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Search: MSC category 16N40 ( Nil and nilpotent radicals, sets, ideals, rings )

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1. CMB Online first

Akbari, Saeeid; Alilou, Abbas; Amjadi, Jafar; Sheikholeslami, Seyed Mahmoud
 The co-annihilating ideal graphs of commutative rings Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity. The co-annihilating-ideal graph of $R$, denoted by $\mathcal{A}_R$, is a graph whose vertex set is the set of all non-zero proper ideals of $R$ and two distinct vertices $I$ and $J$ are adjacent whenever ${\operatorname {Ann}}(I)\cap {\operatorname {Ann}}(J)=\{0\}$. In this paper we initiate the study of the co-annihilating ideal graph of a commutative ring and we investigate its properties. Keywords:commutative ring, co-annihilating ideal graphCategories:13A15, 16N40

2. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 340)

Kȩpczyk, Marek
 A Note on Algebras that are Sums of Two Subalgebras We study an associative algebra $A$ over an arbitrary field, that is a sum of two subalgebras $B$ and $C$ (i.e. $A=B+C$). We show that if $B$ is a right or left Artinian $PI$ algebra and $C$ is a $PI$ algebra, then $A$ is a $PI$ algebra. Additionally we generalize this result for semiprime algebras $A$. Consider the class of all semisimple finite dimensional algebras $A=B+C$ for some subalgebras $B$ and $C$ which satisfy given polynomial identities $f=0$ and $g=0$, respectively. We prove that all algebras in this class satisfy a common polynomial identity. Keywords:rings with polynomial identities, prime ringsCategories:16N40, 16R10, , 16S36, 16W60, 16R20

3. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 343)

Drensky, Vesselin; Hammoudi, Lakhdar
 Combinatorics of Words and Semigroup Algebras Which Are Sums of Locally Nilpotent Subalgebras We construct new examples of non-nil algebras with any number of generators, which are direct sums of two locally nilpotent subalgebras. Like all previously known examples, our examples are contracted semigroup algebras and the underlying semigroups are unions of locally nilpotent subsemigroups. In our constructions we make more transparent than in the past the close relationship between the considered problem and combinatorics of words. Keywords:locally nilpotent rings,, nil rings, locally nilpotent semigroups,, semigroup algebras, monomial algebras, infinite wordsCategories:16N40, 16S15, 20M05, 20M25, 68R15

4. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 79)

Kelarev, A. V.
 An answer to a question of Kegel on sums of rings We construct a ring $R$ which is a sum of two subrings $A$ and $B$ such that the Levitzki radical of $R$ does not contain any of the hyperannihilators of $A$ and $B$. This answers an open question asked by Kegel in 1964. Categories:16N40, 16N60
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