On Cauchy--Liouville--Mirimanoff Polynomials Let $p$ be a prime greater than or equal to 17 and congruent to 2 modulo 3. We use results of Beukers and Helou on Cauchy--Liouville--Mirimanoff polynomials to show that the intersection of the Fermat curve of degree $p$ with the line $X+Y=Z$ in the projective plane contains no algebraic points of degree $d$ with $3 \leq d \leq 11$. We prove a result on the roots of these polynomials and show that, experimentally, they seem to satisfy the conditions of a mild extension of an irreducibility theorem of P\'{o}lya and Szeg\"{o}. These conditions are \emph{conjecturally} also necessary for irreducibility. Categories:11G30, 11R09, 12D05, 12E10