1. CMB Online first
 Ying, Zhiling; Koşan, Tamer; Zhou, Yiqiang

Rings in which every element is a sum of two tripotents
Let $R$ be a ring. The following results are proved: $(1)$ every
element of $R$ is a sum of an idempotent and a tripotent that
commute iff $R$ has the identity $x^6=x^4$ iff $R\cong R_1\times
R_2$, where $R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean with $U(R_1)$ a group of
exponent $2$ and $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect product of $\mathbb
Z_3$'s; $(2)$ every element of $R$ is either a sum or a difference
of two commuting idempotents iff $R\cong R_1\times R_2$, where
$R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean with $J(R_1)=0$ or $J(R_1)=\{0,2\}$,
and $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect product of $\mathbb Z_3$'s;
$(3)$ every element of $R$ is a sum of two commuting tripotents
iff $R\cong R_1\times R_2\times R_3$, where $R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean
with $U(R_1)$ a group of exponent $2$, $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect
product of $\mathbb Z_3$'s, and $R_3$ is zero or a subdirect
product of $\mathbb Z_5$'s.
Keywords:idempotent, tripotent, Boolean ring, polynomial identity $x^3=x$, polynomial identity $x^6=x^4$, polynomial identity $x^8=x^4$ Categories:16S50, 16U60, 16U90 

2. CMB Online first
 Su, Huadong

On the Diameter of Unitary Cayley Graphs of Rings
The unitary Cayley graph of a ring $R$, denoted
$\Gamma(R)$, is the simple graph
defined on all elements of $R$, and where two vertices $x$ and
$y$
are adjacent if and only if $xy$ is a unit in $R$. The largest
distance between all pairs of vertices of a graph $G$ is called
the
diameter of $G$, and is denoted by ${\rm diam}(G)$. It is proved
that for each integer $n\geq1$, there exists a ring $R$ such
that
${\rm diam}(\Gamma(R))=n$. We also show that ${\rm
diam}(\Gamma(R))\in \{1,2,3,\infty\}$ for a ring $R$ with $R/J(R)$
selfinjective and classify all those rings with ${\rm
diam}(\Gamma(R))=1$, 2, 3 and $\infty$, respectively.
Keywords:unitary Cayley graph, diameter, $k$good, unit sum number, selfinjective ring Categories:05C25, 16U60, 05C12 

3. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 237)
 Creedon, Leo; Gildea, Joe

The Structure of the Unit Group of the Group Algebra ${\mathbb{F}}_{2^k}D_{8}$
Let $RG$ denote the group ring of the group $G$ over
the ring $R$. Using an isomorphism between $RG$ and a
certain ring of $n \times n$ matrices in conjunction with other
techniques, the structure of the unit group of the group algebra
of the dihedral group of order $8$ over any
finite field of chracteristic $2$ is determined in
terms of split extensions of cyclic groups.
Categories:16U60, 16S34, 20C05, 15A33 

4. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 80)
 Herman, Allen; Li, Yuanlin; Parmenter, M. M.

Trivial Units for Group Rings with $G$adapted Coefficient Rings
For each finite group $G$ for which the integral group ring
$\mathbb{Z}G$ has only trivial units, we give ringtheoretic
conditions for a commutative ring $R$ under which the group ring
$RG$ has nontrivial units. Several examples of rings satisfying
the conditions and rings not satisfying the conditions are given.
In addition, we extend a wellknown result for fields by showing
that if $R$ is a ring of finite characteristic and $RG$ has only
trivial units, then $G$ has order at most 3.
Categories:16S34, 16U60, 20C05 

5. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 27)
6. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 60)
 Farkas, Daniel R.; Linnell, Peter A.

Trivial Units in Group Rings
Let $G$ be an arbitrary group and let $U$ be a subgroup of the
normalized units in $\mathbb{Z}G$. We show that if $U$ contains $G$
as a subgroup of finite index, then $U = G$. This result can be used
to give an alternative proof of a recent result of Marciniak and
Sehgal on units in the integral group ring of a crystallographic group.
Keywords:units, trace, finite conjugate subgroup Categories:16S34, 16U60 

7. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 103)
 Riley, David M.; Tasić, Vladimir

The transfer of a commutator law from a nilring to its adjoint group
For every field $F$ of characteristic $p\geq 0$,
we construct an example of a finite dimensional nilpotent
$F$algebra $R$ whose adjoint group $A(R)$ is not
centrebymetabelian, in spite of the fact that $R$ is Lie
centrebymetabelian
and satisfies the identities $x^{2p}=0$ when $p>2$ and
$x^8=0$ when $p=2$. The
existence of such algebras answers a question raised by
A.~E.~Zalesskii, and is in contrast to
positive results obtained by Krasilnikov, Sharma and Srivastava
for Lie metabelian rings
and by Smirnov for the class Lie centrebymetabelian nilalgebras
of exponent 4 over a field of characteristic 2 of cardinality at least 4.
Categories:16U60, 17B60 
