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Search: MSC category 11R11 ( Quadratic extensions )

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1. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 774)

Mollin, R. A.; Srinivasan, A.
Pell Equations: Non-Principal Lagrange Criteria and Central Norms
We provide a criterion for the central norm to be any value in the simple continued fraction expansion of $\sqrt{D}$ for any non-square integer $D>1$. We also provide a simple criterion for the solvability of the Pell equation $x^2-Dy^2=-1$ in terms of congruence conditions modulo $D$.

Keywords:Pell's equation, continued fractions, central norms
Categories:11D09, 11A55, 11R11, 11R29

2. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 330)

Mouhib, A.
Sur la borne inférieure du rang du 2-groupe de classes de certains corps multiquadratiques
Soient $p_1,p_2,p_3$ et $q$ des nombres premiers distincts tels que $p_1\equiv p_2\equiv p_3\equiv -q\equiv 1 \pmod{4}$, $k = \mathbf{Q} (\sqrt{p_1}, \sqrt{p_2}, \sqrt{p_3}, \sqrt{q})$ et $\operatorname{Cl}_2(k)$ le $2$-groupe de classes de $k$. A. Fröhlich a démontré que $\operatorname{Cl}_2(k)$ n'est jamais trivial. Dans cet article, nous donnons une extension de ce résultat, en démontrant que le rang de $\operatorname{Cl}_2(k)$ est toujours supérieur ou égal à $2$. Nous démontrons aussi, que la valeur $2$ est optimale pour une famille infinie de corps $k$.

Keywords:class group, units, multiquadratic number fields
Categories:11R29, 11R11

3. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 409)

Luca, Florian; Shparlinski, Igor E.
Discriminants of Complex Multiplication Fields of Elliptic Curves over Finite Fields
We show that, for most of the elliptic curves $\E$ over a prime finite field $\F_p$ of $p$ elements, the discriminant $D(\E)$ of the quadratic number field containing the endomorphism ring of $\E$ over $\F_p$ is sufficiently large. We also obtain an asymptotic formula for the number of distinct quadratic number fields generated by the endomorphism rings of all elliptic curves over $\F_p$.

Categories:11G20, 11N32, 11R11

4. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 121)

Mollin, R. A.
Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for the Central Norm to Equal $2^h$ in the Simple Continued Fraction Expansion of $\sqrt{2^hc}$ for Any Odd $c>1$
We look at the simple continued fraction expansion of $\sqrt{D}$ for any $D=2^hc $ where $c>1$ is odd with a goal of determining necessary and sufficient conditions for the central norm (as determined by the infrastructure of the underlying real quadratic order therein) to be $2^h$. At the end of the paper, we also address the case where $D=c$ is odd and the central norm of $\sqrt{D}$ is equal to $2$.

Keywords:quadratic Diophantine equations, simple continued fractions,, norms of ideals, infrastructure of real quadratic fields
Categories:11A55, 11D09, 11R11

5. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 431)

Osburn, Robert
A Note on $4$-Rank Densities
For certain real quadratic number fields, we prove density results concerning $4$-ranks of tame kernels. We also discuss a relationship between $4$-ranks of tame kernels and %% $4$-class ranks of narrow ideal class groups. Additionally, we give a product formula for a local Hilbert symbol.

Categories:11R70, 19F99, 11R11, 11R45

6. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 39)

Bülow, Tommy
Power Residue Criteria for Quadratic Units and the Negative Pell Equation
Let $d>1$ be a square-free integer. Power residue criteria for the fundamental unit $\varepsilon_d$ of the real quadratic fields $\QQ (\sqrt{d})$ modulo a prime $p$ (for certain $d$ and $p$) are proved by means of class field theory. These results will then be interpreted as criteria for the solvability of the negative Pell equation $x^2 - dp^2 y^2 = -1$. The most important solvability criterion deals with all $d$ for which $\QQ (\sqrt{-d})$ has an elementary abelian 2-class group and $p\equiv 5\pmod{8}$ or $p\equiv 9\pmod{16}$.

Categories:11R11, 11R27

7. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 428)

Mollin, R. A.
Criteria for Simultaneous Solutions of $X^2 - DY^2 = c$ and $x^2 - Dy^2 = -c$
The purpose of this article is to provide criteria for the simultaneous solvability of the Diophantine equations $X^2 - DY^2 = c$ and $x^2 - Dy^2 = -c$ when $c \in \mathbb{Z}$, and $D \in \mathbb{N}$ is not a perfect square. This continues work in \cite{me}--\cite{alfnme}.

Keywords:continued fractions, Diophantine equations, fundamental units, simultaneous solutions
Categories:11A55, 11R11, 11D09

8. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 218)

Mollin, R. A.; van der Poorten, A. J.
Continued Fractions, Jacobi Symbols, and Quadratic Diophantine Equations
The results herein continue observations on norm form equations and continued fractions begun and continued in the works \cite{chows}--\cite{mol}, and \cite{mvdpw}--\cite{schinz}.

Categories:11R11, 11D09, 11R29, 11R65

9. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 328)

Mollin, R. A.
Class number one and prime-producing quadratic polynomials revisited
Over a decade ago, this author produced class number one criteria for real quadratic fields in terms of prime-producing quadratic polynomials. The purpose of this article is to revisit the problem from a new perspective with new criteria. We look at the more general situation involving arbitrary real quadratic orders rather than the more restrictive field case, and use the interplay between the various orders to provide not only more general results, but also simpler proofs.

Categories:11R11, 11R09, 11R29

10. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 214)

Mollin, R. A.; Goddard, B.; Coupland, S.
Polynomials of quadratic type producing strings of primes
The primary purpose of this paper is to provide necessary and sufficient conditions for certain quadratic polynomials of negative discriminant (which we call Euler-Rabinowitsch type), to produce consecutive prime values for an initial range of input values less than a Minkowski bound. This not only generalizes the classical work of Frobenius, the later developments by Hendy, and the generalizations by others, but also concludes the line of reasoning by providing a complete list of all such prime-producing polynomials, under the assumption of the generalized Riemann hypothesis ($\GRH$). We demonstrate how this prime-production phenomenon is related to the exponent of the class group of the underlying complex quadratic field. Numerous examples, and a remaining conjecture, are also given.

Categories:11R11, 11R09, 11R29

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