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51. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 711)

Yoshii, Yoji
Classification of Quantum Tori with Involution
Quantum tori with graded involution appear as coordinate algebras of extended affine Lie algebras of type $\rmA_1$, $\rmC$ and $\BC$. We classify them in the category of algebras with involution. From this, we obtain precise information on the root systems of extended affine Lie algebras of type $\rmC$.


52. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 451)

Allison, Bruce; Smirnov, Oleg
Coordinatization Theorems For Graded Algebras
In this paper we study simple associative algebras with finite $\mathbb{Z}$-gradings. This is done using a simple algebra $F_g$ that has been constructed in Morita theory from a bilinear form $g\colon U\times V\to A$ over a simple algebra $A$. We show that finite $\mathbb{Z}$-gradings on $F_g$ are in one to one correspondence with certain decompositions of the pair $(U,V)$. We also show that any simple algebra $R$ with finite $\mathbb{Z}$-grading is graded isomorphic to $F_g$ for some bilinear from $g\colon U\times V \to A$, where the grading on $F_g$ is determined by a decomposition of $(U,V)$ and the coordinate algebra $A$ is chosen as a simple ideal of the zero component $R_0$ of $R$. In order to prove these results we first prove similar results for simple algebras with Peirce gradings.


53. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 388)

Gille, Philippe
Algèbres simples centrales de degré 5 et $E_8$
As a consequence of a theorem of Rost-Springer, we establish that the cyclicity problem for central simple algebra of degree~5 on fields containg a fifth root of unity is equivalent to the study of anisotropic elements of order 5 in the split group of type~$E_8$.

Keywords:algèbres simples centrales, cohomologie galoisienne
Categories:16S35, 12G05, 20G15

54. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 448)

Zhou, Yiqiang
Erratum: A Characterization of Left Perfect Rings
An error in {\it A characterization of left perfect rings}, Canad. Math. Bull. (3) {\bf 38}(1995), 382--384, is indicated and the consequences identified.


55. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 11)

Bahturin, Yuri; Kochetov, Mikhail; Montgomery, Susan
Polycharacters of Cocommutative Hopf Algebras
In this paper we extend a well-known theorem of M.~Scheunert on skew-symmetric bicharacters of groups to the case of skew-symmetric bicharacters on arbitrary cocommutative Hopf algebras over a field of characteristic not 2. We also classify polycharacters on (restricted) enveloping algebras and bicharacters on divided power algebras.

Categories:16W30, 16W55

56. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 27)

Goodaire, Edgar G.; Milies, César Polcino
Normal Subloops in the Integral Loop Ring of an $\RA$ Loop
We show that an $\RA$ loop has a torsion-free normal complement in the loop of normalized units of its integral loop ring. We also investigate whether an $\RA$ loop can be normal in its unit loop. Over fields, this can never happen.

Categories:20N05, 17D05, 16S34, 16U60

57. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 413)

Chatters, A. W.
Non-Isomorphic Maximal Orders with Isomorphic Matrix Rings
We construct a countably infinite family of pairwise non-isomorphic maximal ${\mathbb Q}[X]$-orders such that the full $2$ by $2$ matrix rings over these orders are all isomorphic.

Categories:16S50, 16H05, 16N60

58. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 60)

Farkas, Daniel R.; Linnell, Peter A.
Trivial Units in Group Rings
Let $G$ be an arbitrary group and let $U$ be a subgroup of the normalized units in $\mathbb{Z}G$. We show that if $U$ contains $G$ as a subgroup of finite index, then $U = G$. This result can be used to give an alternative proof of a recent result of Marciniak and Sehgal on units in the integral group ring of a crystallographic group.

Keywords:units, trace, finite conjugate subgroup
Categories:16S34, 16U60

59. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 100)

Okon, James S.; Vicknair, J. Paul
A Gorenstein Ring with Larger Dilworth Number than Sperner Number
A counterexample is given to a conjecture of Ikeda by finding a class of Gorenstein rings of embedding dimension $3$ with larger Dilworth number than Sperner number. The Dilworth number of $A[Z/pZ\oplus Z/pZ]$ is computed when $A$ is an unramified principal Artin local ring.

Categories:13E15, 16S34

60. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 79)

König, Steffen
Cyclotomic Schur Algebras and Blocks of Cyclic Defect
An explicit classification is given of blocks of cyclic defect of cyclotomic Schur algebras and of cyclotomic Hecke algebras, over discrete valuation rings.

Categories:20G05, 20C20, 16G30, 17B37, 57M25

61. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 3)

Adin, Ron; Blanc, David
Resolutions of Associative and Lie Algebras
Certain canonical resolutions are described for free associative and free Lie algebras in the category of non-associative algebras. These resolutions derive in both cases from geometric objects, which in turn reflect the combinatorics of suitable collections of leaf-labeled trees.

Keywords:resolutions, homology, Lie algebras, associative algebras, non-associative algebras, Jacobi identity, leaf-labeled trees, associahedron
Categories:18G10, 05C05, 16S10, 17B01, 17A50, 18G50

62. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 298)

Jespers, Eric; Okniński, Jan
Semigroup Algebras and Maximal Orders
We describe contracted semigroup algebras of Malcev nilpotent semigroups that are prime Noetherian maximal orders.

Categories:16S36, 16H05, 20M25

63. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 401)

Swain, Gordon A.; Blau, Philip S.
Lie Derivations in Prime Rings With Involution
Let $R$ be a non-GPI prime ring with involution and characteristic $\neq 2,3$. Let $K$ denote the skew elements of $R$, and $C$ denote the extended centroid of $R$. Let $\delta$ be a Lie derivation of $K$ into itself. Then $\delta=\rho+\epsilon$ where $\epsilon$ is an additive map into the skew elements of the extended centroid of $R$ which is zero on $[K,K]$, and $\rho$ can be extended to an ordinary derivation of $\langle K\rangle$ into $RC$, the central closure.

Categories:16W10, 16N60, 16W25

64. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 371)

Marubayashi, H.; Ueda, A.
Prime and Primary Ideals in a Prüfer Order in a Simple Artinian Ring with Finite Dimension over its Center
Let $Q$ be a simple Artinian ring with finite dimension over its center. An order $R$ in $Q$ is said to be {\it Pr\"ufer\/} if any one-sided $R$-ideal is a progenerator. We study prime and primary ideals of a Pr\"ufer order under the condition that the center is Pr\"ufer. Also we characterize branched and unbranched prime ideals of a Pr\"ufer order.

Categories:16H05, 16L30

65. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 174)

Ferrero, Miguel; Sant'Ana, Alveri
Rings With Comparability
The class of rings studied in this paper properly contains the class of right distributive rings which have at least one completely prime ideal in the Jacobson radical. Amongst other results we study prime and semiprime ideals, right noetherian rings with comparability and prove a structure theorem for rings with comparability. Several examples are also given.

Categories:16U99, 16P40, 16D14, 16N60

66. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 481)

Parmenter, M. M.; Spiegel, E.; Stewart, P. N.
The periodic radical of group rings and incidence algebras
Let $R$ be a ring with $1$ and $P(R)$ the periodic radical of $R$. We obtain necessary and sufficient conditions for $P(\RG) = 0$ when $\RG$ is the group ring of an $\FC$ group $G$ and $R$ is commutative. We also obtain a complete description of $P\bigl(I (X, R)\bigr)$ when $I(X,R)$ is the incidence algebra of a locally finite partially ordered set $X$ and $R$ is commutative.

Categories:16S34, 16S99, 16N99

67. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 452)

Brešar, Matej; Martindale, W. S.; Miers, C. Robert
Dependent automorphisms in prime rings
For each $n\geq 4$ we construct a class of examples of a minimal $C$-dependent set of $n$ automorphisms of a prime ring $R$, where $C$ is the extended centroid of $R$. For $n=4$ and $n=5$ it is shown that the preceding examples are completely general, whereas for $n=6$ an example is given which fails to enjoy any of the nice properties of the above example.

Categories:16N60, 16W20

68. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 359)

Van Oystaeyen, Fred; Zhang, Yinhuo
Embedding the Hopf automorphism group into the Brauer group
Let $H$ be a faithfully projective Hopf algebra over a commutative ring $k$. In \cite{CVZ1, CVZ2} we defined the Brauer group $\BQ(k,H)$ of $H$ and an homomorphism $\pi$ from Hopf automorphism group $\Aut_{\Hopf}(H)$ to $\BQ(k,H)$. In this paper, we show that the morphism $\pi$ can be embedded into an exact sequence.

Categories:16W30, 13A20

69. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 261)

Barthwal, S.; Jhingan, S.; Kanwar, P.
A simple ring over which proper cyclics are continuous is a $\PCI$-ring
It is shown that simple rings over which proper cyclic right modules are continuous coincide with simple right $\PCI$-rings, introduced by Faith.

Keywords:Simple rings, $\PCI$-rings, $\PCQI$-rings, continuous modules,, quasi-continuous modules
Categories:16D50, 16D70

70. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 81)

Lanski, Charles
The cardinality of the center of a $\PI$ ring
The main result shows that if $R$ is a semiprime ring satisfying a polynomial identity, and if $Z(R)$ is the center of $R$, then $\card R \leq 2^{\card Z(R)}$. Examples show that this bound can be achieved, and that the inequality fails to hold for rings which are not semiprime.

Categories:16R20, 16N60, 16R99, 16U50

71. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 118)

Valenti, Angela
On permanental identities of symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices in characteristic \lowercase{$p$}
Let $M_n(F)$ be the algebra of $n \times n$ matrices over a field $F$ of characteristic $p>2$ and let $\ast$ be an involution on $M_n(F)$. If $s_1, \ldots, s_r$ are symmetric variables we determine the smallest $r$ such that the polynomial $$ P_{r}(s_1, \ldots, s_{r}) = \sum_{\sigma \in {\cal S}_r}s_{\sigma(1)}\cdots s_{\sigma(r)} $$ is a $\ast$-polynomial identity of $M_n(F)$ under either the symplectic or the transpose involution. We also prove an analogous result for the polynomial $$ C_r(k_1, \ldots, k_r, k'_1, \ldots, k'_r) = \sum_ {\sigma, \tau \in {\cal S}_r}k_{\sigma(1)}k'_{\tau(1)}\cdots k_{\sigma(r)}k'_{\tau(r)} $$ where $k_1, \ldots, k_r, k'_1, \ldots, k'_r$ are skew variables under the transpose involution.


72. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 109)

Tahara, Ken-Ichi; Vermani, L. R.; Razdan, Atul
On generalized third dimension subgroups
Let $G$ be any group, and $H$ be a normal subgroup of $G$. Then M.~Hartl identified the subgroup $G \cap(1+\triangle^3(G)+\triangle(G)\triangle(H))$ of $G$. In this note we give an independent proof of the result of Hartl, and we identify two subgroups $G\cap(1+\triangle(H)\triangle(G)\triangle(H)+\triangle([H,G])\triangle(H))$, $G\cap(1+\triangle^2(G)\triangle(H)+\triangle(K)\triangle(H))$ of $G$ for some subgroup $K$ of $G$ containing $[H,G]$.

Categories:20C07, 16S34

73. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 79)

Kelarev, A. V.
An answer to a question of Kegel on sums of rings
We construct a ring $R$ which is a sum of two subrings $A$ and $B$ such that the Levitzki radical of $R$ does not contain any of the hyperannihilators of $A$ and $B$. This answers an open question asked by Kegel in 1964.

Categories:16N40, 16N60

74. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 221)

Rada, Juan; Saorín, Manuel
On semiregular rings whose finitely generated modules embed in free modules
We consider rings as in the title and find the precise obstacle for them not to be Quasi-Frobenius, thus shedding new light on an old open question in Ring Theory. We also find several partial affirmative answers for that question.

Categories:16D10, 16L60, 16N20

75. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 198)

Meldrum, J. D. P.; Meyer, J. H.
The ${\cal J}_0$-radical of a matrix nearring can be intermediate
An example is constructed to show that the ${\cal J}_0$-radical of a matrix nearring can be an intermediate ideal. This solves a conjecture put forward in [1].

Categories:16Y30, 16S50, 16D25
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