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26. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 215)

Jaworski, Wojciech
Countable Amenable Identity Excluding Groups
A discrete group $G$ is called \emph{identity excluding\/} if the only irreducible unitary representation of $G$ which weakly contains the $1$-dimensional identity representation is the $1$-dimensional identity representation itself. Given a unitary representation $\pi$ of $G$ and a probability measure $\mu$ on $G$, let $P_\mu$ denote the $\mu$-average $\int\pi(g) \mu(dg)$. The goal of this article is twofold: (1)~to study the asymptotic behaviour of the powers $P_\mu^n$, and (2)~to provide a characterization of countable amenable identity excluding groups. We prove that for every adapted probability measure $\mu$ on an identity excluding group and every unitary representation $\pi$ there exists and orthogonal projection $E_\mu$ onto a $\pi$-invariant subspace such that $s$-$\lim_{n\to\infty}\bigl(P_\mu^n- \pi(a)^nE_\mu\bigr)=0$ for every $a\in\supp\mu$. This also remains true for suitably defined identity excluding locally compact groups. We show that the class of countable amenable identity excluding groups coincides with the class of $\FC$-hypercentral groups; in the finitely generated case this is precisely the class of groups of polynomial growth. We also establish that every adapted random walk on a countable amenable identity excluding group is ergodic.

Categories:22D10, 22D40, 43A05, 47A35, 60B15, 60J50

27. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 268)

Puls, Michael J.
Group Cohomology and $L^p$-Cohomology of Finitely Generated Groups
Let $G$ be a finitely generated, infinite group, let $p>1$, and let $L^p(G)$ denote the Banach space $\{ \sum_{x\in G} a_xx \mid \sum_{x\in G} |a_x |^p < \infty \}$. In this paper we will study the first cohomology group of $G$ with coefficients in $L^p(G)$, and the first reduced $L^p$-cohomology space of $G$. Most of our results will be for a class of groups that contains all finitely generated, infinite nilpotent groups.

Keywords:group cohomology, $L^p$-cohomology, central element of infinite order, harmonic function, continuous linear functional
Categories:43A15, 20F65, 20F18

28. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 483)

Baake, Michael
Diffraction of Weighted Lattice Subsets
A Dirac comb of point measures in Euclidean space with bounded complex weights that is supported on a lattice $\varGamma$ inherits certain general properties from the lattice structure. In particular, its autocorrelation admits a factorization into a continuous function and the uniform lattice Dirac comb, and its diffraction measure is periodic, with the dual lattice $\varGamma^*$ as lattice of periods. This statement remains true in the setting of a locally compact Abelian group whose topology has a countable base.

Keywords:diffraction, Dirac combs, lattice subsets, homometric sets
Categories:52C07, 43A25, 52C23, 43A05

29. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 436)

Sawyer, P.
The Spherical Functions Related to the Root System $B_2$
In this paper, we give an integral formula for the eigenfunctions of the ring of differential operators related to the root system $B_2$.

Categories:43A90, 22E30, 33C80

30. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 231)

Rosenblatt, Joseph M.; Willis, George A.
Weak Convergence Is Not Strong Convergence For Amenable Groups
Let $G$ be an infinite discrete amenable group or a non-discrete amenable group. It is shown how to construct a net $(f_\alpha)$ of positive, normalized functions in $L_1(G)$ such that the net converges weak* to invariance but does not converge strongly to invariance. The solution of certain linear equations determined by colorings of the Cayley graphs of the group are central to this construction.

Category:43A07

31. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 330)

Hare, Kathryn E.
Maximal Operators and Cantor Sets
We consider maximal operators in the plane, defined by Cantor sets of directions, and show such operators are not bounded on $L^2$ if the Cantor set has positive Hausdorff dimension.

Keywords:maximal functions, Cantor set, lacunary set
Categories:42B25, 43A46

32. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 169)

Ding, Hongming
Heat Kernels of Lorentz Cones
We obtain an explicit formula for heat kernels of Lorentz cones, a family of classical symmetric cones. By this formula, the heat kernel of a Lorentz cone is expressed by a function of time $t$ and two eigenvalues of an element in the cone. We obtain also upper and lower bounds for the heat kernels of Lorentz cones.

Keywords:Lorentz cone, symmetric cone, Jordan algebra, heat kernel, heat equation, Laplace-Beltrami operator, eigenvalues
Categories:35K05, 43A85, 35K15, 80A20

33. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 392)

Daly, James E.; Phillips, Keith L.
A note on $H^1$ multipliers for locally compact Vilenkin groups
Kitada and then Onneweer and Quek have investigated multiplier operators on Hardy spaces over locally compact Vilenkin groups. In this note, we provide an improvement to their results for the Hardy space $H^1$ and provide examples showing that our result applies to a significantly larger group of multipliers.

Categories:43A70, 44A35

34. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 316)

Hudzik, H.; Kamińska, A.; Mastyło, M.
On geometric properties of Orlicz-Lorentz spaces
Criteria for local uniform rotundity and midpoint local uniform rotundity in Orlicz-Lorentz spaces with the Luxemburg norm are given. Strict $K$-monotonicity and Kadec-Klee property are also discussed.

Category:43B20

35. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 296)

Hare, Kathryn E.
A general approach to Littlewood-Paley theorems for orthogonal families
A general lacunary Littlewood-Paley type theorem is proved, which applies in a variety of settings including Jacobi polynomials in $[0, 1]$, $\su$, and the usual classical trigonometric series in $[0, 2 \pi)$. The theorem is used to derive new results for $\LP$ multipliers on $\su$ and Jacobi $\LP$ multipliers.

Categories:42B25, 42C10, 43A80

36. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 183)

Kepert, Andrew G.
The range of group algebra homomorphisms
A characterisation of the range of a homomorphism between two commutative group algebras is presented which implies, among other things, that this range is closed. The work relies mainly on the characterisation of such homomorphisms achieved by P.~J.~Cohen.

Categories:43A22, 22B10, 46J99

37. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 133)

Blackmore, T. D.
Derivations from totally ordered semigroup algebras into their duals
For a well-behaved measure $\mu$, on a locally compact totally ordered set $X$, with continuous part $\mu_c$, we make $L^p(X,\mu_c)$ into a commutative Banach bimodule over the totally ordered semigroup algebra $L^p(X,\mu)$, in such a way that the natural surjection from the algebra to the module is a bounded derivation. This gives rise to bounded derivations from $L^p(X,\mu)$ into its dual module and in particular shows that if $\mu_c$ is not identically zero then $L^p(X,\mu)$ is not weakly amenable. We show that all bounded derivations from $L^1(X,\mu)$ into its dual module arise in this way and also describe all bounded derivations from $L^p(X,\mu)$ into its dual for $1
Categories:43A20, 46M20
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