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Search: MSC category 14J ( Surfaces and higher-dimensional varieties {For analytic theory, see 32Jxx} )

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1. CMB Online first

Miranda-Neto, Cleto Brasileiro
A module-theoretic characterization of algebraic hypersurfaces
In this note we prove the following surprising characterization: if $X\subset {\mathbb A}^n$ is an (embedded, non-empty, proper) algebraic variety defined over a field $k$ of characteristic zero, then $X$ is a hypersurface if and only if the module $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ of logarithmic vector fields of $X$ is a reflexive ${\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}$-module. As a consequence of this result, we derive that if $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ is a free ${\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}$-module, which is shown to be equivalent to the freeness of the $t$th exterior power of $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ for some (in fact, any) $t\leq n$, then necessarily $X$ is a Saito free divisor.

Keywords:hypersurface, logarithmic vector field, logarithmic derivation, free divisor
Categories:14J70, 13N15, 32S22, 13C05, 13C10, 14N20, , , , , 14C20, 32M25

2. CMB Online first

Le Fourn, Samuel
Nonvanishing of central values of $L$-functions of newforms in $S_2 (\Gamma_0 (dp^2))$ twisted by quadratic characters
We prove that for $d \in \{ 2,3,5,7,13 \}$ and $K$ a quadratic (or rational) field of discriminant $D$ and Dirichlet character $\chi$, if a prime $p$ is large enough compared to $D$, there is a newform $f \in S_2(\Gamma_0(dp^2))$ with sign $(+1)$ with respect to the Atkin-Lehner involution $w_{p^2}$ such that $L(f \otimes \chi,1) \neq 0$. This result is obtained through an estimate of a weighted sum of twists of $L$-functions which generalises a result of Ellenberg. It relies on the approximate functional equation for the $L$-functions $L(f \otimes \chi, \cdot)$ and a Petersson trace formula restricted to Atkin-Lehner eigenspaces. An application of this nonvanishing theorem will be given in terms of existence of rank zero quotients of some twisted jacobians, which generalises a result of Darmon and Merel.

Keywords:nonvanishing of $L$-functions of modular forms, Petersson trace formula, rank zero quotients of jacobians
Categories:14J15, 11F67

3. CMB Online first

Karzhemanov, Ilya
On polarized K3 surfaces of genus 33
We prove that the moduli space of smooth primitively polarized $\mathrm{K3}$ surfaces of genus $33$ is unirational.

Keywords:K3 surface, moduli space, unirationality
Categories:14J28, 14J15, 14M20

4. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 799)

Novelli, Carla; Occhetta, Gianluca
Manifolds Covered by Lines and Extremal Rays
Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety, and let $H \in \operatorname{Pic}(X)$ be an ample line bundle. Assume that $X$ is covered by rational curves with degree one with respect to $H$ and with anticanonical degree greater than or equal to $(\dim X -1)/2$. We prove that there is a covering family of such curves whose numerical class spans an extremal ray in the cone of curves $\operatorname{NE}(X)$.

Keywords:rational curves, extremal rays
Categories:14J40, 14E30, 14C99

5. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 26)

Bertin, Marie José
A Mahler Measure of a $K3$ Surface Expressed as a Dirichlet $L$-Series
We present another example of a $3$-variable polynomial defining a $K3$-hypersurface and having a logarithmic Mahler measure expressed in terms of a Dirichlet $L$-series.

Keywords:modular Mahler measure, Eisenstein-Kronecker series, $L$-series of $K3$-surfaces, $l$-adic representations, Livné criterion, Rankin-Cohen brackets
Categories:11, 14D, 14J

6. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 520)

Polishchuk, A.
Simple Helices on Fano Threefolds
Building on the work of Nogin, we prove that the braid group $B_4$ acts transitively on full exceptional collections of vector bundles on Fano threefolds with $b_2=1$ and $b_3=0$. Equivalently, this group acts transitively on the set of simple helices (considered up to a shift in the derived category) on such a Fano threefold. We also prove that on threefolds with $b_2=1$ and very ample anticanonical class, every exceptional coherent sheaf is locally free.

Categories:14F05, 14J45

7. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 746)

Werner, Caryn
On Surfaces with pg=0 and K2=5
We construct new examples of surfaces of general type with $p_g=0$ and $K^2=5$ as ${\mathbb Z}_2 \times {\mathbb Z}_2$-covers and show that they are genus three hyperelliptic fibrations with bicanonical map of degree two.


8. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 218)

Biswas, Indranil
Restriction of the Tangent Bundle of $G/P$ to a Hypersurface
Let P be a maximal proper parabolic subgroup of a connected simple linear algebraic group G, defined over $\mathbb C$, such that $n := \dim_{\mathbb C} G/P \geq 4$. Let $\iota \colon Z \hookrightarrow G/P$ be a reduced smooth hypersurface of degree at least $(n-1)\cdot \operatorname{degree}(T(G/P))/n$. We prove that the restriction of the tangent bundle $\iota^*TG/P$ is semistable.

Keywords:tangent bundle, homogeneous space, semistability, hypersurface
Categories:14F05, 14J60, 14M15

9. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 493)

Artebani, Michela
A One-Dimensional Family of $K3$ Surfaces with a $\Z_4$ Action
The minimal resolution of the degree four cyclic cover of the plane branched along a GIT stable quartic is a $K3$ surface with a non symplectic action of $\Z_4$. In this paper we study the geometry of the one-dimensional family of $K3$ surfaces associated to the locus of plane quartics with five nodes.

Keywords:genus three curves, $K3$ surfaces
Categories:14J28, 14J50, 14J10

10. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 125)

Polo-Blanco, Irene; Top, Jaap
Explicit Real Cubic Surfaces
The topological classification of smooth real cubic surfaces is recalled and compared to the classification in terms of the number of real lines and of real tritangent planes, as obtained by L.~Schl\"afli in 1858. Using this, explicit examples of surfaces of every possible type are given.

Categories:14J25, 14J80, 14P25, 14Q10

11. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 486)

Cynk, S.; Hulek, K.
Higher-Dimensional Modular\\Calabi--Yau Manifolds
We construct several examples of higher-dimensional Calabi--Yau manifolds and prove their modularity.

Categories:14G10, 14J32, 11G40

12. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 567)

Joshi, Kirti
Exotic Torsion, Frobenius Splitting and the Slope Spectral Sequence
In this paper we show that any Frobenius split, smooth, projective threefold over a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$ is Hodge--Witt. This is proved by generalizing to the case of threefolds a well-known criterion due to N.~Nygaard for surfaces to be Hodge-Witt. We also show that the second crystalline cohomology of any smooth, projective Frobenius split variety does not have any exotic torsion. In the last two sections we include some applications.

Keywords:threefolds, Frobenius splitting, Hodge--Witt, crystalline cohomology, slope spectral sequence, exotic torsion
Categories:14F30, 14J30

13. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 215)

Kloosterman, Remke
Elliptic $K3$ Surfaces with Geometric Mordell--Weil Rank $15$
We prove that the elliptic surface $y^2=x^3+2(t^8+14t^4+1)x+4t^2(t^8+6t^4+1)$ has geometric Mordell--Weil rank $15$. This completes a list of Kuwata, who gave explicit examples of elliptic $K3$-surfaces with geometric Mordell--Weil ranks $0,1,\dots, 14, 16, 17, 18$.

Categories:14J27, 14J28, 11G05

14. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 592)

Sarti, Alessandra
Group Actions, Cyclic Coverings and Families of K3-Surfaces
In this paper we describe six pencils of $K3$-surfaces which have large Picard number ($\rho=19,20$) and each contains precisely five special fibers: four have A-D-E singularities and one is non-reduced. In particular, we characterize these surfaces as cyclic coverings of some $K3$-surfaces described in a recent paper by Barth and the author. In many cases, using 3-divisible sets, resp., 2-divisible sets, of rational curves and lattice theory, we describe explicitly the Picard lattices.

Categories:14J28, 14L30, 14E20, 14C22

15. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 560)

Luijk, Ronald van
A K3 Surface Associated With Certain Integral Matrices Having Integral Eigenvalues
In this article we will show that there are infinitely many symmetric, integral $3 \times 3$ matrices, with zeros on the diagonal, whose eigenvalues are all integral. We will do this by proving that the rational points on a certain non-Kummer, singular K3 surface are dense. We will also compute the entire Néron-Severi group of this surface and find all low degree curves on it.

Keywords:symmetric matrices, eigenvalues, elliptic surfaces, K3 surfaces, Néron--Severi group, rational curves, Diophantine equations, arithmetic geometry, algebraic geometry, number theory
Categories:14G05, 14J28, 11D41

16. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 296)

Sch"utt, Matthias
On the Modularity of Three Calabi--Yau Threefolds With Bad Reduction at 11
This paper investigates the modularity of three non-rigid Calabi--Yau threefolds with bad reduction at 11. They are constructed as fibre products of rational elliptic surfaces, involving the modular elliptic surface of level 5. Their middle $\ell$-adic cohomology groups are shown to split into two-dimensional pieces, all but one of which can be interpreted in terms of elliptic curves. The remaining pieces are associated to newforms of weight 4 and level 22 or 55, respectively. For this purpose, we develop a method by Serre to compare the corresponding two-dimensional 2-adic Galois representations with uneven trace. Eventually this method is also applied to a self fibre product of the Hesse-pencil, relating it to a newform of weight 4 and level 27.

Categories:14J32, 11F11, 11F23, 20C12

17. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 270)

Occhetta, Gianluca
A Characterization of Products of Projective Spaces
We give a characterization of products of projective spaces using unsplit covering families of rational curves.

Keywords:Rational curves, Fano varieties
Categories:14J40, 14J45

18. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 180)

Cynk, Sławomir; Meyer, Christian
Geometry and Arithmetic of Certain Double Octic Calabi--Yau Manifolds
We study Calabi--Yau manifolds constructed as double coverings of $\mathbb{P}^3$ branched along an octic surface. We give a list of 87 examples corresponding to arrangements of eight planes defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. The Hodge numbers are computed for all examples. There are 10 rigid Calabi--Yau manifolds and 14 families with $h^{1,2}=1$. The modularity conjecture is verified for all the rigid examples.

Keywords:Calabi--Yau, double coverings, modular forms
Categories:14G10, 14J32

19. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 22)

Goto, Yasuhiro
A Note on the Height of the Formal Brauer Group of a $K3$ Surface
Using weighted Delsarte surfaces, we give examples of $K3$ surfaces in positive characteristic whose formal Brauer groups have height equal to $5$, $8$ or $9$. These are among the four values of the height left open in the article of Yui \cite{Y}.

Keywords:formal Brauer groups, $K3$ surfaces in positive, characteristic, weighted Delsarte surfaces
Categories:14L05, 14J28

20. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 495)

Baragar, Arthur
Canonical Vector Heights on Algebraic K3 Surfaces with Picard Number Two
Let $V$ be an algebraic K3 surface defined over a number field $K$. Suppose $V$ has Picard number two and an infinite group of automorphisms $\mathcal{A} = \Aut(V/K)$. In this paper, we introduce the notion of a vector height $\mathbf{h} \colon V \to \Pic(V) \otimes \mathbb{R}$ and show the existence of a canonical vector height $\widehat{\mathbf{h}}$ with the following properties: \begin{gather*} \widehat{\mathbf{h}} (\sigma P) = \sigma_* \widehat{\mathbf{h}} (P) \\ h_D (P) = \widehat{\mathbf{h}} (P) \cdot D + O(1), \end{gather*} where $\sigma \in \mathcal{A}$, $\sigma_*$ is the pushforward of $\sigma$ (the pullback of $\sigma^{-1}$), and $h_D$ is a Weil height associated to the divisor $D$. The bounded function implied by the $O(1)$ does not depend on $P$. This allows us to attack some arithmetic problems. For example, we show that the number of rational points with bounded logarithmic height in an $\mathcal{A}$-orbit satisfies $$ N_{\mathcal{A}(P)} (t,D) = \# \{Q \in \mathcal{A}(P) : h_D (Q)
Categories:11G50, 14J28, 14G40, 14J50, 14G05

21. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 546)

Long, Ling
$L$-Series of Certain Elliptic Surfaces
In this paper, we study the modularity of certain elliptic surfaces by determining their $L$-series through their monodromy groups.

Categories:14J27, 11M06

22. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 321)

Ballico, E.
Discreteness For the Set of Complex Structures On a Real Variety
Let $X$, $Y$ be reduced and irreducible compact complex spaces and $S$ the set of all isomorphism classes of reduced and irreducible compact complex spaces $W$ such that $X\times Y \cong X\times W$. Here we prove that $S$ is at most countable. We apply this result to show that for every reduced and irreducible compact complex space $X$ the set $S(X)$ of all complex reduced compact complex spaces $W$ with $X\times X^\sigma \cong W\times W^\sigma$ (where $A^\sigma$ denotes the complex conjugate of any variety $A$) is at most countable.

Categories:32J18, 14J99, 14P99

23. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 213)

Gordon, B. Brent; Joshi, Kirti
Griffiths Groups of Supersingular Abelian Varieties
The Griffiths group $\Gr^r(X)$ of a smooth projective variety $X$ over an algebraically closed field is defined to be the group of homologically trivial algebraic cycles of codimension $r$ on $X$ modulo the subgroup of algebraically trivial algebraic cycles. The main result of this paper is that the Griffiths group $\Gr^2 (A_{\bar{k}})$ of a supersingular abelian variety $A_{\bar{k}}$ over the algebraic closure of a finite field of characteristic $p$ is at most a $p$-primary torsion group. As a corollary the same conclusion holds for supersingular Fermat threefolds. In contrast, using methods of C.~Schoen it is also shown that if the Tate conjecture is valid for all smooth projective surfaces and all finite extensions of the finite ground field $k$ of characteristic $p>2$, then the Griffiths group of any ordinary abelian threefold $A_{\bar{k}}$ over the algebraic closure of $k$ is non-trivial; in fact, for all but a finite number of primes $\ell\ne p$ it is the case that $\Gr^2 (A_{\bar{k}}) \otimes \Z_\ell \neq 0$.

Keywords:Griffiths group, Beauville conjecture, supersingular Abelian variety, Chow group
Categories:14J20, 14C25

24. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 452)

Ishihara, Hironobu
Some Adjunction Properties of Ample Vector Bundles
Let $\ce$ be an ample vector bundle of rank $r$ on a projective variety $X$ with only log-terminal singularities. We consider the nefness of adjoint divisors $K_X + (t-r) \det \ce$ when $t \ge \dim X$ and $t>r$. As an application, we classify pairs $(X,\ce)$ with $c_r$-sectional genus zero.

Keywords:ample vector bundle, adjunction, sectional genus
Categories:14J60, 14C20, 14F05, 14J40

25. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 174)

Gantz, Christian; Steer, Brian
Stable Parabolic Bundles over Elliptic Surfaces and over Riemann Surfaces
We show that the use of orbifold bundles enables some questions to be reduced to the case of flat bundles. The identification of moduli spaces of certain parabolic bundles over elliptic surfaces is achieved using this method.

Categories:14J27, 32L07, 14H60, 14D20
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