1. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 225)
 Atıcı, Ferhan M.; Yaldız, Hatice

Convex Functions on Discrete Time Domains
In this paper, we introduce the definition of a convex real
valued function $f$ defined on the set of integers, ${\mathbb{Z}}$. We
prove that $f$ is convex on ${\mathbb{Z}}$ if and only if $\Delta^{2}f
\geq 0$ on ${\mathbb{Z}}$. As a first application of this new concept,
we state and prove discrete HermiteHadamard inequality using
the basics of discrete calculus (i.e. the calculus on ${\mathbb{Z}}$).
Second, we state and prove the discrete fractional HermiteHadamard
inequality using the basics of discrete fractional calculus.
We close the paper by defining the convexity of a real valued
function on any time scale.
Keywords:discrete calculus, discrete fractional calculus, convex functions, discrete HermiteHadamard inequality Categories:26B25, 26A33, 39A12, 39A70, 26E70, 26D07, 26D10, 26D15 

2. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 486)
 Duc, Dinh Thanh; Nhan, Nguyen Du Vi; Xuan, Nguyen Tong

Inequalities for Partial Derivatives and their Applications
We present various weighted integral inequalities for partial
derivatives acting on products and compositions of functions
which are applied to establish some new Opialtype inequalities
involving functions of several independent variables. We also
demonstrate the usefulness of our results in the field of partial
differential equations.
Keywords:inequality for integral, Opialtype inequality, HÃ¶lder's inequality, partial differential operator, partial differential equation Categories:26D10, 35A23 

3. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 188)
4. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 614)
5. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 178)
 Rabier, Patrick J.

Quasiconvexity and Density Topology
We prove that if $f:\mathbb{R}^{N}\rightarrow \overline{\mathbb{R}}$ is
quasiconvex and $U\subset \mathbb{R}^{N}$ is open in the density topology, then
$\sup_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,sup}_{U}f,$ while
$\inf_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,inf}_{U}f$
if and only if the equality holds when $U=\mathbb{R}^{N}.$ The first (second)
property is typical of lsc (usc) functions and, even when $U$ is an ordinary
open subset, there seems to be no record that they both hold for all
quasiconvex functions.
This property ensures that the pointwise extrema of $f$ on any nonempty
density open subset can be arbitrarily closely approximated by values of $f$
achieved on ``large'' subsets, which may be of relevance in a variety of
issues. To support this claim, we use it to characterize the common points
of continuity, or approximate continuity, of two quasiconvex functions that
coincide away from a set of measure zero.
Keywords:density topology, quasiconvex function, approximate continuity, point of continuity Categories:52A41, 26B05 

6. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 355)
 Nhan, Nguyen Du Vi; Duc, Dinh Thanh

Convolution Inequalities in $l_p$ Weighted Spaces
Various weighted $l_p$norm inequalities in convolutions are derived
by a simple and general principle whose $l_2$ version was obtained by
using the theory of reproducing kernels. Applications to the Riemann zeta
function and a difference equation are also considered.
Keywords:inequalities for sums, convolution Categories:26D15, 44A35 

7. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 630)
8. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 706)
9. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 12)
 Bingham, N. H.; Ostaszewski, A. J.

Homotopy and the KestelmanBorweinDitor Theorem
The KestelmanBorweinDitor Theorem, on embedding a null sequence by
translation in (measure/category) ``large'' sets has two generalizations.
Miller replaces the translated sequence by a ``sequence homotopic
to the identity''. The authors, in a previous paper, replace points by functions:
a uniform functional null sequence replaces the null sequence, and
translation receives a functional form. We give a unified approach to
results of this kind. In particular, we show that (i) Miller's homotopy
version follows from the functional version, and (ii) the pointwise instance
of the functional version follows from Miller's homotopy version.
Keywords:measure, category, measurecategory duality, differentiable homotopy Category:26A03 

10. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 327)
 Luor, DahChin

Multidimensional Exponential Inequalities with Weights
We establish sufficient conditions on the weight functions $u$ and $v$ for the validity of the multidimensional weighted inequality $$ \Bigl(\int_E \Phi(T_k f(x))^q u(x)\,dx\Bigr)^{1/q} \le C \Bigl (\int_E \Phi(f(x))^p v(x)\,dx\Bigr )^{1/p}, $$
where 0<$p$, $q$<$\infty$, $\Phi$ is a logarithmically convex function, and $T_k$ is an integral operator over starshaped regions. The condition is also necessary for the exponential integral inequality. Moreover, the estimation of $C$ is given and we apply the obtained results to generalize some multidimensional LevinCochranLee type inequalities.
Keywords:multidimensional inequalities, geometric mean operators, exponential inequalities, starshaped regions Categories:26D15, 26D10 

11. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 295)
 P{\l}otka, Krzysztof

On Functions Whose Graph is a Hamel Basis, II
We say that a function $h \from \real \to \real$ is a Hamel function
($h \in \ham$) if $h$, considered as a subset of $\real^2$, is a Hamel
basis for $\real^2$. We show that $\A(\ham)\geq\omega$, \emph{i.e.,} for
every finite $F \subseteq \real^\real$ there exists $f\in\real^\real$
such that $f+F \subseteq \ham$. From the previous work of the author
it then follows that $\A(\ham)=\omega$.
Keywords:Hamel basis, additive, Hamel functions Categories:26A21, 54C40, 15A03, 54C30 

12. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 438)
 Mercer, Idris David

Unimodular Roots of\\ Special Littlewood Polynomials
We call $\alpha(z) = a_0 + a_1 z + \dots + a_{n1} z^{n1}$ a Littlewood
polynomial if $a_j = \pm 1$ for all $j$. We call $\alpha(z)$ selfreciprocal
if $\alpha(z) = z^{n1}\alpha(1/z)$, and call $\alpha(z)$ skewsymmetric if
$n = 2m+1$ and $a_{m+j} = (1)^j a_{mj}$ for all $j$. It has been observed
that Littlewood polynomials with particularly high minimum modulus on
the unit
circle in $\bC$ tend to be skewsymmetric. In this paper, we prove that a
skewsymmetric Littlewood polynomial cannot have any zeros on the unit circle,
as well as providing a new proof of the known result that a selfreciprocal
Littlewood polynomial must have a zero on the unit circle.
Categories:26C10, 30C15, 42A05 

13. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 256)
 Neelon, Tejinder

A BernsteinWalsh Type Inequality and Applications
A BernsteinWalsh type inequality for $C^{\infty }$ functions of several
variables is derived, which then is applied to obtain analogs and
generalizations of the following classical theorems: (1) BochnakSiciak
theorem: a $C^{\infty }$\ function on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ that is real
analytic on every line is real analytic; (2) ZornLelong theorem: if a
double power series $F(x,y)$\ converges on a set of lines of positive
capacity then $F(x,y)$\ is convergent; (3) AbhyankarMohSathaye theorem:
the transfinite diameter of the convergence set of a divergent series is
zero.
Keywords:BernsteinWalsh inequality, convergence sets, analytic functions, ultradifferentiable functions, formal power series Categories:32A05, 26E05 

14. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 82)
 Gogatishvili, Amiran; Pick, Luboš

Embeddings and Duality Theorem for Weak Classical Lorentz Spaces
We characterize the weight functions
$u,v,w$ on $(0,\infty)$ such that
$$
\left(\int_0^\infty f^{*}(t)^
qw(t)\,dt\right)^{1/q}
\leq
C \sup_{t\in(0,\infty)}f^{**}_u(t)v(t),
$$
where
$$
f^{**}_u(t):=\left(\int_{0}^{t}u(s)\,ds\right)^{1}
\int_{0}^{t}f^*(s)u(s)\,ds.
$$
As an application we present a~new simple characterization of
the associate space to the space $\Gamma^ \infty(v)$, determined by the
norm
$$
\f\_{\Gamma^ \infty(v)}=\sup_{t\in(0,\infty)}f^{**}(t)v(t),
$$
where
$$
f^{**}(t):=\frac1t\int_{0}^{t}f^*(s)\,ds.
$$
Keywords:Discretizing sequence, antidiscretization, classical Lorentz spaces, weak Lorentz spaces, embeddings, duality, Hardy's inequality Categories:26D10, 46E20 

15. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 333)
 Alzer, Horst

Monotonicity Properties of the Hurwitz Zeta Function
Let
$$
\zeta(s,x)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(n+x)^s} \quad{(s>1,\, x>0)}
$$
be the Hurwitz zeta function and let
$$
Q(x)=Q(x;\alpha,\beta;a,b)=\frac{(\zeta(\alpha,x))^a}{(\zeta(\beta,x))^b},
$$
where $\alpha, \beta>1$
and $a,b>0$ are real numbers. We prove:
(i) The function $Q$ is decreasing on $(0,\infty)$ if{}f $\alpha a\beta b\geq \max(ab,0)$.
(ii) $Q$ is increasing on $(0,\infty)$ if{}f $\alpha a\beta b\leq
\min(ab,0)$.
An application of part (i) reveals that for all $x>0$ the function $s\mapsto [(s1)\zeta(s,x)]^{1/(s1)}$ is decreasing on $(1,\infty)$. This settles
a conjecture of Bastien and Rogalski.
Categories:11M35, 26D15 

16. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 133)
 Talvila, Erik

Estimates of HenstockKurzweil Poisson Integrals
If $f$ is a realvalued function on $[\pi,\pi]$ that
is HenstockKurzweil integrable, let $u_r(\theta)$ be its Poisson
integral. It is shown that $\u_r\_p=o(1/(1r))$ as $r\to 1$
and this estimate is sharp for $1\leq p\leq\infty$.
If $\mu$ is a finite Borel measure and $u_r(\theta)$ is its Poisson
integral then for each $1\leq p\leq \infty$ the estimate
$\u_r\_p=O((1r)^{1/p1})$ as $r\to 1$ is sharp.
The Alexiewicz
norm estimates $\u_r\\leq\f\$ ($0\leq r<1$) and $\u_rf\\to 0$
($r\to 1$) hold. These estimates lead to two uniqueness theorems for
the Dirichlet problem
in the unit disc with HenstockKurzweil integrable boundary data.
There are similar growth estimates when $u$ is in the harmonic Hardy
space associated with the Alexiewicz
norm and when $f$ is of bounded variation.
Categories:26A39, 31A20 

17. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 540)
 Jain, Pankaj; Jain, Pawan K.; Gupta, Babita

Compactness of HardyType Operators over StarShaped Regions in $\mathbb{R}^N$
We study a compactness property of the operators between weighted
Lebesgue spaces that average a function over certain domains involving
a starshaped region. The cases covered are (i) when the average is
taken over a difference of two dilations of a starshaped region in
$\RR^N$, and (ii) when the average is taken over all dilations of
starshaped regions in $\RR^N$. These cases include, respectively,
the average over annuli and the average over balls centered at origin.
Keywords:Hardy operator, HardySteklov operator, compactness, boundedness, starshaped regions Categories:46E35, 26D10 

18. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 323)
 Chamberland, Marc

Characterizing TwoDimensional Maps Whose Jacobians Have Constant Eigenvalues
Recent papers have shown that $C^1$ maps $F\colon \mathbb{R}^2
\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$
whose Jacobians have constant eigenvalues can be completely
characterized if either the eigenvalues are equal or $F$ is a
polynomial. Specifically, $F=(u,v)$ must take the form
\begin{gather*}
u = ax + by + \beta \phi(\alpha x + \beta y) + e \\
v = cx + dy  \alpha \phi(\alpha x + \beta y) + f
\end{gather*}
for some constants $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$, $e$, $f$, $\alpha$, $\beta$ and
a $C^1$ function $\phi$ in one variable. If, in addition, the function
$\phi$ is not affine, then
\begin{equation}
\alpha\beta (da) + b\alpha^2  c\beta^2 = 0.
\end{equation}
This paper shows how these theorems cannot be extended by constructing
a realanalytic map whose Jacobian eigenvalues are $\pm 1/2$ and does
not fit the previous form. This example is also used to construct
nonobvious solutions to nonlinear PDEs, including the MongeAmp\`ere
equation.
Keywords:Jacobian Conjecture, injectivity, MongeAmpÃ¨re equation Categories:26B10, 14R15, 35L70 

19. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 61)
 Kats, B. A.

The Inequalities for Polynomials and Integration over Fractal Arcs
The paper is dealing with determination of the integral $\int_{\gamma}
f \,dz$ along the fractal arc $\gamma$ on the complex plane by terms
of polynomial approximations of the function~$f$. We obtain
inequalities for polynomials and conditions of integrability for
functions from the H\"older, Besov and Slobodetskii spaces.
Categories:26B15, 28A80 

20. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 478)
 Pruss, Alexander R.

A Remark On the MoserAubin Inequality For Axially Symmetric Functions On the Sphere
Let $\scr S_r$ be the collection of all axially symmetric functions
$f$ in the Sobolev space $H^1(\Sph^2)$ such that $\int_{\Sph^2}
x_ie^{2f(\mathbf{x})} \, d\omega(\mathbf{x})$ vanishes for $i=1,2,3$.
We prove that
$$
\inf_{f\in \scr S_r} \frac12 \int_{\Sph^2} \nabla f^2 \, d\omega
+ 2\int_{\Sph^2} f \, d\omega \log \int_{\Sph^2} e^{2f} \, d\omega > \oo,
$$
and that this infimum is attained. This complements recent work of
Feldman, Froese, Ghoussoub and Gui on a conjecture of Chang and Yang
concerning the MoserAubin inequality.
Keywords:Moser inequality, borderline Sobolev inequalities, axially symmetric functions Categories:26D15, 58G30 

21. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 417)
 AzizUlAuzeem, Abdul; Zarger, B. A.

Some Properties of Rational Functions with Prescribed Poles
Let $P(z)$ be a polynomial of degree not exceeding $n$ and let
$W(z) = \prod^n_{j=1}(za_j)$ where $a_j> 1$, $j =1,2,\dots, n$.
If the rational function $r(z) = P(z)/W(z)$ does not vanish in $z
< k$, then for $k=1$ it is known that
$$
r'(z) \leq \frac{1}{2} B'(z) \Sup_{z=1} r(z)
$$
where $B(Z) = W^\ast(z)/W(z)$ and $W^\ast (z) = z^n \overline
{W(1/\bar z)}$. In the paper we consider the case when $k>1$ and
obtain a sharp result. We also show that
$$
\Sup_{z=1} \biggl\{ \biggl \frac{r'(z)}{B'(z)} \biggr +\biggr
\frac{\bigl(r^\ast (z)\bigr)'}{B'(z)} \biggr \biggr\} =
\Sup_{z=1} r(z)
$$
where $r^\ast (z) = B(z) \overline{r(1/\bar z)}$, and as a consequence of
this result, we present a generalization of a theorem of O'Hara and
Rodriguez for selfinversive polynomials. Finally, we establish a similar
result when supremum is replaced by infimum for a rational function which
has all its zeros in the unit circle.
Category:26D07 

22. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 497)
 Borwein, J. M.; Girgensohn, R.; Wang, Xianfu

On the construction of HÃ¶lder and Proximal Subderivatives
We construct Lipschitz functions such that for all $s>0$ they are
$s$H\"older, and so proximally, subdifferentiable only on dyadic
rationals and nowhere else. As applications we construct Lipschitz
functions with prescribed H\"older and approximate subderivatives.
Keywords:Lipschitz functions, HÃ¶lder subdifferential, proximal subdifferential, approximate subdifferential, symmetric subdifferential, HÃ¶lder smooth, dyadic rationals Categories:49J52, 26A16, 26A24 

23. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 88)
 Radulescu, M. L.; Clarke, F. H.

The multidirectional mean value theorem in Banach spaces
Recently, F.~H.~Clarke and Y.~Ledyaev established a
multidirectional mean value theorem applicable to lower
semicontinuous functions on Hilbert spaces, a result which
turns out to be useful in many applications. We develop a
variant of the result applicable to locally Lipschitz functions
on certain Banach spaces, namely those that admit a
${\cal C}^1$Lipschitz continuous bump function.
Categories:26B05, 49J52 
