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26. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 752)

Hickel, M.; Rond, G.
Approximation of Holomorphic Solutions of a System of Real Analytic Equations
We prove the existence of an approximation function for holomorphic solutions of a system of real analytic equations. For this we use ultraproducts and Weierstrass systems introduced by J. Denef and L. Lipshitz. We also prove a version of the Płoski smoothing theorem in this case.

Keywords:Artin approximation, real analytic equations
Categories:13B40, 13L05, 14F12

27. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 31)

Ayuso, Fortuny P.
Derivations and Valuation Rings
A complete characterization of valuation rings closed for a holomorphic derivation is given, following an idea of Seidenberg, in dimension $2$.

Keywords:singular holomorphic foliation, derivation, valuation, valuation ring
Categories:32S65, 13F30, 13A18

28. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 378)

Oman, Greg; Salminen, Adam
On Modules Whose Proper Homomorphic Images Are of Smaller Cardinality
Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity, and let $M$ be a unitary module over $R$. We call $M$ H-smaller (HS for short) if and only if $M$ is infinite and $|M/N|<|M|$ for every nonzero submodule $N$ of $M$. After a brief introduction, we show that there exist nontrivial examples of HS modules of arbitrarily large cardinality over Noetherian and non-Noetherian domains. We then prove the following result: suppose $M$ is faithful over $R$, $R$ is a domain (we will show that we can restrict to this case without loss of generality), and $K$ is the quotient field of $R$. If $M$ is HS over $R$, then $R$ is HS as a module over itself, $R\subseteq M\subseteq K$, and there exists a generating set $S$ for $M$ over $R$ with $|S|<|R|$. We use this result to generalize a problem posed by Kaplansky and conclude the paper by answering an open question on Jónsson modules.

Keywords:Noetherian ring, residually finite ring, cardinal number, continuum hypothesis, valuation ring, Jónsson module
Categories:13A99, 13C05, 13E05, 03E50

29. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 127)

LaGrange, John D.
Characterizations of Three Classes of Zero-Divisor Graphs
The zero-divisor graph $\Gamma(R)$ of a commutative ring $R$ is the graph whose vertices consist of the nonzero zero-divisors of $R$ such that distinct vertices $x$ and $y$ are adjacent if and only if $xy=0$. In this paper, a characterization is provided for zero-divisor graphs of Boolean rings. Also, commutative rings $R$ such that $\Gamma(R)$ is isomorphic to the zero-divisor graph of a direct product of integral domains are classified, as well as those whose zero-divisor graphs are central vertex complete.

Categories:13A99, 13M99

30. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 315)

Hellus, M.
A Note on the Vanishing of Certain Local Cohomology Modules
For a finite module $M$ over a local, equicharacteristic ring $(R,m)$, we show that the well-known formula $\textrm{cd}(m,M)=\dim M$ becomes trivial if ones uses Matlis duals of local cohomology modules together with spectral sequences. We also prove a new ring-theoretic vanishing criterion for local cohomology modules.


31. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 81)

Divaani-Aazar, Kamran; Hajikarimi, Alireza
Cofiniteness of Generalized Local Cohomology Modules for One-Dimensional Ideals
Let $\mathfrak a$ be an ideal of a commutative Noetherian ring $R$ and $M$ and $N$ two finitely generated $R$-modules. Our main result asserts that if $\dim R/\mathfrak a\leq 1$, then all generalized local cohomology modules $H^i_{\mathfrak a}(M,N)$ are $\mathfrak a$-cofinite.

Keywords:cofinite modules, generalized local cohomology modules, local cohomology modules
Categories:13D45, 13E05, 13E10

32. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 153)

Mafi, Amir; Saremi, Hero
Artinianness of Certain Graded Local Cohomology Modules
We show that if $R=\bigoplus_{n\in\mathbb{N}_0}R_n$ is a Noetherian homogeneous ring with local base ring $(R_0,\mathfrak{m}_0)$, irrelevant ideal $R_+$, and $M$ a finitely generated graded $R$-module, then $H_{\mathfrak{m}_0R}^j(H_{R_+}^t(M))$ is Artinian for $j=0,1$ where $t=\inf\{i\in{\mathbb{N}_0}: H_{R_+}^i(M)$ is not finitely generated $\}$. Also, we prove that if $\operatorname{cd}(R_+,M)=2$, then for each $i\in\mathbb{N}_0$, $H_{\mathfrak{m}_0R}^i(H_{R_+}^2(M))$ is Artinian if and only if $H_{\mathfrak{m}_0R}^{i+2}(H_{R_+}^1(M))$ is Artinian, where $\operatorname{cd}(R_+,M)$ is the cohomological dimension of $M$ with respect to $R_+$. This improves some results of R. Sazeedeh.

Keywords:graded local cohomology, Artinian modules
Categories:13D45, 13E10

33. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 619)

Dibaei, Mohammad T.; Vahidi, Alireza
Artinian and Non-Artinian Local Cohomology Modules
Let $M$ be a finite module over a commutative noetherian ring $R$. For ideals $\mathfrak{a}$ and $\mathfrak{b}$ of $R$, the relations between cohomological dimensions of $M$ with respect to $\mathfrak{a}, \mathfrak{b}$, $\mathfrak{a}\cap\mathfrak{b}$ and $\mathfrak{a}+ \mathfrak{b}$ are studied. When $R$ is local, it is shown that $M$ is generalized Cohen-Macaulay if there exists an ideal $\mathfrak{a}$ such that all local cohomology modules of $M$ with respect to $\mathfrak{a}$ have finite lengths. Also, when $r$ is an integer such that $0\leq r< \dim_R(M)$, any maximal element $\mathfrak{q}$ of the non-empty set of ideals $\{\mathfrak{a} : \textrm{H}_\mathfrak{a}^i(M) $ is not artinian for some $ i, i\geq r \}$ is a prime ideal, and all Bass numbers of $\textrm{H}_\mathfrak{q}^i(M)$ are finite for all $i\geq r$.

Keywords:local cohomology modules, cohomological dimensions, Bass numbers
Categories:13D45, 13E10

34. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 716)

Okassa, Eugène
Symplectic Lie-Rinehart-Jacobi Algebras and Contact Manifolds
We give a characterization of contact manifolds in terms of symplectic Lie-Rinehart-Jacobi algebras. We also give a sufficient condition for a Jacobi manifold to be a contact manifold.

Keywords:Lie-Rinehart algebras, differential operators, Jacobi manifolds, symplectic manifolds, contact manifolds
Categories:13N05, 53D05, 53D10

35. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 472)

Iacono, Donatella
A Semiregularity Map Annihilating Obstructions to Deforming Holomorphic Maps
We study infinitesimal deformations of holomorphic maps of compact, complex, Kähler manifolds. In particular, we describe a generalization of Bloch's semiregularity map that annihilates obstructions to deform holomorphic maps with fixed codomain.

Keywords:semiregularity map, obstruction theory, functors of Artin rings, differential graded Lie algebras
Categories:13D10, 14D15, 14B10

36. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 639)

Coykendall, Jim; Dutta, Tridib
A Generalization of Integrality
In this paper, we explore a generalization of the notion of integrality. In particular, we study a near-integrality condition that is intermediate between the concepts of integral and almost integral. This property (referred to as the $\Omega$-almost integral property) is a representative independent specialization of the standard notion of almost integrality. Some of the properties of this generalization are explored in this paper, and these properties are compared with the notion of pseudo-integrality introduced by Anderson, Houston, and Zafrullah. Additionally, it is shown that the $\Omega$-almost integral property serves to characterize the survival/lying over pairs of Dobbs and Coykendall

Keywords:integral closure, complete integral closure
Categories:13B22, 13G05, 13B21

37. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 577)

Asgharzadeh, Mohsen; Tousi, Massoud
A Unified Approach to Local Cohomology Modules using Serre Classes
This paper discusses the connection between the local cohomology modules and the Serre classes of $R$-modules. This connection has provided a common language for expressing some results regarding the local cohomology $R$-modules that have appeared in different papers.

Keywords:associated prime ideals, local cohomology modules, Serre class

38. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 667)

Khashyarmanesh, Kazem
On the Endomorphism Rings of Local Cohomology Modules
Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian ring and $\mathfrak{a}$ a proper ideal of $R$. We show that if $n:=\operatorname{grade}_R\mathfrak{a}$, then $\operatorname{End}_R(H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R))\cong \operatorname{Ext}_R^n(H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R),R)$. We also prove that, for a nonnegative integer $n$ such that $H^i_\mathfrak{a}(R)=0$ for every $i\neq n$, if $\operatorname{Ext}_R^i(R_z,R)=0$ for all $i >0$ and $z \in \mathfrak{a}$, then $\operatorname{End}_R(H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R))$ is a homomorphic image of $R$, where $R_z$ is the ring of fractions of $R$ with respect to a multiplicatively closed subset $\{z^j \mid j \geqslant 0 \}$ of $R$. Moreover, if $\operatorname{Hom}_R(R_z,R)=0$ for all $z \in \mathfrak{a}$, then $\mu_{H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R)}$ is an isomorphism, where $\mu_{H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R)}$ is the canonical ring homomorphism $R \rightarrow \operatorname{End}_R(H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R))$.

Keywords:local cohomology module, endomorphism ring, Matlis dual functor, filter regular sequence
Categories:13D45, 13D07, 13D25

39. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 602)

Boij, Mats; Geramita, Anthony
Notes on Diagonal Coinvariants of the Dihedral Group
The bigraded Hilbert function and the minimal free resolutions for the diagonal coinvariants of the dihedral groups are exhibited, as well as for all their bigraded invariant Gorenstein quotients.

Categories:13D02, 20C33, 20F55

40. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 404)

Broer, Abraham
Invariant Theory of Abelian Transvection Groups
Let $G$ be a finite group acting linearly on the vector space $V$ over a field of arbitrary characteristic. The action is called \emph{coregular} if the invariant ring is generated by algebraically independent homogeneous invariants, and the \emph{direct summand property} holds if there is a surjective $k[V]^G$-linear map $\pi\colon k[V]\to k[V]^G$. The following Chevalley--Shephard--Todd type theorem is proved. Suppose $G$ is abelian. Then the action is coregular if and only if $G$ is generated by pseudo-reflections and the direct summand property holds.


41. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 77)

Finston, David; Maubach, Stefan
Constructing (Almost) Rigid Rings and a UFD Having Infinitely Generated Derksen and Makar-Limanov Invariants
An example is given of a UFD which has an infinitely generated Derksen invariant. The ring is "almost rigid" meaning that the Derksen invariant is equal to the Makar-Limanov invariant. Techniques to show that a ring is (almost) rigid are discussed, among which is a generalization of Mason's abc-theorem.

Categories:14R20, 13A50, 13N15

42. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 247)

Etingof, P.; Malcolmson, P.; Okoh, F.
Root Extensions and Factorization in Affine Domains
An integral domain R is IDPF (Irreducible Divisors of Powers Finite) if, for every non-zero element a in R, the ascending chain of non-associate irreducible divisors in R of $a^{n}$ stabilizes on a finite set as n ranges over the positive integers, while R is atomic if every non-zero element that is not a unit is a product of a finite number of irreducible elements (atoms). A ring extension S of R is a \emph{root extension} or \emph{radical extension} if for each s in S, there exists a natural number $n(s)$ with $s^{n(s)}$ in R. In this paper it is shown that the ascent and descent of the IDPF property and atomicity for the pair of integral domains $(R,S)$ is governed by the relative sizes of the unit groups $\operatorname{U}(R)$ and $\operatorname{U}(S)$ and whether S is a root extension of R. The following results are deduced from these considerations. An atomic IDPF domain containing a field of characteristic zero is completely integrally closed. An affine domain over a field of characteristic zero is IDPF if and only if it is completely integrally closed. Let R be a Noetherian domain with integral closure S. Suppose the conductor of S into R is non-zero. Then R is IDPF if and only if S is a root extension of R and $\operatorname{U}(S)/\operatorname{U}(R)$ is finite.

Categories:13F15, 14A25

43. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 535)

Daigle, Daniel; Kaliman, Shulim
A Note on Locally Nilpotent Derivations\\ and Variables of $k[X,Y,Z]$
We strengthen certain results concerning actions of $(\Comp,+)$ on $\Comp^{3}$ and embeddings of $\Comp^{2}$ in $\Comp^{3}$, and show that these results are in fact valid over any field of characteristic zero.

Keywords:locally nilpotent derivations, group actions, polynomial automorphisms, variable, affine space
Categories:14R10, 14R20, 14R25, 13N15

44. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 72)

Duncan, Alexander; LeBlanc, Michael; Wehlau, David L.
A SAGBI Basis For $\mathbb F[V_2\oplus V_2\oplus V_3]^{C_p}$
Let $C_p$ denote the cyclic group of order $p$, where $p \geq 3$ is prime. We denote by $V_n$ the indecomposable $n$ dimensional representation of $C_p$ over a field $\mathbb F$ of characteristic $p$. We compute a set of generators, in fact a SAGBI basis, for the ring of invariants $\mathbb F[V_2 \oplus V_2 \oplus V_3]^{C_p}$.


45. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 439)

Samei, Karim
On the Maximal Spectrum of Semiprimitive Multiplication Modules
An $R$-module $M$ is called a multiplication module if for each submodule $N$ of $M$, $N=IM$ for some ideal $I$ of $R$. As defined for a commutative ring $R$, an $R$-module $M$ is said to be semiprimitive if the intersection of maximal submodules of $M$ is zero. The maximal spectra of a semiprimitive multiplication module $M$ are studied. The isolated points of $\Max(M)$ are characterized algebraically. The relationships among the maximal spectra of $M$, $\Soc(M)$ and $\Ass(M)$ are studied. It is shown that $\Soc(M)$ is exactly the set of all elements of $M$ which belongs to every maximal submodule of $M$ except for a finite number. If $\Max(M)$ is infinite, $\Max(M)$ is a one-point compactification of a discrete space if and only if $M$ is Gelfand and for some maximal submodule $K$, $\Soc(M)$ is the intersection of all prime submodules of $M$ contained in $K$. When $M$ is a semiprimitive Gelfand module, we prove that every intersection of essential submodules of $M$ is an essential submodule if and only if $\Max(M)$ is an almost discrete space. The set of uniform submodules of $M$ and the set of minimal submodules of $M$ coincide. $\Ann(\Soc(M))M$ is a summand submodule of $M$ if and only if $\Max(M)$ is the union of two disjoint open subspaces $A$ and $N$, where $A$ is almost discrete and $N$ is dense in itself. In particular, $\Ann(\Soc(M))=\Ann(M)$ if and only if $\Max(M)$ is almost discrete.

Keywords:multiplication module, semiprimitive module, Gelfand module, Zariski topolog

46. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 406)

Mimouni, Abdeslam
Condensed and Strongly Condensed Domains
This paper deals with the concepts of condensed and strongly condensed domains. By definition, an integral domain $R$ is condensed (resp. strongly condensed) if each pair of ideals $I$ and $J$ of $R$, $IJ=\{ab/a \in I, b \in J\}$ (resp. $IJ=aJ$ for some $a \in I$ or $IJ=Ib$ for some $b \in J$). More precisely, we investigate the ideal theory of condensed and strongly condensed domains in Noetherian-like settings, especially Mori and strong Mori domains and the transfer of these concepts to pullbacks.

Categories:13G05, 13A15, 13F05, 13E05

47. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 598)

Lorestani, Keivan Borna; Sahandi, Parviz; Yassemi, Siamak
Artinian Local Cohomology Modules
Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian ring, $\fa$ an ideal of $R$ and $M$ a finitely generated $R$-module. Let $t$ be a non-negative integer. It is known that if the local cohomology module $\H^i_\fa(M)$ is finitely generated for all $i
Keywords:local cohomology module, Artinian module, reflexive module
Categories:13D45, 13E10, 13C05

48. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 275)

Smith, Patrick F.
Krull Dimension of Injective Modules Over Commutative Noetherian Rings
Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian integral domain with field of fractions $Q$. Generalizing a forty-year-old theorem of E. Matlis, we prove that the $R$-module $Q/R$ (or $Q$) has Krull dimension if and only if $R$ is semilocal and one-dimensional. Moreover, if $X$ is an injective module over a commutative Noetherian ring such that $X$ has Krull dimension, then the Krull dimension of $X$ is at most $1$.

Categories:13E05, 16D50, 16P60

49. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 304)

Traves, William N.
Localization of the Hasse-Schmidt Algebra
The behaviour of the Hasse-Schmidt algebra of higher derivations under localization is studied using Andr\'e cohomology. Elementary techniques are used to describe the Hasse-Schmidt derivations on certain monomial rings in the nonmodular case. The localization conjecture is then verified for all monomial rings.

Categories:13D03, 13N10

50. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 3)

Anderson, D. D.; Dumitrescu, Tiberiu
Condensed Domains
An integral domain $D$ with identity is condensed (resp., strongly condensed) if for each pair of ideals $I$, $J$ of $D$, $IJ=\{ij; i\in I, j\in J\}$ (resp., $IJ=iJ$ for some $i\in I$ or $IJ =Ij$ for some $j\in J$). We show that for a Noetherian domain $D$, $D$ is condensed if and only if $\Pic(D)=0$ and $D$ is locally condensed, while a local domain is strongly condensed if and only if it has the two-generator property. An integrally closed domain $D$ is strongly condensed if and only if $D$ is a B\'{e}zout generalized Dedekind domain with at most one maximal ideal of height greater than one. We give a number of equivalencies for a local domain with finite integral closure to be strongly condensed. Finally, we show that for a field extension $k\subseteq K$, the domain $D=k+XK[[X]]$ is condensed if and only if $[K:k]\leq 2$ or $[K:k]=3$ and each degree-two polynomial in $k[X]$ splits over $k$, while $D$ is strongly condensed if and only if $[K:k] \leq 2$.

Categories:13A15, 13B22
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