The Grothendieck Trace and the de Rham Integral On a smooth $n$-dimensional complete variety $X$ over ${\mathbb C}$ we show that the trace map ${\tilde\theta}_X \colon\break H^n (X,\Omega_X^n) \to {\mathbb C}$ arising from Lipman's version of Grothendieck duality in \cite{ast-117} agrees with $$(2\pi i)^{-n} (-1)^{n(n-1)/2} \int_X \colon H^{2n}_{DR} (X,{\mathbb C}) \to {\mathbb C}$$ under the Dolbeault isomorphism. Categories:14F10, 32A25, 14A15, 14F05, 18E30