26. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 51)
 De Nitties, Giuseppe; SchulzBaldes, Hermann

Spectral Flows of Dilations of Fredholm Operators
Given an essentially unitary contraction and an arbitrary unitary
dilation of it, there is a naturally associated spectral flow which is
shown to be equal to the index of the operator. This result is
interpreted in terms of the $K$theory of an associated mapping
cone. It is then extended to connect $\mathbb{Z}_2$ indices of odd symmetric
Fredholm operators to a $\mathbb{Z}_2$valued spectral flow.
Keywords:spectral flow, Fredholm operators, Z2 indices Categories:19K56, 46L80 

27. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 276)
 Johnson, William; Nasseri, Amir Bahman; Schechtman, Gideon; Tkocz, Tomasz

Injective Tauberian Operators on $L_1$ and Operators with Dense Range on $\ell_\infty$
There exist injective Tauberian operators on $L_1(0,1)$ that have
dense, nonclosed range. This gives injective, nonsurjective
operators on $\ell_\infty$ that have dense range. Consequently, there
are two quasicomplementary, noncomplementary subspaces of
$\ell_\infty$ that are isometric to $\ell_\infty$.
Keywords:$L_1$, Tauberian operator, $\ell_\infty$ Categories:46E30, 46B08, 47A53 

28. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 9)
 Chavan, Sameer

Irreducible Tuples Without the Boundary Property
We examine spectral behavior of irreducible tuples which do not
admit boundary property. In particular, we prove under some mild
assumption that the spectral radius of such an $m$tuple $(T_1,
\dots, T_m)$ must be the operator norm of $T^*_1T_1 + \cdots +
T^*_mT_m$. We use this simple observation to ensure boundary
property for an irreducible, essentially normal joint $q$isometry provided it
is not a joint isometry.
We further exhibit a family of
reproducing Hilbert $\mathbb{C}[z_1, \dots, z_m]$modules (of which
the DruryArveson Hilbert module is a prototype) with the property that any
two nested unitarily equivalent submodules are indeed equal.
Keywords:boundary representations, subnormal, joint pisometry Categories:47A13, 46E22 

29. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 150)
 Ostrovskii, Mikhail I.

Connections Between Metric Characterizations of Superreflexivity and the RadonNikodÃ½ Property for Dual Banach Spaces
Johnson and Schechtman (2009)
characterized superreflexivity in terms of finite diamond graphs.
The present author characterized the RadonNikodÃ½m property
(RNP) for dual spaces in terms of the infinite diamond. This
paper
is devoted to further study of relations between metric
characterizations of superreflexivity and the RNP for dual spaces.
The main result is that finite subsets of any set $M$ whose
embeddability characterizes the RNP for dual spaces, characterize
superreflexivity. It is also observed that the converse statement
does not hold, and that $M=\ell_2$ is a counterexample.
Keywords:Banach space, diamond graph, finite representability, metric characterization, RadonNikodÃ½m property, superreflexivity Categories:46B85, 46B07, 46B22 

30. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 853)
 Pan, Qingfei; Wang, Kun

On the Bound of the $\mathrm{C}^*$ Exponential Length
Let $X$ be a compact Hausdorff space. In this paper, we give an
example to show that there is $u\in \mathrm{C}(X)\otimes \mathrm{M}_n$
with $\det (u(x))=1$ for all $x\in X$ and $u\sim_h 1$ such that the
$\mathrm{C}^*$ exponential length of $u$
(denoted by $cel(u)$) can not be controlled by
$\pi$. Moreover, in simple inductive limit $\mathrm{C}^*$algebras,
similar examples also exist.
Keywords:exponential length Category:46L05 

31. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 3)
32. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 207)
 Moslehian, Mohammad Sal; Zamani, Ali

Exact and Approximate Operator Parallelism
Extending the notion of parallelism we introduce the concept of
approximate parallelism in normed spaces and then substantially
restrict ourselves to the setting of Hilbert space operators endowed
with the operator norm. We present several characterizations of the
exact and approximate operator parallelism in the algebra
$\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$ of bounded linear operators acting on a
Hilbert space $\mathscr{H}$. Among other things, we investigate the
relationship between approximate parallelism and norm of inner
derivations on $\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$. We also characterize the
parallel elements of a $C^*$algebra by using states. Finally we
utilize the linking algebra to give some equivalence assertions
regarding parallel elements in a Hilbert $C^*$module.
Keywords:$C^*$algebra, approximate parallelism, operator parallelism, Hilbert $C^*$module Categories:47A30, 46L05, 46L08, 47B47, 15A60 

33. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 7)
 Boulabiar, Karim

Characters on $C(X)$
The precise condition on a completely regular space $X$ for every character on
$C(X) $ to be an evaluation at some point in $X$ is that $X$ be
realcompact. Usually, this classical result is obtained relying heavily on
involved (and even nonconstructive) extension arguments. This note provides a
direct proof that is accessible to a large audience.
Keywords:characters, realcompact, evaluation, realvalued continuous functions Categories:54C30, 46E25 

34. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 297)
 Khamsi, M. A.

Approximate Fixed Point Sequences of Nonlinear Semigroup in Metric Spaces
In this paper, we investigate the common
approximate fixed point sequences of nonexpansive semigroups of
nonlinear mappings $\{T_t\}_{t \geq 0}$, i.e., a family such that
$T_0(x)=x$, $T_{s+t}=T_s(T_t(x))$, where the domain is a metric space
$(M,d)$. In particular we prove that under suitable conditions, the
common approximate fixed point sequences set is the same as the common
approximate fixed point sequences set of two mappings from the family.
Then we use the Ishikawa iteration to construct a common approximate
fixed point sequence of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear
mappings.
Keywords:approximate fixed point, fixed point, hyperbolic metric space, Ishikawa iterations, nonexpansive mapping, semigroup of mappings, uniformly convex hyperbolic space Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10 

35. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 708)
 Brannan, Michael

Strong Asymptotic Freeness for Free Orthogonal Quantum Groups
It is known that the normalized standard generators of the free
orthogonal quantum group $O_N^+$ converge in distribution to a free
semicircular system as $N \to \infty$. In this note, we
substantially improve this convergence result by proving that, in
addition to distributional convergence, the operator norm of any
noncommutative polynomial in the normalized standard generators of
$O_N^+$ converges as $N \to \infty$ to the operator norm of the
corresponding noncommutative polynomial in a standard free
semicircular system. Analogous strong convergence results are obtained
for the generators of free unitary quantum groups. As applications of
these results, we obtain a matrixcoefficient version of our strong
convergence theorem, and we recover a well known $L^2$$L^\infty$ norm
equivalence for noncommutative polynomials in free semicircular
systems.
Keywords:quantum groups, free probability, asymptotic free independence, strong convergence, property of rapid decay Categories:46L54, 20G42, 46L65 

36. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 803)
 Gabriyelyan, S. S.

Free Locally Convex Spaces and the $k$space Property
Let $L(X)$ be the free locally convex space over a Tychonoff space $X$. Then $L(X)$ is a $k$space if and only if $X$ is a countable discrete space. We prove also that $L(D)$ has uncountable tightness for every uncountable discrete space $D$.
Keywords:free locally convex space, $k$space, countable tightness Categories:46A03, 54D50, 54A25 

37. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 30)
 Chung, Jaeyoung

On an Exponential Functional Inequality and its Distributional Version
Let $G$ be a group and $\mathbb K=\mathbb C$ or $\mathbb
R$.
In this article, as a generalization of the result of Albert
and Baker,
we investigate the behavior of bounded
and unbounded functions $f\colon G\to \mathbb K$ satisfying the inequality
$
\Biglf
\Bigl(\sum_{k=1}^n x_k
\Bigr)\prod_{k=1}^n f(x_k)
\Bigr\le \phi(x_2, \dots, x_n),\quad \forall\, x_1, \dots,
x_n\in G,
$
where $\phi\colon G^{n1}\to [0, \infty)$. Also, as a distributional
version of the above inequality we consider the stability of
the functional equation
\begin{equation*}
u\circ S  \overbrace{u\otimes \cdots \otimes u}^{n\text {times}}=0,
\end{equation*}
where $u$ is a Schwartz distribution or Gelfand hyperfunction,
$\circ$ and $\otimes$ are the pullback and tensor product of
distributions, respectively, and $S(x_1, \dots, x_n)=x_1+ \dots
+x_n$.
Keywords:distribution, exponential functional equation, Gelfand hyperfunction, stability Categories:46F99, 39B82 

38. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 780)
 Erzakova, Nina A.

Measures of Noncompactness in Regular Spaces
Previous results by the author on the connection
between three of measures
of noncompactness obtained for $L_p$, are extended
to regular spaces of measurable
functions.
An example of advantage
in some cases one of them in comparison with another is given.
Geometric characteristics of regular spaces are determined.
New theorems for $(k,\beta)$boundedness of partially additive
operators are proved.
Keywords:measure of noncompactness, condensing map, partially additive operator, regular space, ideal space Categories:47H08, 46E30, 47H99, 47G10 

39. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 71)
 Ghenciu, Ioana

Limited Sets and Bibasic Sequences
Bibasic sequences are used to study relative weak compactness
and relative norm compactness of limited sets.
Keywords:limited sets, $L$sets, bibasic sequences, the DunfordPettis property Categories:46B20, 46B28, 28B05 

40. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 110)
 Kamalov, F.

Property T and Amenable Transformation Group $C^*$algebras
It is well known that a discrete group which is both amenable and
has Kazhdan's Property T must be finite. In this note we generalize
the above statement to the case of transformation groups. We show
that if $G$ is a discrete amenable group acting on a compact
Hausdorff space $X$, then the transformation group $C^*$algebra
$C^*(X, G)$ has Property T if and only if both $X$ and $G$ are finite. Our
approach does not rely on the use of tracial states on $C^*(X, G)$.
Keywords:Property T, $C^*$algebras, transformation group, amenable Categories:46L55, 46L05 

41. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 810)
 Godefroy, G.

Uniqueness of Preduals in Spaces of Operators
We show that if $E$ is a separable reflexive space, and $L$ is a weakstar closed linear subspace of
$L(E)$ such that $L\cap K(E)$ is weakstar dense in $L$, then $L$ has a unique isometric predual. The proof relies on basic topological arguments.
Categories:46B20, 46B04 

42. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 640)
 Swanepoel, Konrad J.

Equilateral Sets and a SchÃ¼tte Theorem for the $4$norm
A wellknown theorem of SchÃ¼tte (1963) gives a sharp lower bound for
the ratio of the maximum and minimum distances between $n+2$ points in
$n$dimensional Euclidean space.
In this note we adapt BÃ¡rÃ¡ny's elegant proof (1994) of this theorem to the space $\ell_4^n$.
This gives a new proof that the largest cardinality of an equilateral
set in $\ell_4^n$ is $n+1$, and gives a constructive bound for an
interval $(4\varepsilon_n,4+\varepsilon_n)$ of values of $p$ close to $4$ for which it is known that the largest cardinality of an equilateral set in $\ell_p^n$ is $n+1$.
Categories:46B20, 52A21, 52C17 

43. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 463)
 Bownik, Marcin; Jasper, John

Constructive Proof of Carpenter's Theorem
We give a constructive proof of Carpenter's Theorem due to Kadison.
Unlike the original proof our approach also yields the
real case of this theorem.
Keywords:diagonals of projections, the SchurHorn theorem, the Pythagorean theorem, the Carpenter theorem, spectral theory Categories:42C15, 47B15, 46C05 

44. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 598)
 Lu, Yufeng; Yang, Dachun; Yuan, Wen

Interpolation of Morrey Spaces on Metric Measure Spaces
In this article, via the classical complex interpolation method
and some interpolation methods traced to Gagliardo,
the authors obtain an interpolation theorem for
Morrey spaces on quasimetric measure spaces, which generalizes
some known results on ${\mathbb R}^n$.
Keywords:complex interpolation, Morrey space, Gagliardo interpolation, CalderÃ³n product, quasimetric measure space Categories:46B70, 46E30 

45. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 364)
 Li, Lei; Wang, YaShu

How Lipschitz Functions Characterize the Underlying Metric Spaces
Let $X, Y$ be metric spaces and $E, F$ be Banach spaces. Suppose that
both $X,Y$ are realcompact, or both $E,F$ are realcompact.
The zero set of a vectorvalued function $f$ is denoted by $z(f)$.
A linear bijection $T$ between local or generalized Lipschitz vectorvalued function spaces
is said to preserve zeroset containments or nonvanishing functions
if
\[z(f)\subseteq z(g)\quad\Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)\subseteq z(Tg),\]
or
\[z(f) = \emptyset\quad \Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)=\emptyset,\]
respectively.
Every zeroset containment preserver, and every nonvanishing function preserver when
$\dim E =\dim F\lt +\infty$, is a weighted composition operator
$(Tf)(y)=J_y(f(\tau(y)))$.
We show that the map $\tau\colon Y\to X$ is a locally (little) Lipschitz homeomorphism.
Keywords:(generalized, locally, little) Lipschitz functions, zeroset containment preservers, biseparating maps Categories:46E40, 54D60, 46E15 

46. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 546)
 Kalantar, Mehrdad

Compact Operators in Regular LCQ Groups
We show that a regular locally compact quantum group $\mathbb{G}$ is discrete
if and only if $\mathcal{L}^{\infty}(\mathbb{G})$ contains nonzero compact operators on
$\mathcal{L}^{2}(\mathbb{G})$.
As a corollary we classify all discrete quantum groups among
regular locally compact quantum groups $\mathbb{G}$ where
$\mathcal{L}^{1}(\mathbb{G})$ has the RadonNikodym property.
Keywords:locally compact quantum groups, regularity, compact operators Category:46L89 

47. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 424)
 Sołtan, Piotr M.; Viselter, Ami

A Note on Amenability of Locally Compact Quantum Groups
In this short note we introduce a notion called ``quantum injectivity''
of locally compact quantum groups, and prove that it is equivalent
to amenability of the dual. Particularly, this provides a new characterization
of amenability of locally compact groups.
Keywords:amenability, conditional expectation, injectivity, locally compact quantum group, quantum injectivity Categories:20G42, 22D25, 46L89 

48. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 90)
 Lazar, Aldo J.

Compact Subsets of the Glimm Space of a $C^*$algebra
If $A$ is a $\sigma$unital $C^*$algebra and $a$ is a strictly positive element of $A$ then for every compact subset $K$ of the complete
regularization $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ of $\mathrm{Prim}(A)$ there exists
$\alpha \gt 0$ such that $K\subset \{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq
\alpha\}$. This extends
a result of J. Dauns
to all $\sigma$unital $C^*$algebras. However, there are a $C^*$algebra $A$
and a compact subset of $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ that is not contained in any set of the form $\{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq
\alpha\}$, $a\in A$ and $\alpha \gt 0$.
Keywords:primitive ideal space, complete regularization Category:46L05 

49. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 42)
 Fonf, Vladimir P.; Zanco, Clemente

Covering the Unit Sphere of Certain Banach Spaces by Sequences of Slices and Balls
e prove that, given any covering of any infinitedimensional Hilbert space $H$ by countably many closed balls, some point exists in $H$ which belongs to infinitely many balls. We do that by characterizing isomorphically polyhedral separable Banach spaces as those whose unit sphere admits a pointfinite covering by the union of countably many slices of the unit ball.
Keywords:point finite coverings, slices, polyhedral spaces, Hilbert spaces Categories:46B20, 46C05, 52C17 

50. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 166)