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1. CMB Online first

Ostrovskii, Mikhail I.
Connections between metric characterizations of superreflexivity and the Radon-Nikodým property for dual Banach spaces
Johnson and Schechtman (2009) characterized superreflexivity in terms of finite diamond graphs. The present author characterized the Radon-Nikodým property (RNP) for dual spaces in terms of the infinite diamond. This paper is devoted to further study of relations between metric characterizations of superreflexivity and the RNP for dual spaces. The main result is that finite subsets of any set $M$ whose embeddability characterizes the RNP for dual spaces, characterize superreflexivity. It is also observed that the converse statement does not hold, and that $M=\ell_2$ is a counterexample.

Keywords:Banach space, diamond graph, finite representability, metric characterization, Radon-Nikodým property, superreflexivity
Categories:46B85, 46B07, 46B22

2. CMB Online first

Pan, Qingfei; Wang, Kun
About the Bound of the $\mathrm{C}^*$ Exponential Length
Let $X$ be a compact Hausdorff space. In this paper, we give an example to show that there is $u\in \mathrm{C}(X)\otimes \mathrm{M}_n$ with $\det (u(x))=1$ for all $x\in X$ and $u\sim_h 1$ such that the $\mathrm{C}^*$ exponential length of $u$ (denoted by $cel(u)$) can not be controlled by $\pi$. Moreover, in simple inductive limit $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebras, similar examples also exist.

Keywords:exponential length
Category:46L05

3. CMB Online first

Tikuisis, Aaron Peter; Toms, Andrew
On the Structure of Cuntz Semigroups in (Possibly) Nonunital C*-algebras
We examine the ranks of operators in semi-finite $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebras as measured by their densely defined lower semicontinuous traces. We first prove that a unital simple $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebra whose extreme tracial boundary is nonempty and finite contains positive operators of every possible rank, independent of the property of strict comparison. We then turn to nonunital simple algebras and establish criteria that imply that the Cuntz semigroup is recovered functorially from the Murray-von Neumann semigroup and the space of densely defined lower semicontinuous traces. Finally, we prove that these criteria are satisfied by not-necessarily-unital approximately subhomogeneous algebras of slow dimension growth. Combined with results of the first-named author, this shows that slow dimension growth coincides with $\mathcal Z$-stability, for approximately subhomogeneous algebras.

Keywords:nuclear C*-algebras, Cuntz semigroup, dimension functions, stably projectionless C*-algebras, approximately subhomogeneous C*-algebras, slow dimension growth
Categories:46L35, 46L05, 46L80, 47L40, 46L85

4. CMB Online first

Alaghmandan, Mahmod
Approximate amenability of Segal algebras II
We prove that every proper Segal algebra of a SIN group is not approximately amenable.

Keywords:Segal algebras, approximate amenability, SIN groups, commutative Banach algebras
Categories:46H20, 43A20

5. CMB Online first

Moslehian, Mohammad Sal; Zamani, Ali
Exact and Approximate Operator Parallelism
Extending the notion of parallelism we introduce the concept of approximate parallelism in normed spaces and then substantially restrict ourselves to the setting of Hilbert space operators endowed with the operator norm. We present several characterizations of the exact and approximate operator parallelism in the algebra $\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$ of bounded linear operators acting on a Hilbert space $\mathscr{H}$. Among other things, we investigate the relationship between approximate parallelism and norm of inner derivations on $\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$. We also characterize the parallel elements of a $C^*$-algebra by using states. Finally we utilize the linking algebra to give some equivalence assertions regarding parallel elements in a Hilbert $C^*$-module.

Keywords:$C^*$-algebra, approximate parallelism, operator parallelism, Hilbert $C^*$-module
Categories:47A30, 46L05, 46L08, 47B47, 15A60

6. CMB Online first

Boulabiar, Karim
Characters on $C( X)$
The precise condition on a completely regular space $X$ for every character on $C(X) $ to be an evaluation at some point in $X$ is that $X$ be realcompact. Usually, this classical result is obtained relying heavily on involved (and even nonconstructive) extension arguments. This note provides a direct proof that is accessible to a large audience.

Keywords:characters, realcompact, evaluation, real-valued continuous functions
Categories:54C30, 46E25

7. CMB Online first

Brannan, Michael
Strong Asymptotic Freeness for Free Orthogonal Quantum Groups
It is known that the normalized standard generators of the free orthogonal quantum group $O_N^+$ converge in distribution to a free semicircular system as $N \to \infty$. In this note, we substantially improve this convergence result by proving that, in addition to distributional convergence, the operator norm of any non-commutative polynomial in the normalized standard generators of $O_N^+$ converges as $N \to \infty$ to the operator norm of the corresponding non-commutative polynomial in a standard free semicircular system. Analogous strong convergence results are obtained for the generators of free unitary quantum groups. As applications of these results, we obtain a matrix-coefficient version of our strong convergence theorem, and we recover a well known $L^2$-$L^\infty$ norm equivalence for non-commutative polynomials in free semicircular systems.

Keywords:quantum groups, free probability, asymptotic free independence, strong convergence, property of rapid decay
Categories:46L54, 20G42, 46L65

8. CMB Online first

Khamsi, M. A.
Approximate Fixed Point Sequences of Nonlinear Semigroup in Metric Spaces
In this paper, we investigate the common approximate fixed point sequences of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear mappings $\{T_t\}_{t \geq 0}$, i.e., a family such that $T_0(x)=x$, $T_{s+t}=T_s(T_t(x))$, where the domain is a metric space $(M,d)$. In particular we prove that under suitable conditions, the common approximate fixed point sequences set is the same as the common approximate fixed point sequences set of two mappings from the family. Then we use the Ishikawa iteration to construct a common approximate fixed point sequence of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear mappings.

Keywords:approximate fixed point, fixed point, hyperbolic metric space, Ishikawa iterations, nonexpansive mapping, semigroup of mappings, uniformly convex hyperbolic space
Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10

9. CMB Online first

Gabriyelyan, S. S.
Free Locally Convex Spaces and the $k$-space Property
Let $L(X)$ be the free locally convex space over a Tychonoff space $X$. Then $L(X)$ is a $k$-space if and only if $X$ is a countable discrete space. We prove also that $L(D)$ has uncountable tightness for every uncountable discrete space $D$.

Keywords:free locally convex space, $k$-space, countable tightness
Categories:46A03, 54D50, 54A25

10. CMB Online first

Chung, Jaeyoung
On an Exponential Functional Inequality and its Distributional Version
Let $G$ be a group and $\mathbb K=\mathbb C$ or $\mathbb R$. In this article, as a generalization of the result of Albert and Baker, we investigate the behavior of bounded and unbounded functions $f\colon G\to \mathbb K$ satisfying the inequality $ \Bigl|f \Bigl(\sum_{k=1}^n x_k \Bigr)-\prod_{k=1}^n f(x_k) \Bigr|\le \phi(x_2, \dots, x_n),\quad \forall\, x_1, \dots, x_n\in G, $ where $\phi\colon G^{n-1}\to [0, \infty)$. Also, as a distributional version of the above inequality we consider the stability of the functional equation \begin{equation*} u\circ S - \overbrace{u\otimes \cdots \otimes u}^{n-\text {times}}=0, \end{equation*} where $u$ is a Schwartz distribution or Gelfand hyperfunction, $\circ$ and $\otimes$ are the pullback and tensor product of distributions, respectively, and $S(x_1, \dots, x_n)=x_1+ \dots +x_n$.

Keywords:distribution, exponential functional equation, Gelfand hyperfunction, stability
Categories:46F99, 39B82

11. CMB Online first

Erzakova, Nina A.
Measures of Noncompactness in Regular Spaces
Previous results by the author on the connection between three of measures of non-compactness obtained for $L_p$, are extended to regular spaces of measurable functions. An example of advantage in some cases one of them in comparison with another is given. Geometric characteristics of regular spaces are determined. New theorems for $(k,\beta)$-boundedness of partially additive operators are proved.

Keywords:measure of non-compactness, condensing map, partially additive operator, regular space, ideal space
Categories:47H08, 46E30, 47H99, 47G10

12. CMB Online first

Ghenciu, Ioana
Limited Sets and Bibasic Sequences
Bibasic sequences are used to study relative weak compactness and relative norm compactness of limited sets.

Keywords:limited sets, $L$-sets, bibasic sequences, the Dunford-Pettis property
Categories:46B20, 46B28, 28B05

13. CMB Online first

Kamalov, F.
Property T and Amenable Transformation Group $C^*$-algebras
It is well known that a discrete group which is both amenable and has Kazhdan's Property T must be finite. In this note we generalize the above statement to the case of transformation groups. We show that if $G$ is a discrete amenable group acting on a compact Hausdorff space $X$, then the transformation group $C^*$-algebra $C^*(X, G)$ has Property T if and only if both $X$ and $G$ are finite. Our approach does not rely on the use of tracial states on $C^*(X, G)$.

Keywords:Property T, $C^*$-algebras, transformation group, amenable
Categories:46L55, 46L05

14. CMB Online first

Godefroy, G.
Uniqueness of preduals in spaces of operators
We show that if $E$ is a separable reflexive space, and $L$ is a weak-star closed linear subspace of $L(E)$ such that $L\cap K(E)$ is weak-star dense in $L$, then $L$ has a unique isometric predual. The proof relies on basic topological arguments.

Categories:46B20, 46B04

15. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 640)

Swanepoel, Konrad J.
Equilateral Sets and a Schütte Theorem for the $4$-norm
A well-known theorem of Schütte (1963) gives a sharp lower bound for the ratio of the maximum and minimum distances between $n+2$ points in $n$-dimensional Euclidean space. In this note we adapt Bárány's elegant proof (1994) of this theorem to the space $\ell_4^n$. This gives a new proof that the largest cardinality of an equilateral set in $\ell_4^n$ is $n+1$, and gives a constructive bound for an interval $(4-\varepsilon_n,4+\varepsilon_n)$ of values of $p$ close to $4$ for which it is known that the largest cardinality of an equilateral set in $\ell_p^n$ is $n+1$.

Categories:46B20, 52A21, 52C17

16. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 463)

Bownik, Marcin; Jasper, John
Constructive Proof of Carpenter's Theorem
We give a constructive proof of Carpenter's Theorem due to Kadison. Unlike the original proof our approach also yields the real case of this theorem.

Keywords:diagonals of projections, the Schur-Horn theorem, the Pythagorean theorem, the Carpenter theorem, spectral theory
Categories:42C15, 47B15, 46C05

17. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 598)

Lu, Yufeng; Yang, Dachun; Yuan, Wen
Interpolation of Morrey Spaces on Metric Measure Spaces
In this article, via the classical complex interpolation method and some interpolation methods traced to Gagliardo, the authors obtain an interpolation theorem for Morrey spaces on quasi-metric measure spaces, which generalizes some known results on ${\mathbb R}^n$.

Keywords:complex interpolation, Morrey space, Gagliardo interpolation, Calderón product, quasi-metric measure space
Categories:46B70, 46E30

18. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 364)

Li, Lei; Wang, Ya-Shu
How Lipschitz Functions Characterize the Underlying Metric Spaces
Let $X, Y$ be metric spaces and $E, F$ be Banach spaces. Suppose that both $X,Y$ are realcompact, or both $E,F$ are realcompact. The zero set of a vector-valued function $f$ is denoted by $z(f)$. A linear bijection $T$ between local or generalized Lipschitz vector-valued function spaces is said to preserve zero-set containments or nonvanishing functions if \[z(f)\subseteq z(g)\quad\Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)\subseteq z(Tg),\] or \[z(f) = \emptyset\quad \Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)=\emptyset,\] respectively. Every zero-set containment preserver, and every nonvanishing function preserver when $\dim E =\dim F\lt +\infty$, is a weighted composition operator $(Tf)(y)=J_y(f(\tau(y)))$. We show that the map $\tau\colon Y\to X$ is a locally (little) Lipschitz homeomorphism.

Keywords:(generalized, locally, little) Lipschitz functions, zero-set containment preservers, biseparating maps
Categories:46E40, 54D60, 46E15

19. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 546)

Kalantar, Mehrdad
Compact Operators in Regular LCQ Groups
We show that a regular locally compact quantum group $\mathbb{G}$ is discrete if and only if $\mathcal{L}^{\infty}(\mathbb{G})$ contains non-zero compact operators on $\mathcal{L}^{2}(\mathbb{G})$. As a corollary we classify all discrete quantum groups among regular locally compact quantum groups $\mathbb{G}$ where $\mathcal{L}^{1}(\mathbb{G})$ has the Radon--Nikodym property.

Keywords:locally compact quantum groups, regularity, compact operators
Category:46L89

20. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 424)

Sołtan, Piotr M.; Viselter, Ami
A Note on Amenability of Locally Compact Quantum Groups
In this short note we introduce a notion called ``quantum injectivity'' of locally compact quantum groups, and prove that it is equivalent to amenability of the dual. Particularly, this provides a new characterization of amenability of locally compact groups.

Keywords:amenability, conditional expectation, injectivity, locally compact quantum group, quantum injectivity
Categories:20G42, 22D25, 46L89

21. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 90)

Lazar, Aldo J.
Compact Subsets of the Glimm Space of a $C^*$-algebra
If $A$ is a $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebra and $a$ is a strictly positive element of $A$ then for every compact subset $K$ of the complete regularization $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ of $\mathrm{Prim}(A)$ there exists $\alpha \gt 0$ such that $K\subset \{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq \alpha\}$. This extends a result of J. Dauns to all $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebras. However, there are a $C^*$-algebra $A$ and a compact subset of $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ that is not contained in any set of the form $\{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq \alpha\}$, $a\in A$ and $\alpha \gt 0$.

Keywords:primitive ideal space, complete regularization
Category:46L05

22. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 42)

Fonf, Vladimir P.; Zanco, Clemente
Covering the Unit Sphere of Certain Banach Spaces by Sequences of Slices and Balls
e prove that, given any covering of any infinite-dimensional Hilbert space $H$ by countably many closed balls, some point exists in $H$ which belongs to infinitely many balls. We do that by characterizing isomorphically polyhedral separable Banach spaces as those whose unit sphere admits a point-finite covering by the union of countably many slices of the unit ball.

Keywords:point finite coverings, slices, polyhedral spaces, Hilbert spaces
Categories:46B20, 46C05, 52C17

23. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 166)

Öztop, Serap; Spronk, Nico
On Minimal and Maximal $p$-operator Space Structures
We show that for $p$-operator spaces, there are natural notions of minimal and maximal structures. These are useful for dealing with tensor products.

Keywords:$p$-operator space, min space, max space
Categories:46L07, 47L25, 46G10

24. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 3)

Adamczak, Radosław; Latała, Rafał; Litvak, Alexander E.; Oleszkiewicz, Krzysztof; Pajor, Alain; Tomczak-Jaegermann, Nicole
A Short Proof of Paouris' Inequality
We give a short proof of a result of G.~Paouris on the tail behaviour of the Euclidean norm $|X|$ of an isotropic log-concave random vector $X\in\mathbb{R}^n,$ stating that for every $t\geq 1$, \[\mathbb{P} \big( |X|\geq ct\sqrt n\big)\leq \exp(-t\sqrt n).\] More precisely we show that for any log-concave random vector $X$ and any $p\geq 1$, \[(\mathbb{E}|X|^p)^{1/p}\sim \mathbb{E} |X|+\sup_{z\in S^{n-1}}(\mathbb{E} |\langle z,X\rangle|^p)^{1/p}.\]

Keywords:log-concave random vectors, deviation inequalities
Categories:46B06, 46B09, 52A23

25. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 37)

Dashti, Mahshid; Nasr-Isfahani, Rasoul; Renani, Sima Soltani
Character Amenability of Lipschitz Algebras
Let ${\mathcal X}$ be a locally compact metric space and let ${\mathcal A}$ be any of the Lipschitz algebras ${\operatorname{Lip}_{\alpha}{\mathcal X}}$, ${\operatorname{lip}_{\alpha}{\mathcal X}}$ or ${\operatorname{lip}_{\alpha}^0{\mathcal X}}$. In this paper, we show, as a consequence of rather more general results on Banach algebras, that ${\mathcal A}$ is $C$-character amenable if and only if ${\mathcal X}$ is uniformly discrete.

Keywords:character amenable, character contractible, Lipschitz algebras, spectrum
Categories:43A07, 46H05, 46J10
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