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26. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 654)

Forrest, Brian E.; Runde, Volker
Norm One Idempotent $cb$-Multipliers with Applications to the Fourier Algebra in the $cb$-Multiplier Norm
For a locally compact group $G$, let $A(G)$ be its Fourier algebra, let $M_{cb}A(G)$ denote the completely bounded multipliers of $A(G)$, and let $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ stand for the closure of $A(G)$ in $M_{cb}A(G)$. We characterize the norm one idempotents in $M_{cb}A(G)$: the indicator function of a set $E \subset G$ is a norm one idempotent in $M_{cb}A(G)$ if and only if $E$ is a coset of an open subgroup of $G$. As applications, we describe the closed ideals of $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ with an approximate identity bounded by $1$, and we characterize those $G$ for which $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ is $1$-amenable in the sense of B. E. Johnson. (We can even slightly relax the norm bounds.)

Keywords:amenability, bounded approximate identity, $cb$-multiplier norm, Fourier algebra, norm one idempotent
Categories:43A22, 20E05, 43A30, 46J10, 46J40, 46L07, 47L25

27. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 48)

Chebolu, Sunil K.; Christensen, J. Daniel; Mináč, Ján
Freyd's Generating Hypothesis for Groups with Periodic Cohomology
Let $G$ be a finite group, and let $k$ be a field whose characteristic $p$ divides the order of $G$. Freyd's generating hypothesis for the stable module category of $G$ is the statement that a map between finite-dimensional $kG$-modules in the thick subcategory generated by $k$ factors through a projective if the induced map on Tate cohomology is trivial. We show that if $G$ has periodic cohomology, then the generating hypothesis holds if and only if the Sylow $p$-subgroup of $G$ is $C_2$ or $C_3$. We also give some other conditions that are equivalent to the GH for groups with periodic cohomology.

Keywords:Tate cohomology, generating hypothesis, stable module category, ghost map, principal block, thick subcategory, periodic cohomology
Categories:20C20, 20J06, 55P42

28. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 390)

Riedl, Jeffrey M.
Automorphisms of Iterated Wreath Product $p$-Groups
We determine the order of the automorphism group $\operatorname{Aut}(W)$ for each member $W$ of an important family of finite $p$-groups that may be constructed as iterated regular wreath products of cyclic groups. We use a method based on representation theory.

Categories:20D45, 20D15, 20E22

29. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 98)

Glied, Svenja
Similarity and Coincidence Isometries for Modules
The groups of (linear) similarity and coincidence isometries of certain modules $\varGamma$ in $d$-dimensional Euclidean space, which naturally occur in quasicrystallography, are considered. It is shown that the structure of the factor group of similarity modulo coincidence isometries is the direct sum of cyclic groups of prime power orders that divide $d$. In particular, if the dimension $d$ is a prime number $p$, the factor group is an elementary abelian $p$-group. This generalizes previous results obtained for lattices to situations relevant in quasicrystallography.

Categories:20H15, 82D25, 52C23

30. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 663)

Haas, Ruth; G. Helminck, Aloysius
Admissible Sequences for Twisted Involutions in Weyl Groups
Let $W$ be a Weyl group, $\Sigma$ a set of simple reflections in $W$ related to a basis $\Delta$ for the root system $\Phi$ associated with $W$ and $\theta$ an involution such that $\theta(\Delta) = \Delta$. We show that the set of $\theta$-twisted involutions in $W$, $\mathcal{I}_{\theta} = \{w\in W \mid \theta(w) = w^{-1}\}$ is in one to one correspondence with the set of regular involutions $\mathcal{I}_{\operatorname{Id}}$. The elements of $\mathcal{I}_{\theta}$ are characterized by sequences in $\Sigma$ which induce an ordering called the Richardson-Springer Poset. In particular, for $\Phi$ irreducible, the ascending Richardson-Springer Poset of $\mathcal{I}_{\theta}$, for nontrivial $\theta$ is identical to the descending Richardson-Springer Poset of $\mathcal{I}_{\operatorname{Id}}$.

Categories:20G15, 20G20, 22E15, 22E46, 43A85

31. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 38)

Butske, William
Endomorphisms of Two Dimensional Jacobians and Related Finite Algebras
Zarhin proves that if $C$ is the curve $y^2=f(x)$ where $\textrm{Gal}_{\mathbb{Q}}(f(x))=S_n$ or $A_n$, then ${\textrm{End}}_{\overline{\mathbb{Q}}}(J)=\mathbb{Z}$. In seeking to examine his result in the genus $g=2$ case supposing other Galois groups, we calculate $\textrm{End}_{\overline{\mathbb{Q}}}(J)\otimes_{\mathbb{Z}} \mathbb{F}_2$ for a genus $2$ curve where $f(x)$ is irreducible. In particular, we show that unless the Galois group is $S_5$ or $A_5$, the Galois group does not determine ${\textrm{End}}_{\overline{\mathbb{Q}}}(J)$.

Categories:11G10, 20C20

32. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 188)

Steinberg, Benjamin
Yet Another Solution to the Burnside Problem for Matrix Semigroups
We use the kernel category to give a finiteness condition for semigroups. As a consequence we provide yet another proof that finitely generated periodic semigroups of matrices are finite.

Keywords:Burnside problem, kernel category
Categories:20M30, 20M32

33. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 487)

Kong, Xiangjun
Some Properties Associated with Adequate Transversals
In this paper, another relationship between the quasi-ideal adequate transversals of an abundant semigroup is given. We introduce the concept of a weakly multiplicative adequate transversal and the classic result that an adequate transversal is multiplicative if and only if it is weakly multiplicative and a quasi-ideal is obtained. Also, we give two equivalent conditions for an adequate transversal to be weakly multiplicative. We then consider the case when $I$ and $\Lambda$ (defined below) are bands. This is analogous to the inverse transversal if the regularity condition is adjoined.

Keywords:abundant semigroup, adequate transversal, Green's $*$-relations, quasi-ideal
Category:20M10

34. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 255)

Dehaye, Paul-Olivier
On an Identity due to Bump and Diaconis, and Tracy and Widom
A classical question for a Toeplitz matrix with given symbol is how to compute asymptotics for the determinants of its reductions to finite rank. One can also consider how those asymptotics are affected when shifting an initial set of rows and columns (or, equivalently, asymptotics of their minors). Bump and Diaconis obtained a formula for such shifts involving Laguerre polynomials and sums over symmetric groups. They also showed how the Heine identity extends for such minors, which makes this question relevant to Random Matrix Theory. Independently, Tracy and Widom used the Wiener-Hopf factorization to express those shifts in terms of products of infinite matrices. We show directly why those two expressions are equal and uncover some structure in both formulas that was unknown to their authors. We introduce a mysterious differential operator on symmetric functions that is very similar to vertex operators. We show that the Bump-Diaconis-Tracy-Widom identity is a differentiated version of the classical Jacobi-Trudi identity.

Keywords:Toeplitz matrices, Jacobi-Trudi identity, Szegő limit theorem, Heine identity, Wiener-Hopf factorization
Categories:47B35, 05E05, 20G05

35. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 297)

Johnson, Marianne; Stöhr, Ralph
Lie Powers and Pseudo-Idempotents
We give a new factorisation of the classical Dynkin operator, an element of the integral group ring of the symmetric group that facilitates projections of tensor powers onto Lie powers. As an application we show that the iterated Lie power $L_2(L_n)$ is a module direct summand of the Lie power $L_{2n}$ whenever the characteristic of the ground field does not divide $n$. An explicit projection of the latter onto the former is exhibited in this case.

Categories:17B01, 20C30

36. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 237)

Creedon, Leo; Gildea, Joe
The Structure of the Unit Group of the Group Algebra ${\mathbb{F}}_{2^k}D_{8}$
Let $RG$ denote the group ring of the group $G$ over the ring $R$. Using an isomorphism between $RG$ and a certain ring of $n \times n$ matrices in conjunction with other techniques, the structure of the unit group of the group algebra of the dihedral group of order $8$ over any finite field of chracteristic $2$ is determined in terms of split extensions of cyclic groups.

Categories:16U60, 16S34, 20C05, 15A33

37. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 3)

Bakonyi, M.; Timotin, D.
Extensions of Positive Definite Functions on Amenable Groups
Let $S$ be a subset of an amenable group $G$ such that $e\in S$ and $S^{-1}=S$. The main result of this paper states that if the Cayley graph of $G$ with respect to $S$ has a certain combinatorial property, then every positive definite operator-valued function on $S$ can be extended to a positive definite function on $G$. Several known extension results are obtained as corollaries. New applications are also presented.

Categories:43A35, 47A57, 20E05

38. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 39)

Chapman, S. T.; García-Sánchez, P. A.; Llena, D.; Marshall, J.
Elements in a Numerical Semigroup with Factorizations of the Same Length
Questions concerning the lengths of factorizations into irreducible elements in numerical monoids have gained much attention in the recent literature. In this note, we show that a numerical monoid has an element with two different irreducible factorizations of the same length if and only if its embedding dimension is greater than two. We find formulas in embedding dimension three for the smallest element with two different irreducible factorizations of the same length and the largest element whose different irreducible factorizations all have distinct lengths. We show that these formulas do not naturally extend to higher embedding dimensions.

Keywords:numerical monoid, numerical semigroup, non-unique factorization
Categories:20M14, 20D60, 11B75

39. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 706)

Roberts, R.; Shareshian, J.
Non-Right-Orderable 3-Manifold Groups
We exhibit infinitely many hyperbolic $3$-manifold groups that are not right-orderable.

Categories:20F60, 57M05, 57M50

40. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 629)

Chinen, Naotsugu; Hosaka, Tetsuya
Asymptotic Dimension of Proper CAT(0) Spaces that are Homeomorphic to the Plane
In this paper, we investigate a proper CAT(0) space $(X,d)$ that is homeomorphic to $\mathbb R^2$ and we show that the asymptotic dimension $\operatorname{asdim} (X,d)$ is equal to $2$.

Keywords:asymptotic dimension, CAT(0) space, plane
Categories:20F69, 54F45, 20F65

41. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 602)

Boij, Mats; Geramita, Anthony
Notes on Diagonal Coinvariants of the Dihedral Group
The bigraded Hilbert function and the minimal free resolutions for the diagonal coinvariants of the dihedral groups are exhibited, as well as for all their bigraded invariant Gorenstein quotients.

Categories:13D02, 20C33, 20F55

42. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 598)

Moreno, M. A.; Nicola, J.; Pardo, E.; Thomas, H.
Numerical Semigroups That Are Not Intersections of $d$-Squashed Semigroups
We say that a numerical semigroup is \emph{$d$-squashed} if it can be written in the form $$ S=\frac 1 N \langle a_1,\dots,a_d \rangle \cap \mathbb{Z}$$ for $N,a_1,\dots,a_d$ positive integers with $\gcd(a_1,\dots, a_d)=1$. Rosales and Urbano have shown that a numerical semigroup is 2-squashed if and only if it is proportionally modular. Recent works by Rosales \emph{et al.} give a concrete example of a numerical semigroup that cannot be written as an intersection of $2$-squashed semigroups. We will show the existence of infinitely many numerical semigroups that cannot be written as an intersection of $2$-squashed semigroups. We also will prove the same result for $3$-squashed semigroups. We conjecture that there are numerical semigroups that cannot be written as the intersection of $d$-squashed semigroups for any fixed $d$, and we prove some partial results towards this conjecture.

Keywords:numerical semigroup, squashed semigroup, proportionally modular semigroup
Categories:20M14, 06F05, 46L80

43. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 435)

Monson, B.; Schulte, Egon
Modular Reduction in Abstract Polytopes
The paper studies modular reduction techniques for abstract regular and chiral polytopes, with two purposes in mind:\ first, to survey the literature about modular reduction in polytopes; and second, to apply modular reduction, with moduli given by primes in $\mathbb{Z}[\tau]$ (with $\tau$ the golden ratio), to construct new regular $4$-polytopes of hyperbolic types $\{3,5,3\}$ and $\{5,3,5\}$ with automorphism groups given by finite orthogonal groups.

Keywords:abstract polytopes, regular and chiral, Coxeter groups, modular reduction
Categories:51M20, 20F55

44. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 273)

MacDonald, John; Scull, Laura
Amalgamations of Categories
We consider the pushout of embedding functors in $\Cat$, the category of small categories. We show that if the embedding functors satisfy a 3-for-2 property, then the induced functors to the pushout category are also embeddings. The result follows from the connectedness of certain associated slice categories. The condition is motivated by a similar result for maps of semigroups. We show that our theorem can be applied to groupoids and to inclusions of full subcategories. We also give an example to show that the theorem does not hold when the property only holds for one of the inclusion functors, or when it is weakened to a one-sided condition.

Keywords:category, pushout, amalgamation
Categories:18A30, 18B40, 20L17

45. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 245)

Goodaire, Edgar G.; Milies, César Polcino
Involutions of RA Loops
Let $L$ be an RA loop, that is, a loop whose loop ring over any coefficient ring $R$ is an alternative, but not associative, ring. Let $\ell\mapsto\ell^\theta$ denote an involution on $L$ and extend it linearly to the loop ring $RL$. An element $\alpha\in RL$ is \emph{symmetric} if $\alpha^\theta=\alpha$ and \emph{skew-symmetric} if $\alpha^\theta=-\alpha$. In this paper, we show that there exists an involution making the symmetric elements of $RL$ commute if and only if the characteristic of $R$ is $2$ or $\theta$ is the canonical involution on $L$, and an involution making the skew-symmetric elements of $RL$ commute if and only if the characteristic of $R$ is $2$ or $4$.

Categories:20N05, 17D05

46. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 9)

Chassé, Dominique; Saint-Aubin, Yvan
On the Spectrum of an $n!\times n!$ Matrix Originating from Statistical Mechanics
Let $R_n(\alpha)$ be the $n!\times n!$ matrix whose matrix elements $[R_n(\alpha)]_{\sigma\rho}$, with $\sigma$ and $\rho$ in the symmetric group $\sn$, are $\alpha^{\ell(\sigma\rho^{-1})}$ with $0<\alpha<1$, where $\ell(\pi)$ denotes the number of cycles in $\pi\in \sn$. We give the spectrum of $R_n$ and show that the ratio of the largest eigenvalue $\lambda_0$ to the second largest one (in absolute value) increases as a positive power of $n$ as $n\rightarrow \infty$.

Keywords:symmetric group, representation theory, eigenvalue, statistical physics
Categories:20B30, 20C30, 15A18, 82B20, 82B28

47. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 584)

Purbhoo, Kevin; Willigenburg, Stephanie van
On Tensor Products of Polynomial Representations
We determine the necessary and sufficient combinatorial conditions for which the tensor product of two irreducible polynomial representations of $\GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ is isomorphic to another. As a consequence we discover families of Littlewood--Richardson coefficients that are non-zero, and a condition on Schur non-negativity.

Keywords:polynomial representation, symmetric function, Littlewood--Richardson coefficient, Schur non-negative
Categories:05E05, 05E10, 20C30

48. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 114)

Petrov, V.; Semenov, N.; Zainoulline, K.
Zero Cycles on a Twisted Cayley Plane
Let $k$ be a field of characteristic not $2,3$. Let $G$ be an exceptional simple algebraic group over $k$ of type $\F$, $^1{\E_6}$ or $\E_7$ with trivial Tits algebras. Let $X$ be a projective $G$-homogeneous variety. If $G$ is of type $\E_7$, we assume in addition that the respective parabolic subgroup is of type $P_7$. The main result of the paper says that the degree map on the group of zero cycles of $X$ is injective.

Categories:20G15, 14C15

49. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 134)

Rosales, J. C.; Garc\'{\i}a-Sánchez, P. A.
Numerical Semigroups Having a Toms Decomposition
We show that the class of system proportionally modular numerical semigroups coincides with the class of numerical semigroups having a Toms decomposition.

Categories:20M14, 11D75

50. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 81)

Kassel, Christian
Homotopy Formulas for Cyclic Groups Acting on Rings
The positive cohomology groups of a finite group acting on a ring vanish when the ring has a norm one element. In this note we give explicit homotopies on the level of cochains when the group is cyclic, which allows us to express any cocycle of a cyclic group as the coboundary of an explicit cochain. The formulas in this note are closely related to the effective problems considered in previous joint work with Eli Aljadeff.

Keywords:group cohomology, norm map, cyclic group, homotopy
Categories:20J06, 20K01, 16W22, 18G35
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