1. CMB Online first
 Ara, Pere; O'Meara, Kevin C.

The Nilpotent Regular Element Problem
We use George Bergman's recent normal form for universally adjoining
an inner inverse to show that, for general rings, a nilpotent
regular element $x$ need not be unitregular.
This contrasts sharply with the situation for nilpotent regular
elements in exchange rings (a large class of rings), and for
general rings when all powers of the nilpotent element $x$ are
regular.
Keywords:nilpotent element, von Neumann regular element, unitregular, Bergman's normal form Categories:16E50, 16U99, 16S10, 16S15 

2. CMB Online first
 Akbari, Saeeid; Alilou, Abbas; Amjadi, Jafar; Sheikholeslami, Seyed Mahmoud

The coannihilating ideal graphs of commutative rings
Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity. The
coannihilatingideal graph of $R$, denoted by $\mathcal{A}_R$,
is
a graph whose vertex set is the set of all nonzero proper ideals
of $R$ and two distinct vertices $I$ and $J$ are adjacent
whenever ${\operatorname {Ann}}(I)\cap {\operatorname {Ann}}(J)=\{0\}$. In this paper we
initiate the study of the coannihilating ideal graph of a
commutative ring and we investigate its properties.
Keywords:commutative ring, coannihilating ideal graph Categories:13A15, 16N40 

3. CMB Online first
 Ying, Zhiling; Koşan, Tamer; Zhou, Yiqiang

Rings in which every element is a sum of two tripotents
Let $R$ be a ring. The following results are proved: $(1)$ every
element of $R$ is a sum of an idempotent and a tripotent that
commute iff $R$ has the identity $x^6=x^4$ iff $R\cong R_1\times
R_2$, where $R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean with $U(R_1)$ a group of
exponent $2$ and $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect product of $\mathbb
Z_3$'s; $(2)$ every element of $R$ is either a sum or a difference
of two commuting idempotents iff $R\cong R_1\times R_2$, where
$R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean with $J(R_1)=0$ or $J(R_1)=\{0,2\}$,
and $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect product of $\mathbb Z_3$'s;
$(3)$ every element of $R$ is a sum of two commuting tripotents
iff $R\cong R_1\times R_2\times R_3$, where $R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean
with $U(R_1)$ a group of exponent $2$, $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect
product of $\mathbb Z_3$'s, and $R_3$ is zero or a subdirect
product of $\mathbb Z_5$'s.
Keywords:idempotent, tripotent, Boolean ring, polynomial identity $x^3=x$, polynomial identity $x^6=x^4$, polynomial identity $x^8=x^4$ Categories:16S50, 16U60, 16U90 

4. CMB Online first
 Su, Huadong

On the Diameter of Unitary Cayley Graphs of Rings
The unitary Cayley graph of a ring $R$, denoted
$\Gamma(R)$, is the simple graph
defined on all elements of $R$, and where two vertices $x$ and
$y$
are adjacent if and only if $xy$ is a unit in $R$. The largest
distance between all pairs of vertices of a graph $G$ is called
the
diameter of $G$, and is denoted by ${\rm diam}(G)$. It is proved
that for each integer $n\geq1$, there exists a ring $R$ such
that
${\rm diam}(\Gamma(R))=n$. We also show that ${\rm
diam}(\Gamma(R))\in \{1,2,3,\infty\}$ for a ring $R$ with $R/J(R)$
selfinjective and classify all those rings with ${\rm
diam}(\Gamma(R))=1$, 2, 3 and $\infty$, respectively.
Keywords:unitary Cayley graph, diameter, $k$good, unit sum number, selfinjective ring Categories:05C25, 16U60, 05C12 

5. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 271)
 DehghaniZadeh, Fatemeh

Artinianness of Composed Graded Local Cohomology Modules
Let $R=\bigoplus_{n\geq0}R_{n}$ be a graded Noetherian ring with
local base ring $(R_{0}, \mathfrak{m}_{0})$ and let
$R_{+}=\bigoplus_{n\gt 0}R_{n}$, $M$ and $N$ be finitely generated
graded $R$modules and $\mathfrak{a}=\mathfrak{a}_{0}+R_{+}$ an ideal of $R$. We
show that $H^{j}_{\mathfrak{b}_{0}}(H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M,N))$ and $H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M,
N)/\mathfrak{b}_{0}H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M,N)$ are Artinian for some $i^{,}s$ and
$j^{,}s$ with a specified property, where $\mathfrak{b}_{o}$ is an ideal
of
$R_{0}$ such that $\mathfrak{a}_{0}+\mathfrak{b}_{0}$ is an $\mathfrak{m}_{0}$primary ideal.
Keywords:generalized local cohomology, Artinian, graded module Categories:13D45, 13E10, 16W50 

6. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 340)
 Kȩpczyk, Marek

A Note on Algebras that are Sums of Two Subalgebras
We study an associative algebra $A$ over an arbitrary field,
that is
a sum of two subalgebras $B$ and $C$ (i.e. $A=B+C$). We show
that if $B$ is a right or left Artinian $PI$ algebra and $C$
is a $PI$ algebra, then $A$ is a $PI$ algebra. Additionally we
generalize this result for semiprime algebras $A$.
Consider the class of
all semisimple finite dimensional algebras $A=B+C$ for some
subalgebras $B$ and $C$ which satisfy given polynomial identities
$f=0$ and $g=0$, respectively.
We prove that all algebras in this class satisfy a common polynomial
identity.
Keywords:rings with polynomial identities, prime rings Categories:16N40, 16R10, , 16S36, 16W60, 16R20 

7. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 258)
 De Filippis, Vincenzo

Annihilators and Power Values of Generalized Skew Derivations on Lie Ideals
Let $R$ be a prime ring of characteristic different from
$2$, $Q_r$ be its right Martindale quotient ring and
$C$ be its extended centroid. Suppose that $F$ is
a generalized skew derivation of $R$, $L$ a noncentral Lie ideal
of $R$, $0 \neq a\in R$,
$m\geq 0$ and $n,s\geq 1$ fixed integers. If
\[
a\biggl(u^mF(u)u^n\biggr)^s=0
\]
for all $u\in L$, then either $R\subseteq M_2(C)$, the ring of
$2\times 2$ matrices over $C$, or $m=0$ and there exists $b\in
Q_r$ such that
$F(x)=bx$, for any $x\in R$, with $ab=0$.
Keywords:generalized skew derivation, prime ring Categories:16W25, 16N60 

8. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 741)
 Gao, Zenghui

Homological Properties Relative to Injectively Resolving Subcategories
Let $\mathcal{E}$ be an injectively resolving subcategory of
left $R$modules. A left $R$module $M$
(resp. right $R$module $N$) is called $\mathcal{E}$injective
(resp. $\mathcal{E}$flat)
if $\operatorname{Ext}_R^1(G,M)=0$ (resp. $\operatorname{Tor}_1^R(N,G)=0$)
for any $G\in\mathcal{E}$.
Let $\mathcal{E}$ be a covering subcategory.
We prove that a left $R$module $M$ is $\mathcal{E}$injective
if and only if $M$ is a direct sum
of an injective left $R$module and a reduced $\mathcal{E}$injective
left $R$module.
Suppose $\mathcal{F}$ is a preenveloping subcategory of right
$R$modules such that
$\mathcal{E}^+\subseteq\mathcal{F}$ and $\mathcal{F}^+\subseteq\mathcal{E}$.
It is shown that a finitely presented right $R$module $M$ is
$\mathcal{E}$flat if and only if
$M$ is a cokernel of an $\mathcal{F}$preenvelope of a right
$R$module.
In addition, we introduce and investigate the
$\mathcal{E}$injective and $\mathcal{E}$flat dimensions of
modules and rings. We also introduce $\mathcal{E}$(semi)hereditary
rings and $\mathcal{E}$von Neumann regular rings and characterize
them in terms of $\mathcal{E}$injective and $\mathcal{E}$flat
modules.
Keywords:injectively resolving subcategory, \mathcal{E}injective module (dimension), \mathcal{E}flat module (dimension), cover, preenvelope, \mathcal{E}(semi)hereditary ring Categories:16E30, 16E10, 16E60 

9. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 730)
 Efrat, Ido; Matzri, Eliyahu

Vanishing of Massey Products and Brauer Groups
Let $p$ be a prime number and $F$ a field containing a root of
unity of order $p$.
We relate recent results on vanishing of triple Massey products
in the mod$p$ Galois cohomology of $F$,
due to Hopkins, Wickelgren, MinÃ¡Ä, and TÃ¢n, to classical
results in the theory of central simple algebras.
For global fields, we prove a stronger form of the vanishing
property.
Keywords:Galois cohomology, Brauer groups, triple Massey products, global fields Categories:16K50, 11R34, 12G05, 12E30 

10. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 233)
 Bergen, Jeffrey

Affine Actions of $U_q(sl(2))$ on Polynomial Rings
We classify the affine actions of $U_q(sl(2))$ on commutative
polynomial rings in $m \ge 1$ variables.
We show that, up to scalar multiplication, there are two possible
actions.
In addition, for each action, the subring of invariants is a
polynomial ring in either $m$ or $m1$ variables,
depending upon whether $q$ is or is not a root of $1$.
Keywords:skew derivation, quantum group, invariants Categories:16T20, 17B37, 20G42 

11. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 263)
 De Filippis, Vincenzo; Mamouni, Abdellah; Oukhtite, Lahcen

Generalized Jordan Semiderivations in Prime Rings
Let $R$ be a ring, $g$ an endomorphism of $R$.
The additive mapping $d\colon R\rightarrow R$ is called Jordan semiderivation of $R$, associated with $g$, if
$$d(x^2)=d(x)x+g(x)d(x)=d(x)g(x)+xd(x)\quad \text{and}\quad d(g(x))=g(d(x))$$
for all $x\in R$.
The additive mapping $F\colon R\rightarrow R$ is called generalized Jordan semiderivation of $R$, related to the Jordan semiderivation $d$ and endomorphism $g$, if
$$F(x^2)=F(x)x+g(x)d(x)=F(x)g(x)+xd(x)\quad \text{and}\quad F(g(x))=g(F(x))$$
for all $x\in R$.
In the present paper we prove that
if $R$ is a prime ring of characteristic different from $2$, $g$ an endomorphism of $R$, $d$ a Jordan semiderivation associated with $g$, $F$ a generalized Jordan semiderivation associated with $d$ and $g$,
then $F$ is a generalized semiderivation of $R$ and $d$ is a semiderivation of $R.$ Moreover, if $R$ is commutative then $F=d$.
Keywords:semiderivation, generalized semiderivation, Jordan semiderivation, prime ring Category:16W25 

12. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 134)
13. CMB Online first
14. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 814)
 Hou, Ruchen

On Global Dimensions of Tree Type Finite Dimensional Algebras
A formula is provided to
explicitly describe global dimensions of all kinds of tree type
finite dimensional $k$algebras for $k$ an algebraic closed field.
In particular, it is pointed out that if the underlying tree type
quiver has $n$ vertices, then the maximum of possible global
dimensions is $n1$.
Keywords:global dimension, tree type finite dimensional $k$algebra, quiver Categories:16D40, 16E10, , 16G20 

15. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 609)
 NasrIsfahani, Alireza

Jacobson Radicals of Skew Polynomial Rings of Derivation Type
We provide necessary and sufficient conditions for a skew polynomial ring of derivation type to be semiprimitive, when the base ring has no nonzero nil ideals. This extends existing results on the Jacobson radical of skew polynomial rings of derivation
type.
Keywords:skew polynomial rings, Jacobson radical, derivation Categories:16S36, 16N20 

16. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 511)
 Gonçalves, Daniel

Simplicity of Partial Skew Group Rings of Abelian Groups
Let $A$ be a ring with local units, $E$ a set of local units for $A$,
$G$ an abelian group and $\alpha$ a partial action of $G$ by ideals of
$A$ that contain local units.
We show that $A\star_{\alpha} G$ is simple if and only if $A$ is
$G$simple and the center of the corner $e\delta_0 (A\star_{\alpha} G)
e \delta_0$ is a field for all $e\in E$. We apply the result to
characterize simplicity of partial skew group rings in two cases,
namely for partial skew group rings arising from partial actions by
clopen subsets of a compact set and partial actions on the set level.
Keywords:partial skew group rings, simple rings, partial actions, abelian groups Categories:16S35, 37B05 

17. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 264)
 Dai, Li; Dong, Jingcheng

On Semisimple Hopf Algebras of Dimension $pq^n$
Let $p,q$ be prime numbers with $p^2\lt q$, $n\in \mathbb{N}$, and $H$ a
semisimple Hopf algebra of dimension $pq^n$ over an algebraically
closed field of characteristic $0$. This paper proves that $H$ must
possess one of the following structures: (1) $H$ is semisolvable;
(2) $H$ is a Radford biproduct $R\# kG$, where $kG$ is the group
algebra of group $G$ of order $p$, and $R$ is a semisimple YetterDrinfeld
Hopf algebra in ${}^{kG}_{kG}\mathcal{YD}$ of dimension $q^n$.
Keywords:semisimple Hopf algebra, semisolvability, Radford biproduct, Drinfeld double Category:16W30 

18. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 231)
 Bagherian, J.

On the Multiplicities of Characters in Table Algebras
In this paper we show that every module of a table algebra
can be considered as a faithful module of some quotient table
algebra.
Also we prove that every faithful module of a table algebra
determines a closed subset which is a cyclic group.
As a main result we give some information about multiplicities
of characters in table algebras.
Keywords:table algebra, faithful module, multiplicity of character Categories:20C99, 16G30 

19. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 72)
 Grari, A.

Un Anneau Commutatif associÃ© Ã un design symÃ©trique
Dans les articles \cite{1}, \cite{2} et \cite{3}; l'auteur dÃ©veloppe une reprÃ©sentation
d'un plan projectif fini par un
anneau commutatif unitaire dont les propriÃ©tÃ©s algÃ©briques dÃ©pendent
de la structure gÃ©omÃ©trique du plan. Dans l'article \cite{4}; il Ã©tend cette reprÃ©sentation aux designs symÃ©triques. Cependant l'auteur de l'article \cite{7} fait remarquer que la multiplication dÃ©finie dans ce cas ne peut Ãªtre associative que si le design est un plan projectif.
Dans ce papier on mÃ¨nera
une Ã©tude de cette reprÃ©sentation dans le cas des designs
symÃ©triques. On y montrera comment on peut faire associer un
anneau commutatif unitaire Ã
tout design symÃ©trique , on y prÃ©cisera certaines de ses propriÃ©tÃ©s, en
particulier, celles qui relÃ¨vent de son invariance. On caractÃ©risera aussi les gÃ©omÃ©tries projectives finies de dimension supÃ©rieure moyennant cette reprÃ©sentation.
Keywords:projective planes, symmetric designs, commutative rings Categories:05B05, 16S99 

20. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 318)
 Huang, Zhaoyong

Duality of Preenvelopes and Pure Injective Modules
Let $R$ be an arbitrary ring and $()^+=\operatorname{Hom}_{\mathbb{Z}}(,
\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z})$ where $\mathbb{Z}$ is the ring of integers
and $\mathbb{Q}$ is the ring of rational numbers, and let
$\mathcal{C}$ be a subcategory of left $R$modules and $\mathcal{D}$
a subcategory of right $R$modules such that $X^+\in \mathcal{D}$
for any $X\in \mathcal{C}$ and all modules in $\mathcal{C}$ are pure
injective. Then a homomorphism $f: A\to C$ of left $R$modules with
$C\in \mathcal{C}$ is a $\mathcal{C}$(pre)envelope of $A$ provided
$f^+: C^+\to A^+$ is a $\mathcal{D}$(pre)cover of $A^+$. Some
applications of this result are given.
Keywords:(pre)envelopes, (pre)covers, duality, pure injective modules, character modules Categories:18G25, 16E30 

21. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 506)
 Galindo, César

On Braided and Ribbon Unitary Fusion Categories
We prove that every braiding over a unitary fusion category is
unitary and every unitary braided fusion category admits a unique
unitary ribbon structure.
Keywords:fusion categories, braided categories, modular categories Categories:20F36, 16W30, 18D10 

22. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 159)
 Oral, Kürşat Hakan; Özkirişci, Neslihan Ayşen; Tekir, Ünsal

Strongly $0$dimensional Modules
In a multiplication module, prime submodules have the property, if a prime
submodule contains a finite intersection of submodules then one of the
submodules is contained in the prime submodule. In this paper, we generalize
this property to infinite intersection of submodules and call such prime
submodules strongly prime submodule. A multiplication module in which every
prime submodule is strongly prime will be called strongly 0dimensional
module. It is also an extension of strongly 0dimensional rings. After
this we investigate properties of strongly 0dimensional modules and give
relations of von Neumann regular modules, Qmodules and strongly
0dimensional modules.
Keywords:strongly 0dimensional rings, Qmodule, Von Neumann regular module Categories:13C99, 16D10 

23. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 51)
 Fošner, Ajda; Lee, TsiuKwen

Jordan $*$Derivations of FiniteDimensional Semiprime Algebras
In the paper, we characterize Jordan $*$derivations of a $2$torsion
free, finitedimensional semiprime algebra $R$ with involution $*$. To
be precise, we prove the theorem: Let $deltacolon R o R$ be a Jordan
$*$derivation. Then there exists a $*$algebra decomposition
$R=Uoplus V$ such that both $U$ and $V$ are invariant under
$delta$. Moreover, $*$ is the identity map of $U$ and $delta,_U$ is a
derivation, and the Jordan $*$derivation $delta,_V$ is inner.
We also prove the theorem: Let $R$ be a noncommutative, centrally
closed prime algebra with involution $*$, $operatorname{char},R
e 2$,
and let $delta$ be a nonzero Jordan $*$derivation of $R$. If $delta$ is
an elementary operator of $R$, then $operatorname{dim}_CRlt infty$ and
$delta$ is inner.
Keywords:semiprime algebra, involution, (inner) Jordan $*$derivation, elementary operator Categories:16W10, 16N60, 16W25 

24. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 584)
 Liau, PaoKuei; Liu, ChengKai

On Automorphisms and Commutativity in Semiprime Rings
Let $R$ be a semiprime ring with center
$Z(R)$. For $x,y\in R$, we denote by $[x,y]=xyyx$ the commutator of
$x$ and $y$. If $\sigma$ is a nonidentity automorphism of $R$ such
that
$$
\Big[\big[\dots\big[[\sigma(x^{n_0}),x^{n_1}],x^{n_2}\big],\dots\big],x^{n_k}\Big]=0
$$
for all $x \in R$, where $n_{0},n_{1},n_{2},\dots,n_{k}$ are fixed
positive integers, then there exists a map $\mu\colon R\rightarrow Z(R)$
such that $\sigma(x)=x+\mu(x)$ for all $x\in R$. In particular, when
$R$ is a prime ring, $R$ is commutative.
Keywords:automorphism, generalized polynomial identity (GPI) Categories:16N60, 16W20, 16R50 

25. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 564)
 Herzog, Ivo

Ziegler's Indecomposability Criterion
Ziegler's Indecomposability Criterion is used to prove that a totally
transcendental, i.e., $\Sigma$pure injective, indecomposable left
module over a left noetherian ring is a directed union of finitely
generated indecomposable modules. The same criterion is also used to
give a sufficient condition for a pure injective indecomposable module
${_R}U$ to have an indecomposable local dual $U_R^{\sharp}.$
Keywords:pure injective indecomposable module, local dual, generic module, amalgamation Categories:16G10, 03C60 
