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1. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 271)

 Artinianness of Composed Graded Local Cohomology Modules Let $R=\bigoplus_{n\geq0}R_{n}$ be a graded Noetherian ring with local base ring $(R_{0}, \mathfrak{m}_{0})$ and let $R_{+}=\bigoplus_{n\gt 0}R_{n}$, $M$ and $N$ be finitely generated graded $R$-modules and $\mathfrak{a}=\mathfrak{a}_{0}+R_{+}$ an ideal of $R$. We show that $H^{j}_{\mathfrak{b}_{0}}(H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M,N))$ and $H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M, N)/\mathfrak{b}_{0}H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M,N)$ are Artinian for some $i^{,}s$ and $j^{,}s$ with a specified property, where $\mathfrak{b}_{o}$ is an ideal of $R_{0}$ such that $\mathfrak{a}_{0}+\mathfrak{b}_{0}$ is an $\mathfrak{m}_{0}$-primary ideal. Keywords:generalized local cohomology, Artinian, graded moduleCategories:13D45, 13E10, 16W50

2. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 340)

Kȩpczyk, Marek
 A Note on Algebras that are Sums of Two Subalgebras We study an associative algebra $A$ over an arbitrary field, that is a sum of two subalgebras $B$ and $C$ (i.e. $A=B+C$). We show that if $B$ is a right or left Artinian $PI$ algebra and $C$ is a $PI$ algebra, then $A$ is a $PI$ algebra. Additionally we generalize this result for semiprime algebras $A$. Consider the class of all semisimple finite dimensional algebras $A=B+C$ for some subalgebras $B$ and $C$ which satisfy given polynomial identities $f=0$ and $g=0$, respectively. We prove that all algebras in this class satisfy a common polynomial identity. Keywords:rings with polynomial identities, prime ringsCategories:16N40, 16R10, , 16S36, 16W60, 16R20

3. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 258)

De Filippis, Vincenzo
 Annihilators and Power Values of Generalized Skew Derivations on Lie Ideals Let $R$ be a prime ring of characteristic different from $2$, $Q_r$ be its right Martindale quotient ring and $C$ be its extended centroid. Suppose that $F$ is a generalized skew derivation of $R$, $L$ a non-central Lie ideal of $R$, $0 \neq a\in R$, $m\geq 0$ and $n,s\geq 1$ fixed integers. If $a\biggl(u^mF(u)u^n\biggr)^s=0$ for all $u\in L$, then either $R\subseteq M_2(C)$, the ring of $2\times 2$ matrices over $C$, or $m=0$ and there exists $b\in Q_r$ such that $F(x)=bx$, for any $x\in R$, with $ab=0$. Keywords:generalized skew derivation, prime ringCategories:16W25, 16N60

4. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 263)

De Filippis, Vincenzo; Mamouni, Abdellah; Oukhtite, Lahcen
 Generalized Jordan Semiderivations in Prime Rings Let $R$ be a ring, $g$ an endomorphism of $R$. The additive mapping $d\colon R\rightarrow R$ is called Jordan semiderivation of $R$, associated with $g$, if $$d(x^2)=d(x)x+g(x)d(x)=d(x)g(x)+xd(x)\quad \text{and}\quad d(g(x))=g(d(x))$$ for all $x\in R$. The additive mapping $F\colon R\rightarrow R$ is called generalized Jordan semiderivation of $R$, related to the Jordan semiderivation $d$ and endomorphism $g$, if $$F(x^2)=F(x)x+g(x)d(x)=F(x)g(x)+xd(x)\quad \text{and}\quad F(g(x))=g(F(x))$$ for all $x\in R$. In the present paper we prove that if $R$ is a prime ring of characteristic different from $2$, $g$ an endomorphism of $R$, $d$ a Jordan semiderivation associated with $g$, $F$ a generalized Jordan semiderivation associated with $d$ and $g$, then $F$ is a generalized semiderivation of $R$ and $d$ is a semiderivation of $R.$ Moreover, if $R$ is commutative then $F=d$. Keywords:semiderivation, generalized semiderivation, Jordan semiderivation, prime ringCategory:16W25

5. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 264)

Dai, Li; Dong, Jingcheng
 On Semisimple Hopf Algebras of Dimension $pq^n$ Let $p,q$ be prime numbers with $p^2\lt q$, $n\in \mathbb{N}$, and $H$ a semisimple Hopf algebra of dimension $pq^n$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$. This paper proves that $H$ must possess one of the following structures: (1) $H$ is semisolvable; (2) $H$ is a Radford biproduct $R\# kG$, where $kG$ is the group algebra of group $G$ of order $p$, and $R$ is a semisimple Yetter--Drinfeld Hopf algebra in ${}^{kG}_{kG}\mathcal{YD}$ of dimension $q^n$. Keywords:semisimple Hopf algebra, semisolvability, Radford biproduct, Drinfeld doubleCategory:16W30

6. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 506)

Galindo, César
 On Braided and Ribbon Unitary Fusion Categories We prove that every braiding over a unitary fusion category is unitary and every unitary braided fusion category admits a unique unitary ribbon structure. Keywords:fusion categories, braided categories, modular categoriesCategories:20F36, 16W30, 18D10

7. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 51)

Fošner, Ajda; Lee, Tsiu-Kwen
 Jordan $*$-Derivations of Finite-Dimensional Semiprime Algebras In the paper, we characterize Jordan $*$-derivations of a $2$-torsion free, finite-dimensional semiprime algebra $R$ with involution $*$. To be precise, we prove the theorem: Let $deltacolon R o R$ be a Jordan $*$-derivation. Then there exists a $*$-algebra decomposition $R=Uoplus V$ such that both $U$ and $V$ are invariant under $delta$. Moreover, $*$ is the identity map of $U$ and $delta,|_U$ is a derivation, and the Jordan $*$-derivation $delta,|_V$ is inner. We also prove the theorem: Let $R$ be a noncommutative, centrally closed prime algebra with involution $*$, $operatorname{char},R e 2$, and let $delta$ be a nonzero Jordan $*$-derivation of $R$. If $delta$ is an elementary operator of $R$, then $operatorname{dim}_CRlt infty$ and $delta$ is inner. Keywords:semiprime algebra, involution, (inner) Jordan $*$-derivation, elementary operatorCategories:16W10, 16N60, 16W25

8. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 584)

Liau, Pao-Kuei; Liu, Cheng-Kai
 On Automorphisms and Commutativity in Semiprime Rings Let $R$ be a semiprime ring with center $Z(R)$. For $x,y\in R$, we denote by $[x,y]=xy-yx$ the commutator of $x$ and $y$. If $\sigma$ is a non-identity automorphism of $R$ such that $$\Big[\big[\dots\big[[\sigma(x^{n_0}),x^{n_1}],x^{n_2}\big],\dots\big],x^{n_k}\Big]=0$$ for all $x \in R$, where $n_{0},n_{1},n_{2},\dots,n_{k}$ are fixed positive integers, then there exists a map $\mu\colon R\rightarrow Z(R)$ such that $\sigma(x)=x+\mu(x)$ for all $x\in R$. In particular, when $R$ is a prime ring, $R$ is commutative. Keywords:automorphism, generalized polynomial identity (GPI)Categories:16N60, 16W20, 16R50

9. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 344)

Goodaire, Edgar G.; Milies, César Polcino
 Involutions and Anticommutativity in Group Rings Let $g\mapsto g^*$ denote an involution on a group $G$. For any (commutative, associative) ring $R$ (with $1$), $*$ extends linearly to an involution of the group ring $RG$. An element $\alpha\in RG$ is symmetric if $\alpha^*=\alpha$ and skew-symmetric if $\alpha^*=-\alpha$. The skew-symmetric elements are closed under the Lie bracket, $[\alpha,\beta]=\alpha\beta-\beta\alpha$. In this paper, we investigate when this set is also closed under the ring product in $RG$. The symmetric elements are closed under the Jordan product, $\alpha\circ\beta=\alpha\beta+\beta\alpha$. Here, we determine when this product is trivial. These two problems are analogues of problems about the skew-symmetric and symmetric elements in group rings that have received a lot of attention. Categories:16W10, 16S34

10. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 271)

Di Vincenzo, M. Onofrio; Nardozza, Vincenzo
 On the Existence of the Graded Exponent for Finite Dimensional $\mathbb{Z}_p$-graded Algebras Let $F$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, and let $A$ be an associative unitary $F$-algebra graded by a group of prime order. We prove that if $A$ is finite dimensional then the graded exponent of $A$ exists and is an integer. Keywords:exponent, polynomial identities, graded algebrasCategories:16R50, 16R10, 16W50

11. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 579)

Ndogmo, J. C.
 Casimir Operators and Nilpotent Radicals It is shown that a Lie algebra having a nilpotent radical has a fundamental set of invariants consisting of Casimir operators. A different proof is given in the well known special case of an abelian radical. A result relating the number of invariants to the dimension of the Cartan subalgebra is also established. Keywords:nilpotent radical, Casimir operators, algebraic Lie algebras, Cartan subalgebras, number of invariantsCategories:16W25, 17B45, 16S30

12. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 260)

Delvaux, L.; Van Daele, A.; Wang, Shuanhong
 A Note on the Antipode for Algebraic Quantum Groups Recently, Beattie, Bulacu ,and Torrecillas proved Radford's formula for the fourth power of the antipode for a co-Frobenius Hopf algebra. In this note, we show that this formula can be proved for any regular multiplier Hopf algebra with integrals (algebraic quantum groups). This, of course, not only includes the case of a finite-dimensional Hopf algebra, but also that of any Hopf algebra with integrals (co-Frobenius Hopf algebras). Moreover, it turns out that the proof in this more general situation, in fact, follows in a few lines from well-known formulas obtained earlier in the theory of regular multiplier Hopf algebras with integrals. We discuss these formulas and their importance in this theory. We also mention their generalizations, in particular to the (in a certain sense) more general theory of locally compact quantum groups. Doing so, and also because the proof of the main result itself is very short, the present note becomes largely of an expository nature. Keywords:multiplier Hopf algebras, algebraic quantum groups, the antipodeCategories:16W30, 46L65

13. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 208)

Valenti, Angela; Zaicev, Mikhail
 Abelian Gradings on Upper Block Triangular Matrices Let $G$ be an arbitrary finite abelian group. We describe all possible $G$-gradings on upper block triangular matrix algebras over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. Keywords:gradings, upper block triangular matricesCategory:16W50

14. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 564)

Jin, Hai Lan; Doh, Jaekyung; Park, Jae Keol
 Group Actions on Quasi-Baer Rings A ring $R$ is called {\it quasi-Baer} if the right annihilator of every right ideal of $R$ is generated by an idempotent as a right ideal. We investigate the quasi-Baer property of skew group rings and fixed rings under a finite group action on a semiprime ring and their applications to $C^*$-algebras. Various examples to illustrate and delimit our results are provided. Keywords:(quasi-) Baer ring, fixed ring, skew group ring, $C^*$-algebra, local multiplier algebraCategories:16S35, 16W22, 16S90, 16W20, 16U70

15. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 39)

Cimpri\v{c}, Jakob
 A Representation Theorem for Archimedean Quadratic Modules on $*$-Rings We present a new approach to noncommutative real algebraic geometry based on the representation theory of $C^\ast$-algebras. An important result in commutative real algebraic geometry is Jacobi's representation theorem for archimedean quadratic modules on commutative rings. We show that this theorem is a consequence of the Gelfand--Naimark representation theorem for commutative $C^\ast$-algebras. A noncommutative version of Gelfand--Naimark theory was studied by I. Fujimoto. We use his results to generalize Jacobi's theorem to associative rings with involution. Keywords:Ordered rings with involution, $C^\ast$-algebras and their representations, noncommutative convexity theory, real algebraic geometryCategories:16W80, 46L05, 46L89, 14P99

16. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 424)

Novelli, Jean-Christophe; Thibon, Jean-Yves
 Noncommutative Symmetric Bessel Functions The consideration of tensor products of $0$-Hecke algebra modules leads to natural analogs of the Bessel $J$-functions in the algebra of noncommutative symmetric functions. This provides a simple explanation of various combinatorial properties of Bessel functions. Categories:05E05, 16W30, 05A15

17. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 460)

Smoktunowicz, Agata
 On Primitive Ideals in Graded Rings Let $R=\bigoplus_{i=1}^{\infty}R_{i}$ be a graded nil ring. It is shown that primitive ideals in $R$ are homogeneous. Let $A=\bigoplus_{i=1}^{\infty}A_{i}$ be a graded non-PI just-infinite dimensional algebra and let $I$ be a prime ideal in $A$. It is shown that either $I=\{0\}$ or $I=A$. Moreover, $A$ is either primitive or Jacobson radical. Categories:16D60, 16W50

18. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 81)

Kassel, Christian
 Homotopy Formulas for Cyclic Groups Acting on Rings The positive cohomology groups of a finite group acting on a ring vanish when the ring has a norm one element. In this note we give explicit homotopies on the level of cochains when the group is cyclic, which allows us to express any cocycle of a cyclic group as the coboundary of an explicit cochain. The formulas in this note are closely related to the effective problems considered in previous joint work with Eli Aljadeff. Keywords:group cohomology, norm map, cyclic group, homotopyCategories:20J06, 20K01, 16W22, 18G35

19. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 105)

Klep, Igor
 On Valuations, Places and Graded Rings Associated to $*$-Orderings We study natural $*$-valuations, $*$-places and graded $*$-rings associated with $*$-ordered rings. We prove that the natural $*$-valuation is always quasi-Ore and is even quasi-commutative (\emph{i.e.,} the corresponding graded $*$-ring is commutative), provided the ring contains an imaginary unit. Furthermore, it is proved that the graded $*$-ring is isomorphic to a twisted semigroup algebra. Our results are applied to answer a question of Cimpri\v c regarding $*$-orderability of quantum groups. Keywords:$*$--orderings, valuations, rings with involutionCategories:14P10, 16S30, 16W10

20. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 587)

Lopes, Samuel A.
 Separation of Variables for $U_{q}(\mathfrak{sl}_{n+1})^{+}$ Let $U_{q}(\SL)^{+}$ be the positive part of the quantized enveloping algebra $U_{q}(\SL)$. Using results of Alev--Dumas and Caldero related to the center of $U_{q}(\SL)^{+}$, we show that this algebra is free over its center. This is reminiscent of Kostant's separation of variables for the enveloping algebra $U(\g)$ of a complex semisimple Lie algebra $\g$, and also of an analogous result of Joseph--Letzter for the quantum algebra $\Check{U}_{q}(\g)$. Of greater importance to its representation theory is the fact that $\U{+}$ is free over a larger polynomial subalgebra $N$ in $n$ variables. Induction from $N$ to $\U{+}$ provides infinite-dimensional modules with good properties, including a grading that is inherited by submodules. Categories:17B37, 16W35, 17B10, 16D60

21. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 355)

Chebotar, M. A.; Ke, W.-F.; Lee, P.-H.; Shiao, L.-S.
 On Maps Preserving Products Maps preserving certain algebraic properties of elements are often studied in Functional Analysis and Linear Algebra. The goal of this paper is to discuss the relationships among these problems from the ring-theoretic point of view. Categories:16W20, 16N50, 16N60

22. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 14)

Bahturin, Yu. A.; Parmenter, M. M.
 Generalized Commutativity in Group Algebras We study group algebras $FG$ which can be graded by a finite abelian group $\Gamma$ such that $FG$ is $\beta$-commutative for a skew-symmetric bicharacter $\beta$ on $\Gamma$ with values in $F^*$. Categories:16S34, 16R50, 16U80, 16W10, 16W55

23. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 499)

Bahturin, Yu. A.; Zaicev, M. V.
 Group Gradings on Matrix Algebras Let $\Phi$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, $G$ a finite, not necessarily abelian, group. Given a $G$-grading on the full matrix algebra $A = M_n(\Phi)$, we decompose $A$ as the tensor product of graded subalgebras $A = B\otimes C$, $B\cong M_p (\Phi)$ being a graded division algebra, while the grading of $C\cong M_q (\Phi)$ is determined by that of the vector space $\Phi^n$. Now the grading of $A$ is recovered from those of $A$ and $B$ using a canonical induction'' procedure. Category:16W50

24. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 711)

Yoshii, Yoji
 Classification of Quantum Tori with Involution Quantum tori with graded involution appear as coordinate algebras of extended affine Lie algebras of type $\rmA_1$, $\rmC$ and $\BC$. We classify them in the category of algebras with involution. From this, we obtain precise information on the root systems of extended affine Lie algebras of type $\rmC$. Category:16W50

25. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 451)

Allison, Bruce; Smirnov, Oleg
 Coordinatization Theorems For Graded Algebras In this paper we study simple associative algebras with finite $\mathbb{Z}$-gradings. This is done using a simple algebra $F_g$ that has been constructed in Morita theory from a bilinear form $g\colon U\times V\to A$ over a simple algebra $A$. We show that finite $\mathbb{Z}$-gradings on $F_g$ are in one to one correspondence with certain decompositions of the pair $(U,V)$. We also show that any simple algebra $R$ with finite $\mathbb{Z}$-grading is graded isomorphic to $F_g$ for some bilinear from $g\colon U\times V \to A$, where the grading on $F_g$ is determined by a decomposition of $(U,V)$ and the coordinate algebra $A$ is chosen as a simple ideal of the zero component $R_0$ of $R$. In order to prove these results we first prove similar results for simple algebras with Peirce gradings. Category:16W50
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