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Search: MSC category 16N60 ( Prime and semiprime rings [See also 16D60, 16U10] )

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1. CMB Online first

Lee, Tsiu-Kwen
Ad-nilpotent elements of semiprime rings with involution
Let $R$ be an $n!$-torsion free semiprime ring with involution $*$ and with extended centroid $C$, where $n\gt 1$ is a positive integer. We characterize $a\in K$, the Lie algebra of skew elements in $R$, satisfying $(\operatorname{ad}_a)^n=0$ on $K$. This generalizes both Martindale and Miers' theorem and the theorem of Brox et al. To prove it we first prove that if $a, b\in R$ satisfy $(\operatorname{ad}_a)^n=\operatorname{ad}_b$ on $R$, where either $n$ is even or $b=0$, then $\big(a-\lambda\big)^{[\frac{n+1}{2}]}=0$ for some $\lambda\in C$.

Keywords:Semiprime ring, Lie algebra, Jordan algebra, faithful $f$-free, involution, skew (symmetric) element, ad-nilpotent element, Jordan element
Categories:16N60, 16W10, 17B60

2. CMB Online first

Eroǧlu, Münevver Pınar; Argaç, Nurcan
On Identities with Composition of Generalized Derivations
Let $R$ be a prime ring with extended centroid $C$, $Q$ maximal right ring of quotients of $R$, $RC$ central closure of $R$ such that $dim_{C}(RC) \gt 4$, $f(X_{1},\dots,X_{n})$ a multilinear polynomial over $C$ which is not central-valued on $R$ and $f(R)$ the set of all evaluations of the multilinear polynomial $f\big(X_{1},\dots,X_{n}\big)$ in $R$. Suppose that $G$ is a nonzero generalized derivation of $R$ such that $G^2\big(u\big)u \in C$ for all $u\in f(R)$ then one of the following conditions holds: (I) there exists $a\in Q$ such that $a^2=0$ and either $G(x)=ax$ for all $x\in R$ or $G(x)=xa$ for all $x\in R$; (II) there exists $a\in Q$ such that $0\neq a^2\in C$ and either $G(x)=ax$ for all $x\in R$ or $G(x)=xa$ for all $x\in R$ and $f(X_{1},\dots,X_{n})^{2}$ is central-valued on $R$; (III) $char(R)=2$ and one of the following holds: (i) there exist $a, b\in Q$ such that $G(x)=ax+xb$ for all $x\in R$ and $a^{2}=b^{2}\in C$; (ii) there exist $a, b\in Q$ such that $G(x)=ax+xb$ for all $x\in R$, $a^{2}, b^{2}\in C$ and $f(X_{1},\ldots,X_{n})^{2}$ is central-valued on $R$; (iii) there exist $a \in Q$ and an $X$-outer derivation $d$ of $R$ such that $G(x)=ax+d(x)$ for all $x\in R$, $d^2=0$ and $a^2+d(a)=0$; (iv) there exist $a \in Q$ and an $X$-outer derivation $d$ of $R$ such that $G(x)=ax+d(x)$ for all $x\in R$, $d^2=0$, $a^2+d(a)\in C$ and $f(X_{1},\dots,X_{n})^{2}$ is central-valued on $R$. Moreover, we characterize the form of nonzero generalized derivations $G$ of $R$ satisfying $G^2(x)=\lambda x$ for all $x\in R$, where $\lambda \in C$.

Keywords:prime ring, generalized derivation, composition, extended centroid, multilinear polynomial, maximal right ring of quotients
Categories:16N60, 16N25

3. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 258)

De Filippis, Vincenzo
Annihilators and Power Values of Generalized Skew Derivations on Lie Ideals
Let $R$ be a prime ring of characteristic different from $2$, $Q_r$ be its right Martindale quotient ring and $C$ be its extended centroid. Suppose that $F$ is a generalized skew derivation of $R$, $L$ a non-central Lie ideal of $R$, $0 \neq a\in R$, $m\geq 0$ and $n,s\geq 1$ fixed integers. If \[ a\biggl(u^mF(u)u^n\biggr)^s=0 \] for all $u\in L$, then either $R\subseteq M_2(C)$, the ring of $2\times 2$ matrices over $C$, or $m=0$ and there exists $b\in Q_r$ such that $F(x)=bx$, for any $x\in R$, with $ab=0$.

Keywords:generalized skew derivation, prime ring
Categories:16W25, 16N60

4. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 51)

Fošner, Ajda; Lee, Tsiu-Kwen
Jordan $*$-Derivations of Finite-Dimensional Semiprime Algebras
In the paper, we characterize Jordan $*$-derivations of a $2$-torsion free, finite-dimensional semiprime algebra $R$ with involution $*$. To be precise, we prove the theorem: Let $deltacolon R o R$ be a Jordan $*$-derivation. Then there exists a $*$-algebra decomposition $R=Uoplus V$ such that both $U$ and $V$ are invariant under $delta$. Moreover, $*$ is the identity map of $U$ and $delta,|_U$ is a derivation, and the Jordan $*$-derivation $delta,|_V$ is inner. We also prove the theorem: Let $R$ be a noncommutative, centrally closed prime algebra with involution $*$, $operatorname{char},R e 2$, and let $delta$ be a nonzero Jordan $*$-derivation of $R$. If $delta$ is an elementary operator of $R$, then $operatorname{dim}_CRlt infty$ and $delta$ is inner.

Keywords:semiprime algebra, involution, (inner) Jordan $*$-derivation, elementary operator
Categories:16W10, 16N60, 16W25

5. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 584)

Liau, Pao-Kuei; Liu, Cheng-Kai
On Automorphisms and Commutativity in Semiprime Rings
Let $R$ be a semiprime ring with center $Z(R)$. For $x,y\in R$, we denote by $[x,y]=xy-yx$ the commutator of $x$ and $y$. If $\sigma$ is a non-identity automorphism of $R$ such that $$ \Big[\big[\dots\big[[\sigma(x^{n_0}),x^{n_1}],x^{n_2}\big],\dots\big],x^{n_k}\Big]=0 $$ for all $x \in R$, where $n_{0},n_{1},n_{2},\dots,n_{k}$ are fixed positive integers, then there exists a map $\mu\colon R\rightarrow Z(R)$ such that $\sigma(x)=x+\mu(x)$ for all $x\in R$. In particular, when $R$ is a prime ring, $R$ is commutative.

Keywords:automorphism, generalized polynomial identity (GPI)
Categories:16N60, 16W20, 16R50

6. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 587)

Birkenmeier, Gary F.; Park, Jae Keol; Rizvi, S. Tariq
Hulls of Ring Extensions
We investigate the behavior of the quasi-Baer and the right FI-extending right ring hulls under various ring extensions including group ring extensions, full and triangular matrix ring extensions, and infinite matrix ring extensions. As a consequence, we show that for semiprime rings $R$ and $S$, if $R$ and $S$ are Morita equivalent, then so are the quasi-Baer right ring hulls $\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(R)$ and $\widehat{Q}_{\mathfrak{qB}}(S)$ of $R$ and $S$, respectively. As an application, we prove that if unital $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$ are Morita equivalent as rings, then the bounded central closure of $A$ and that of $B$ are strongly Morita equivalent as $C^*$-algebras. Our results show that the quasi-Baer property is always preserved by infinite matrix rings, unlike the Baer property. Moreover, we give an affirmative answer to an open question of Goel and Jain for the commutative group ring $A[G]$ of a torsion-free Abelian group $G$ over a commutative semiprime quasi-continuous ring $A$. Examples that illustrate and delimit the results of this paper are provided.

Keywords:(FI-)extending, Morita equivalent, ring of quotients, essential overring, (quasi-)Baer ring, ring hull, u.p.-monoid, $C^*$-algebra
Categories:16N60, 16D90, 16S99, 16S50, 46L05

7. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 355)

Chebotar, M. A.; Ke, W.-F.; Lee, P.-H.; Shiao, L.-S.
On Maps Preserving Products
Maps preserving certain algebraic properties of elements are often studied in Functional Analysis and Linear Algebra. The goal of this paper is to discuss the relationships among these problems from the ring-theoretic point of view.

Categories:16W20, 16N50, 16N60

8. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 413)

Chatters, A. W.
Non-Isomorphic Maximal Orders with Isomorphic Matrix Rings
We construct a countably infinite family of pairwise non-isomorphic maximal ${\mathbb Q}[X]$-orders such that the full $2$ by $2$ matrix rings over these orders are all isomorphic.

Categories:16S50, 16H05, 16N60

9. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 401)

Swain, Gordon A.; Blau, Philip S.
Lie Derivations in Prime Rings With Involution
Let $R$ be a non-GPI prime ring with involution and characteristic $\neq 2,3$. Let $K$ denote the skew elements of $R$, and $C$ denote the extended centroid of $R$. Let $\delta$ be a Lie derivation of $K$ into itself. Then $\delta=\rho+\epsilon$ where $\epsilon$ is an additive map into the skew elements of the extended centroid of $R$ which is zero on $[K,K]$, and $\rho$ can be extended to an ordinary derivation of $\langle K\rangle$ into $RC$, the central closure.

Categories:16W10, 16N60, 16W25

10. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 174)

Ferrero, Miguel; Sant'Ana, Alveri
Rings With Comparability
The class of rings studied in this paper properly contains the class of right distributive rings which have at least one completely prime ideal in the Jacobson radical. Amongst other results we study prime and semiprime ideals, right noetherian rings with comparability and prove a structure theorem for rings with comparability. Several examples are also given.

Categories:16U99, 16P40, 16D14, 16N60

11. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 452)

Brešar, Matej; Martindale, W. S.; Miers, C. Robert
Dependent automorphisms in prime rings
For each $n\geq 4$ we construct a class of examples of a minimal $C$-dependent set of $n$ automorphisms of a prime ring $R$, where $C$ is the extended centroid of $R$. For $n=4$ and $n=5$ it is shown that the preceding examples are completely general, whereas for $n=6$ an example is given which fails to enjoy any of the nice properties of the above example.

Categories:16N60, 16W20

12. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 79)

Kelarev, A. V.
An answer to a question of Kegel on sums of rings
We construct a ring $R$ which is a sum of two subrings $A$ and $B$ such that the Levitzki radical of $R$ does not contain any of the hyperannihilators of $A$ and $B$. This answers an open question asked by Kegel in 1964.

Categories:16N40, 16N60

13. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 81)

Lanski, Charles
The cardinality of the center of a $\PI$ ring
The main result shows that if $R$ is a semiprime ring satisfying a polynomial identity, and if $Z(R)$ is the center of $R$, then $\card R \leq 2^{\card Z(R)}$. Examples show that this bound can be achieved, and that the inequality fails to hold for rings which are not semiprime.

Categories:16R20, 16N60, 16R99, 16U50

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