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51. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 487)

Kong, Xiangjun
Some Properties Associated with Adequate Transversals
In this paper, another relationship between the quasi-ideal adequate transversals of an abundant semigroup is given. We introduce the concept of a weakly multiplicative adequate transversal and the classic result that an adequate transversal is multiplicative if and only if it is weakly multiplicative and a quasi-ideal is obtained. Also, we give two equivalent conditions for an adequate transversal to be weakly multiplicative. We then consider the case when $I$ and $\Lambda$ (defined below) are bands. This is analogous to the inverse transversal if the regularity condition is adjoined.

Keywords:abundant semigroup, adequate transversal, Green's $*$-relations, quasi-ideal
Category:20M10

52. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 255)

Dehaye, Paul-Olivier
On an Identity due to Bump and Diaconis, and Tracy and Widom
A classical question for a Toeplitz matrix with given symbol is how to compute asymptotics for the determinants of its reductions to finite rank. One can also consider how those asymptotics are affected when shifting an initial set of rows and columns (or, equivalently, asymptotics of their minors). Bump and Diaconis obtained a formula for such shifts involving Laguerre polynomials and sums over symmetric groups. They also showed how the Heine identity extends for such minors, which makes this question relevant to Random Matrix Theory. Independently, Tracy and Widom used the Wiener-Hopf factorization to express those shifts in terms of products of infinite matrices. We show directly why those two expressions are equal and uncover some structure in both formulas that was unknown to their authors. We introduce a mysterious differential operator on symmetric functions that is very similar to vertex operators. We show that the Bump-Diaconis-Tracy-Widom identity is a differentiated version of the classical Jacobi-Trudi identity.

Keywords:Toeplitz matrices, Jacobi-Trudi identity, Szegő limit theorem, Heine identity, Wiener-Hopf factorization
Categories:47B35, 05E05, 20G05

53. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 297)

Johnson, Marianne; Stöhr, Ralph
Lie Powers and Pseudo-Idempotents
We give a new factorisation of the classical Dynkin operator, an element of the integral group ring of the symmetric group that facilitates projections of tensor powers onto Lie powers. As an application we show that the iterated Lie power $L_2(L_n)$ is a module direct summand of the Lie power $L_{2n}$ whenever the characteristic of the ground field does not divide $n$. An explicit projection of the latter onto the former is exhibited in this case.

Categories:17B01, 20C30

54. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 237)

Creedon, Leo; Gildea, Joe
The Structure of the Unit Group of the Group Algebra ${\mathbb{F}}_{2^k}D_{8}$
Let $RG$ denote the group ring of the group $G$ over the ring $R$. Using an isomorphism between $RG$ and a certain ring of $n \times n$ matrices in conjunction with other techniques, the structure of the unit group of the group algebra of the dihedral group of order $8$ over any finite field of chracteristic $2$ is determined in terms of split extensions of cyclic groups.

Categories:16U60, 16S34, 20C05, 15A33

55. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 3)

Bakonyi, M.; Timotin, D.
Extensions of Positive Definite Functions on Amenable Groups
Let $S$ be a subset of an amenable group $G$ such that $e\in S$ and $S^{-1}=S$. The main result of this paper states that if the Cayley graph of $G$ with respect to $S$ has a certain combinatorial property, then every positive definite operator-valued function on $S$ can be extended to a positive definite function on $G$. Several known extension results are obtained as corollaries. New applications are also presented.

Categories:43A35, 47A57, 20E05

56. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 602)

Boij, Mats; Geramita, Anthony
Notes on Diagonal Coinvariants of the Dihedral Group
The bigraded Hilbert function and the minimal free resolutions for the diagonal coinvariants of the dihedral groups are exhibited, as well as for all their bigraded invariant Gorenstein quotients.

Categories:13D02, 20C33, 20F55

57. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 706)

Roberts, R.; Shareshian, J.
Non-Right-Orderable 3-Manifold Groups
We exhibit infinitely many hyperbolic $3$-manifold groups that are not right-orderable.

Categories:20F60, 57M05, 57M50

58. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 629)

Chinen, Naotsugu; Hosaka, Tetsuya
Asymptotic Dimension of Proper CAT(0) Spaces that are Homeomorphic to the Plane
In this paper, we investigate a proper CAT(0) space $(X,d)$ that is homeomorphic to $\mathbb R^2$ and we show that the asymptotic dimension $\operatorname{asdim} (X,d)$ is equal to $2$.

Keywords:asymptotic dimension, CAT(0) space, plane
Categories:20F69, 54F45, 20F65

59. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 39)

Chapman, S. T.; García-Sánchez, P. A.; Llena, D.; Marshall, J.
Elements in a Numerical Semigroup with Factorizations of the Same Length
Questions concerning the lengths of factorizations into irreducible elements in numerical monoids have gained much attention in the recent literature. In this note, we show that a numerical monoid has an element with two different irreducible factorizations of the same length if and only if its embedding dimension is greater than two. We find formulas in embedding dimension three for the smallest element with two different irreducible factorizations of the same length and the largest element whose different irreducible factorizations all have distinct lengths. We show that these formulas do not naturally extend to higher embedding dimensions.

Keywords:numerical monoid, numerical semigroup, non-unique factorization
Categories:20M14, 20D60, 11B75

60. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 598)

Moreno, M. A.; Nicola, J.; Pardo, E.; Thomas, H.
Numerical Semigroups That Are Not Intersections of $d$-Squashed Semigroups
We say that a numerical semigroup is \emph{$d$-squashed} if it can be written in the form $$ S=\frac 1 N \langle a_1,\dots,a_d \rangle \cap \mathbb{Z}$$ for $N,a_1,\dots,a_d$ positive integers with $\gcd(a_1,\dots, a_d)=1$. Rosales and Urbano have shown that a numerical semigroup is 2-squashed if and only if it is proportionally modular. Recent works by Rosales \emph{et al.} give a concrete example of a numerical semigroup that cannot be written as an intersection of $2$-squashed semigroups. We will show the existence of infinitely many numerical semigroups that cannot be written as an intersection of $2$-squashed semigroups. We also will prove the same result for $3$-squashed semigroups. We conjecture that there are numerical semigroups that cannot be written as the intersection of $d$-squashed semigroups for any fixed $d$, and we prove some partial results towards this conjecture.

Keywords:numerical semigroup, squashed semigroup, proportionally modular semigroup
Categories:20M14, 06F05, 46L80

61. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 435)

Monson, B.; Schulte, Egon
Modular Reduction in Abstract Polytopes
The paper studies modular reduction techniques for abstract regular and chiral polytopes, with two purposes in mind:\ first, to survey the literature about modular reduction in polytopes; and second, to apply modular reduction, with moduli given by primes in $\mathbb{Z}[\tau]$ (with $\tau$ the golden ratio), to construct new regular $4$-polytopes of hyperbolic types $\{3,5,3\}$ and $\{5,3,5\}$ with automorphism groups given by finite orthogonal groups.

Keywords:abstract polytopes, regular and chiral, Coxeter groups, modular reduction
Categories:51M20, 20F55

62. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 245)

Goodaire, Edgar G.; Milies, César Polcino
Involutions of RA Loops
Let $L$ be an RA loop, that is, a loop whose loop ring over any coefficient ring $R$ is an alternative, but not associative, ring. Let $\ell\mapsto\ell^\theta$ denote an involution on $L$ and extend it linearly to the loop ring $RL$. An element $\alpha\in RL$ is \emph{symmetric} if $\alpha^\theta=\alpha$ and \emph{skew-symmetric} if $\alpha^\theta=-\alpha$. In this paper, we show that there exists an involution making the symmetric elements of $RL$ commute if and only if the characteristic of $R$ is $2$ or $\theta$ is the canonical involution on $L$, and an involution making the skew-symmetric elements of $RL$ commute if and only if the characteristic of $R$ is $2$ or $4$.

Categories:20N05, 17D05

63. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 273)

MacDonald, John; Scull, Laura
Amalgamations of Categories
We consider the pushout of embedding functors in $\Cat$, the category of small categories. We show that if the embedding functors satisfy a 3-for-2 property, then the induced functors to the pushout category are also embeddings. The result follows from the connectedness of certain associated slice categories. The condition is motivated by a similar result for maps of semigroups. We show that our theorem can be applied to groupoids and to inclusions of full subcategories. We also give an example to show that the theorem does not hold when the property only holds for one of the inclusion functors, or when it is weakened to a one-sided condition.

Keywords:category, pushout, amalgamation
Categories:18A30, 18B40, 20L17

64. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 9)

Chassé, Dominique; Saint-Aubin, Yvan
On the Spectrum of an $n!\times n!$ Matrix Originating from Statistical Mechanics
Let $R_n(\alpha)$ be the $n!\times n!$ matrix whose matrix elements $[R_n(\alpha)]_{\sigma\rho}$, with $\sigma$ and $\rho$ in the symmetric group $\sn$, are $\alpha^{\ell(\sigma\rho^{-1})}$ with $0<\alpha<1$, where $\ell(\pi)$ denotes the number of cycles in $\pi\in \sn$. We give the spectrum of $R_n$ and show that the ratio of the largest eigenvalue $\lambda_0$ to the second largest one (in absolute value) increases as a positive power of $n$ as $n\rightarrow \infty$.

Keywords:symmetric group, representation theory, eigenvalue, statistical physics
Categories:20B30, 20C30, 15A18, 82B20, 82B28

65. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 584)

Purbhoo, Kevin; Willigenburg, Stephanie van
On Tensor Products of Polynomial Representations
We determine the necessary and sufficient combinatorial conditions for which the tensor product of two irreducible polynomial representations of $\GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ is isomorphic to another. As a consequence we discover families of Littlewood--Richardson coefficients that are non-zero, and a condition on Schur non-negativity.

Keywords:polynomial representation, symmetric function, Littlewood--Richardson coefficient, Schur non-negative
Categories:05E05, 05E10, 20C30

66. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 81)

Kassel, Christian
Homotopy Formulas for Cyclic Groups Acting on Rings
The positive cohomology groups of a finite group acting on a ring vanish when the ring has a norm one element. In this note we give explicit homotopies on the level of cochains when the group is cyclic, which allows us to express any cocycle of a cyclic group as the coboundary of an explicit cochain. The formulas in this note are closely related to the effective problems considered in previous joint work with Eli Aljadeff.

Keywords:group cohomology, norm map, cyclic group, homotopy
Categories:20J06, 20K01, 16W22, 18G35

67. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 134)

Rosales, J. C.; Garc\'{\i}a-Sánchez, P. A.
Numerical Semigroups Having a Toms Decomposition
We show that the class of system proportionally modular numerical semigroups coincides with the class of numerical semigroups having a Toms decomposition.

Categories:20M14, 11D75

68. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 114)

Petrov, V.; Semenov, N.; Zainoulline, K.
Zero Cycles on a Twisted Cayley Plane
Let $k$ be a field of characteristic not $2,3$. Let $G$ be an exceptional simple algebraic group over $k$ of type $\F$, $^1{\E_6}$ or $\E_7$ with trivial Tits algebras. Let $X$ be a projective $G$-homogeneous variety. If $G$ is of type $\E_7$, we assume in addition that the respective parabolic subgroup is of type $P_7$. The main result of the paper says that the degree map on the group of zero cycles of $X$ is injective.

Categories:20G15, 14C15

69. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 632)

Zelenyuk, Yevhen; Zelenyuk, Yuliya
Transformations and Colorings of Groups
Let $G$ be a compact topological group and let $f\colon G\to G$ be a continuous transformation of $G$. Define $f^*\colon G\to G$ by $f^*(x)=f(x^{-1})x$ and let $\mu=\mu_G$ be Haar measure on $G$. Assume that $H=\Imag f^*$ is a subgroup of $G$ and for every measurable $C\subseteq H$, $\mu_G((f^*)^{-1}(C))=\mu_H(C)$. Then for every measurable $C\subseteq G$, there exist $S\subseteq C$ and $g\in G$ such that $f(Sg^{-1})\subseteq Cg^{-1}$ and $\mu(S)\ge(\mu(C))^2$.

Keywords:compact topological group, continuous transformation, endomorphism, Ramsey theoryinversion,
Categories:05D10, 20D60, 22A10

70. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 535)

Hohlweg, Christophe
Generalized Descent Algebras
If $A$ is a subset of the set of reflections of a finite Coxeter group $W$, we define a sub-$\ZM$-module $\DC_A(W)$ of the group algebra $\ZM W$. We discuss cases where this submodule is a subalgebra. This family of subalgebras includes strictly the Solomon descent algebra, the group algebra and, if $W$ is of type $B$, the Mantaci--Reutenauer algebra.

Keywords:Coxeter group, Solomon descent algebra, descent set
Categories:20F55, 05E15

71. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 206)

Golasiński, Marek; Gonçalves, Daciberg Lima
Spherical Space Forms: Homotopy Types and Self-Equivalences for the Group $({\mathbb Z}/a\rtimes{\mathbb Z}/b) \times SL_2\,(\mathbb{F}_p)$
Let $G=({\mathbb Z}/a\rtimes{\mathbb Z}/b) \times \SL_2(\mathbb{F}_p)$, and let $X(n)$ be an $n$-dimensional $CW$-complex of the homotopy type of an $n$-sphere. We study the automorphism group $\Aut (G)$ in order to compute the number of distinct homotopy types of spherical space forms with respect to free and cellular $G$-actions on all $CW$-complexes $X(2dn-1)$, where $2d$ is the period of $G$. The groups ${\mathcal E}(X(2dn-1)/\mu)$ of self homotopy equivalences of space forms $X(2dn-1)/\mu$ associated with free and cellular $G$-actions $\mu$ on $X(2dn-1)$ are determined as well.

Keywords:automorphism group, $CW$-complex, free and cellular $G$-action, group of self homotopy equivalences, Lyndon--Hochschild--Serre spectral sequence, special (linear) group, spherical space form
Categories:55M35, 55P15, 20E22, 20F28, 57S17

72. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 268)

Manuilov, V.; Thomsen, K.
On the Lack of Inverses to $C^*$-Extensions Related to Property T Groups
Using ideas of S. Wassermann on non-exact $C^*$-algebras and property T groups, we show that one of his examples of non-invertible $C^*$-extensions is not semi-invertible. To prove this, we show that a certain element vanishes in the asymptotic tensor product. We also show that a modification of the example gives a $C^*$-extension which is not even invertible up to homotopy.

Keywords:$C^*$-algebra extension, property T group, asymptotic tensor $C^*$-norm, homotopy
Categories:19K33, 46L06, 46L80, 20F99

73. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 347)

Ecker, Jürgen
Affine Completeness of Generalised Dihedral Groups
In this paper we study affine completeness of generalised dihedral groups. We give a formula for the number of unary compatible functions on these groups, and we characterise for every $k \in~\N$ the $k$-affine complete generalised dihedral groups. We find that the direct product of a $1$-affine complete group with itself need not be $1$-affine complete. Finally, we give an example of a nonabelian solvable affine complete group. For nilpotent groups we find a strong necessary condition for $2$-affine completeness.

Categories:08A40, 16Y30, 20F05

74. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 285)

Riedl, Jeffrey M.
Orbits and Stabilizers for Solvable Linear Groups
We extend a result of Noritzsch, which describes the orbit sizes in the action of a Frobenius group $G$ on a finite vector space $V$ under certain conditions, to a more general class of finite solvable groups $G$. This result has applications in computing irreducible character degrees of finite groups. Another application, proved here, is a result concerning the structure of certain groups with few complex irreducible character degrees.

Categories:20B99, 20C15, 20C20

75. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 296)

Sch"utt, Matthias
On the Modularity of Three Calabi--Yau Threefolds With Bad Reduction at 11
This paper investigates the modularity of three non-rigid Calabi--Yau threefolds with bad reduction at 11. They are constructed as fibre products of rational elliptic surfaces, involving the modular elliptic surface of level 5. Their middle $\ell$-adic cohomology groups are shown to split into two-dimensional pieces, all but one of which can be interpreted in terms of elliptic curves. The remaining pieces are associated to newforms of weight 4 and level 22 or 55, respectively. For this purpose, we develop a method by Serre to compare the corresponding two-dimensional 2-adic Galois representations with uneven trace. Eventually this method is also applied to a self fibre product of the Hesse-pencil, relating it to a newform of weight 4 and level 27.

Categories:14J32, 11F11, 11F23, 20C12
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