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1. CMB Online first

Bahmanpour, Kamal; Naghipour, Reza
Faltings' finiteness dimension of local cohomology modules over local Cohen-Macaulay rings
Let $(R, \frak m)$ denote a local Cohen-Macaulay ring and $I$ a non-nilpotent ideal of $R$. The purpose of this article is to investigate Faltings' finiteness dimension $f_I(R)$ and equidimensionalness of certain homomorphic image of $R$. As a consequence we deduce that $f_I(R)=\operatorname{max}\{1, \operatorname{ht} I\}$ and if $\operatorname{mAss}_R(R/I)$ is contained in $\operatorname{Ass}_R(R)$, then the ring $R/ I+\cup_{n\geq 1}(0:_RI^n)$ is equidimensional of dimension $\dim R-1$. Moreover, we will obtain a lower bound for injective dimension of the local cohomology module $H^{\operatorname{ht} I}_I(R)$, in the case $(R, \frak m)$ is a complete equidimensional local ring.

Keywords:Cohen Macaulay ring, equidimensional ring, finiteness dimension, local cohomology
Categories:13D45, 14B15

2. CMB Online first

Hein, Nickolas; Sottile, Frank; Zelenko, Igor
A congruence modulo four for real Schubert calculus with isotropic flags
We previously obtained a congruence modulo four for the number of real solutions to many Schubert problems on a square Grassmannian given by osculating flags. Here, we consider Schubert problems given by more general isotropic flags, and prove this congruence modulo four for the largest class of Schubert problems that could be expected to exhibit this congruence.

Keywords:Lagrangian Grassmannian, Wronski map, Shapiro Conjecture
Categories:14N15, 14P99

3. CMB Online first

Le Fourn, Samuel
Nonvanishing of central values of $L$-functions of newforms in $S_2 (\Gamma_0 (dp^2))$ twisted by quadratic characters
We prove that for $d \in \{ 2,3,5,7,13 \}$ and $K$ a quadratic (or rational) field of discriminant $D$ and Dirichlet character $\chi$, if a prime $p$ is large enough compared to $D$, there is a newform $f \in S_2(\Gamma_0(dp^2))$ with sign $(+1)$ with respect to the Atkin-Lehner involution $w_{p^2}$ such that $L(f \otimes \chi,1) \neq 0$. This result is obtained through an estimate of a weighted sum of twists of $L$-functions which generalises a result of Ellenberg. It relies on the approximate functional equation for the $L$-functions $L(f \otimes \chi, \cdot)$ and a Petersson trace formula restricted to Atkin-Lehner eigenspaces. An application of this nonvanishing theorem will be given in terms of existence of rank zero quotients of some twisted jacobians, which generalises a result of Darmon and Merel.

Keywords:nonvanishing of $L$-functions of modular forms, Petersson trace formula, rank zero quotients of jacobians
Categories:14J15, 11F67

4. CMB Online first

Haase, Christian; Hofmann, Jan
Convex-normal (pairs of) polytopes
In 2012 Gubeladze (Adv. Math. 2012) introduced the notion of $k$-convex-normal polytopes to show that integral polytopes all of whose edges are longer than $4d(d+1)$ have the integer decomposition property. In the first part of this paper we show that for lattice polytopes there is no difference between $k$- and $(k+1)$-convex-normality (for $k\geq 3 $) and improve the bound to $2d(d+1)$. In the second part we extend the definition to pairs of polytopes. Given two rational polytopes $P$ and $Q$, where the normal fan of $P$ is a refinement of the normal fan of $Q$. If every edge $e_P$ of $P$ is at least $d$ times as long as the corresponding face (edge or vertex) $e_Q$ of $Q$, then $(P+Q)\cap \mathbb{Z}^d = (P\cap \mathbb{Z}^d ) + (Q \cap \mathbb{Z}^d)$.

Keywords:integer decomposition property, integrally closed, projectively normal, lattice polytopes
Categories:52B20, 14M25, 90C10

5. CMB Online first

Reichstein, Zinovy; Vistoli, Angelo
On the dimension of the locus of determinantal hypersurfaces
The characteristic polynomial $P_A(x_0, \dots, x_r)$ of an $r$-tuple $A := (A_1, \dots, A_r)$ of $n \times n$-matrices is defined as \[ P_A(x_0, \dots, x_r) := \det(x_0 I + x_1 A_1 + \dots + x_r A_r) \, . \] We show that if $r \geqslant 3$ and $A := (A_1, \dots, A_r)$ is an $r$-tuple of $n \times n$-matrices in general position, then up to conjugacy, there are only finitely many $r$-tuples $A' := (A_1', \dots, A_r')$ such that $p_A = p_{A'}$. Equivalently, the locus of determinantal hypersurfaces of degree $n$ in $\mathbf{P}^r$ is irreducible of dimension $(r-1)n^2 + 1$.

Keywords:determinantal hypersurface, matrix invariant, $q$-binomial coefficient
Categories:14M12, 15A22, 05A10

6. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 865)

Pal, Sarbeswar
Moduli of Rank 2 Stable Bundles and Hecke Curves
Let $X$ be smooth projective curve of arbitrary genus $g \gt 3$ over complex numbers. In this short note we will show that the moduli space of rank $2$ stable vector bundles with determinant isomorphic to $L_x$, where $L_x$ denote the line bundle corresponding to a point $x \in X$ is isomorphic to certain lines in the moduli space of S-equivalence classes of semistable bundles of rank 2 with trivial determinant.

Keywords:Hecke curve, (0,1) stable bundle
Category:14D21

7. CMB Online first

Iena, Oleksandr; Leytem, Alain
On the singular sheaves in the fine Simpson moduli spaces of $1$-dimensional sheaves
In the Simpson moduli space $M$ of semi-stable sheaves with Hilbert polynomial $dm-1$ on a projective plane we study the closed subvariety $M'$ of sheaves that are not locally free on their support. We show that for $d\ge 4$ it is a singular subvariety of codimension $2$ in $M$. The blow up of $M$ along $M'$ is interpreted as a (partial) modification of $M\setminus M'$ by line bundles (on support).

Keywords:Simpson moduli spaces, coherent sheaves, vector bundles on curves, singular sheaves
Category:14D20

8. CMB Online first

Karzhemanov, Ilya
On polarized K3 surfaces of genus 33
We prove that the moduli space of smooth primitively polarized $\mathrm{K3}$ surfaces of genus $33$ is unirational.

Keywords:K3 surface, moduli space, unirationality
Categories:14J28, 14J15, 14M20

9. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 760)

Fichou, Goulwen; Quarez, Ronan; Shiota, Masahiro
Artin Approximation Compatible with a Change of Variables
We propose a version of the classical Artin approximation which allows to perturb the variables of the approximated solution. Namely, it is possible to approximate a formal solution of a Nash equation by a Nash solution in a compatible way with a given Nash change of variables. This result is closely related to the so-called nested Artin approximation and becomes false in the analytic setting. We provide local and global versions of this approximation in real and complex geometry together with an application to the Right-Left equivalence of Nash maps.

Keywords:Artin approximation, global case, Nash functions
Categories:14P20, 58A07

10. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 824)

Karpenko, Nikita A.
Incompressibility of Products of Pseudo-homogeneous Varieties
We show that the conjectural criterion of $p$-incompressibility for products of projective homogeneous varieties in terms of the factors, previously known in a few special cases only, holds in general. Actually, the proof goes through for a wider class of varieties which includes the norm varieties associated to symbols in Galois cohomology of arbitrary degree.

Keywords:algebraic groups, projective homogeneous varieties, Chow groups and motives, canonical dimension and incompressibility
Categories:20G15, 14C25

11. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 449)

Abdallah, Nancy
On Hodge Theory of Singular Plane Curves
The dimensions of the graded quotients of the cohomology of a plane curve complement $U=\mathbb P^2 \setminus C$ with respect to the Hodge filtration are described in terms of simple geometrical invariants. The case of curves with ordinary singularities is discussed in detail. We also give a precise numerical estimate for the difference between the Hodge filtration and the pole order filtration on $H^2(U,\mathbb C)$.

Keywords:plane curves, Hodge and pole order filtrations
Categories:32S35, 32S22, 14H50

12. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 858)

Osserman, Brian
Stability of Vector Bundles on Curves and Degenerations
We introduce a weaker notion of (semi)stability for vector bundles on reducible curves which does not depend on a choice of polarization, and which suffices for many applications of degeneration techniques. We explore the basic properties of this alternate notion of (semi)stability. In a complementary direction, we record a proof of the existence of semistable extensions of vector bundles in suitable degenerations.

Keywords:vector bundle, stability, degeneration
Categories:14D06, 14H60

13. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 311)

Ilten, Nathan; Teitler, Zach
Product Ranks of the $3\times 3$ Determinant and Permanent
We show that the product rank of the $3 \times 3$ determinant $\det_3$ is $5$, and the product rank of the $3 \times 3$ permanent $\operatorname{perm}_3$ is $4$. As a corollary, we obtain that the tensor rank of $\det_3$ is $5$ and the tensor rank of $\operatorname{perm}_3$ is $4$. We show moreover that the border product rank of $\operatorname{perm}_n$ is larger than $n$ for any $n\geq 3$.

Keywords:product rank, tensor rank, determinant, permanent, Fano schemes
Categories:15A21, 15A69, 14M12, 14N15

14. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 673)

Achter, Jeffrey; Williams, Cassandra
Local Heuristics and an Exact Formula for Abelian Surfaces Over Finite Fields
Consider a quartic $q$-Weil polynomial $f$. Motivated by equidistribution considerations, we define, for each prime $\ell$, a local factor that measures the relative frequency with which $f\bmod \ell$ occurs as the characteristic polynomial of a symplectic similitude over $\mathbb{F}_\ell$. For a certain class of polynomials, we show that the resulting infinite product calculates the number of principally polarized abelian surfaces over $\mathbb{F}_q$ with Weil polynomial $f$.

Keywords:abelian surfaces, finite fields, random matrices
Category:14K02

15. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 144)

Laterveer, Robert
A Brief Note Concerning Hard Lefschetz for Chow Groups
We formulate a conjectural hard Lefschetz property for Chow groups, and prove this in some special cases: roughly speaking, for varieties with finite-dimensional motive, and for varieties whose self-product has vanishing middle-dimensional Griffiths group. An appendix includes related statements that follow from results of Vial.

Keywords:algebraic cycles, Chow groups, finite-dimensional motives
Categories:14C15, 14C25, 14C30

16. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 620)

Sands, Jonathan W.
$L$-functions for Quadratic Characters and Annihilation of Motivic Cohomology Groups
Let $n$ be a positive even integer, and let $F$ be a totally real number field and $L$ be an abelian Galois extension which is totally real or CM. Fix a finite set $S$ of primes of $F$ containing the infinite primes and all those which ramify in $L$, and let $S_L$ denote the primes of $L$ lying above those in $S$. Then $\mathcal{O}_L^S$ denotes the ring of $S_L$-integers of $L$. Suppose that $\psi$ is a quadratic character of the Galois group of $L$ over $F$. Under the assumption of the motivic Lichtenbaum conjecture, we obtain a non-trivial annihilator of the motivic cohomology group $H_\mathcal{M}^2(\mathcal{O}_L^S,\mathbb{Z}(n))$ from the lead term of the Taylor series for the $S$-modified Artin $L$-function $L_{L/F}^S(s,\psi)$ at $s=1-n$.

Keywords:motivic cohomology, regulator, Artin L-functions
Categories:11R42, 11R70, 14F42, 19F27

17. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 519)

Kang, Su-Jeong
Refined Motivic Dimension
We define a refined motivic dimension for an algebraic variety by modifying the definition of motivic dimension by Arapura. We apply this to check and recheck the generalized Hodge conjecture for certain varieties, such as uniruled, rationally connected varieties and a rational surface fibration.

Keywords:motivic dimension, generalized Hodge conjecture
Categories:14C30, 14C25

18. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 250)

Cartwright, Dustin; Jensen, David; Payne, Sam
Lifting Divisors on a Generic Chain of Loops
Let $C$ be a curve over a complete valued field with infinite residue field whose skeleton is a chain of loops with generic edge lengths. We prove that any divisor on the chain of loops that is rational over the value group lifts to a divisor of the same rank on $C$, confirming a conjecture of Cools, Draisma, Robeva, and the third author.

Keywords:tropical geometry, Brill-Noether theory, special divisors on algebraic curves
Categories:14T05, 14H51

19. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 80)

Harada, Megumi; Horiguchi, Tatsuya; Masuda, Mikiya
The Equivariant Cohomology Rings of Peterson Varieties in All Lie Types
Let $G$ be a complex semisimple linear algebraic group and let $Pet$ be the associated Peterson variety in the flag variety $G/B$. The main theorem of this note gives an efficient presentation of the equivariant cohomology ring $H^*_S(Pet)$ of the Peterson variety as a quotient of a polynomial ring by an ideal $J$ generated by quadratic polynomials, in the spirit of the Borel presentation of the cohomology of the flag variety. Here the group $S \cong \mathbb{C}^*$ is a certain subgroup of a maximal torus $T$ of $G$. Our description of the ideal $J$ uses the Cartan matrix and is uniform across Lie types. In our arguments we use the Monk formula and Giambelli formula for the equivariant cohomology rings of Peterson varieties for all Lie types, as obtained in the work of Drellich. Our result generalizes a previous theorem of Fukukawa-Harada-Masuda, which was only for Lie type $A$.

Keywords:equivariant cohomology, Peterson varieties, flag varieties, Monk formula, Giambelli formula
Categories:55N91, 14N15

20. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 356)

Sebag, Julien
Homological Planes in the Grothendieck Ring of Varieties
In this note, we identify, in the Grothendieck group of complex varieties $K_0(\mathrm Var_\mathbf{C})$, the classes of $\mathbf{Q}$-homological planes. Precisely, we prove that a connected smooth affine complex algebraic surface $X$ is a $\mathbf{Q}$-homological plane if and only if $[X]=[\mathbf{A}^2_\mathbf{C}]$ in the ring $K_0(\mathrm Var_\mathbf{C})$ and $\mathrm{Pic}(X)_\mathbf{Q}:=\mathrm{Pic}(X)\otimes_\mathbf{Z}\mathbf{Q}=0$.

Keywords:motivic nearby cycles, motivic Milnor fiber, nearby motives
Categories:14E05, 14R10

21. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 749)

Cavalieri, Renzo; Marcus, Steffen
Geometric Perspective on Piecewise Polynomiality of Double Hurwitz Numbers
We describe double Hurwitz numbers as intersection numbers on the moduli space of curves $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$. Using a result on the polynomiality of intersection numbers of psi classes with the Double Ramification Cycle, our formula explains the polynomiality in chambers of double Hurwitz numbers, and the wall crossing phenomenon in terms of a variation of correction terms to the $\psi$ classes. We interpret this as suggestive evidence for polynomiality of the Double Ramification Cycle (which is only known in genera $0$ and $1$).

Keywords:double Hurwitz numbers, wall crossings, moduli spaces, ELSV formula
Category:14N35

22. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 658)

Thang, Nguyen Tat
Admissibility of Local Systems for some Classes of Line Arrangements
Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a line arrangement in the complex projective plane $\mathbb{P}^2$ and let $M$ be its complement. A rank one local system $\mathcal{L}$ on $M$ is admissible if roughly speaking the cohomology groups $H^m(M,\mathcal{L})$ can be computed directly from the cohomology algebra $H^{*}(M,\mathbb{C})$. In this work, we give a sufficient condition for the admissibility of all rank one local systems on $M$. As a result, we obtain some properties of the characteristic variety $\mathcal{V}_1(M)$ and the Resonance variety $\mathcal{R}_1(M)$.

Keywords:admissible local system, line arrangement, characteristic variety, multinet, resonance variety
Categories:14F99, 32S22, 52C35, 05A18, 05C40, 14H50

23. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 562)

Kaveh, Kiumars; Khovanskii, A. G.
Note on the Grothendieck Group of Subspaces of Rational Functions and Shokurov's Cartier b-divisors
In a previous paper the authors developed an intersection theory for subspaces of rational functions on an algebraic variety $X$ over $\mathbf{k} = \mathbb{C}$. In this short note, we first extend this intersection theory to an arbitrary algebraically closed ground field $\mathbf{k}$. Secondly we give an isomorphism between the group of Cartier $b$-divisors on the birational class of $X$ and the Grothendieck group of the semigroup of subspaces of rational functions on $X$. The constructed isomorphism moreover preserves the intersection numbers. This provides an alternative point of view on Cartier $b$-divisors and their intersection theory.

Keywords:intersection number, Cartier divisor, Cartier b-divisor, Grothendieck group
Categories:14C20, 14Exx

24. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 614)

Parusiński, Adam; Rolin, Jean-Philippe
A Note on the Weierstrass Preparation Theorem in Quasianalytic Local Rings
Consider quasianalytic local rings of germs of smooth functions closed under composition, implicit equation, and monomial division. We show that if the Weierstrass Preparation Theorem holds in such a ring then all elements of it are germs of analytic functions.

Categories:26E10, 26E05, 14P15

25. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 439)

Yang, YanHong
The Fixed Point Locus of the Verschiebung on $\mathcal{M}_X(2, 0)$ for Genus-2 Curves $X$ in Charateristic $2$
We prove that for every ordinary genus-$2$ curve $X$ over a finite field $\kappa$ of characteristic $2$ with $\textrm{Aut}(X/\kappa)=\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z} \times S_3$, there exist $\textrm{SL}(2,\kappa[\![s]\!])$-representations of $\pi_1(X)$ such that the image of $\pi_1(\overline{X})$ is infinite. This result produces a family of examples similar to Laszlo's counterexample to de Jong's question regarding the finiteness of the geometric monodromy of representations of the fundamental group.

Keywords:vector bundle, Frobenius pullback, representation, etale fundamental group
Categories:14H60, 14D05, 14G15
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