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101. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 65)

Mohammadi Hassanabadi, A.; Rhemtulla, Akbar
Criteria for commutativity in large groups
In this paper we prove the following: 1.~~Let $m\ge 2$, $n\ge 1$ be integers and let $G$ be a group such that $(XY)^n = (YX)^n$ for all subsets $X,Y$ of size $m$ in $G$. Then \item{a)} $G$ is abelian or a $\BFC$-group of finite exponent bounded by a function of $m$ and $n$. \item{b)} If $m\ge n$ then $G$ is abelian or $|G|$ is bounded by a function of $m$ and $n$. 2.~~The only non-abelian group $G$ such that $(XY)^2 = (YX)^2$ for all subsets $X,Y$ of size $2$ in $G$ is the quaternion group of order $8$. 3.~~Let $m$, $n$ be positive integers and $G$ a group such that $$ X_1\cdots X_n\subseteq \bigcup_{\sigma \in S_n\bs 1} X_{\sigma (1)} \cdots X_{\sigma (n)} $$ for all subsets $X_i$ of size $m$ in $G$. Then $G$ is $n$-permutable or $|G|$ is bounded by a function of $m$ and $n$.

Categories:20E34, 20F24

102. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 330)

Kapovich, Ilya
Amalgamated products and the Howson property
We show that if $A$ is a torsion-free word hyperbolic group which belongs to class $(Q)$, that is all finitely generated subgroups of $A$ are quasiconvex in $A$, then any maximal cyclic subgroup $U$ of $A$ is a Burns subgroup of $A$. This, in particular, implies that if $B$ is a Howson group (that is the intersection of any two finitely generated subgroups is finitely generated) then $A\ast_U B$, $\langle A,t \mid U^t=V\rangle$ are also Howson groups. Finitely generated free groups, fundamental groups of closed hyperbolic surfaces and some interesting $3$-manifold groups are known to belong to class $(Q)$ and our theorem applies to them. We also describe a large class of word hyperbolic groups which are not Howson.

Categories:20E06, 20E07, 20F32

103. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 352)

Liriano, Sal
A New Proof of a Theorem of Magnus
Using naive algebraic geometric methods a new proof of the following celebrated theorem of Magnus is given: Let $G$ be a group with a presentation having $n$ generators and $m$ relations. If $G$ also has a presentation on $n-m$ generators, then $G$ is free of rank $n-m$.

Categories:20E05, 20C99, 14Q99

104. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 341)

Lee, Hyang-Sook
The stable and unstable types of classifying spaces
The main purpose of this paper is to study groups $G_1$, $G_2$ such that $H^\ast(BG_1,{\bf Z}/p)$ is isomorphic to $H^\ast(BG_2,{\bf Z}/p)$ in ${\cal U}$, the category of unstable modules over the Steenrod algebra ${\cal A}$, but not isomorphic as graded algebras over ${\bf Z}/p$.

Categories:55R35, 20J06

105. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 266)

Bechtell, H.; Deaconescu, M.; Silberberg, Gh.
Finite groups with large automizers for their Abelian subgroups
This note contains the classification of the finite groups $G$ satisfying the condition $N_{G}(H)/C_{G}(H)\cong \Aut(H)$ for every abelian subgroup $H$ of $G$.

Categories:20E34, 20D45

106. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 47)

Hartl, Manfred
A universal coefficient decomposition for subgroups induced by submodules of group algebras
Dimension subgroups and Lie dimension subgroups are known to satisfy a `universal coefficient decomposition', {\it i.e.} their value with respect to an arbitrary coefficient ring can be described in terms of their values with respect to the `universal' coefficient rings given by the cyclic groups of infinite and prime power order. Here this fact is generalized to much more general types of induced subgroups, notably covering Fox subgroups and relative dimension subgroups with respect to group algebra filtrations induced by arbitrary $N$-series, as well as certain common generalisations of these which occur in the study of the former. This result relies on an extension of the principal universal coefficient decomposition theorem on polynomial ideals (due to Passi, Parmenter and Seghal), to all additive subgroups of group rings. This is possible by using homological instead of ring theoretical methods.

Keywords:induced subgroups, group algebras, Fox subgroups, relative dimension, subgroups, polynomial ideals
Categories:20C07, 16A27
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