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Search: MSC category 35J ( Elliptic equations and systems [See also 58J10, 58J20] )

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1. CMB Online first

Yang, Dachun; Yang, Sibei
 Second-order Riesz Transforms and Maximal Inequalities Associated with Magnetic SchrÃ¶dinger Operators Let $A:=-(\nabla-i\vec{a})\cdot(\nabla-i\vec{a})+V$ be a magnetic SchrÃ¶dinger operator on $\mathbb{R}^n$, where $\vec{a}:=(a_1,\dots, a_n)\in L^2_{\mathrm{loc}}(\mathbb{R}^n,\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $0\le V\in L^1_{\mathrm{loc}}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ satisfy some reverse HÃ¶lder conditions. Let $\varphi\colon \mathbb{R}^n\times[0,\infty)\to[0,\infty)$ be such that $\varphi(x,\cdot)$ for any given $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$ is an Orlicz function, $\varphi(\cdot,t)\in {\mathbb A}_{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for all $t\in (0,\infty)$ (the class of uniformly Muckenhoupt weights) and its uniformly critical upper type index $I(\varphi)\in(0,1]$. In this article, the authors prove that second-order Riesz transforms $VA^{-1}$ and $(\nabla-i\vec{a})^2A^{-1}$ are bounded from the Musielak-Orlicz-Hardy space $H_{\varphi,\,A}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, associated with $A$, to the Musielak-Orlicz space $L^{\varphi}(\mathbb{R}^n)$. Moreover, the authors establish the boundedness of $VA^{-1}$ on $H_{\varphi, A}(\mathbb{R}^n)$. As applications, some maximal inequalities associated with $A$ in the scale of $H_{\varphi, A}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ are obtained. Keywords:Musielak-Orlicz-Hardy space, magnetic SchrÃ¶dinger operator, atom, second-order Riesz transform, maximal inequalityCategories:42B30, 42B35, 42B25, 35J10, 42B37, 46E30

2. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 663)

Zhou, Chunqin
 An Onofri-type Inequality on the Sphere with Two Conical Singularities In this paper, we give a new proof of the Onofri-type inequality \begin{equation*} \int_S e^{2u} \,ds^2 \leq 4\pi(\beta+1) \exp \biggl\{ \frac{1}{4\pi(\beta+1)} \int_S |\nabla u|^2 \,ds^2 + \frac{1}{2\pi(\beta+1)} \int_S u \,ds^2 \biggr\} \end{equation*} on the sphere $S$ with Gaussian curvature $1$ and with conical singularities divisor $\mathcal A = \beta\cdot p_1 + \beta \cdot p_2$ for $\beta\in (-1,0)$; here $p_1$ and $p_2$ are antipodal. Categories:53C21, 35J61, 53A30

3. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 537)

Kang, Dongsheng
 Asymptotic Properties of Solutions to Semilinear Equations Involving Multiple Critical Exponents In this paper, we investigate a semilinear elliptic equation that involves multiple Hardy-type terms and critical Hardy-Sobolev exponents. By the Moser iteration method and analytic techniques, the asymptotic properties of its nontrivial solutions at the singular points are investigated. Keywords:elliptic problem, solution, Hardy-Sobolev inequality, singularity, Moser iterationCategories:35B33, 35B40, 35J60

4. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 555)

Hirata, Kentaro
 Boundary Behavior of Solutions of the Helmholtz Equation This paper is concerned with the boundary behavior of solutions of the Helmholtz equation in $\mathbb{R}^\di$. In particular, we give a Littlewood-type theorem to show that the approach region introduced by Kor\'anyi and Taylor (1983) is best possible. Keywords:boundary behavior, Helmholtz equationCategories:31B25, 35J05

5. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 140)

Rossi, Julio D.
 First Variations of the Best Sobolev Trace Constant with Respect to the Domain In this paper we study the best constant of the Sobolev trace embedding $H^{1}(\Omega)\to L^{2}(\partial\Omega)$, where $\Omega$ is a bounded smooth domain in $\RR^N$. We find a formula for the first variation of the best constant with respect to the domain. As a consequence, we prove that the ball is a critical domain when we consider deformations that preserve volume. Keywords:nonlinear boundary conditions, Sobolev trace embeddingCategories:35J65, 35B33

6. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 356)

Filippakis, Michael E.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.
 Existence of Positive Solutions for Nonlinear Noncoercive Hemivariational Inequalities In this paper we investigate the existence of positive solutions for nonlinear elliptic problems driven by the $p$-Laplacian with a nonsmooth potential (hemivariational inequality). Under asymptotic conditions that make the Euler functional indefinite and incorporate in our framework the asymptotically linear problems, using a variational approach based on nonsmooth critical point theory, we obtain positive smooth solutions. Our analysis also leads naturally to multiplicity results. Keywords:$p$-Laplacian, locally Lipschitz potential, nonsmooth critical point theory, principal eigenvalue, positive solutions, nonsmooth Mountain Pass TheoremCategories:35J20, 35J60, 35J85

7. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 358)

Khalil, Abdelouahed El; Manouni, Said El; Ouanan, Mohammed
 On the Principal Eigencurve of the $p$-Laplacian: Stability Phenomena We show that each point of the principal eigencurve of the nonlinear problem $$-\Delta_{p}u-\lambda m(x)|u|^{p-2}u=\mu|u|^{p-2}u \quad \text{in } \Omega,$$ is stable (continuous) with respect to the exponent $p$ varying in $(1,\infty)$; we also prove some convergence results of the principal eigenfunctions corresponding. Keywords:$p$-Laplacian with indefinite weight, principal eigencurve, principal eigenvalue, principal eigenfunction, stabilityCategories:35P30, 35P60, 35J70

8. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 144)

Taylor, Michael
 Scattering Length and the Spectrum of $-\Delta+V$ Given a non-negative, locally integrable function $V$ on $\RR^n$, we give a necessary and sufficient condition that $-\Delta+V$ have purely discrete spectrum, in terms of the scattering length of $V$ restricted to boxes. Category:35J10

9. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 515)

Frigon, M.
 Remarques sur l'enlacement en thÃ©orie des points critiques pour des fonctionnelles continues Dans cet article, \a partir de la notion d'enlacement introduite dans ~\cite{F} entre des paires d'ensembles $(B,A)$ et $(Q,P)$, nous \'etablissons l'existence d'un point critique d'une fonctionnelle continue sur un espace m\'etrique lorsqu'une de ces paires enlace l'autre. Des renseignements sur la localisation du point critique sont aussi obtenus. Ces r\'esultats conduisent \a une g\'en\'eralisation du th\'eor\eme des trois points critiques. Finalement, des applications \a des probl\`emes aux limites pour une \'equation quasi-lin\'eaire elliptique sont pr\'esent\'ees. Categories:58E05, 35J20

10. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 504)

Cardoso, Fernando; Vodev, Georgi
 High Frequency Resolvent Estimates and Energy Decay of Solutions to the Wave Equation We prove an uniform H\"older continuity of the resolvent of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on the real axis for a class of asymptotically Euclidean Riemannian manifolds. As an application we extend a result of Burq on the behaviour of the local energy of solutions to the wave equation. Categories:35B37, 35J15, 47F05

11. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 346)

Wang, Wei
 Positive Solution of a Subelliptic Nonlinear Equation on the Heisenberg Group In this paper, we establish the existence of positive solution of a nonlinear subelliptic equation involving the critical Sobolev exponent on the Heisenberg group, which generalizes a result of Brezis and Nirenberg in the Euclidean case. Keywords:Heisenberg group, subLapacian, critical Sobolev exponent, extremalsCategories:35J20, 35J60

12. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 210)

Leung, Man Chun
 Growth Estimates on Positive Solutions of the Equation $\Delta u+K u^{\frac{n+2}{n-2}}=0$ in $\R^n$ We construct unbounded positive $C^2$-solutions of the equation $\Delta u + K u^{(n + 2)/(n - 2)} = 0$ in $\R^n$ (equipped with Euclidean metric $g_o$) such that $K$ is bounded between two positive numbers in $\R^n$, the conformal metric $g=u^{4/(n-2)}g_o$ is complete, and the volume growth of $g$ can be arbitrarily fast or reasonably slow according to the constructions. By imposing natural conditions on $u$, we obtain growth estimate on the $L^{2n/(n-2)}$-norm of the solution and show that it has slow decay. Keywords:positive solution, conformal scalar curvature equation, growth estimateCategories:35J60, 58G03

13. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 464)

Kuo, Chung-Cheng
 On the solvability of a Neumann boundary value problem at resonance We study the existence of solutions of the semilinear equations (1) $\triangle u + g(x,u)=h$, ${\partial u \over \partial n} = 0$ on $\partial \Omega$ in which the non-linearity $g$ may grow superlinearly in $u$ in one of directions $u \to \infty$ and $u \to -\infty$, and (2) $-\triangle u + g(x,u)=h$, ${\partial u \over \partial n} = 0$ on $\partial \Omega$ in which the nonlinear term $g$ may grow superlinearly in $u$ as $|u| \to \infty$. The purpose of this paper is to obtain solvability theorems for (1) and (2) when the Landesman-Lazer condition does not hold. More precisely, we require that $h$ may satisfy $\int g^\delta_- (x) \, dx < \int h(x) \, dx = 0< \int g^\gamma_+ (x)\,dx$, where $\gamma, \delta$ are arbitrarily nonnegative constants, $g^\gamma_+ (x) = \lim_{u \to \infty} \inf g(x,u) |u|^\gamma$ and $g^\delta_- (x)=\lim_{u \to -\infty} \sup g(x,u)|u|^\delta$. The proofs are based upon degree theoretic arguments. Keywords:Landesman-Lazer condition, Leray Schauder degreeCategories:35J65, 47H11, 47H15

14. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 244)

Naito, Yūki; Usami, Hiroyuki
 Nonexistence results of positive entire solutions for quasilinear elliptic inequalities This paper treats the quasilinear elliptic inequality $$\div (|Du|^{m-2}Du) \geq p(x)u^{\sigma}, \quad x \in \Rs^N,$$ where $N \geq 2$, $m > 1$, $\sigma > m - 1$, and $p \colon \Rs^N \rightarrow (0, \infty)$ is continuous. Sufficient conditions are given for this inequality to have no positive entire solutions. When $p$ has radial symmetry, the existence of positive entire solutions can be characterized by our results and some known results. Categories:35J70, 35B05