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Search: MSC category 42C05 ( Orthogonal functions and polynomials, general theory [See also 33C45, 33C50, 33D45] )

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1. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 877)

Zaatra, Mohamed
Generating Some Symmetric Semi-classical Orthogonal Polynomials
We show that if $v$ is a regular semi-classical form (linear functional), then the symmetric form $u$ defined by the relation $x^{2}\sigma u = -\lambda v$, where $(\sigma f)(x)=f(x^{2})$ and the odd moments of $u$ are $0$, is also regular and semi-classical form for every complex $\lambda $ except for a discrete set of numbers depending on $v$. We give explicitly the three-term recurrence relation and the structure relation coefficients of the orthogonal polynomials sequence associated with $u$ and the class of the form $u$ knowing that of $v$. We conclude with an illustrative example.

Keywords:orthogonal polynomials, quadratic decomposition, semi-classical forms, structure relation
Categories:33C45, 42C05

2. CMB Online first

Totik, Vilmos
Universality under Szegő's condition
This paper presents a theorem on universality on orthogonal polynomials/random matrices under a weak local condition on the weight function $w$. With a new inequality for polynomials and with the use of fast decreasing polynomials, it is shown that an approach of D. S. Lubinsky is applicable. The proof works at all points which are Lebesgue-points both for the weight function $w$ and for $\log w$.

Keywords:universality, random matrices, Christoffel functions, asymptotics, potential theory
Categories:42C05, 60B20, 30C85, 31A15

3. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 194)

Stefánsson, Úlfar F.
On the Smallest and Largest Zeros of Müntz-Legendre Polynomials
Müntz-Legendre polynomials $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ associated with a sequence $\Lambda=\{\lambda_k\}$ are obtained by orthogonalizing the system $(x^{\lambda_0}, x^{\lambda_1}, x^{\lambda_2}, \dots)$ in $L_2[0,1]$ with respect to the Legendre weight. If the $\lambda_k$'s are distinct, it is well known that $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ has exactly $n$ zeros $l_{n,n}\lt l_{n-1,n}\lt \cdots \lt l_{2,n}\lt l_{1,n}$ on $(0,1)$. First we prove the following global bound for the smallest zero, $$ \exp\biggl(-4\sum_{j=0}^n \frac{1}{2\lambda_j+1}\biggr) \lt l_{n,n}. $$ An important consequence is that if the associated Müntz space is non-dense in $L_2[0,1]$, then $$ \inf_{n}x_{n,n}\geq \exp\biggl({-4\sum_{j=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{2\lambda_j+1}}\biggr)\gt 0, $$ so the elements $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ have no zeros close to 0. Furthermore, we determine the asymptotic behavior of the largest zeros; for $k$ fixed, $$ \lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} \vert \log l_{k,n}\vert \sum_{j=0}^n (2\lambda_j+1)= \Bigl(\frac{j_k}{2}\Bigr)^2, $$ where $j_k$ denotes the $k$-th zero of the Bessel function $J_0$.

Keywords:Müntz polynomials, Müntz-Legendre polynomials
Categories:42C05, 42C99, 41A60, 30B50

4. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 382)

De Carli, Laura
Uniform Estimates of Ultraspherical Polynomials of Large Order
In this paper we prove the sharp inequality $$ |P_n^{(s)}(x)|\leq P_n^{(s)}(1)\bigl(|x|^n +\frac{n-1}{2 s+1}(1-|x|^n)\bigr),$$ where $P_n^{(s)}(x)$ is the classical ultraspherical polynomial of degree $n$ and order $s\ge n\frac{1+\sqrt 5}{4}$. This inequality can be refined in $[0,z_n^s]$ and $[z_n^s,1]$, where $z_n^s$ denotes the largest zero of $P_n^{(s)}(x)$.

Categories:42C05, 33C47

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