Canadian Mathematical Society
Canadian Mathematical Society
  location:  Publicationsjournals
Search results

Search: MSC category 14 ( Algebraic geometry )

  Expand all        Collapse all Results 1 - 25 of 117

1. CMB Online first

Achter, Jeffrey; Williams, Cassandra
Local Heuristics and an Exact Formula for Abelian Surfaces Over Finite Fields
Consider a quartic $q$-Weil polynomial $f$. Motivated by equidistribution considerations, we define, for each prime $\ell$, a local factor that measures the relative frequency with which $f\bmod \ell$ occurs as the characteristic polynomial of a symplectic similitude over $\mathbb{F}_\ell$. For a certain class of polynomials, we show that the resulting infinite product calculates the number of principally polarized abelian surfaces over $\mathbb{F}_q$ with Weil polynomial $f$.

Keywords:abelian surfaces, finite fields, random matrices

2. CMB Online first

Laterveer, Robert
A brief note concerning hard Lefschetz for Chow groups
We formulate a conjectural hard Lefschetz property for Chow groups, and prove this in some special cases: roughly speaking, for varieties with finite-dimensional motive, and for varieties whose self-product has vanishing middle-dimensional Griffiths group. An appendix includes related statements that follow from results of Vial.

Keywords:algebraic cycles, Chow groups, finite-dimensional motives
Categories:14C15, 14C25, 14C30

3. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 620)

Sands, Jonathan W.
$L$-functions for Quadratic Characters and Annihilation of Motivic Cohomology Groups
Let $n$ be a positive even integer, and let $F$ be a totally real number field and $L$ be an abelian Galois extension which is totally real or CM. Fix a finite set $S$ of primes of $F$ containing the infinite primes and all those which ramify in $L$, and let $S_L$ denote the primes of $L$ lying above those in $S$. Then $\mathcal{O}_L^S$ denotes the ring of $S_L$-integers of $L$. Suppose that $\psi$ is a quadratic character of the Galois group of $L$ over $F$. Under the assumption of the motivic Lichtenbaum conjecture, we obtain a non-trivial annihilator of the motivic cohomology group $H_\mathcal{M}^2(\mathcal{O}_L^S,\mathbb{Z}(n))$ from the lead term of the Taylor series for the $S$-modified Artin $L$-function $L_{L/F}^S(s,\psi)$ at $s=1-n$.

Keywords:motivic cohomology, regulator, Artin L-functions
Categories:11R42, 11R70, 14F42, 19F27

4. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 519)

Kang, Su-Jeong
Refined Motivic Dimension
We define a refined motivic dimension for an algebraic variety by modifying the definition of motivic dimension by Arapura. We apply this to check and recheck the generalized Hodge conjecture for certain varieties, such as uniruled, rationally connected varieties and a rational surface fibration.

Keywords:motivic dimension, generalized Hodge conjecture
Categories:14C30, 14C25

5. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 250)

Cartwright, Dustin; Jensen, David; Payne, Sam
Lifting Divisors on a Generic Chain of Loops
Let $C$ be a curve over a complete valued field with infinite residue field whose skeleton is a chain of loops with generic edge lengths. We prove that any divisor on the chain of loops that is rational over the value group lifts to a divisor of the same rank on $C$, confirming a conjecture of Cools, Draisma, Robeva, and the third author.

Keywords:tropical geometry, Brill-Noether theory, special divisors on algebraic curves
Categories:14T05, 14H51

6. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 80)

Harada, Megumi; Horiguchi, Tatsuya; Masuda, Mikiya
The Equivariant Cohomology Rings of Peterson Varieties in All Lie Types
Let $G$ be a complex semisimple linear algebraic group and let $Pet$ be the associated Peterson variety in the flag variety $G/B$. The main theorem of this note gives an efficient presentation of the equivariant cohomology ring $H^*_S(Pet)$ of the Peterson variety as a quotient of a polynomial ring by an ideal $J$ generated by quadratic polynomials, in the spirit of the Borel presentation of the cohomology of the flag variety. Here the group $S \cong \mathbb{C}^*$ is a certain subgroup of a maximal torus $T$ of $G$. Our description of the ideal $J$ uses the Cartan matrix and is uniform across Lie types. In our arguments we use the Monk formula and Giambelli formula for the equivariant cohomology rings of Peterson varieties for all Lie types, as obtained in the work of Drellich. Our result generalizes a previous theorem of Fukukawa-Harada-Masuda, which was only for Lie type $A$.

Keywords:equivariant cohomology, Peterson varieties, flag varieties, Monk formula, Giambelli formula
Categories:55N91, 14N15

7. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 356)

Sebag, Julien
Homological Planes in the Grothendieck Ring of Varieties
In this note, we identify, in the Grothendieck group of complex varieties $K_0(\mathrm Var_\mathbf{C})$, the classes of $\mathbf{Q}$-homological planes. Precisely, we prove that a connected smooth affine complex algebraic surface $X$ is a $\mathbf{Q}$-homological plane if and only if $[X]=[\mathbf{A}^2_\mathbf{C}]$ in the ring $K_0(\mathrm Var_\mathbf{C})$ and $\mathrm{Pic}(X)_\mathbf{Q}:=\mathrm{Pic}(X)\otimes_\mathbf{Z}\mathbf{Q}=0$.

Keywords:motivic nearby cycles, motivic Milnor fiber, nearby motives
Categories:14E05, 14R10

8. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 749)

Cavalieri, Renzo; Marcus, Steffen
Geometric Perspective on Piecewise Polynomiality of Double Hurwitz Numbers
We describe double Hurwitz numbers as intersection numbers on the moduli space of curves $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$. Using a result on the polynomiality of intersection numbers of psi classes with the Double Ramification Cycle, our formula explains the polynomiality in chambers of double Hurwitz numbers, and the wall crossing phenomenon in terms of a variation of correction terms to the $\psi$ classes. We interpret this as suggestive evidence for polynomiality of the Double Ramification Cycle (which is only known in genera $0$ and $1$).

Keywords:double Hurwitz numbers, wall crossings, moduli spaces, ELSV formula

9. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 658)

Thang, Nguyen Tat
Admissibility of Local Systems for some Classes of Line Arrangements
Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a line arrangement in the complex projective plane $\mathbb{P}^2$ and let $M$ be its complement. A rank one local system $\mathcal{L}$ on $M$ is admissible if roughly speaking the cohomology groups $H^m(M,\mathcal{L})$ can be computed directly from the cohomology algebra $H^{*}(M,\mathbb{C})$. In this work, we give a sufficient condition for the admissibility of all rank one local systems on $M$. As a result, we obtain some properties of the characteristic variety $\mathcal{V}_1(M)$ and the Resonance variety $\mathcal{R}_1(M)$.

Keywords:admissible local system, line arrangement, characteristic variety, multinet, resonance variety
Categories:14F99, 32S22, 52C35, 05A18, 05C40, 14H50

10. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 562)

Kaveh, Kiumars; Khovanskii, A. G.
Note on the Grothendieck Group of Subspaces of Rational Functions and Shokurov's Cartier b-divisors
In a previous paper the authors developed an intersection theory for subspaces of rational functions on an algebraic variety $X$ over $\mathbf{k} = \mathbb{C}$. In this short note, we first extend this intersection theory to an arbitrary algebraically closed ground field $\mathbf{k}$. Secondly we give an isomorphism between the group of Cartier $b$-divisors on the birational class of $X$ and the Grothendieck group of the semigroup of subspaces of rational functions on $X$. The constructed isomorphism moreover preserves the intersection numbers. This provides an alternative point of view on Cartier $b$-divisors and their intersection theory.

Keywords:intersection number, Cartier divisor, Cartier b-divisor, Grothendieck group
Categories:14C20, 14Exx

11. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 614)

Parusiński, Adam; Rolin, Jean-Philippe
A Note on the Weierstrass Preparation Theorem in Quasianalytic Local Rings
Consider quasianalytic local rings of germs of smooth functions closed under composition, implicit equation, and monomial division. We show that if the Weierstrass Preparation Theorem holds in such a ring then all elements of it are germs of analytic functions.

Categories:26E10, 26E05, 14P15

12. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 439)

Yang, YanHong
The Fixed Point Locus of the Verschiebung on $\mathcal{M}_X(2, 0)$ for Genus-2 Curves $X$ in Charateristic $2$
We prove that for every ordinary genus-$2$ curve $X$ over a finite field $\kappa$ of characteristic $2$ with $\textrm{Aut}(X/\kappa)=\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z} \times S_3$, there exist $\textrm{SL}(2,\kappa[\![s]\!])$-representations of $\pi_1(X)$ such that the image of $\pi_1(\overline{X})$ is infinite. This result produces a family of examples similar to Laszlo's counterexample to de Jong's question regarding the finiteness of the geometric monodromy of representations of the fundamental group.

Keywords:vector bundle, Frobenius pullback, representation, etale fundamental group
Categories:14H60, 14D05, 14G15

13. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 97)

Levy, Jason
Rationality and the Jordan-Gatti-Viniberghi decomposition
We verify our earlier conjecture and use it to prove that the semisimple parts of the rational Jordan-Kac-Vinberg decompositions of a rational vector all lie in a single rational orbit.

Keywords:reductive group, $G$-module, Jordan decomposition, orbit closure, rationality
Categories:20G15, 14L24

14. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 303)

Gille, Philippe
Octonion Algebras over Rings are not Determined by their Norms
Answering a question of H. Petersson, we provide a class of examples of pair of octonion algebras over a ring having isometric norms.

Keywords:octonion algebras, torsors, descent
Categories:14L24, 20G41

15. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 640)

Türkmen, İnan Utku
Regulator Indecomposable Cycles on a Product of Elliptic Curves
We provide a novel proof of the existence of regulator indecomposables in the cycle group $CH^2(X,1)$, where $X$ is a sufficiently general product of two elliptic curves. In particular, the nature of our proof provides an illustration of Beilinson rigidity.

Keywords:real regulator, regulator indecomposable, higher Chow group, indecomposable cycle

16. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 225)

Agashe, Amod
On the Notion of Visibility of Torsors
Let $J$ be an abelian variety and $A$ be an abelian subvariety of $J$, both defined over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $x$ be an element of $H^1(\mathbf{Q},A)$. Then there are at least two definitions of $x$ being visible in $J$: one asks that the torsor corresponding to $x$ be isomorphic over $\mathbf{Q}$ to a subvariety of $J$, and the other asks that $x$ be in the kernel of the natural map $H^1(\mathbf{Q},A) \to H^1(\mathbf{Q},J)$. In this article, we clarify the relation between the two definitions.

Keywords:torsors, principal homogeneous spaces, visibility, Shafarevich-Tate group
Categories:11G35, 14G25

17. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 500)

Browning, T. D.
The Lang--Weil Estimate for Cubic Hypersurfaces
An improved estimate is provided for the number of $\mathbb{F}_q$-rational points on a geometrically irreducible, projective, cubic hypersurface that is not equal to a cone.

Keywords:cubic hypersurface, rational points, finite fields
Categories:11G25, 14G15

18. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 842)

Sairaiji, Fumio; Yamauchi, Takuya
The Rank of Jacobian Varieties over the Maximal Abelian Extensions of Number Fields: Towards the Frey-Jarden Conjecture
Frey and Jarden asked if any abelian variety over a number field $K$ has the infinite Mordell-Weil rank over the maximal abelian extension $K^{\operatorname{ab}}$. In this paper, we give an affirmative answer to their conjecture for the Jacobian variety of any smooth projective curve $C$ over $K$ such that $\sharp C(K^{\operatorname{ab}})=\infty$ and for any abelian variety of $\operatorname{GL}_2$-type with trivial character.

Keywords:Mordell-Weil rank, Jacobian varieties, Frey-Jarden conjecture, abelian points
Categories:11G05, 11D25, 14G25, 14K07

19. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 752)

Hickel, M.; Rond, G.
Approximation of Holomorphic Solutions of a System of Real Analytic Equations
We prove the existence of an approximation function for holomorphic solutions of a system of real analytic equations. For this we use ultraproducts and Weierstrass systems introduced by J. Denef and L. Lipshitz. We also prove a version of the Płoski smoothing theorem in this case.

Keywords:Artin approximation, real analytic equations
Categories:13B40, 13L05, 14F12

20. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 850)

Shparlinski, Igor E.; Stange, Katherine E.
Character Sums with Division Polynomials
We obtain nontrivial estimates of quadratic character sums of division polynomials $\Psi_n(P)$, $n=1,2, \dots$, evaluated at a given point $P$ on an elliptic curve over a finite field of $q$ elements. Our bounds are nontrivial if the order of $P$ is at least $q^{1/2 + \varepsilon}$ for some fixed $\varepsilon > 0$. This work is motivated by an open question about statistical indistinguishability of some cryptographically relevant sequences that was recently brought up by K. Lauter and the second author.

Keywords:division polynomial, character sum
Categories:11L40, 14H52

21. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 799)

Novelli, Carla; Occhetta, Gianluca
Manifolds Covered by Lines and Extremal Rays
Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety, and let $H \in \operatorname{Pic}(X)$ be an ample line bundle. Assume that $X$ is covered by rational curves with degree one with respect to $H$ and with anticanonical degree greater than or equal to $(\dim X -1)/2$. We prove that there is a covering family of such curves whose numerical class spans an extremal ray in the cone of curves $\operatorname{NE}(X)$.

Keywords:rational curves, extremal rays
Categories:14J40, 14E30, 14C99

22. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 319)

Jardine, J. F.
The Verdier Hypercovering Theorem
This note gives a simple cocycle-theoretic proof of the Verdier hypercovering theorem. This theorem approximates morphisms $[X,Y]$ in the homotopy category of simplicial sheaves or presheaves by simplicial homotopy classes of maps, in the case where $Y$ is locally fibrant. The statement proved in this paper is a generalization of the standard Verdier hypercovering result in that it is pointed (in a very broad sense) and there is no requirement for the source object $X$ to be locally fibrant.

Keywords:simplicial presheaf, hypercover, cocycle
Categories:14F35, 18G30, 55U35

23. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 26)

Bertin, Marie José
A Mahler Measure of a $K3$ Surface Expressed as a Dirichlet $L$-Series
We present another example of a $3$-variable polynomial defining a $K3$-hypersurface and having a logarithmic Mahler measure expressed in terms of a Dirichlet $L$-series.

Keywords:modular Mahler measure, Eisenstein-Kronecker series, $L$-series of $K3$-surfaces, $l$-adic representations, Livné criterion, Rankin-Cohen brackets
Categories:11, 14D, 14J

24. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 430)

DeLand, Matthew
Complete Families of Linearly Non-degenerate Rational Curves
We prove that every complete family of linearly non-degenerate rational curves of degree $e > 2$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n}$ has at most $n-1$ moduli. For $e = 2$ we prove that such a family has at most $n$ moduli. The general method involves exhibiting a map from the base of a family $X$ to the Grassmannian of $e$-planes in $\mathbb{P}^{n}$ and analyzing the resulting map on cohomology.

Categories:14N05, 14H10

25. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 472)

Iacono, Donatella
A Semiregularity Map Annihilating Obstructions to Deforming Holomorphic Maps
We study infinitesimal deformations of holomorphic maps of compact, complex, Kähler manifolds. In particular, we describe a generalization of Bloch's semiregularity map that annihilates obstructions to deform holomorphic maps with fixed codomain.

Keywords:semiregularity map, obstruction theory, functors of Artin rings, differential graded Lie algebras
Categories:13D10, 14D15, 14B10
   1 2 3 4 5    

© Canadian Mathematical Society, 2015 :