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Search: MSC category 15A04 ( Linear transformations, semilinear transformations )

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1. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 267)

Rodman, Leiba; Šemrl, Peter; Sourour, Ahmed R.
Continuous Adjacency Preserving Maps on Real Matrices
It is proved that every adjacency preserving continuous map on the vector space of real matrices of fixed size, is either a bijective affine tranformation of the form $ A \mapsto PAQ+R$, possibly followed by the transposition if the matrices are of square size, or its range is contained in a linear subspace consisting of matrices of rank at most one translated by some matrix $R$. The result extends previously known theorems where the map was assumed to be also injective.

Keywords:adjacency of matrices, continuous preservers, affine transformations
Categories:15A03, 15A04.

2. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 54)

Cheung, Wai-Shun; Li, Chi-Kwong
Linear Maps Transforming the Unitary Group
Let $U(n)$ be the group of $n\times n$ unitary matrices. We show that if $\phi$ is a linear transformation sending $U(n)$ into $U(m)$, then $m$ is a multiple of $n$, and $\phi$ has the form $$ A \mapsto V[(A\otimes I_s)\oplus (A^t \otimes I_{r})]W $$ for some $V, W \in U(m)$. From this result, one easily deduces the characterization of linear operators that map $U(n)$ into itself obtained by Marcus. Further generalization of the main theorem is also discussed.

Keywords:linear map, unitary group, general linear group
Category:15A04

3. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 270)

Cheung, Wai-Shun; Li, Chi-Kwong
Linear Operators Preserving Generalized Numerical Ranges and Radii on Certain Triangular Algebras of Matrices
Let $c = (c_1, \dots, c_n)$ be such that $c_1 \ge \cdots \ge c_n$. The $c$-numerical range of an $n \times n$ matrix $A$ is defined by $$ W_c(A) = \Bigl\{ \sum_{j=1}^n c_j (Ax_j,x_j) : \{x_1, \dots, x_n\} \text{ an orthonormal basis for } \IC^n \Bigr\}, $$ and the $c$-numerical radius of $A$ is defined by $r_c (A) = \max \{|z| : z \in W_c (A)\}$. We determine the structure of those linear operators $\phi$ on algebras of block triangular matrices, satisfying $$ W_c \bigl( \phi(A) \bigr) = W_c (A) \text{ for all } A \quad \text{or} \quad r_c \bigl( \phi(A) \bigr) = r_c (A) \text{ for all } A. $$

Keywords:linear operator, numerical range (radius), block triangular matrices
Categories:15A04, 15A60, 47B49

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