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76. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 332)

Đoković, Dragomir Z.; Tam, Tin-Yau
Some Questions about Semisimple Lie Groups Originating in Matrix Theory
We generalize the well-known result that a square traceless complex matrix is unitarily similar to a matrix with zero diagonal to arbitrary connected semisimple complex Lie groups $G$ and their Lie algebras $\mathfrak{g}$ under the action of a maximal compact subgroup $K$ of $G$. We also introduce a natural partial order on $\mathfrak{g}$: $x\le y$ if $f(K\cdot x) \subseteq f(K\cdot y)$ for all $f\in \mathfrak{g}^*$, the complex dual of $\mathfrak{g}$. This partial order is $K$-invariant and induces a partial order on the orbit space $\mathfrak{g}/K$. We prove that, under some restrictions on $\mathfrak{g}$, the set $f(K\cdot x)$ is star-shaped with respect to the origin.

Categories:15A45, 20G20, 22E60

77. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 268)

Puls, Michael J.
Group Cohomology and $L^p$-Cohomology of Finitely Generated Groups
Let $G$ be a finitely generated, infinite group, let $p>1$, and let $L^p(G)$ denote the Banach space $\{ \sum_{x\in G} a_xx \mid \sum_{x\in G} |a_x |^p < \infty \}$. In this paper we will study the first cohomology group of $G$ with coefficients in $L^p(G)$, and the first reduced $L^p$-cohomology space of $G$. Most of our results will be for a class of groups that contains all finitely generated, infinite nilpotent groups.

Keywords:group cohomology, $L^p$-cohomology, central element of infinite order, harmonic function, continuous linear functional
Categories:43A15, 20F65, 20F18

78. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 310)

Wang, Xiaofeng
Second Order Dehn Functions of Asynchronously Automatic Groups
Upper bounds of second order Dehn functions of asynchronously automatic groups are obtained.

Keywords:second order Dehn function, combing, asynchronously automatic group
Categories:20E06, 20F05, 57M05

79. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 299)

Tomaszewski, Witold
A Basis of Bachmuth Type in the Commutator Subgroup of a Free Group
We show here that the commutator subgroup of a free group of finite rank poses a basis of Bachmuth's type.

Categories:20E05, 20F12, 20F05

80. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 204)

Levy, Jason
Rationality and Orbit Closures
Suppose we are given a finite-dimensional vector space $V$ equipped with an $F$-rational action of a linearly algebraic group $G$, with $F$ a characteristic zero field. We conjecture the following: to each vector $v\in V(F)$ there corresponds a canonical $G(F)$-orbit of semisimple vectors of $V$. In the case of the adjoint action, this orbit is the $G(F)$-orbit of the semisimple part of $v$, so this conjecture can be considered a generalization of the Jordan decomposition. We prove some cases of the conjecture.

Categories:14L24, 20G15

81. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 140)

Renner, Lex E.
An Explicit Cell Decomposition of the Wonderful Compactification of a Semisimple Algebraic Group
We determine an explicit cell decomposition of the wonderful compactification of a semi\-simple algebraic group. To do this we first identify the $B\times B$-orbits using the generalized Bruhat decomposition of a reductive monoid. From there we show how each cell is made up from $B\times B$-orbits.

Categories:14L30, 14M17, 20M17

82. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 122)

Moon, Myoungho
On Certain Finitely Generated Subgroups of Groups Which Split
Define a group $G$ to be in the class $\mathcal{S}$ if for any finitely generated subgroup $K$ of $G$ having the property that there is a positive integer $n$ such that $g^n \in K$ for all $g\in G$, $K$ has finite index in $G$. We show that a free product with amalgamation $A*_C B$ and an $\HNN$ group $A *_C$ belong to $\mathcal{S}$, if $C$ is in $\mathcal{S}$ and every subgroup of $C$ is finitely generated.

Keywords:free product with amalgamation, $\HNN$ group, graph of groups, fundamental group
Categories:20E06, 20E08, 57M07

83. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 686)

Rauschning, Jan; Slodowy, Peter
An Aspect of Icosahedral Symmetry
We embed the moduli space $Q$ of 5 points on the projective line $S_5$-equivariantly into $\mathbb{P} (V)$, where $V$ is the 6-dimensional irreducible module of the symmetric group $S_5$. This module splits with respect to the icosahedral group $A_5$ into the two standard 3-dimensional representations. The resulting linear projections of $Q$ relate the action of $A_5$ on $Q$ to those on the regular icosahedron.

Categories:14L24, 20B25

84. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 537)

85. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 388)

Gille, Philippe
Algèbres simples centrales de degré 5 et $E_8$
As a consequence of a theorem of Rost-Springer, we establish that the cyclicity problem for central simple algebra of degree~5 on fields containg a fifth root of unity is equivalent to the study of anisotropic elements of order 5 in the split group of type~$E_8$.

Keywords:algèbres simples centrales, cohomologie galoisienne
Categories:16S35, 12G05, 20G15

86. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 168)

Byott, Nigel P.; Elder, G. Griffith
Biquadratic Extensions with One Break
We explicitly describe, in terms of indecomposable $\mathbb{Z}_2 [G]$-modules, the Galois module structure of ideals in totally ramified biquadratic extensions of local number fields with only one break in their ramification filtration. This paper completes work begun in [Elder: Canad. J.~Math. (5) {\bf 50}(1998), 1007--1047].

Categories:11S15, 20C11

87. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 294)

Sebbar, Abdellah
Modular Subgroups, Forms, Curves and Surfaces
We study a class of subgroups of $\PSL_2 (\mathbb{Z})$ which can be characterized in different ways, such as congruence groups, modular forms, modular curves, elliptic surfaces, lattices and graphs.

Category:20H05

88. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 385)

Ballantine, Cristina M.
A Hypergraph with Commuting Partial Laplacians
Let $F$ be a totally real number field and let $\GL_{n}$ be the general linear group of rank $n$ over $F$. Let $\mathfrak{p}$ be a prime ideal of $F$ and $F_{\mathfrak{p}}$ the completion of $F$ with respect to the valuation induced by $\mathfrak{p}$. We will consider a finite quotient of the affine building of the group $\GL_{n}$ over the field $F_{\mathfrak{p}}$. We will view this object as a hypergraph and find a set of commuting operators whose sum will be the usual adjacency operator of the graph underlying the hypergraph.

Keywords:Hecke operators, buildings
Categories:11F25, 20F32

89. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 93)

Neumann, B. H.
Some Semigroup Laws in Groups
A challenge by R.~Padmanabhan to prove by group theory the commutativity of cancellative semigroups satisfying a particular law has led to the proof of more general semigroup laws being equivalent to quite simple ones.

Categories:20E10, 20M07

90. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 27)

Goodaire, Edgar G.; Milies, César Polcino
Normal Subloops in the Integral Loop Ring of an $\RA$ Loop
We show that an $\RA$ loop has a torsion-free normal complement in the loop of normalized units of its integral loop ring. We also investigate whether an $\RA$ loop can be normal in its unit loop. Over fields, this can never happen.

Categories:20N05, 17D05, 16S34, 16U60

91. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 268)

Bogley, W. A.; Gilbert, N. D.; Howie, James
Cockcroft Properties of Thompson's Group
In a study of the word problem for groups, R.~J.~Thompson considered a certain group $F$ of self-homeomorphisms of the Cantor set and showed, among other things, that $F$ is finitely presented. Using results of K.~S.~Brown and R.~Geoghegan, M.~N.~Dyer showed that $F$ is the fundamental group of a finite two-complex $Z^2$ having Euler characteristic one and which is {\em Cockcroft}, in the sense that each map of the two-sphere into $Z^2$ is homologically trivial. We show that no proper covering complex of $Z^2$ is Cockcroft. A general result on Cockcroft properties implies that no proper regular covering complex of any finite two-complex with fundamental group $F$ is Cockcroft.

Keywords:two-complex, covering space, Cockcroft two-complex, Thompson's group
Categories:57M20, 20F38, 57M10, 20F34

92. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 79)

König, Steffen
Cyclotomic Schur Algebras and Blocks of Cyclic Defect
An explicit classification is given of blocks of cyclic defect of cyclotomic Schur algebras and of cyclotomic Hecke algebras, over discrete valuation rings.

Categories:20G05, 20C20, 16G30, 17B37, 57M25

93. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 335)

Kim, Goansu; Tang, C. Y.
Cyclic Subgroup Separability of HNN-Extensions with Cyclic Associated Subgroups
We derive a necessary and sufficient condition for HNN-extensions of cyclic subgroup separable groups with cyclic associated subgroups to be cyclic subgroup separable. Applying this, we explicitly characterize the residual finiteness and the cyclic subgroup separability of HNN-extensions of abelian groups with cyclic associated subgroups. We also consider these residual properties of HNN-extensions of nilpotent groups with cyclic associated subgroups.

Keywords:HNN-extension, nilpotent groups, cyclic subgroup separable $(\pi_c)$, residually finite
Categories:20E26, 20E06, 20F10

94. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 298)

Jespers, Eric; Okniński, Jan
Semigroup Algebras and Maximal Orders
We describe contracted semigroup algebras of Malcev nilpotent semigroups that are prime Noetherian maximal orders.

Categories:16S36, 16H05, 20M25

95. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 385)

Burns, John; Ellis, Graham
Inequalities for Baer invariants of finite groups
In this note we further our investigation of Baer invariants of groups by obtaining, as consequences of an exact sequence of A.~S.-T.~Lue, some numerical inequalities for their orders, exponents, and generating sets. An interesting group theoretic corollary is an explicit bound for $|\gamma_{c+1}(G)|$ given that $G/Z_c(G)$ is a finite $p$-group with prescribed order and number of generators.

Category:20C25

96. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 488)

Sun, Heng
Remarks on certain metaplectic groups
We study metaplectic coverings of the adelized group of a split connected reductive group $G$ over a number field $F$. Assume its derived group $G'$ is a simply connected simple Chevalley group. The purpose is to provide some naturally defined sections for the coverings with good properties which might be helpful when we carry some explicit calculations in the theory of automorphic forms on metaplectic groups. Specifically, we \begin{enumerate} \item construct metaplectic coverings of $G({\Bbb A})$ from those of $G'({\Bbb A})$; \item for any non-archimedean place $v$, show the section for a covering of $G(F_{v})$ constructed from a Steinberg section is an isomorphism, both algebraically and topologically in an open subgroup of $G(F_{v})$; \item define a global section which is a product of local sections on a maximal torus, a unipotent subgroup and a set of representatives for the Weyl group.

Categories:20G10, 11F75

97. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 423)

Long, D. D.; Reid, A. W.
Free products with amalgamation and $\lowercase{p}$-adic Lie groups
Using the theory of $p$-adic Lie groups we give conditions for a finitely generated group to admit a splitting as a non-trivial free product with amalgamation. This can be viewed as an extension of a theorem of Bass.

Category:20E06

98. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 231)

Worthington, R. L.
The growth series of compact hyperbolic Coxeter groups with 4 and 5 generators
The growth series of compact hyperbolic Coxeter groups with 4 and 5 generators are explicitly calculated. The assertions of J.~Cannon and Ph.~Wagreich for the 4-generated groups, that the poles of the growth series lie on the unit circle, with the exception of a single real reciprocal pair of poles, are verified. We also verify that for the 5-generated groups, this phenomenon fails.

Categories:20F05, 20F55

99. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 98)

Papistas, Athanassios I.
Automorphisms of metabelian groups
We investigate the problem of determining when $\IA (F_{n}({\bf A}_{m}{\bf A}))$ is finitely generated for all $n$ and $m$, with $n\geq 2$ and $m\neq 1$. If $m$ is a nonsquare free integer then $\IA(F_{n}({\bf A}_{m}{\bf A}))$ is not finitely generated for all $n$ and if $m$ is a square free integer then $\IA(F_{n}({\bf A}_{m}{\bf A}))$ is finitely generated for all $n$, with $n\neq 3$, and $\IA(F_{3}({\bf A}_{m}{\bf A}))$ is not finitely generated. In case $m$ is square free, Bachmuth and Mochizuki claimed in ([7], Problem 4) that $\TR({\bf A}_{m}{\bf A})$ is $1$ or $4$. We correct their assertion by proving that $\TR({\bf A}_{m}{\bf A})=\infty $.

Category:20F28

100. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 109)

Tahara, Ken-Ichi; Vermani, L. R.; Razdan, Atul
On generalized third dimension subgroups
Let $G$ be any group, and $H$ be a normal subgroup of $G$. Then M.~Hartl identified the subgroup $G \cap(1+\triangle^3(G)+\triangle(G)\triangle(H))$ of $G$. In this note we give an independent proof of the result of Hartl, and we identify two subgroups $G\cap(1+\triangle(H)\triangle(G)\triangle(H)+\triangle([H,G])\triangle(H))$, $G\cap(1+\triangle^2(G)\triangle(H)+\triangle(K)\triangle(H))$ of $G$ for some subgroup $K$ of $G$ containing $[H,G]$.

Categories:20C07, 16S34
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