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101. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 174)

Gantz, Christian; Steer, Brian
Stable Parabolic Bundles over Elliptic Surfaces and over Riemann Surfaces
We show that the use of orbifold bundles enables some questions to be reduced to the case of flat bundles. The identification of moduli spaces of certain parabolic bundles over elliptic surfaces is achieved using this method.

Categories:14J27, 32L07, 14H60, 14D20

102. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 129)

Ballico, E.
Maximal Subbundles of Rank 2 Vector Bundles on Projective Curves
Let $E$ be a stable rank 2 vector bundle on a smooth projective curve $X$ and $V(E)$ be the set of all rank~1 subbundles of $E$ with maximal degree. Here we study the varieties (non-emptyness, irreducibility and dimension) of all rank~2 stable vector bundles, $E$, on $X$ with fixed $\deg(E)$ and $\deg(L)$, $L \in V(E)$ and such that $\card \bigl( V(E) \bigr) \geq 2$ (resp. $\card \bigl( V(E) \bigr) = 2$).

Category:14H60

103. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 499)

Zaharia, Alexandru
Characterizations of Simple Isolated Line Singularities
A line singularity is a function germ $f\colon(\CC ^{n+1},0) \lra\CC$ with a smooth $1$-dimensional critical set $\Sigma=\{(x,y)\in \CC\times \CC^n \mid y=0\}$. An isolated line singularity is defined by the condition that for every $x \neq 0$, the germ of $f$ at $(x,0)$ is equivalent to $y_1^2 +\cdots+y_n ^2$. Simple isolated line singularities were classified by Dirk Siersma and are analogous of the famous $A-D-E$ singularities. We give two new characterizations of simple isolated line singularities.

Categories:32S25, 14B05

104. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 445)

Bochnak, J.; Kucharz, W.
Smooth Maps and Real Algebraic Morphisms
Let $X$ be a compact nonsingular real algebraic variety and let $Y$ be either the blowup of $\mathbb{P}^n(\mathbb{R})$ along a linear subspace or a nonsingular hypersurface of $\mathbb{P}^m(\mathbb{R}) \times \mathbb{P}^n(\mathbb{R})$ of bidegree $(1,1)$. It is proved that a $\mathcal{C}^\infty$ map $f \colon X \rightarrow Y$ can be approximated by regular maps if and only if $f^* \bigl( H^1(Y, \mathbb{Z}/2) \bigr) \subseteq H^1_{\alg} (X,\mathbb{Z}/2)$, where $H^1_{\alg} (X,\mathbb{Z}/2)$ is the subgroup of $H^1 (X, \mathbb{Z}/2)$ generated by the cohomology classes of algebraic hypersurfaces in $X$. This follows from another result on maps into generalized flag varieties.

Categories:14P05, 14P25

105. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 307)

Kapovich, Michael; Millson, John J.
On the Moduli Space of a Spherical Polygonal Linkage
We give a ``wall-crossing'' formula for computing the topology of the moduli space of a closed $n$-gon linkage on $\mathbb{S}^2$. We do this by determining the Morse theory of the function $\rho_n$ on the moduli space of $n$-gon linkages which is given by the length of the last side---the length of the last side is allowed to vary, the first $(n - 1)$ side-lengths are fixed. We obtain a Morse function on the $(n - 2)$-torus with level sets moduli spaces of $n$-gon linkages. The critical points of $\rho_n$ are the linkages which are contained in a great circle. We give a formula for the signature of the Hessian of $\rho_n$ at such a linkage in terms of the number of back-tracks and the winding number. We use our formula to determine the moduli spaces of all regular pentagonal spherical linkages.

Categories:14D20, 14P05

106. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 354)

Marshall, Murray A.
A Real Holomorphy Ring without the Schmüdgen Property
A preordering $T$ is constructed in the polynomial ring $A = \R [t_1,t_2, \dots]$ (countably many variables) with the following two properties: (1)~~For each $f \in A$ there exists an integer $N$ such that $-N \le f(P) \le N$ holds for all $P \in \Sper_T(A)$. (2)~~For all $f \in A$, if $N+f, N-f \in T$ for some integer $N$, then $f \in \R$. This is in sharp contrast with the Schm\"udgen-W\"ormann result that for any preordering $T$ in a finitely generated $\R$-algebra $A$, if property~(1) holds, then for any $f \in A$, $f > 0$ on $\Sper_T(A) \Rightarrow f \in T$. Also, adjoining to $A$ the square roots of the generators of $T$ yields a larger ring $C$ with these same two properties but with $\Sigma C^2$ (the set of sums of squares) as the preordering.

Categories:12D15, 14P10, 44A60

107. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 263)

Choie, Youngju; Lee, Min Ho
Mellin Transforms of Mixed Cusp Forms
We define generalized Mellin transforms of mixed cusp forms, show their convergence, and prove that the function obtained by such a Mellin transform of a mixed cusp form satisfies a certain functional equation. We also prove that a mixed cusp form can be identified with a holomorphic form of the highest degree on an elliptic variety.

Categories:11F12, 11F66, 11M06, 14K05

108. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 209)

Lanteri, Antonio; Maeda, Hidetoshi
Ample Vector Bundles of Curve Genus One
We investigate the pairs $(X,\cE)$ consisting of a smooth complex projective variety $X$ of dimension $n$ and an ample vector bundle $\cE$ of rank $n-1$ on $X$ such that $\cE$ has a section whose zero locus is a smooth elliptic curve.

Categories:14J60, 14F05, 14J40

109. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 78)

González, Josep
Fermat Jacobians of Prime Degree over Finite Fields
We study the splitting of Fermat Jacobians of prime degree $\ell$ over an algebraic closure of a finite field of characteristic $p$ not equal to $\ell$. We prove that their decomposition is determined by the residue degree of $p$ in the cyclotomic field of the $\ell$-th roots of unity. We provide a numerical criterion that allows to compute the absolutely simple subvarieties and their multiplicity in the Fermat Jacobian.

Categories:11G20, 14H40

110. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 442)

Chamberland, Marc; Meisters, Gary
A Mountain Pass to the Jacobian Conjecture.
This paper presents an approach to injectivity theorems via the Mountain Pass Lemma and raises an open question. The main result of this paper (Theorem~1.1) is proved by means of the Mountain Pass Lemma and states that if the eigenvalues of $F' (\x)F' (\x)^{T}$ are uniformly bounded away from zero for $\x \in \hbox{\Bbbvii R}^{n}$, where $F \colon \hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n \rightarrow \hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n$ is a class $\cC^{1}$ map, then $F$ is injective. This was discovered in a joint attempt by the authors to prove a stronger result conjectured by the first author: Namely, that a sufficient condition for injectivity of class $\cC^{1}$ maps $F$ of $\hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n$ into itself is that all the eigenvalues of $F'(\x)$ are bounded away from zero on $\hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n$. This is stated as Conjecture~2.1. If true, it would imply (via {\it Reduction-of-Degree}) {\it injectivity of polynomial maps} $F \colon \hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n \rightarrow \hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n$ {\it satisfying the hypothesis}, $\det F'(\x) \equiv 1$, of the celebrated Jacobian Conjecture (JC) of Ott-Heinrich Keller. The paper ends with several examples to illustrate a variety of cases and known counterexamples to some natural questions.

Keywords:Injectivity, ${\cal C}^1$-maps, polynomial maps, Jacobian Conjecture, Mountain Pass
Categories:14A25, 14E09

111. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 267)

Fukuma, Yoshiaki
On the nonemptiness of the adjoint linear system of polarized manifold
Let $(X,L)$ be a polarized manifold over the complex number field with $\dim X=n$. In this paper, we consider a conjecture of M.~C.~Beltrametti and A.~J.~Sommese and we obtain that this conjecture is true if $n=3$ and $h^{0}(L)\geq 2$, or $\dim \Bs |L|\leq 0$ for any $n\geq 3$. Moreover we can generalize the result of Sommese.

Keywords:Polarized manifold, adjoint bundle
Categories:14C20, 14J99

112. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 456)

Kucharz, Wojciech; Rusek, Kamil
Approximation of smooth maps by real algebraic morphisms
Let $\Bbb G_{p,q}(\Bbb F)$ be the Grassmann space of all $q$-dimensional $\Bbb F$-vector subspaces of $\Bbb F^{p}$, where $\Bbb F$ stands for $\Bbb R$, $\Bbb C$ or $\Bbb H$ (the quaternions). Here $\Bbb G_{p,q}(\Bbb F)$ is regarded as a real algebraic variety. The paper investigates which ${\cal C}^\infty$ maps from a nonsingular real algebraic variety $X$ into $\Bbb G_{p,q}(\Bbb F)$ can be approximated, in the ${\cal C}^\infty$ compact-open topology, by real algebraic morphisms.

Categories:14P05, 14P25

113. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 352)

Liriano, Sal
A New Proof of a Theorem of Magnus
Using naive algebraic geometric methods a new proof of the following celebrated theorem of Magnus is given: Let $G$ be a group with a presentation having $n$ generators and $m$ relations. If $G$ also has a presentation on $n-m$ generators, then $G$ is free of rank $n-m$.

Categories:20E05, 20C99, 14Q99
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