76. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 548)
 Lewis, Paul; Schulle, Polly

Noncomplemented Spaces of Operators, Vector Measures, and $c_o$
The Banach spaces $L(X, Y)$, $K(X, Y)$, $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$, and
$K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are studied to determine when they contain the
classical Banach spaces $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$. The complementation of
the Banach space $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ is discussed as well as what
impact this complementation has on the embedding of $c_o$ or
$\ell_\infty$ in $K(X, Y)$ or $L(X, Y)$. Results of Kalton, Feder, and
Emmanuele concerning the complementation of $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ are
generalized. Results concerning the complementation of the Banach
space $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ in $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are also explored as well
as how that complementation affects the embedding of $c_o$ or
$\ell_\infty$ in $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ or $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$. The $\ell_p$
spaces for $1 = p < \infty$ are studied to determine when the space of
compact operators from one $\ell_p$ space to another contains
$c_o$. The paper contains a new result which classifies these spaces
of operators. A new result using vector measures is given to
provide more efficient proofs of theorems by Kalton, Feder, Emmanuele,
Emmanuele and John, and Bator and Lewis.
Keywords:spaces of operators, compact operators, complemented subspaces, $w^*w$compact operators Category:46B20 

77. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 385)
 Blackadar, Bruce; Kirchberg, Eberhard

Irreducible Representations of Inner Quasidiagonal $C^*$Algebras
It is shown that a separable $C^*$algebra is inner quasidiagonal if and
only if it has a separating family of quasidiagonal irreducible
representations. As a consequence, a separable $C^*$algebra is a strong
NF algebra if and only if it is nuclear and has a separating family of
quasidiagonal irreducible representations.
We also obtain some permanence properties of the class of inner
quasidiagonal $C^*$algebras.
Category:46L05 

78. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 260)
 Delvaux, L.; Van Daele, A.; Wang, Shuanhong

A Note on the Antipode for Algebraic Quantum Groups
Recently, Beattie, Bulacu ,and Torrecillas proved Radford's formula for the fourth power of the antipode for a coFrobenius Hopf algebra.
In this note, we show that this formula can be proved for any regular multiplier Hopf
algebra with integrals (algebraic quantum groups). This, of course, not only includes the case of a
finitedimensional Hopf algebra, but also that of any
Hopf algebra with integrals (coFrobenius Hopf algebras). Moreover, it turns out that
the proof in this more general situation, in fact, follows in a few lines from wellknown formulas obtained earlier in the
theory of regular multiplier Hopf algebras with integrals.
We discuss these formulas and their importance in this theory. We also mention their generalizations, in particular to the (in a certain sense) more general theory of locally compact quantum groups. Doing so, and also because the proof of the main result itself is very short, the present note becomes largely of an expository nature.
Keywords:multiplier Hopf algebras, algebraic quantum groups, the antipode Categories:16W30, 46L65 

79. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 410)
 Service, Robert

A Ramsey Theorem with an Application to Sequences in Banach Spaces
The notion of a maximally conditional sequence is introduced for sequences in a Banach space. It is then proved using
Ramsey theory that every basic sequence in a Banach space has a subsequence which is either an unconditional
basic sequence or a maximally conditional sequence. An apparently novel, purely combinatorial lemma in the spirit of
Galvin's theorem is used in the proof. An alternative proof
of the dichotomy result for sequences in Banach spaces is
also sketched,
using the GalvinPrikry theorem.
Keywords:Banach spaces, Ramsey theory Categories:46B15, 05D10 

80. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)
 Loring, Terry A.

From Matrix to Operator Inequalities
We generalize LÃ¶wner's method for proving that matrix monotone
functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded
operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$relations
being residually finite dimensional.
Our main result is a metatheorem about theorems involving relations
on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional
relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a
theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices.
Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms
of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$polynomials.
Keywords:$C*$algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensional Categories:46L05, 47B99 

81. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 577)
 Aqzzouz, Belmesnaoui

Erratum: The Duality Problem For The Class of AMCompact Operators On Banach Lattices
It is proved that if a positive operator
$S: E \rightarrow F$ is AMcompact whenever its adjoint
$S': F' \rightarrow E'$ is AMcompact, then either the
norm of F is order continuous or $E'$ is discrete.
This note corrects an error in the proof of Theorem 2.3 of
B. Aqzzouz, R. Nouira, and L. Zraoula, The duality problem for
the class of AMcompact operators on Banach lattices. Canad. Math. Bull.
51(2008).
Categories:46A40, 46B40, 46B42 

82. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 73)
 Dean, Andrew J.

Classification of Inductive Limits of Outer Actions of ${\mathbb R}$ on Approximate Circle Algebras
In this paper we present a classification,
up to equivariant isomorphism, of $C^*$dynamical systems $(A,{\mathbb R},\alpha )$
arising as inductive limits of directed systems
$\{ (A_n,{\mathbb R},\alpha_n),\varphi_{nm}\}$, where each $A_n$
is a finite direct sum of matrix algebras over the continuous
functions on the unit circle, and the $\alpha_n$s are outer actions
generated by rotation of the spectrum.
Keywords:classification, $C^*$dynamical system Categories:46L57, 46L35 

83. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 726)
 Ostrovskii, M. I.

Auerbach Bases and Minimal Volume Sufficient Enlargements
Let $B_Y$ denote the unit ball of a
normed linear space $Y$. A symmetric, bounded, closed, convex set
$A$ in a finite dimensional normed linear space $X$ is called a
sufficient enlargement for $X$ if, for an arbitrary
isometric embedding of $X$ into a Banach space $Y$, there exists a
linear projection $P\colon Y\to X$ such that $P(B_Y)\subset A$. Each
finite dimensional normed space has a minimalvolume sufficient
enlargement that is a parallelepiped; some spaces have ``exotic''
minimalvolume sufficient enlargements. The main result of the
paper is a characterization of spaces having ``exotic''
minimalvolume sufficient enlargements in terms of Auerbach
bases.
Keywords:Banach space, Auerbach basis, sufficient enlargement Categories:46B07, 52A21, 46B15 

84. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 411)
 Davidson, Kenneth R.; Wright, Alex

Operator Algebras with Unique Preduals
We show that every free semigroup algebra has a (strongly) unique
Banach space predual. We also provide a new simpler proof that a
weak$*$ closed unital operator algebra containing a weak$*$
dense subalgebra of compact operators has a unique Banach space
predual.
Keywords:unique predual, free semigroup algebra, CSL algebra Categories:47L50, 46B04, 47L35 

85. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 680)
 JiménezVargas, A.; VillegasVallecillos, Moisés

$2$Local Isometries on Spaces of Lipschitz Functions
Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space, and let $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ denote the Banach
space of all scalarvalued bounded Lipschitz functions $f$ on $X$
endowed with one of the natural norms
$
\ f\ =\max \{\ f\ _\infty ,L(f)\}$ or $\f\ =\
f\ _\infty +L(f),
$
where $L(f)$ is the
Lipschitz constant of $f.$ It is said that the isometry
group of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is canonical if every
surjective linear isometry of
$\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X) $ is induced by a surjective isometry of $X$.
In this paper
we prove that if $X$ is bounded separable and the isometry group of
$\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is canonical, then every $2$local isometry
of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is
a surjective linear isometry. Furthermore, we give a complete
description of all $2$local isometries of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ when $X$ is
bounded.
Keywords:isometry, local isometry, Lipschitz function Categories:46B04, 46J10, 46E15 

86. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 593)
 Boersema, Jeffrey L.; Ruiz, Efren

Stability of Real $C^*$Algebras
We will give a characterization of stable real $C^*$algebras
analogous to the one given for complex $C^*$algebras by Hjelmborg
and RÃ¸rdam. Using this result, we will prove
that any real $C^*$algebra satisfying the corona factorization
property is stable if and only if its complexification is stable.
Real $C^*$algebras satisfying the corona factorization property
include AFalgebras and purely infinite $C^*$algebras. We will also
provide an example of a simple unstable $C^*$algebra, the
complexification of which is stable.
Keywords:stability, real C*algebras Category:46L05 

87. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 338)
 Nakazi, Takahiko

SzegÃ¶'s Theorem and Uniform Algebras
We study SzegÃ¶'s theorem for a uniform algebra.
In particular, we do it for the disc algebra or the bidisc algebra.
Keywords:SzegÃ¶'s theorem, uniform algebras, disc algebra, weighted Bergman space Categories:32A35, 46J15, 60G25 

88. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 347)
 Potapov, D.; Sukochev, F.

The Haar System in the Preduals of Hyperfinite Factors
We shall present examples of Schauder bases in the preduals to the
hyperfinite factors of types~$\hbox{II}_1$, $\hbox{II}_\infty$,
$\hbox{III}_\lambda$, $0 < \lambda \leq 1$. In the semifinite
(respectively, purely infinite) setting, these systems form Schauder bases
in any associated separable symmetric space of measurable operators
(respectively, in any noncommutative $L^p$space).
Category:46L52 

89. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 302)
90. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 82)
 Emerson, Heath

Lefschetz Numbers for $C^*$Algebras
Using Poincar\'e duality, we obtain a formula of Lefschetz type
that computes the Lefschetz number of an endomorphism of a separable
nuclear $C^*$algebra satisfying Poincar\'e duality and the Kunneth
theorem. (The Lefschetz number of an endomorphism is the graded trace
of the induced map on $\textrm{K}$theory tensored with $\mathbb{C}$, as in the
classical case.) We then examine endomorphisms of CuntzKrieger
algebras $O_A$. An endomorphism has an invariant, which is a
permutation of an infinite set, and the contracting and expanding
behavior of this permutation describes the Lefschetz number of the
endomorphism. Using this description, we derive a closed polynomial
formula for the Lefschetz number depending on the matrix $A$ and the
presentation of the endomorphism.
Categories:19K35, 46L80 

91. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 141)
 Kim, Sang Og; Park, Choonkil

Linear Maps on $C^*$Algebras Preserving the Set of Operators that are Invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$
For $C^*$algebras $\mathcal{A}$ of real rank zero, we describe
linear maps $\phi$ on $\mathcal{A}$ that are surjective up to ideals
$\mathcal{I}$, and $\pi(A)$ is invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ if and only if
$\pi(\phi(A))$ is invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$, where $A\in\mathcal{A}$ and
$\pi:\mathcal{A}\to\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ is the quotient map. We also consider similar
linear maps preserving zero products on the Calkin algebra.
Keywords:preservers, Jordan automorphisms, invertible operators, zero products Categories:47B48, 47A10, 46H10 

92. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 68)
 Eilers, Søren; Restorff, Gunnar; Ruiz, Efren

Nonsplitting in Kirchberg's Idealrelated $KK$Theory
A. Bonkat obtained a universal coefficient theorem in the setting of Kirchberg's
idealrelated $KK$theory in the fundamental case of a
$C^*$algebra with one
specified ideal. The universal coefficient sequence was shown to split, unnaturally, under certain
conditions. Employing certain $K$theoretical information derivable
from the given operator algebras using a method introduced here, we shall
demonstrate that Bonkat's UCT does not split in general. Related
methods lead to information on the complexity of the $K$theory which
must be used to
classify $*$isomorphisms for purely infinite $C^*$algebras with
one nontrivial ideal.
Keywords:KKtheory, UCT Category:46L35 

93. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 690)
 Puerta, M. E.; Loaiza, G.

On the Maximal Operator Ideal Associated with a Tensor Norm Defined by Interpolation Spaces
The classical approach to studying operator ideals using tensor
norms mainly focuses on those tensor norms and operator ideals
defined by means of $\ell_p$ spaces. In a previous paper,
an interpolation space, defined via the real method
and using
$\ell_p$ spaces, was used to define a tensor
norm, and the associated minimal operator ideals were characterized.
In this paper, the next natural step is taken, that is, the
corresponding maximal operator
ideals are characterized. As an application, necessary and sufficient
conditions for the coincidence of
the maximal and minimal ideals are given.
Finally, the previous results are used in order to find some new
metric properties of the mentioned tensor norm.
Keywords:maximal operator ideals, ultraproducts of spaces, interpolation spaces Categories:46M05, 46M35, 46A32 

94. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 587)
 Birkenmeier, Gary F.; Park, Jae Keol; Rizvi, S. Tariq

Hulls of Ring Extensions
We investigate the behavior of the quasiBaer and the
right FIextending right ring hulls under various ring extensions
including group ring extensions, full and triangular matrix ring
extensions, and infinite matrix ring extensions. As a consequence,
we show that for semiprime rings $R$ and $S$, if $R$ and $S$ are
Morita equivalent, then so are the quasiBaer right ring hulls
$\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(R)$ and $\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(S)$ of
$R$ and $S$, respectively. As an application, we prove that if
unital $C^*$algebras $A$ and $B$ are Morita equivalent as rings,
then the bounded central closure of $A$ and that of $B$ are
strongly Morita equivalent as $C^*$algebras. Our results show
that the quasiBaer property is always preserved by infinite
matrix rings, unlike the Baer property. Moreover, we give an
affirmative answer to an open question of Goel and Jain for the
commutative group ring $A[G]$ of a torsionfree Abelian group $G$
over a commutative semiprime quasicontinuous ring $A$. Examples
that illustrate and delimit the results of this paper are provided.
Keywords:(FI)extending, Morita equivalent, ring of quotients, essential overring, (quasi)Baer ring, ring hull, u.p.monoid, $C^*$algebra Categories:16N60, 16D90, 16S99, 16S50, 46L05 

95. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 550)
96. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 447)
 Choi, Yemon

Injective Convolution Operators on l^{∞}(Γ) are Surjective
Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group and let $f \in \ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. We observe that if the natural convolution operator $\rho_f: \ell^{\infty}(\Gamma)\to \ell^{\infty}(\Gamma)$ is injective, then $f$ is invertible in $\ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. Our proof simplifies and generalizes calculations in a preprint of Deninger and Schmidt by appealing to the direct finiteness of the algebra $\ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. We give simple examples to show that in general one cannot replace $\ell^{\infty}$ with $\ell^{p}$, $1\leq p< \infty$, nor with $L^{\infty}(G)$ for nondiscrete $G$. Finally, we consider the problem of extending the main result to the case of weighted convolution operators on $\Gamma$, and give some partial results.
Categories:43A20, 46L05, 43A22 

97. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 256)
98. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 466)
 Dubarbie, Luis

Separating Maps between Spaces of VectorValued Absolutely Continuous Functions
In this paper we give a description of separating or disjointness preserving linear bijections on spaces of vectorvalued absolutely continuous functions defined on compact subsets of the real line. We obtain that they are continuous and biseparating in the finitedimensional case. The infinitedimensional case is also studied.
Keywords:separating maps, disjointness preserving, vectorvalued absolutely continuous functions, automatic continuity Categories:47B38, 46E15, 46E40, 46H40, 47B33 

99. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 51)
100. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 133)