1. CMB Online first
 Nah, Kyeongah; Röst, Gergely

Stability threshold for scalar linear periodic delay differential equations
We prove that for the linear scalar delay differential
equation
$$ \dot{x}(t) =  a(t)x(t) + b(t)x(t1) $$
with nonnegative periodic coefficients of period $P\gt 0$, the
stability threshold for the trivial solution is
$r:=\int_{0}^{P}
\left(b(t)a(t)
\right)\mathrm{d}t=0,$
assuming that $b(t+1)a(t)$ does not change its sign. By constructing
a class of explicit examples, we show the counterintuitive result
that in general, $r=0$ is not a stability threshold.
Keywords:delay differential equation, stability, periodic system Categories:34K20, 34K06 

2. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 363)
 Li, Dan; Ma, Wanbiao

Dynamical Analysis of a StageStructured Model for Lyme Disease with Two Delays
In this paper, a
nonlinear stagestructured model for Lyme disease is considered.
The model is a system of differential equations with two time
delays. The basic reproductive rate, $R_0(\tau_1,\tau_2)$, is
derived. If $R_0(\tau_1,\tau_2)\lt 1$, then the boundary equilibrium
is globally asymptotically stable. If $R_0(\tau_1,\tau_2)\gt 1$,
then there exists
a unique positive equilibrium whose local asymptotical stability
and the existence of
Hopf bifurcations are established by analyzing the distribution
of the characteristic values.
An explicit algorithm for determining the direction of Hopf bifurcations
and the
stability of the bifurcating periodic solutions is derived by
using the normal form and
the center manifold theory. Some numerical simulations are performed
to confirm the correctness
of theoretical analysis. At last, some conclusions are given.
Keywords:Lyme disease, stagestructure, time delay, Lyapunov functional stability Hopf bifurcation. Category:34D20 

3. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 818)
 Llibre, Jaume; Zhang, Xiang

On the Limit Cycles of Linear Differential Systems with Homogeneous Nonlinearities
We consider the class of polynomial differential systems of the
form
$\dot x= \lambda xy+P_n(x,y)$, $\dot y=x+\lambda y+ Q_n(x,y),$ where
$P_n$ and $Q_n$ are homogeneous polynomials of degree $n$. For
this
class of differential systems we summarize the known results
for the
existence of limit cycles, and we provide new results for their
nonexistence and existence.
Keywords:polynomial differential system, limit cycles, differential equations on the cylinder Categories:34C35, 34D30 

4. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 44)
5. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 39)
 Ben Amara, Jamel

Comparison Theorem for Conjugate Points of a Fourthorder Linear Differential Equation
In 1961, J. Barrett showed that if the first conjugate point
$\eta_1(a)$ exists for the differential equation $(r(x)y'')''=
p(x)y,$ where $r(x)\gt 0$ and $p(x)\gt 0$, then so does the first
systemsconjugate point $\widehat\eta_1(a)$. The aim of this note is to
extend this result to the general equation with middle term
$(q(x)y')'$ without further restriction on $q(x)$, other than
continuity.
Keywords:fourthorder linear differential equation, conjugate points, systemconjugate points, subwronskians Categories:47E05, 34B05, 34C10 

6. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 388)
 Mursaleen, M.

Application of Measure of Noncompactness to Infinite Systems of Differential Equations
In this paper we determine the Hausdorff measure of noncompactness on
the sequence space $n(\phi)$ of W. L. C. Sargent.
Further we apply
the technique of measures of noncompactness to the theory of infinite
systems of differential equations in the Banach sequence spaces
$n(\phi)$ and $m(\phi)$. Our aim is to present some existence results
for infinite systems of differential equations formulated with the help
of measures of noncompactness.
Keywords:sequence spaces, BK spaces, measure of noncompactness, infinite system of differential equations Categories:46B15, 46B45, 46B50, 34A34, 34G20 

7. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 366)
 Kyritsi, Sophia Th.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.

Multiple Solutions for Nonlinear Periodic Problems
We consider a nonlinear periodic problem driven by a
nonlinear nonhomogeneous differential operator and a
CarathÃ©odory reaction term $f(t,x)$ that exhibits a
$(p1)$superlinear growth in $x \in \mathbb{R}$
near $\pm\infty$ and near zero.
A special case of the differential operator is the scalar
$p$Laplacian. Using a combination of variational methods based on
the critical point theory with Morse theory (critical groups), we
show that the problem has three nontrivial solutions, two of which
have constant sign (one positive, the other negative).
Keywords:$C$condition, mountain pass theorem, critical groups, strong deformation retract, contractible space, homotopy invariance Categories:34B15, 34B18, 34C25, 58E05 

8. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 102)
 Kong, Qingkai; Wang, Min

Eigenvalue Approach to Even Order System Periodic Boundary Value Problems
We study an even order system boundary value problem with
periodic boundary conditions. By establishing
the existence of a positive eigenvalue of an associated linear system
SturmLiouville problem, we obtain new conditions for the boundary
value problem to have a positive solution. Our major tools are the
KreinRutman theorem for linear spectra and the fixed point index theory
for compact operators.
Keywords:Green's function, high order system boundary value problems, positive solutions, SturmLiouville problem Categories:34B18, 34B24 

9. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 214)
 Wang, DaBin

Positive Solutions of Impulsive Dynamic System on Time Scales
In this paper, some criteria for the existence of positive solutions of a class
of systems of impulsive dynamic equations on time scales are obtained by
using a fixed point theorem in cones.
Keywords:time scale, positive solution, fixed point, impulsive dynamic equation Categories:39A10, 34B15 

10. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 285)
 Eloe, Paul W.; Henderson, Johnny; Khan, Rahmat Ali

Uniqueness Implies Existence and Uniqueness Conditions for a Class of $(k+j)$Point Boundary Value Problems for $n$th Order Differential Equations
For the $n$th order nonlinear differential equation, $y^{(n)} = f(x, y, y',
\dots, y^{(n1)})$, we consider uniqueness implies uniqueness and existence
results for solutions satisfying certain $(k+j)$point
boundary conditions for $1\le j \le n1$ and $1\leq k \leq nj$. We
define $(k;j)$point unique solvability in analogy to $k$point
disconjugacy and we show that $(nj_{0};j_{0})$point
unique solvability implies $(k;j)$point unique solvability for $1\le j \le
j_{0}$, and $1\leq k \leq nj$. This result is
analogous to
$n$point disconjugacy implies $k$point disconjugacy for $2\le k\le
n1$.
Keywords:boundary value problem, uniqueness, existence, unique solvability, nonlinear interpolation Categories:34B15, 34B10, 65D05 

11. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 736)
12. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 400)
 Sebbar, Abdellah; Sebbar, Ahmed

Eisenstein Series and Modular Differential Equations
The purpose of this paper is to solve various differential
equations having Eisenstein series as coefficients using various tools and techniques. The solutions
are given in terms of modular forms, modular functions, and
equivariant forms.
Keywords:differential equations, modular forms, Schwarz derivative, equivariant forms Categories:11F11, 34M05 

13. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 506)
 Neamaty, A.; Mosazadeh, S.

On the Canonical Solution of the SturmLiouville Problem with Singularity and Turning Point of Even Order
In this paper, we are going to investigate the canonical property of solutions of
systems of differential equations having a singularity and turning
point of even order. First, by a replacement, we transform the system
to the SturmLiouville equation with turning point. Using of the
asymptotic estimates provided by Eberhard, Freiling, and Schneider
for a special fundamental system of solutions of the SturmLiouville
equation, we study the infinite product representation of solutions of the systems. Then we
transform the SturmLiouville equation with
turning point to the
equation with singularity, then we study the asymptotic behavior of its solutions. Such
representations are relevant to the inverse spectral problem.
Keywords:turning point, singularity, SturmLiouville, infinite products, Hadamard's theorem, eigenvalues Categories:34B05, 34Lxx, 47E05 

14. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 882)
 Xueli, Song; Jigen, Peng

Equivalence of $L_p$ Stability and Exponential Stability of Nonlinear Lipschitzian Semigroups
$L_p$ stability and exponential stability are two important concepts
for nonlinear dynamic systems. In this paper, we prove that a
nonlinear exponentially bounded Lipschitzian semigroup is
exponentially stable if and only if the semigroup is $L_p$ stable
for some $p>0$. Based on the equivalence, we derive two sufficient
conditions for exponential stability of the nonlinear semigroup. The
results obtained extend and improve some existing ones.
Keywords:exponentially stable, $L_p$ stable, nonlinear Lipschitzian semigroups Categories:34D05, 47H20 

15. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 3)
16. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 580)
 Baoguo, Jia; Erbe, Lynn; Peterson, Allan

Kiguradzetype Oscillation Theorems for Second Order Superlinear Dynamic Equations on Time Scales
Consider the second order superlinear dynamic equation
\begin{equation*}
(*)\qquad
x^{\Delta\Delta}(t)+p(t)f(x(\sigma(t)))=0\tag{$*$}
\end{equation*}
where $p\in C(\mathbb{T},\mathbb{R})$, $\mathbb{T}$ is a time scale,
$f\colon\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is
continuously differentiable and satisfies $f'(x)>0$, and $xf(x)>0$ for
$x\neq 0$. Furthermore, $f(x)$ also satisfies a superlinear condition, which
includes the nonlinear function $f(x)=x^\alpha$ with $\alpha>1$, commonly
known as the EmdenFowler case. Here the coefficient function $p(t)$ is
allowed to be negative for arbitrarily large values of $t$. In addition to
extending the result of Kiguradze for \eqref{star1} in the real case $\mathbb{T}=\mathbb{R}$, we
obtain analogues in the difference equation and $q$difference equation cases.
Keywords:Oscillation, EmdenFowler equation, superlinear Categories:34K11, 39A10, 39A99 

17. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 527)
 Preda, Ciprian; Sipos, Ciprian

On the Dichotomy of the Evolution Families: A DiscreteArgument Approach
We establish a discretetime criteria guaranteeing the existence of an
exponential dichotomy in the continuoustime
behavior of an abstract evolution family. We prove that an evolution
family ${\cal U}=\{U(t,s)\}_{t
\geq s\geq 0}$ acting on a Banach space $X$ is uniformly
exponentially dichotomic (with respect to its continuoustime
behavior) if and only if the
corresponding difference equation with the inhomogeneous term from
a vectorvalued Orlicz sequence space $l^\Phi(\mathbb{N}, X)$
admits
a solution in the same $l^\Phi(\mathbb{N},X)$. The technique of
proof effectively eliminates the continuity hypothesis on the
evolution family (\emph{i.e.,} we do not assume that $U(\,\cdot\,,s)x$
or $U(t,\,\cdot\,)x$ is continuous on $[s,\infty)$, and respectively
$[0,t]$). Thus, some known results given by
Coffman and Schaffer, Perron, and Ta Li are extended.
Keywords:evolution families, exponential dichotomy, Orlicz sequence spaces, admissibility Categories:34D05, 47D06, 93D20 

18. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 364)
19. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 475)
 Jankowski, Tadeusz

Nonlinear Multipoint Boundary Value Problems for Second Order Differential Equations
In this paper we shall discuss nonlinear multipoint boundary value problems for second order differential equations when deviating arguments depend on the unknown solution. Sufficient conditions under which such problems have extremal and quasisolutions are given. The problem of when a unique solution exists is also investigated. To obtain existence results, a monotone iterative technique is used. Two examples are added to verify theoretical results.
Keywords:second order differential equations, deviated arguments, nonlinear boundary conditions, extremal solutions, quasisolutions, unique solution Categories:34A45, 34K10 

20. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 367)
21. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 347)
22. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 193)
23. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 315)
 Yi, Taishan; Zou, Xingfu

Generic QuasiConvergence for Essentially Strongly OrderPreserving Semiflows
By employing the limit set
dichotomy for essentially strongly orderpreserving semiflows and
the assumption that limit sets have infima and suprema in the
state space, we prove a generic quasiconvergence principle
implying the existence of an open and dense set of stable
quasiconvergent points. We also apply this generic quasiconvergence principle
to a model for biochemical feedback in protein
synthesis and obtain some results about the model which are of theoretical
and realistic significance.
Keywords:Essentially strongly orderpreserving semiflow, compactness, quasiconvergence Categories:34C12, 34K25 

24. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 386)
 Lan, K. Q.; Yang, G. C.

Positive Solutions of the FalknerSkan Equation Arising in the Boundary Layer Theory
The wellknown FalknerSkan equation is one of the most important
equations in laminar boundary layer theory and is used to describe
the steady twodimensional flow of a slightly viscous
incompressible fluid past wedge shaped bodies of angles related to
$\lambda\pi/2$, where $\lambda\in \mathbb R$ is a parameter
involved in the equation. It is known that there exists
$\lambda^{*}<0$ such that the equation with suitable boundary
conditions has at least one positive solution for each $\lambda\ge
\lambda^{*}$ and has no positive solutions for
$\lambda<\lambda^{*}$. The known numerical result shows
$\lambda^{*}=0.1988$. In this paper, $\lambda^{*}\in
[0.4,0.12]$ is proved analytically by establishing a singular
integral equation which is equivalent to the FalknerSkan
equation. The equivalence result
provides new techniques to study properties and existence of solutions of
the FalknerSkan equation.
Keywords:FalknerSkan equation, boundary layer problems, singular integral equation, positive solutions Categories:34B16, 34B18, 34B40, 76D10 

25. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 217)
 Filippakis, Michael E.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.

A Multivalued Nonlinear System with the Vector $p$Laplacian on the SemiInfinity Interval
We study a second order nonlinear system driven by the vector
$p$Laplacian, with a multivalued nonlinearity and defined on
the positive time semiaxis $\mathbb{R}_+.$ Using degree
theoretic techniques we solve an auxiliary mixed boundary value
problem defined on the finite interval $[0,n]$ and then via a
diagonalization method we produce a solution for the original
infinite timehorizon system.
Keywords:semiinfinity interval, vector $p$Laplacian, multivalued nonlinear, fixed point index, Hartman condition, completely continuous map Category:34A60 
