51. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 105)
 Klep, Igor

On Valuations, Places and Graded Rings Associated to $*$Orderings
We study natural $*$valuations, $*$places and graded $*$rings
associated with $*$ordered rings.
We prove that the natural $*$valuation is always quasiOre and is
even quasicommutative (\emph{i.e.,} the corresponding graded $*$ring is
commutative), provided the ring contains an imaginary unit.
Furthermore, it is proved that the graded $*$ring is isomorphic
to a twisted semigroup algebra. Our results are applied to answer a question
of Cimpri\v c regarding $*$orderability of quantum
groups.
Keywords:$*$orderings, valuations, rings with involution Categories:14P10, 16S30, 16W10 

52. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 347)
 Ecker, Jürgen

Affine Completeness of Generalised Dihedral Groups
In this paper we study affine completeness of generalised dihedral
groups. We give a formula for the number of unary compatible
functions on these groups, and we characterise for every $k \in~\N$
the $k$affine complete generalised dihedral groups. We find that
the direct product of a $1$affine complete group with itself need not
be $1$affine complete. Finally, we give an example of a nonabelian
solvable affine complete group. For nilpotent groups we find a
strong necessary condition for $2$affine completeness.
Categories:08A40, 16Y30, 20F05 

53. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 265)
 Nicholson, W. K.; Zhou, Y.

Endomorphisms That Are the Sum of a Unit and a Root of a Fixed Polynomial
If $C=C(R)$ denotes the center of a ring $R$ and $g(x)$ is a polynomial in
C[x]$, Camillo and Sim\'{o}n called a ring $g(x)$clean if every element is
the sum of a unit and a root of $g(x)$. If $V$ is a vector space of
countable dimension over a division ring $D,$ they showed that
$\end {}_{D}V$ is
$g(x)$clean provided that $g(x)$ has two roots in $C(D)$. If $g(x)=xx^{2}$
this shows that $\end {}_{D}V$ is clean, a result of Nicholson and Varadarajan.
In this paper we remove the countable condition, and in fact prove that
$\Mend {}_{R}M$ is $g(x)$clean for any semisimple module $M$ over an arbitrary
ring $R$ provided that $g(x)\in (xa)(xb)C[x]$ where $a,b\in C$ and both $b$
and $ba$ are units in $R$.
Keywords:Clean rings, linear transformations, endomorphism rings Categories:16S50, 16E50 

54. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 587)
 Lopes, Samuel A.

Separation of Variables for $U_{q}(\mathfrak{sl}_{n+1})^{+}$
Let $U_{q}(\SL)^{+}$ be the positive part of the quantized enveloping
algebra $U_{q}(\SL)$. Using results of AlevDumas and Caldero related
to the center of $U_{q}(\SL)^{+}$, we show that this algebra is free
over its center. This is reminiscent of Kostant's separation of
variables for the enveloping algebra $U(\g)$ of a complex semisimple
Lie algebra $\g$, and also of an analogous result of JosephLetzter
for the quantum algebra $\Check{U}_{q}(\g)$. Of greater importance to
its representation theory is the fact that $\U{+}$ is free over a
larger polynomial subalgebra $N$ in $n$ variables. Induction from $N$
to $\U{+}$ provides infinitedimensional modules with good properties,
including a grading that is inherited by submodules.
Categories:17B37, 16W35, 17B10, 16D60 

55. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 445)
 Patras, Frédéric; Reutenauer, Christophe; Schocker, Manfred

On the Garsia Lie Idempotent
The orthogonal projection of the free associative algebra onto the
free Lie algebra is afforded by an idempotent in the rational group
algebra of the symmetric group $S_n$, in each homogenous degree
$n$. We give various characterizations of this Lie idempotent and show
that it is uniquely determined by a certain unit in the group algebra
of $S_{n1}$. The inverse of this unit, or, equivalently, the Gram
matrix of the orthogonal projection, is described explicitly. We also
show that the Garsia Lie idempotent is not constant on descent classes
(in fact, not even on coplactic classes) in $S_n$.
Categories:17B01, 05A99, 16S30, 17B60 

56. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 355)
57. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 275)
 Smith, Patrick F.

Krull Dimension of Injective Modules Over Commutative Noetherian Rings
Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian
integral domain with field of fractions $Q$. Generalizing a
fortyyearold theorem of E. Matlis, we prove that the $R$module
$Q/R$ (or $Q$) has Krull dimension if and only if $R$ is semilocal
and onedimensional. Moreover, if $X$ is an injective module over
a commutative Noetherian ring such that $X$ has Krull dimension,
then the Krull dimension of $X$ is at most $1$.
Categories:13E05, 16D50, 16P60 

58. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 317)
59. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 80)
 Herman, Allen; Li, Yuanlin; Parmenter, M. M.

Trivial Units for Group Rings with $G$adapted Coefficient Rings
For each finite group $G$ for which the integral group ring
$\mathbb{Z}G$ has only trivial units, we give ringtheoretic
conditions for a commutative ring $R$ under which the group ring
$RG$ has nontrivial units. Several examples of rings satisfying
the conditions and rings not satisfying the conditions are given.
In addition, we extend a wellknown result for fields by showing
that if $R$ is a ring of finite characteristic and $RG$ has only
trivial units, then $G$ has order at most 3.
Categories:16S34, 16U60, 20C05 

60. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 343)
 Drensky, Vesselin; Hammoudi, Lakhdar

Combinatorics of Words and Semigroup Algebras Which Are Sums of Locally Nilpotent Subalgebras
We construct new examples of nonnil algebras with any number of
generators, which are direct sums of two
locally nilpotent subalgebras. Like all previously known examples, our examples
are contracted semigroup algebras and the underlying semigroups are unions
of locally nilpotent subsemigroups.
In our constructions we make more
transparent
than in the past the close relationship between the considered problem
and combinatorics of words.
Keywords:locally nilpotent rings,, nil rings, locally nilpotent semigroups,, semigroup algebras, monomial algebras, infinite words Categories:16N40, 16S15, 20M05, 20M25, 68R15 

61. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 445)
 Pirkovskii, A. Yu.

Biprojectivity and Biflatness for Convolution Algebras of Nuclear Operators
For a locally compact group $G$, the convolution product on
the space $\nN(L^p(G))$ of nuclear operators was defined by Neufang
\cite{Neuf_PhD}. We study homological properties of the convolution algebra
$\nN(L^p(G))$ and relate them to some properties of the group $G$,
such as compactness, finiteness, discreteness, and amenability.
Categories:46M10, 46H25, 43A20, 16E65 

62. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 14)
63. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 499)
 Bahturin, Yu. A.; Zaicev, M. V.

Group Gradings on Matrix Algebras
Let $\Phi$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero,
$G$ a finite, not necessarily abelian, group. Given a $G$grading on
the full matrix algebra $A = M_n(\Phi)$, we decompose $A$ as the
tensor product of graded subalgebras $A = B\otimes C$, $B\cong M_p
(\Phi)$ being a graded division algebra, while the grading of $C\cong
M_q (\Phi)$ is determined by that of the vector space $\Phi^n$. Now
the grading of $A$ is recovered from those of $A$ and $B$ using a
canonical ``induction'' procedure.
Category:16W50 

64. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 711)
 Yoshii, Yoji

Classification of Quantum Tori with Involution
Quantum tori with graded involution appear as coordinate algebras of
extended affine Lie algebras of type $\rmA_1$, $\rmC$ and $\BC$.
We classify them in the category of algebras with involution. From
this, we obtain precise information on the root systems of extended
affine Lie algebras of type $\rmC$.
Category:16W50 

65. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 451)
 Allison, Bruce; Smirnov, Oleg

Coordinatization Theorems For Graded Algebras
In this paper we study simple associative algebras with finite
$\mathbb{Z}$gradings. This is done using a simple algebra $F_g$
that has been constructed in Morita theory from a bilinear form
$g\colon U\times V\to A$ over a simple algebra $A$. We show that
finite $\mathbb{Z}$gradings on $F_g$ are in one to one
correspondence with certain decompositions of the pair $(U,V)$. We
also show that any simple algebra $R$ with finite
$\mathbb{Z}$grading is graded isomorphic to $F_g$ for some
bilinear from $g\colon U\times V \to A$, where the grading on $F_g$
is determined by a decomposition of $(U,V)$ and the coordinate
algebra $A$ is chosen as a simple ideal of the zero component $R_0$
of $R$. In order to prove these results we first prove similar
results for simple algebras with Peirce gradings.
Category:16W50 

66. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 388)
 Gille, Philippe

AlgÃ¨bres simples centrales de degrÃ© 5 et $E_8$
As a consequence of a theorem of RostSpringer, we establish that the
cyclicity problem for central simple algebra of degree~5 on fields
containg a fifth root of unity is equivalent to the study of
anisotropic elements of order 5 in the split group of type~$E_8$.
Keywords:algÃ¨bres simples centrales, cohomologie galoisienne Categories:16S35, 12G05, 20G15 

67. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 448)
68. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 11)
69. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 27)
70. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 413)
71. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 3)
 Adin, Ron; Blanc, David

Resolutions of Associative and Lie Algebras
Certain canonical resolutions are described for free associative and
free Lie algebras in the category of nonassociative algebras. These
resolutions derive in both cases from geometric objects, which in turn
reflect the combinatorics of suitable collections of leaflabeled
trees.
Keywords:resolutions, homology, Lie algebras, associative algebras, nonassociative algebras, Jacobi identity, leaflabeled trees, associahedron Categories:18G10, 05C05, 16S10, 17B01, 17A50, 18G50 

72. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 100)
73. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 79)
74. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 60)
 Farkas, Daniel R.; Linnell, Peter A.

Trivial Units in Group Rings
Let $G$ be an arbitrary group and let $U$ be a subgroup of the
normalized units in $\mathbb{Z}G$. We show that if $U$ contains $G$
as a subgroup of finite index, then $U = G$. This result can be used
to give an alternative proof of a recent result of Marciniak and
Sehgal on units in the integral group ring of a crystallographic group.
Keywords:units, trace, finite conjugate subgroup Categories:16S34, 16U60 

75. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 298)