of $B$ are strongly Morita equivalent as $C^*$-algebras. Our results show that the quasi-Baer property is always preserved by infinite matrix rings, unlike the Baer property. Moreover, we give an affirmative answer to an open question of Goel and Jain for the commutative group ring $A[G]$ of a torsion-free Abelian group $G$ over a commutative semiprime quasi-continuous ring $A$. Examples that illustrate and delimit the results of this paper are provided. Keywords:(FI-)extending, Morita equivalent, ring of quotients, essential overring, (quasi-)Baer ring, ring hull, u.p.-monoid, $C^*$-algebraCategories:16N60, 16D90, 16S99, 16S50, 46L05

81. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 550)

Shalit, Orr Moshe
 Representing a Product System Representation as a Contractive Semigroup and Applications to Regular Isometric Dilations In this paper we propose a new technical tool for analyzing representations of Hilbert $C^*$-product systems. Using this tool, we give a new proof that every doubly commuting representation over $\mathbb{N}^k$ has a regular isometric dilation, and we also prove sufficient conditions for the existence of a regular isometric dilation of representations over more general subsemigroups of $\mathbb R_{+}^k$. Categories:47A20, 46L08

82. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 447)

Choi, Yemon
 Injective Convolution Operators on l∞(Γ) are Surjective Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group and let $f \in \ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. We observe that if the natural convolution operator $\rho_f: \ell^{\infty}(\Gamma)\to \ell^{\infty}(\Gamma)$ is injective, then $f$ is invertible in $\ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. Our proof simplifies and generalizes calculations in a preprint of Deninger and Schmidt by appealing to the direct finiteness of the algebra $\ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. We give simple examples to show that in general one cannot replace $\ell^{\infty}$ with $\ell^{p}$, $1\leq p< \infty$, nor with $L^{\infty}(G)$ for nondiscrete $G$. Finally, we consider the problem of extending the main result to the case of weighted convolution operators on $\Gamma$, and give some partial results. Categories:43A20, 46L05, 43A22

83. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 256)

Fang, Xiaochun; Wang, Lin
 Equivalent Definitions of Infinite Positive Elements in Simple C*-algebras We prove the equivalence of three definitions given by different comparison relations for infiniteness of positive elements in simple $C^*$-algebras. Keywords:Infinite positive element, Comparison relationCategory:46L99

84. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 466)

Dubarbie, Luis
 Separating Maps between Spaces of Vector-Valued Absolutely Continuous Functions In this paper we give a description of separating or disjointness preserving linear bijections on spaces of vector-valued absolutely continuous functions defined on compact subsets of the real line. We obtain that they are continuous and biseparating in the finite-dimensional case. The infinite-dimensional case is also studied. Keywords:separating maps, disjointness preserving, vector-valued absolutely continuous functions, automatic continuityCategories:47B38, 46E15, 46E40, 46H40, 47B33

85. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 37)

Choi, Man-Duen; Latrémolière, Frédéric
 $C^*$-Crossed-Products by an Order-Two Automorphism We describe the representation theory of $C^*$-crossed-products of a unital $C^*$-algebra A by the cyclic group of order~2. We prove that there are two main types of irreducible representations for the crossed-product: those whose restriction to A is irreducible and those who are the sum of two unitarily unequivalent representations of~A. We characterize each class in term of the restriction of the representations to the fixed point $C^*$-subalgebra of~A. We apply our results to compute the K-theory of several crossed-products of the free group on two generators. Categories:46L55, 46L80

86. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 133)

Moritoh, Shinya; Tomoeda, Kyoko
 A Further Decay Estimate for the DziubaÅski-HernÃ¡ndez Wavelets We give a further decay estimate for the DziubaÅski-HernÃ¡ndez wavelets that are band-limited and have subexponential decay. This is done by constructing an appropriate bell function and using the Paley-Wiener theorem for ultradifferentiable functions. Keywords:wavelets, ultradifferentiable functionsCategories:42C40, 46E10

87. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 118)

Lewis, Paul
 The Uncomplemented Spaces $W(X,Y)$ and $K(X,Y)$ Classical results of Kalton and techniques of Feder are used to study the complementation of the space $W(X, Y)$ of weakly compact operators and the space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators in the space $L(X,Y)$ of all bounded linear maps from X to Y. Keywords:spaces of operators, complemented subspace, weakly compact operator, basic sequenceCategories:46B28, 46B15, 46B20

88. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 278)

Galego, Elói M.
 Cantor-Bernstein Sextuples for Banach Spaces Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces isomorphic to complemented subspaces of each other with supplements $A$ and $B$. In 1996, W. T. Gowers solved the Schroeder--Bernstein (or Cantor--Bernstein) problem for Banach spaces by showing that $X$ is not necessarily isomorphic to $Y$. In this paper, we obtain a necessary and sufficient condition on the sextuples $(p, q, r, s, u, v)$ in $\mathbb N$ with $p+q \geq 1$, $r+s \geq 1$ and $u, v \in \mathbb N^*$, to provide that $X$ is isomorphic to $Y$, whenever these spaces satisfy the following decomposition scheme $$A^u \sim X^p \oplus Y^q, \quad B^v \sim X^r \oplus Y^s.$$ Namely, $\Phi=(p-u)(s-v)-(q+u)(r+v)$ is different from zero and $\Phi$ divides $p+q$ and $r+s$. These sextuples are called Cantor--Bernstein sextuples for Banach spaces. The simplest case $(1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1)$ indicates the well-known PeÅczyÅski's decomposition method in Banach space. On the other hand, by interchanging some Banach spaces in the above decomposition scheme, refinements of the Schroeder--Bernstein problem become evident. Keywords:Pel czyÅski's decomposition method, Schroeder-Bernstein problemCategories:46B03, 46B20

89. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 239)

Dong, Z.
 A Note on the Exactness of Operator Spaces In this paper, we give two characterizations of the exactness of operator spaces. Keywords:operator space, exactnessCategory:46L07

90. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 64)

Dodos, Pandelis
 On Antichains of Spreading Models of Banach Spaces We show that for every separable Banach space $X$, either $\mathrm{SP_w}(X)$ (the set of all spreading models of $X$ generated by weakly-null sequences in $X$, modulo equivalence) is countable, or $\mathrm{SP_w}(X)$ contains an antichain of the size of the continuum. This answers a question of S.~J. Dilworth, E. Odell, and B. Sari. Categories:46B20, 03E15

91. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 51)

Cobos, Fernando; Fernández-Cabrera, Luz M.
 On the Relationship Between Interpolation of Banach Algebras and Interpolation of Bilinear Operators We show that if the general real method $(\cdot ,\cdot )_\Gamma$ preserves the Banach-algebra structure, then a bilinear interpolation theorem holds for $(\cdot ,\cdot )_\Gamma$. Keywords:real interpolation, bilinear operators, Banach algebrasCategories:46B70, 46M35, 46H05

92. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 598)

Moreno, M. A.; Nicola, J.; Pardo, E.; Thomas, H.
 Numerical Semigroups That Are Not Intersections of $d$-Squashed Semigroups We say that a numerical semigroup is \emph{$d$-squashed} if it can be written in the form $$S=\frac 1 N \langle a_1,\dots,a_d \rangle \cap \mathbb{Z}$$ for $N,a_1,\dots,a_d$ positive integers with $\gcd(a_1,\dots, a_d)=1$. Rosales and Urbano have shown that a numerical semigroup is 2-squashed if and only if it is proportionally modular. Recent works by Rosales \emph{et al.} give a concrete example of a numerical semigroup that cannot be written as an intersection of $2$-squashed semigroups. We will show the existence of infinitely many numerical semigroups that cannot be written as an intersection of $2$-squashed semigroups. We also will prove the same result for $3$-squashed semigroups. We conjecture that there are numerical semigroups that cannot be written as the intersection of $d$-squashed semigroups for any fixed $d$, and we prove some partial results towards this conjecture. Keywords:numerical semigroup, squashed semigroup, proportionally modular semigroupCategories:20M14, 06F05, 46L80

93. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 424)

Martini, Horst; Spirova, Margarita
 Covering Discs in Minkowski Planes We investigate the following version of the circle covering problem in strictly convex (normed or) Minkowski planes: to cover a circle of largest possible diameter by $k$ unit circles. In particular, we study the cases $k=3$, $k=4$, and $k=7$. For $k=3$ and $k=4$, the diameters under consideration are described in terms of side-lengths and circumradii of certain inscribed regular triangles or quadrangles. This yields also simple explanations of geometric meanings that the corresponding homothety ratios have. It turns out that basic notions from Minkowski geometry play an essential role in our proofs, namely Minkowskian bisectors, $d$-segments, and the monotonicity lemma. Keywords:affine regular polygon, bisector, circle covering problem, circumradius, $d$-segment, Minkowski plane, (strictly convex) normed planeCategories:46B20, 52A21, 52C15

94. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 213)

Ghenciu, Ioana; Lewis, Paul
 Dunford--Pettis Properties and Spaces of Operators J. Elton used an application of Ramsey theory to show that if $X$ is an infinite dimensional Banach space, then $c_0$ embeds in $X$, $\ell_1$ embeds in $X$, or there is a subspace of $X$ that fails to have the Dunford--Pettis property. Bessaga and Pelczynski showed that if $c_0$ embeds in $X^*$, then $\ell_\infty$ embeds in $X^*$. Emmanuele and John showed that if $c_0$ embeds in $K(X,Y)$, then $K(X,Y)$ is not complemented in $L(X,Y)$. Classical results from Schauder basis theory are used in a study of Dunford--Pettis sets and strong Dunford--Pettis sets to extend each of the preceding theorems. The space $L_{w^*}(X^* , Y)$ of $w^*-w$ continuous operators is also studied. Keywords:Dunford--Pettis property, Dunford--Pettis set, basic sequence, complemented spaces of operatorsCategories:46B20, 46B28

95. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 39)

Cimpri\v{c}, Jakob
 A Representation Theorem for Archimedean Quadratic Modules on $*$-Rings We present a new approach to noncommutative real algebraic geometry based on the representation theory of $C^\ast$-algebras. An important result in commutative real algebraic geometry is Jacobi's representation theorem for archimedean quadratic modules on commutative rings. We show that this theorem is a consequence of the Gelfand--Naimark representation theorem for commutative $C^\ast$-algebras. A noncommutative version of Gelfand--Naimark theory was studied by I. Fujimoto. We use his results to generalize Jacobi's theorem to associative rings with involution. Keywords:Ordered rings with involution, $C^\ast$-algebras and their representations, noncommutative convexity theory, real algebraic geometryCategories:16W80, 46L05, 46L89, 14P99

96. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 28)

Choi, Changsun; Kim, Ju Myung; Lee, Keun Young
 Right and Left Weak Approximation Properties in Banach Spaces New necessary and sufficient conditions are established for Banach spaces to have the approximation property; these conditions are easier to check than the known ones. A shorter proof of a result of Grothendieck is presented, and some properties of a weak version of the approximation property are addressed. Keywords:approximation property, quasi approximation property, weak approximation propertyCategories:46B28, 46B10

97. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 604)

{\'S}liwa, Wies{\l}aw
 The Invariant Subspace Problem for Non-Archimedean Banach Spaces It is proved that every infinite-dimensional non-archimedean Banach space of countable type admits a linear continuous operator without a non-trivial closed invariant subspace. This solves a problem stated by A.~C.~M. van Rooij and W.~H. Schikhof in 1992. Keywords:invariant subspaces, non-archimedean Banach spacesCategories:47S10, 46S10, 47A15

98. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 618)

Valmorin, V.
 Vanishing Theorems in Colombeau Algebras of Generalized Functions Using a canonical linear embedding of the algebra ${\mathcal G}^{\infty}(\Omega)$ of Colombeau generalized functions in the space of $\overline{\C}$-valued $\C$-linear maps on the space ${\mathcal D}(\Omega)$ of smooth functions with compact support, we give vanishing conditions for functions and linear integral operators of class ${\mathcal G}^\infty$. These results are then applied to the zeros of holomorphic generalized functions in dimension greater than one. Keywords:Colombeau generalized functions, linear integral operators, generalized holomorphic functionsCategories:32A60, 45P05, 46F30

99. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 545)

Ionescu, Marius; Watatani, Yasuo
 $C^{\ast}$-Algebras Associated with Mauldin--Williams Graphs A Mauldin--Williams graph $\mathcal{M}$ is a generalization of an iterated function system by a directed graph. Its invariant set $K$ plays the role of the self-similar set. We associate a $C^{*}$-algebra $\mathcal{O}_{\mathcal{M}}(K)$ with a Mauldin--Williams graph $\mathcal{M}$ and the invariant set $K$, laying emphasis on the singular points. We assume that the underlying graph $G$ has no sinks and no sources. If $\mathcal{M}$ satisfies the open set condition in $K$, and $G$ is irreducible and is not a cyclic permutation, then the associated $C^{*}$-algebra $\mathcal{O}_{\mathcal{M}}(K)$ is simple and purely infinite. We calculate the $K$-groups for some examples including the inflation rule of the Penrose tilings. Categories:46L35, 46L08, 46L80, 37B10

100. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 321)

Asaeda, Marta
 Quantum Multiple Construction of Subfactors We construct the quantum $s$-tuple subfactors for an AFD II$_{1}$ subfactor with finite index and depth, for an arbitrary natural number $s$. This is a generalization of the quantum multiple subfactors by Erlijman and Wenzl, which in turn generalized the quantum double construction of a subfactor for the case that the original subfactor gives rise to a braided tensor category. In this paper we give a multiple construction for a subfactor with a weaker condition than braidedness of the bimodule system. Categories:46L37, 81T05
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