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1. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 264)

Dai, Li; Dong, Jingcheng
On Semisimple Hopf Algebras of Dimension $pq^n$
Let $p,q$ be prime numbers with $p^2\lt q$, $n\in \mathbb{N}$, and $H$ a semisimple Hopf algebra of dimension $pq^n$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$. This paper proves that $H$ must possess one of the following structures: (1) $H$ is semisolvable; (2) $H$ is a Radford biproduct $R\# kG$, where $kG$ is the group algebra of group $G$ of order $p$, and $R$ is a semisimple Yetter--Drinfeld Hopf algebra in ${}^{kG}_{kG}\mathcal{YD}$ of dimension $q^n$.

Keywords:semisimple Hopf algebra, semisolvability, Radford biproduct, Drinfeld double

2. CMB Online first

Galindo, César
On Braided and Ribbon Unitary Fusion Categories
We prove that every braiding over a unitary fusion category is unitary and every unitary braided fusion category admits a unique unitary ribbon structure.

Keywords:fusion categories, braided categories, modular categories
Categories:20F36, 16W30, 18D10

3. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 51)

Fošner, Ajda; Lee, Tsiu-Kwen
Jordan $*$-Derivations of Finite-Dimensional Semiprime Algebras
In the paper, we characterize Jordan $*$-derivations of a $2$-torsion free, finite-dimensional semiprime algebra $R$ with involution $*$. To be precise, we prove the theorem: Let $deltacolon R o R$ be a Jordan $*$-derivation. Then there exists a $*$-algebra decomposition $R=Uoplus V$ such that both $U$ and $V$ are invariant under $delta$. Moreover, $*$ is the identity map of $U$ and $delta,|_U$ is a derivation, and the Jordan $*$-derivation $delta,|_V$ is inner. We also prove the theorem: Let $R$ be a noncommutative, centrally closed prime algebra with involution $*$, $operatorname{char},R e 2$, and let $delta$ be a nonzero Jordan $*$-derivation of $R$. If $delta$ is an elementary operator of $R$, then $operatorname{dim}_CRlt infty$ and $delta$ is inner.

Keywords:semiprime algebra, involution, (inner) Jordan $*$-derivation, elementary operator
Categories:16W10, 16N60, 16W25

4. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 584)

Liau, Pao-Kuei; Liu, Cheng-Kai
On Automorphisms and Commutativity in Semiprime Rings
Let $R$ be a semiprime ring with center $Z(R)$. For $x,y\in R$, we denote by $[x,y]=xy-yx$ the commutator of $x$ and $y$. If $\sigma$ is a non-identity automorphism of $R$ such that $$ \Big[\big[\dots\big[[\sigma(x^{n_0}),x^{n_1}],x^{n_2}\big],\dots\big],x^{n_k}\Big]=0 $$ for all $x \in R$, where $n_{0},n_{1},n_{2},\dots,n_{k}$ are fixed positive integers, then there exists a map $\mu\colon R\rightarrow Z(R)$ such that $\sigma(x)=x+\mu(x)$ for all $x\in R$. In particular, when $R$ is a prime ring, $R$ is commutative.

Keywords:automorphism, generalized polynomial identity (GPI)
Categories:16N60, 16W20, 16R50

5. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 344)

Goodaire, Edgar G.; Milies, César Polcino
Involutions and Anticommutativity in Group Rings
Let $g\mapsto g^*$ denote an involution on a group $G$. For any (commutative, associative) ring $R$ (with $1$), $*$ extends linearly to an involution of the group ring $RG$. An element $\alpha\in RG$ is symmetric if $\alpha^*=\alpha$ and skew-symmetric if $\alpha^*=-\alpha$. The skew-symmetric elements are closed under the Lie bracket, $[\alpha,\beta]=\alpha\beta-\beta\alpha$. In this paper, we investigate when this set is also closed under the ring product in $RG$. The symmetric elements are closed under the Jordan product, $\alpha\circ\beta=\alpha\beta+\beta\alpha$. Here, we determine when this product is trivial. These two problems are analogues of problems about the skew-symmetric and symmetric elements in group rings that have received a lot of attention.

Categories:16W10, 16S34

6. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 271)

Di Vincenzo, M. Onofrio; Nardozza, Vincenzo
On the Existence of the Graded Exponent for Finite Dimensional $\mathbb{Z}_p$-graded Algebras
Let $F$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, and let $A$ be an associative unitary $F$-algebra graded by a group of prime order. We prove that if $A$ is finite dimensional then the graded exponent of $A$ exists and is an integer.

Keywords:exponent, polynomial identities, graded algebras
Categories:16R50, 16R10, 16W50

7. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 579)

Ndogmo, J. C.
Casimir Operators and Nilpotent Radicals
It is shown that a Lie algebra having a nilpotent radical has a fundamental set of invariants consisting of Casimir operators. A different proof is given in the well known special case of an abelian radical. A result relating the number of invariants to the dimension of the Cartan subalgebra is also established.

Keywords:nilpotent radical, Casimir operators, algebraic Lie algebras, Cartan subalgebras, number of invariants
Categories:16W25, 17B45, 16S30

8. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 260)

Delvaux, L.; Van Daele, A.; Wang, Shuanhong
A Note on the Antipode for Algebraic Quantum Groups
Recently, Beattie, Bulacu ,and Torrecillas proved Radford's formula for the fourth power of the antipode for a co-Frobenius Hopf algebra. In this note, we show that this formula can be proved for any regular multiplier Hopf algebra with integrals (algebraic quantum groups). This, of course, not only includes the case of a finite-dimensional Hopf algebra, but also that of any Hopf algebra with integrals (co-Frobenius Hopf algebras). Moreover, it turns out that the proof in this more general situation, in fact, follows in a few lines from well-known formulas obtained earlier in the theory of regular multiplier Hopf algebras with integrals. We discuss these formulas and their importance in this theory. We also mention their generalizations, in particular to the (in a certain sense) more general theory of locally compact quantum groups. Doing so, and also because the proof of the main result itself is very short, the present note becomes largely of an expository nature.

Keywords:multiplier Hopf algebras, algebraic quantum groups, the antipode
Categories:16W30, 46L65

9. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 208)

Valenti, Angela; Zaicev, Mikhail
Abelian Gradings on Upper Block Triangular Matrices
Let $G$ be an arbitrary finite abelian group. We describe all possible $G$-gradings on upper block triangular matrix algebras over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero.

Keywords:gradings, upper block triangular matrices

10. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 564)

Jin, Hai Lan; Doh, Jaekyung; Park, Jae Keol
Group Actions on Quasi-Baer Rings
A ring $R$ is called {\it quasi-Baer} if the right annihilator of every right ideal of $R$ is generated by an idempotent as a right ideal. We investigate the quasi-Baer property of skew group rings and fixed rings under a finite group action on a semiprime ring and their applications to $C^*$-algebras. Various examples to illustrate and delimit our results are provided.

Keywords:(quasi-) Baer ring, fixed ring, skew group ring, $C^*$-algebra, local multiplier algebra
Categories:16S35, 16W22, 16S90, 16W20, 16U70

11. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 39)

Cimpri\v{c}, Jakob
A Representation Theorem for Archimedean Quadratic Modules on $*$-Rings
We present a new approach to noncommutative real algebraic geometry based on the representation theory of $C^\ast$-algebras. An important result in commutative real algebraic geometry is Jacobi's representation theorem for archimedean quadratic modules on commutative rings. We show that this theorem is a consequence of the Gelfand--Naimark representation theorem for commutative $C^\ast$-algebras. A noncommutative version of Gelfand--Naimark theory was studied by I. Fujimoto. We use his results to generalize Jacobi's theorem to associative rings with involution.

Keywords:Ordered rings with involution, $C^\ast$-algebras and their representations, noncommutative convexity theory, real algebraic geometry
Categories:16W80, 46L05, 46L89, 14P99

12. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 424)

Novelli, Jean-Christophe; Thibon, Jean-Yves
Noncommutative Symmetric Bessel Functions
The consideration of tensor products of $0$-Hecke algebra modules leads to natural analogs of the Bessel $J$-functions in the algebra of noncommutative symmetric functions. This provides a simple explanation of various combinatorial properties of Bessel functions.

Categories:05E05, 16W30, 05A15

13. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 460)

Smoktunowicz, Agata
On Primitive Ideals in Graded Rings
Let $R=\bigoplus_{i=1}^{\infty}R_{i}$ be a graded nil ring. It is shown that primitive ideals in $R$ are homogeneous. Let $A=\bigoplus_{i=1}^{\infty}A_{i}$ be a graded non-PI just-infinite dimensional algebra and let $I$ be a prime ideal in $A$. It is shown that either $I=\{0\}$ or $I=A$. Moreover, $A$ is either primitive or Jacobson radical.

Categories:16D60, 16W50

14. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 81)

Kassel, Christian
Homotopy Formulas for Cyclic Groups Acting on Rings
The positive cohomology groups of a finite group acting on a ring vanish when the ring has a norm one element. In this note we give explicit homotopies on the level of cochains when the group is cyclic, which allows us to express any cocycle of a cyclic group as the coboundary of an explicit cochain. The formulas in this note are closely related to the effective problems considered in previous joint work with Eli Aljadeff.

Keywords:group cohomology, norm map, cyclic group, homotopy
Categories:20J06, 20K01, 16W22, 18G35

15. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 105)

Klep, Igor
On Valuations, Places and Graded Rings Associated to $*$-Orderings
We study natural $*$-valuations, $*$-places and graded $*$-rings associated with $*$-ordered rings. We prove that the natural $*$-valuation is always quasi-Ore and is even quasi-commutative (\emph{i.e.,} the corresponding graded $*$-ring is commutative), provided the ring contains an imaginary unit. Furthermore, it is proved that the graded $*$-ring is isomorphic to a twisted semigroup algebra. Our results are applied to answer a question of Cimpri\v c regarding $*$-orderability of quantum groups.

Keywords:$*$--orderings, valuations, rings with involution
Categories:14P10, 16S30, 16W10

16. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 587)

Lopes, Samuel A.
Separation of Variables for $U_{q}(\mathfrak{sl}_{n+1})^{+}$
Let $U_{q}(\SL)^{+}$ be the positive part of the quantized enveloping algebra $U_{q}(\SL)$. Using results of Alev--Dumas and Caldero related to the center of $U_{q}(\SL)^{+}$, we show that this algebra is free over its center. This is reminiscent of Kostant's separation of variables for the enveloping algebra $U(\g)$ of a complex semisimple Lie algebra $\g$, and also of an analogous result of Joseph--Letzter for the quantum algebra $\Check{U}_{q}(\g)$. Of greater importance to its representation theory is the fact that $\U{+}$ is free over a larger polynomial subalgebra $N$ in $n$ variables. Induction from $N$ to $\U{+}$ provides infinite-dimensional modules with good properties, including a grading that is inherited by submodules.

Categories:17B37, 16W35, 17B10, 16D60

17. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 355)

Chebotar, M. A.; Ke, W.-F.; Lee, P.-H.; Shiao, L.-S.
On Maps Preserving Products
Maps preserving certain algebraic properties of elements are often studied in Functional Analysis and Linear Algebra. The goal of this paper is to discuss the relationships among these problems from the ring-theoretic point of view.

Categories:16W20, 16N50, 16N60

18. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 14)

Bahturin, Yu. A.; Parmenter, M. M.
Generalized Commutativity in Group Algebras
We study group algebras $FG$ which can be graded by a finite abelian group $\Gamma$ such that $FG$ is $\beta$-commutative for a skew-symmetric bicharacter $\beta$ on $\Gamma$ with values in $F^*$.

Categories:16S34, 16R50, 16U80, 16W10, 16W55

19. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 499)

Bahturin, Yu. A.; Zaicev, M. V.
Group Gradings on Matrix Algebras
Let $\Phi$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, $G$ a finite, not necessarily abelian, group. Given a $G$-grading on the full matrix algebra $A = M_n(\Phi)$, we decompose $A$ as the tensor product of graded subalgebras $A = B\otimes C$, $B\cong M_p (\Phi)$ being a graded division algebra, while the grading of $C\cong M_q (\Phi)$ is determined by that of the vector space $\Phi^n$. Now the grading of $A$ is recovered from those of $A$ and $B$ using a canonical ``induction'' procedure.


20. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 711)

Yoshii, Yoji
Classification of Quantum Tori with Involution
Quantum tori with graded involution appear as coordinate algebras of extended affine Lie algebras of type $\rmA_1$, $\rmC$ and $\BC$. We classify them in the category of algebras with involution. From this, we obtain precise information on the root systems of extended affine Lie algebras of type $\rmC$.


21. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 451)

Allison, Bruce; Smirnov, Oleg
Coordinatization Theorems For Graded Algebras
In this paper we study simple associative algebras with finite $\mathbb{Z}$-gradings. This is done using a simple algebra $F_g$ that has been constructed in Morita theory from a bilinear form $g\colon U\times V\to A$ over a simple algebra $A$. We show that finite $\mathbb{Z}$-gradings on $F_g$ are in one to one correspondence with certain decompositions of the pair $(U,V)$. We also show that any simple algebra $R$ with finite $\mathbb{Z}$-grading is graded isomorphic to $F_g$ for some bilinear from $g\colon U\times V \to A$, where the grading on $F_g$ is determined by a decomposition of $(U,V)$ and the coordinate algebra $A$ is chosen as a simple ideal of the zero component $R_0$ of $R$. In order to prove these results we first prove similar results for simple algebras with Peirce gradings.


22. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 11)

Bahturin, Yuri; Kochetov, Mikhail; Montgomery, Susan
Polycharacters of Cocommutative Hopf Algebras
In this paper we extend a well-known theorem of M.~Scheunert on skew-symmetric bicharacters of groups to the case of skew-symmetric bicharacters on arbitrary cocommutative Hopf algebras over a field of characteristic not 2. We also classify polycharacters on (restricted) enveloping algebras and bicharacters on divided power algebras.

Categories:16W30, 16W55

23. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 401)

Swain, Gordon A.; Blau, Philip S.
Lie Derivations in Prime Rings With Involution
Let $R$ be a non-GPI prime ring with involution and characteristic $\neq 2,3$. Let $K$ denote the skew elements of $R$, and $C$ denote the extended centroid of $R$. Let $\delta$ be a Lie derivation of $K$ into itself. Then $\delta=\rho+\epsilon$ where $\epsilon$ is an additive map into the skew elements of the extended centroid of $R$ which is zero on $[K,K]$, and $\rho$ can be extended to an ordinary derivation of $\langle K\rangle$ into $RC$, the central closure.

Categories:16W10, 16N60, 16W25

24. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 452)

Brešar, Matej; Martindale, W. S.; Miers, C. Robert
Dependent automorphisms in prime rings
For each $n\geq 4$ we construct a class of examples of a minimal $C$-dependent set of $n$ automorphisms of a prime ring $R$, where $C$ is the extended centroid of $R$. For $n=4$ and $n=5$ it is shown that the preceding examples are completely general, whereas for $n=6$ an example is given which fails to enjoy any of the nice properties of the above example.

Categories:16N60, 16W20

25. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 359)

Van Oystaeyen, Fred; Zhang, Yinhuo
Embedding the Hopf automorphism group into the Brauer group
Let $H$ be a faithfully projective Hopf algebra over a commutative ring $k$. In \cite{CVZ1, CVZ2} we defined the Brauer group $\BQ(k,H)$ of $H$ and an homomorphism $\pi$ from Hopf automorphism group $\Aut_{\Hopf}(H)$ to $\BQ(k,H)$. In this paper, we show that the morphism $\pi$ can be embedded into an exact sequence.

Categories:16W30, 13A20

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