76. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 268)
 Manuilov, V.; Thomsen, K.

On the Lack of Inverses to $C^*$Extensions Related to Property T Groups
Using ideas of S. Wassermann on nonexact $C^*$algebras and
property T groups, we show that one of his examples of noninvertible
$C^*$extensions is not semiinvertible. To prove this, we
show that a certain element vanishes in the asymptotic tensor
product. We also show that a modification of the example gives
a $C^*$extension which is not even invertible up to homotopy.
Keywords:$C^*$algebra extension, property T group, asymptotic tensor $C^*$norm, homotopy Categories:19K33, 46L06, 46L80, 20F99 

77. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 347)
 Ecker, Jürgen

Affine Completeness of Generalised Dihedral Groups
In this paper we study affine completeness of generalised dihedral
groups. We give a formula for the number of unary compatible
functions on these groups, and we characterise for every $k \in~\N$
the $k$affine complete generalised dihedral groups. We find that
the direct product of a $1$affine complete group with itself need not
be $1$affine complete. Finally, we give an example of a nonabelian
solvable affine complete group. For nilpotent groups we find a
strong necessary condition for $2$affine completeness.
Categories:08A40, 16Y30, 20F05 

78. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 285)
 Riedl, Jeffrey M.

Orbits and Stabilizers for Solvable Linear Groups
We extend a result of Noritzsch,
which describes the orbit sizes in the action of a
Frobenius group $G$ on a finite vector space $V$ under
certain conditions, to a more general class of finite
solvable groups $G$.
This result has applications in computing
irreducible character degrees of finite groups.
Another application, proved here, is a result
concerning the structure of certain groups with
few complex irreducible character degrees.
Categories:20B99, 20C15, 20C20 

79. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 296)
 Sch"utt, Matthias

On the Modularity of Three CalabiYau Threefolds With Bad Reduction at 11
This paper investigates the modularity of three
nonrigid CalabiYau threefolds with bad reduction at 11. They are
constructed as fibre products of rational elliptic surfaces,
involving the modular elliptic surface of level 5. Their middle
$\ell$adic cohomology groups are shown to split into
twodimensional pieces, all but one of which can be interpreted in
terms of elliptic curves. The remaining pieces are associated to
newforms of weight 4 and level 22 or 55, respectively. For this
purpose, we develop a method by Serre to compare the corresponding
twodimensional 2adic Galois representations with uneven trace.
Eventually this method is also applied to a self fibre product of
the Hessepencil, relating it to a newform of weight 4 and level
27.
Categories:14J32, 11F11, 11F23, 20C12 

80. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 196)
81. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 127)
 Lewis, Mark L.

Character Degree Graphs of Solvable Groups of Fitting Height $2$
Given a finite group $G$, we attach to the character degrees
of $G$ a graph whose vertex set is the set of primes dividing the degrees of
irreducible characters of $G$, and with an edge between $p$ and $q$ if
$pq$ divides the degree of some irreducible character of $G$.
In this paper, we describe which graphs occur when $G$ is
a solvable group of Fitting height $2$.
Category:20C15 

82. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 96)
 Külshammer, Burkhard

Roots of Simple Modules
We introduce roots of indecomposable modules over group algebras of finite groups,
and we investigate some of their properties. This allows us to correct an error
in Landrock's book which has to do with roots of simple modules.
Categories:20C20, 20C05 

83. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 460)
 Sommers, Eric N.

$B$Stable Ideals in the Nilradical of a Borel Subalgebra
We count the number of strictly positive $B$stable ideals in the
nilradical of a Borel subalgebra and prove that
the minimal roots of any $B$stable ideal are conjugate
by an element of the Weyl group to a subset of the simple roots.
We also count the number of ideals whose minimal roots are conjugate
to a fixed subset of simple roots.
Categories:20F55, 17B20, 05E99 

84. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 211)
 Germain, Jam

The Distribution of Totatives
The integers coprime to $n$ are called the {\it totatives} \rm of $n$.
D. H. Lehmer and Paul Erd\H{o}s were interested in understanding when
the number of totatives between $in/k$ and $(i+1)n/k$ are $1/k$th of
the total number of totatives up to $n$. They provided criteria in
various cases. Here we give an ``if and only if'' criterion which
allows us to recover most of the previous results in this literature
and to go beyond, as well to reformulate the problem in terms of
combinatorial group theory. Our criterion is that the above holds if
and only if for every odd character $\chi \pmod \kappa$ (where
$\kappa:=k/\gcd(k,n/\prod_{pn} p)$) there exists a prime $p=p_\chi$
dividing $n$ for which $\chi(p)=1$.
Categories:11A05, 11A07, 11A25, 20C99 

85. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 32)
 Dąbkowski, Mieczysław K.; Przytycki, Józef H.; Togha, Amir A.

NonLeftOrderable 3Manifold Groups
We show that several torsion free 3manifold groups
are not leftorderable.
Our examples are groups of cyclic branched coverings of $S^3$
branched along links.
The figure eight knot provides simple
nontrivial examples. The groups arising in these examples are known
as Fibonacci groups which we show not to be leftorderable.
Many other examples of nonorderable groups are obtained by taking
3fold branched covers of $S^3$ branched along various hyperbolic
2bridge knots.
%with various hyperbolic 2bridge knots as branched sets.
The manifold obtained in such a way from the $5_2$ knot
is of special interest as it is conjectured to be the hyperbolic
3manifold with the smallest volume.
Categories:57M25, 57M12, 20F60 

86. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 80)
 Herman, Allen; Li, Yuanlin; Parmenter, M. M.

Trivial Units for Group Rings with $G$adapted Coefficient Rings
For each finite group $G$ for which the integral group ring
$\mathbb{Z}G$ has only trivial units, we give ringtheoretic
conditions for a commutative ring $R$ under which the group ring
$RG$ has nontrivial units. Several examples of rings satisfying
the conditions and rings not satisfying the conditions are given.
In addition, we extend a wellknown result for fields by showing
that if $R$ is a ring of finite characteristic and $RG$ has only
trivial units, then $G$ has order at most 3.
Categories:16S34, 16U60, 20C05 

87. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 41)
 Dixon, John D.; Barghi, A. Rahnamai

Degree Homogeneous Subgroups
Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ be a subgroup. We say that $H$
is \emph{degree homogeneous }if, for each $\chi\in \Irr(G)$, all
the irreducible constituents of the restriction $\chi_{H}$ have
the same degree. Subgroups which are either normal or abelian are
obvious examples of degree homogeneous subgroups. Following a
question by E.~M. Zhmud', we investigate general properties of
such subgroups. It appears unlikely that degree homogeneous
subgroups can be characterized entirely by abstract group
properties, but we provide mixed criteria (involving both group
structure and character properties) which are both necessary and
sufficient. For example, $H$ is degree homogeneous in $G$ if and
only if the derived subgroup $H^{\prime}$ is normal in $G$ and,
for every pair $\alpha,\beta$ of irreducible $G$conjugate
characters of $H^{\prime}$, all irreducible constituents of
$\alpha^{H}$ and $\beta^{H}$ have the same degree.
Category:20C15 

88. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 530)
 Iranmanesh, A.; Khosravi, B.

A Characterization of $ PSU_{11}(q)$
Order components of a finite simple group were introduced in [4].
It was proved that some nonabelian simple groups are uniquely determined
by their order components. As the main result of this paper, we
show that groups $PSU_{11}(q)$ are also uniquely determined by
their order components. As corollaries of this result, the
validity of a conjecture of J. G. Thompson and a conjecture of W.
Shi and J. Bi both on $PSU_{11}(q)$ are obtained.
Keywords:Prime graph, order component, finite group,simple group Categories:20D08, 20D05, 20D60 

89. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 439)
 Parker, John R.

On the Stable Basin Theorem
The stable basin theorem was introduced by Basmajian and Miner as a
key step in their necessary condition for the discreteness of a
nonelementary group of complex hyperbolic isometries. In this
paper we improve several of Basmajian and Miner's key estimates and
so give a substantial improvement on the main inequality in the
stable basin theorem.
Categories:22E40, 20H10, 57S30 

90. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 343)
 Drensky, Vesselin; Hammoudi, Lakhdar

Combinatorics of Words and Semigroup Algebras Which Are Sums of Locally Nilpotent Subalgebras
We construct new examples of nonnil algebras with any number of
generators, which are direct sums of two
locally nilpotent subalgebras. Like all previously known examples, our examples
are contracted semigroup algebras and the underlying semigroups are unions
of locally nilpotent subsemigroups.
In our constructions we make more
transparent
than in the past the close relationship between the considered problem
and combinatorics of words.
Keywords:locally nilpotent rings,, nil rings, locally nilpotent semigroups,, semigroup algebras, monomial algebras, infinite words Categories:16N40, 16S15, 20M05, 20M25, 68R15 

91. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 237)
 Laubie, François

Ramification des sÃ©ries formelles
Let $p$ be a prime number. Let $k$ be a finite field of characteristic $p$.
The subset $X+X^2 k[[X]]$ of the ring $k[[X]]$ is a group under the substitution
law $\circ $ sometimes called the Nottingham group of $k$; it is denoted by
$\mathcal{R}_k$. The ramification of one series $\gamma\in\mathcal{R}_k$ is
caracterized by its lower ramification numbers: $i_m(\gamma)=\ord_X
\bigl(\gamma^{p^m} (X)/X  1\bigr)$, as well as its upper ramification numbers:
$$
u_m (\gamma) = i_0 (\gamma) + \frac{i_1 (\gamma)  i_0(\gamma)}{p} +
\cdots + \frac{i_m (\gamma)  i_{m1} (\gamma)}{p^m} , \quad (m \in
\mathbb{N}).
$$
By Sen's theorem, the $u_m(\gamma)$ are integers. In this paper, we determine
the sequences of integers $(u_m)$ for which there exists $\gamma\in\mathcal{R}_k$
such that $u_m(\gamma)=u_m$ for all integer $m \geq 0$.
Keywords:ramification, Nottingham group Categories:11S15, 20E18 

92. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 298)
 Yahaghi, Bamdad R.

Near Triangularizability Implies Triangularizability
In this paper we consider collections of
compact operators on a real or
complex Banach space including linear operators
on finitedimensional vector spaces. We show
that such a collection is simultaneously
triangularizable if and only if it is arbitrarily
close to a simultaneously triangularizable
collection of compact operators. As an application
of these results we obtain an invariant subspace
theorem for certain bounded operators. We
further prove that in finite dimensions near
reducibility implies reducibility whenever
the ground field is $\BR$ or $\BC$.
Keywords:Linear transformation, Compact operator,, Triangularizability, Banach space, Hilbert, space Categories:47A15, 47D03, 20M20 

93. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 161)
94. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 509)
 Benson, David J.; Kumjian, Alex; Phillips, N. Christopher

Symmetries of Kirchberg Algebras
Let $G_0$ and $G_1$ be countable abelian groups. Let $\gamma_i$ be an
automorphism of $G_i$ of order two. Then there exists a unital
Kirchberg algebra $A$ satisfying the Universal Coefficient Theorem and
with $[1_A] = 0$ in $K_0 (A)$, and an automorphism $\alpha \in
\Aut(A)$ of order two, such that $K_0 (A) \cong G_0$, such that $K_1
(A) \cong G_1$, and such that $\alpha_* \colon K_i (A) \to K_i (A)$ is
$\gamma_i$. As a consequence, we prove that every
$\mathbb{Z}_2$graded countable module over the representation ring $R
(\mathbb{Z}_2)$ of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ is isomorphic to the equivariant
$K$theory $K^{\mathbb{Z}_2} (A)$ for some action of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ on
a unital Kirchberg algebra~$A$.
Along the way, we prove that every not necessarily finitely generated
$\mathbb{Z} [\mathbb{Z}_2]$module which is free as a
$\mathbb{Z}$module has a direct sum decomposition with only three
kinds of summands, namely $\mathbb{Z} [\mathbb{Z}_2]$ itself and
$\mathbb{Z}$ on which the nontrivial element of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ acts
either trivially or by multiplication by $1$.
Categories:20C10, 46L55, 19K99, 19L47, 46L40, 46L80 

95. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 332)
 Đoković, Dragomir Z.; Tam, TinYau

Some Questions about Semisimple Lie Groups Originating in Matrix Theory
We generalize the wellknown result that a square traceless complex
matrix is unitarily similar to a matrix with zero diagonal to
arbitrary connected semisimple complex Lie groups $G$ and their Lie
algebras $\mathfrak{g}$ under the action of a maximal compact subgroup
$K$ of $G$. We also introduce a natural partial order on
$\mathfrak{g}$: $x\le y$ if $f(K\cdot x) \subseteq f(K\cdot y)$ for
all $f\in \mathfrak{g}^*$, the complex dual of $\mathfrak{g}$. This
partial order is $K$invariant and induces a partial order on the
orbit space $\mathfrak{g}/K$. We prove that, under some restrictions
on $\mathfrak{g}$, the set $f(K\cdot x)$ is starshaped with respect
to the origin.
Categories:15A45, 20G20, 22E60 

96. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 310)
97. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 299)
98. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 268)
 Puls, Michael J.

Group Cohomology and $L^p$Cohomology of Finitely Generated Groups
Let $G$ be a finitely generated, infinite group, let $p>1$, and let
$L^p(G)$ denote the Banach space $\{ \sum_{x\in G} a_xx \mid \sum_{x\in
G} a_x ^p < \infty \}$. In this paper we will study the first
cohomology group of $G$ with coefficients in $L^p(G)$, and the first
reduced $L^p$cohomology space of $G$. Most of our results will be for a
class of groups that contains all finitely generated, infinite nilpotent
groups.
Keywords:group cohomology, $L^p$cohomology, central element of infinite order, harmonic function, continuous linear functional Categories:43A15, 20F65, 20F18 

99. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 204)
 Levy, Jason

Rationality and Orbit Closures
Suppose we are given a finitedimensional vector space $V$ equipped
with an $F$rational action of a linearly algebraic group $G$, with
$F$ a characteristic zero field. We conjecture the following: to each
vector $v\in V(F)$ there corresponds a canonical $G(F)$orbit of
semisimple vectors of $V$. In the case of the adjoint action, this
orbit is the $G(F)$orbit of the semisimple part of $v$, so this
conjecture can be considered a generalization of the Jordan
decomposition. We prove some cases of the conjecture.
Categories:14L24, 20G15 

100. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 122)
 Moon, Myoungho

On Certain Finitely Generated Subgroups of Groups Which Split
Define a group $G$ to be in the class $\mathcal{S}$ if for any
finitely generated subgroup $K$ of $G$ having the property that
there is a positive integer $n$ such that $g^n \in K$ for all
$g\in G$, $K$ has finite index in $G$. We show that a free
product with amalgamation $A*_C B$ and an $\HNN$ group $A *_C$ belong
to $\mathcal{S}$, if $C$ is in $\mathcal{S}$ and every subgroup of
$C$ is finitely generated.
Keywords:free product with amalgamation, $\HNN$ group, graph of groups, fundamental group Categories:20E06, 20E08, 57M07 
