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Search: MSC category 16E50 ( von Neumann regular rings and generalizations )

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1. CMB Online first

Ara, Pere; O'Meara, Kevin C.
The Nilpotent Regular Element Problem
We use George Bergman's recent normal form for universally adjoining an inner inverse to show that, for general rings, a nilpotent regular element $x$ need not be unit-regular. This contrasts sharply with the situation for nilpotent regular elements in exchange rings (a large class of rings), and for general rings when all powers of the nilpotent element $x$ are regular.

Keywords:nilpotent element, von Neumann regular element, unit-regular, Bergman's normal form
Categories:16E50, 16U99, 16S10, 16S15

2. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 321)

Lee, Tsiu-Kwen; Zhou, Yiqiang
A Theorem on Unit-Regular Rings
Let $R$ be a unit-regular ring and let $\sigma $ be an endomorphism of $R$ such that $\sigma (e)=e$ for all $e^2=e\in R$ and let $n\ge 0$. It is proved that every element of $R[x \mathinner;\sigma]/(x^{n+1})$ is equivalent to an element of the form $e_0+e_1x+\dots +e_nx^n$, where the $e_i$ are orthogonal idempotents of $R$. As an application, it is proved that $R[x \mathinner; \sigma ]/(x^{n+1})$ is left morphic for each $n\ge 0$.

Keywords:morphic rings, unit-regular rings, skew polynomial rings
Categories:16E50, 16U99, 16S70, 16S35

3. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 265)

Nicholson, W. K.; Zhou, Y.
Endomorphisms That Are the Sum of a Unit and a Root of a Fixed Polynomial
If $C=C(R)$ denotes the center of a ring $R$ and $g(x)$ is a polynomial in C[x]$, Camillo and Sim\'{o}n called a ring $g(x)$-clean if every element is the sum of a unit and a root of $g(x)$. If $V$ is a vector space of countable dimension over a division ring $D,$ they showed that $\end {}_{D}V$ is $g(x)$-clean provided that $g(x)$ has two roots in $C(D)$. If $g(x)=x-x^{2}$ this shows that $\end {}_{D}V$ is clean, a result of Nicholson and Varadarajan. In this paper we remove the countable condition, and in fact prove that $\Mend {}_{R}M$ is $g(x)$-clean for any semisimple module $M$ over an arbitrary ring $R$ provided that $g(x)\in (x-a)(x-b)C[x]$ where $a,b\in C$ and both $b$ and $b-a$ are units in $R$.

Keywords:Clean rings, linear transformations, endomorphism rings
Categories:16S50, 16E50

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