Expand all Collapse all | Results 51 - 75 of 183 |
51. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 726)
Auerbach Bases and Minimal Volume Sufficient Enlargements Let $B_Y$ denote the unit ball of a
normed linear space $Y$. A symmetric, bounded, closed, convex set
$A$ in a finite dimensional normed linear space $X$ is called a
sufficient enlargement for $X$ if, for an arbitrary
isometric embedding of $X$ into a Banach space $Y$, there exists a
linear projection $P\colon Y\to X$ such that $P(B_Y)\subset A$. Each
finite dimensional normed space has a minimal-volume sufficient
enlargement that is a parallelepiped; some spaces have ``exotic''
minimal-volume sufficient enlargements. The main result of the
paper is a characterization of spaces having ``exotic''
minimal-volume sufficient enlargements in terms of Auerbach
bases.
Keywords:Banach space, Auerbach basis, sufficient enlargement Categories:46B07, 52A21, 46B15 |
52. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 411)
Operator Algebras with Unique Preduals We show that every free semigroup algebra has a (strongly) unique
Banach space predual. We also provide a new simpler proof that a
weak-$*$ closed unital operator algebra containing a weak-$*$
dense subalgebra of compact operators has a unique Banach space
predual.
Keywords:unique predual, free semigroup algebra, CSL algebra Categories:47L50, 46B04, 47L35 |
53. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 593)
Stability of Real $C^*$-Algebras We will give a characterization of stable real $C^*$-algebras
analogous to the one given for complex $C^*$-algebras by Hjelmborg
and RÃ¸rdam. Using this result, we will prove
that any real $C^*$-algebra satisfying the corona factorization
property is stable if and only if its complexification is stable.
Real $C^*$-algebras satisfying the corona factorization property
include AF-algebras and purely infinite $C^*$-algebras. We will also
provide an example of a simple unstable $C^*$-algebra, the
complexification of which is stable.
Keywords:stability, real C*-algebras Category:46L05 |
54. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 680)
$2$-Local Isometries on Spaces of Lipschitz Functions Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space, and let $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ denote the Banach
space of all scalar-valued bounded Lipschitz functions $f$ on $X$
endowed with one of the natural norms
$
\| f\| =\max \{\| f\| _\infty ,L(f)\}$ or $\|f\| =\|
f\| _\infty +L(f),
$
where $L(f)$ is the
Lipschitz constant of $f.$ It is said that the isometry
group of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is canonical if every
surjective linear isometry of
$\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X) $ is induced by a surjective isometry of $X$.
In this paper
we prove that if $X$ is bounded separable and the isometry group of
$\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is canonical, then every $2$-local isometry
of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is
a surjective linear isometry. Furthermore, we give a complete
description of all $2$-local isometries of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ when $X$ is
bounded.
Keywords:isometry, local isometry, Lipschitz function Categories:46B04, 46J10, 46E15 |
55. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 338)
SzegÃ¶'s Theorem and Uniform Algebras We study SzegÃ¶'s theorem for a uniform algebra.
In particular, we do it for the disc algebra or the bidisc algebra.
Keywords:SzegÃ¶'s theorem, uniform algebras, disc algebra, weighted Bergman space Categories:32A35, 46J15, 60G25 |
56. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 347)
The Haar System in the Preduals of Hyperfinite Factors We shall present examples of Schauder bases in the preduals to the
hyperfinite factors of types~$\hbox{II}_1$, $\hbox{II}_\infty$,
$\hbox{III}_\lambda$, $0 < \lambda \leq 1$. In the semifinite
(respectively, purely infinite) setting, these systems form Schauder bases
in any associated separable symmetric space of measurable operators
(respectively, in any non-commutative $L^p$-space).
Category:46L52 |
57. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 302)
Structure of the Set of Norm-attaining Functionals on Strictly Convex Spaces Let $X$ be a separable non-reflexive Banach space. We show that there
is no Borel class which contains the set of norm-attaining functionals
for every strictly convex renorming of $X$.
Keywords:separable non-reflexive space, set of norm-attaining functionals, strictly convex norm, Borel class Categories:46B20, 54H05, 46B10 |
58. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 82)
Lefschetz Numbers for $C^*$-Algebras
Using Poincar\'e duality, we obtain a formula of Lefschetz type
that computes the Lefschetz number of an endomorphism of a separable
nuclear $C^*$-algebra satisfying Poincar\'e duality and the Kunneth
theorem. (The Lefschetz number of an endomorphism is the graded trace
of the induced map on $\textrm{K}$-theory tensored with $\mathbb{C}$, as in the
classical case.) We then examine endomorphisms of Cuntz--Krieger
algebras $O_A$. An endomorphism has an invariant, which is a
permutation of an infinite set, and the contracting and expanding
behavior of this permutation describes the Lefschetz number of the
endomorphism. Using this description, we derive a closed polynomial
formula for the Lefschetz number depending on the matrix $A$ and the
presentation of the endomorphism.
Categories:19K35, 46L80 |
59. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 141)
Linear Maps on $C^*$-Algebras Preserving the Set of Operators that are Invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ |
Linear Maps on $C^*$-Algebras Preserving the Set of Operators that are Invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$
For $C^*$-algebras $\mathcal{A}$ of real rank zero, we describe
linear maps $\phi$ on $\mathcal{A}$ that are surjective up to ideals
$\mathcal{I}$, and $\pi(A)$ is invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ if and only if
$\pi(\phi(A))$ is invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$, where $A\in\mathcal{A}$ and
$\pi:\mathcal{A}\to\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ is the quotient map. We also consider similar
linear maps preserving zero products on the Calkin algebra.
Keywords:preservers, Jordan automorphisms, invertible operators, zero products Categories:47B48, 47A10, 46H10 |
60. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 68)
Non-splitting in Kirchberg's Ideal-related $KK$-Theory
A. Bonkat obtained a universal coefficient theorem in the setting of Kirchberg's
ideal-related $KK$-theory in the fundamental case of a
$C^*$-algebra with one
specified ideal. The universal coefficient sequence was shown to split, unnaturally, under certain
conditions. Employing certain $K$-theoretical information derivable
from the given operator algebras using a method introduced here, we shall
demonstrate that Bonkat's UCT does not split in general. Related
methods lead to information on the complexity of the $K$-theory which
must be used to
classify $*$-isomorphisms for purely infinite $C^*$-algebras with
one non-trivial ideal.
Keywords:KK-theory, UCT Category:46L35 |
61. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 690)
On the Maximal Operator Ideal Associated with a Tensor Norm Defined by Interpolation Spaces
The classical approach to studying operator ideals using tensor
norms mainly focuses on those tensor norms and operator ideals
defined by means of $\ell_p$ spaces. In a previous paper,
an interpolation space, defined via the real method
and using
$\ell_p$ spaces, was used to define a tensor
norm, and the associated minimal operator ideals were characterized.
In this paper, the next natural step is taken, that is, the
corresponding maximal operator
ideals are characterized. As an application, necessary and sufficient
conditions for the coincidence of
the maximal and minimal ideals are given.
Finally, the previous results are used in order to find some new
metric properties of the mentioned tensor norm.
Keywords:maximal operator ideals, ultraproducts of spaces, interpolation spaces Categories:46M05, 46M35, 46A32 |
62. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 587)
Hulls of Ring Extensions We investigate the behavior of the quasi-Baer and the
right FI-extending right ring hulls under various ring extensions
including group ring extensions, full and triangular matrix ring
extensions, and infinite matrix ring extensions. As a consequence,
we show that for semiprime rings $R$ and $S$, if $R$ and $S$ are
Morita equivalent, then so are the quasi-Baer right ring hulls
$\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(R)$ and $\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(S)$ of
$R$ and $S$, respectively. As an application, we prove that if
unital $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$ are Morita equivalent as rings,
then the bounded central closure of $A$ and that of $B$ are
strongly Morita equivalent as $C^*$-algebras. Our results show
that the quasi-Baer property is always preserved by infinite
matrix rings, unlike the Baer property. Moreover, we give an
affirmative answer to an open question of Goel and Jain for the
commutative group ring $A[G]$ of a torsion-free Abelian group $G$
over a commutative semiprime quasi-continuous ring $A$. Examples
that illustrate and delimit the results of this paper are provided.
Keywords:(FI-)extending, Morita equivalent, ring of quotients, essential overring, (quasi-)Baer ring, ring hull, u.p.-monoid, $C^*$-algebra Categories:16N60, 16D90, 16S99, 16S50, 46L05 |
63. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 550)
Representing a Product System Representation as a Contractive Semigroup and Applications to Regular Isometric Dilations |
Representing a Product System Representation as a Contractive Semigroup and Applications to Regular Isometric Dilations
In this paper we propose a new technical tool for analyzing
representations of Hilbert $C^*$-product systems. Using this tool,
we give a new proof that every doubly commuting representation
over $\mathbb{N}^k$ has a regular isometric dilation, and we also
prove sufficient conditions for the existence of a regular
isometric dilation of representations over more general
subsemigroups of $\mathbb R_{+}^k$.
Categories:47A20, 46L08 |
64. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 447)
Injective Convolution Operators on l^{∞}(Γ) are Surjective Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group and let $f \in \ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. We observe that if the natural convolution operator $\rho_f: \ell^{\infty}(\Gamma)\to \ell^{\infty}(\Gamma)$ is injective, then $f$ is invertible in $\ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. Our proof simplifies and generalizes calculations in a preprint of Deninger and Schmidt by appealing to the direct finiteness of the algebra $\ell^{1}(\Gamma)$. We give simple examples to show that in general one cannot replace $\ell^{\infty}$ with $\ell^{p}$, $1\leq p< \infty$, nor with $L^{\infty}(G)$ for nondiscrete $G$. Finally, we consider the problem of extending the main result to the case of weighted convolution operators on $\Gamma$, and give some partial results.
Categories:43A20, 46L05, 43A22 |
65. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 256)
Equivalent Definitions of Infinite Positive Elements in Simple C^{*}-algebras We prove the equivalence of three definitions given by different comparison relations for infiniteness of positive elements in simple $C^*$-algebras.
Keywords:Infinite positive element, Comparison relation Category:46L99 |
66. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 466)
Separating Maps between Spaces of Vector-Valued Absolutely Continuous Functions In this paper we give a description of separating or disjointness preserving linear bijections on spaces of vector-valued absolutely continuous functions defined on compact subsets of the real line. We obtain that they are continuous and biseparating in the finite-dimensional case. The infinite-dimensional case is also studied.
Keywords:separating maps, disjointness preserving, vector-valued absolutely continuous functions, automatic continuity Categories:47B38, 46E15, 46E40, 46H40, 47B33 |
67. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 37)
$C^*$-Crossed-Products by an Order-Two Automorphism We describe the representation theory of $C^*$-crossed-products of a unital $C^*$-algebra A by the cyclic group of order~2. We prove that there are two main types of irreducible representations for the crossed-product: those whose restriction to A is irreducible and those who are the sum of two unitarily unequivalent representations of~A. We characterize each class in term of the restriction of the representations to the fixed point $C^*$-subalgebra of~A. We apply our results to compute the K-theory of several crossed-products of the free group on two generators.
Categories:46L55, 46L80 |
68. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 133)
A Further Decay Estimate for the DziubaÅski-HernÃ¡ndez Wavelets We give a further decay estimate for the DziubaÅski-HernÃ¡ndez wavelets that are band-limited and have subexponential decay. This is done by constructing an appropriate bell function and using the Paley-Wiener theorem for ultradifferentiable functions.
Keywords:wavelets, ultradifferentiable functions Categories:42C40, 46E10 |
69. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 118)
The Uncomplemented Spaces $W(X,Y)$ and $K(X,Y)$ Classical results of Kalton and techniques of Feder are used to study the complementation of the space $W(X, Y)$ of weakly compact operators and the space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators in the space $L(X,Y)$ of all bounded linear maps from X to Y.
Keywords:spaces of operators, complemented subspace, weakly compact operator, basic sequence Categories:46B28, 46B15, 46B20 |
70. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 278)
Cantor-Bernstein Sextuples for Banach Spaces Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces isomorphic
to complemented subspaces of each other with supplements $A$ and
$B$. In 1996, W. T. Gowers solved the Schroeder--Bernstein (or
Cantor--Bernstein) problem for Banach spaces by showing that $X$ is not
necessarily isomorphic to $Y$. In this paper, we obtain a necessary
and sufficient condition on the sextuples $(p, q, r, s, u, v)$ in
$\mathbb N$
with $p+q \geq 1$, $r+s \geq 1$ and $u, v \in \mathbb N^*$, to provide that
$X$ is isomorphic to $Y$, whenever these spaces satisfy the following
decomposition scheme
$$
A^u \sim X^p \oplus Y^q, \quad
B^v \sim X^r \oplus Y^s.
$$
Namely, $\Phi=(p-u)(s-v)-(q+u)(r+v)$ is different from zero and $\Phi$
divides $p+q$ and $r+s$. These sextuples are called Cantor--Bernstein
sextuples for Banach spaces. The simplest case $(1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1)$
indicates the well-known PeÅczyÅski's decomposition method in
Banach space. On the other hand, by interchanging some Banach spaces
in the above decomposition scheme, refinements of
the Schroeder--Bernstein problem become evident.
Keywords:Pel czyÅski's decomposition method, Schroeder-Bernstein problem Categories:46B03, 46B20 |
71. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 239)
A Note on the Exactness of Operator Spaces In this paper, we give two characterizations of the exactness of operator spaces.
Keywords:operator space, exactness Category:46L07 |
72. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 64)
On Antichains of Spreading Models of Banach Spaces We show that for every separable Banach space $X$,
either $\mathrm{SP_w}(X)$ (the set of all spreading models
of $X$ generated by weakly-null sequences in $X$, modulo
equivalence) is countable, or $\mathrm{SP_w}(X)$ contains an
antichain of the size of the continuum. This answers
a question of S.~J. Dilworth, E. Odell, and B. Sari.
Categories:46B20, 03E15 |
73. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 51)
On the Relationship Between Interpolation of Banach Algebras and Interpolation of Bilinear Operators |
On the Relationship Between Interpolation of Banach Algebras and Interpolation of Bilinear Operators We show that if the general real method $(\cdot ,\cdot )_\Gamma$
preserves the Banach-algebra structure, then a bilinear
interpolation theorem holds for $(\cdot ,\cdot )_\Gamma$.
Keywords:real interpolation, bilinear operators, Banach algebras Categories:46B70, 46M35, 46H05 |
74. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 598)
Numerical Semigroups That Are Not Intersections of $d$-Squashed Semigroups We say that a numerical semigroup is \emph{$d$-squashed} if it can
be written in the form
$$ S=\frac 1 N \langle a_1,\dots,a_d \rangle \cap \mathbb{Z}$$
for $N,a_1,\dots,a_d$ positive integers with
$\gcd(a_1,\dots, a_d)=1$.
Rosales and Urbano have shown that a numerical semigroup is
2-squashed if and only if it is proportionally modular.
Recent works by Rosales \emph{et al.} give a concrete example of a
numerical semigroup that cannot be written as an intersection of
$2$-squashed semigroups. We will show the existence of infinitely
many numerical semigroups that cannot be written as an
intersection of $2$-squashed semigroups. We also will prove the
same result for $3$-squashed semigroups. We conjecture that there
are numerical semigroups that cannot be written as the
intersection of $d$-squashed semigroups for any fixed $d$, and we
prove some partial results towards this conjecture.
Keywords:numerical semigroup, squashed semigroup, proportionally modular semigroup Categories:20M14, 06F05, 46L80 |
75. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 424)
Covering Discs in Minkowski Planes We investigate the following version of the circle covering
problem in strictly convex (normed or) Minkowski planes: to cover
a circle of largest possible diameter by $k$ unit circles. In
particular, we study the cases $k=3$, $k=4$, and $k=7$. For $k=3$
and $k=4$, the diameters under consideration are described in
terms of side-lengths and circumradii of certain inscribed regular
triangles or quadrangles. This yields also simple explanations of
geometric meanings that the corresponding homothety ratios have.
It turns out that basic notions from Minkowski geometry play an
essential role in our proofs, namely Minkowskian bisectors,
$d$-segments, and the monotonicity lemma.
Keywords:affine regular polygon, bisector, circle covering problem, circumradius, $d$-segment, Minkowski plane, (strictly convex) normed plane Categories:46B20, 52A21, 52C15 |