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1. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 377)

Gutierrez, C.; Jarque, X.; Llibre, J.; Teixeira, M. A.
Global Injectivity of $C^1$ Maps of the Real Plane, Inseparable Leaves and the Palais--Smale Condition
We study two sufficient conditions that imply global injectivity for a $C^1$ map $X\colon \R^2\to \R^2$ such that its Jacobian at any point of $\R^2$ is not zero. One is based on the notion of half-Reeb component and the other on the Palais--Smale condition. We improve the first condition using the notion of inseparable leaves. We provide a new proof of the sufficiency of the second condition. We prove that both conditions are not equivalent, more precisely we show that the Palais--Smale condition implies the nonexistence of inseparable leaves, but the converse is not true. Finally, we show that the Palais--Smale condition it is not a necessary condition for the global injectivity of the map $X$.

Categories:34C35, 34H05

2. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 448)

Kaczynski, Tomasz; Mrozek, Marian
Stable index pairs for discrete dynamical systems
A new shorter proof of the existence of index pairs for discrete dynamical systems is given. Moreover, the index pairs defined in that proof are stable with respect to small perturbations of the generating map. The existence of stable index pairs was previously known in the case of diffeomorphisms and flows generated by smooth vector fields but it was an open question in the general discrete case.

Categories:54H20, 54C60, 34C35

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