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Search: MSC category 11R09 ( Polynomials (irreducibility, etc.) )

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1. CMB Online first

Dobrowolski, Edward
 A note on Lawton's theorem We prove Lawton's conjecture about the upper bound on the measure of the set on the unit circle on which a complex polynomial with a bounded number of coefficients takes small values. Namely, we prove that Lawton's bound holds for polynomials that are not necessarily monic. We also provide an analogous bound for polynomials in several variables. Finally, we investigate the dependence of the bound on the multiplicity of zeros for polynomials in one variable. Keywords:polynomial, Mahler measureCategories:11R09, 11R06

2. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 423)

Yamagishi, Masakazu
 Resultants of Chebyshev Polynomials: The First, Second, Third, and Fourth Kinds We give an explicit formula for the resultant of Chebyshev polynomials of the first, second, third, and fourth kinds. We also compute the resultant of modified cyclotomic polynomials. Keywords:resultant, Chebyshev polynomial, cyclotomic polynomialCategories:11R09, 11R18, 12E10, 33C45

3. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 538)

Ide, Joshua; Jones, Lenny
 Infinite Families of $A_4$-Sextic Polynomials In this article we develop a test to determine whether a sextic polynomial that is irreducible over $\mathbb{Q}$ has Galois group isomorphic to the alternating group $A_4$. This test does not involve the computation of resolvents, and we use this test to construct several infinite families of such polynomials. Keywords:Galois group, sextic polynomial, inverse Galois theory, irreducible polynomialCategories:12F10, 12F12, 11R32, 11R09

4. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 759)

Issa, Zahraa; Lalín, Matilde
 A Generalization of a Theorem of Boyd and Lawton The Mahler measure of a nonzero $n$-variable polynomial $P$ is the integral of $\log|P|$ on the unit $n$-torus. A result of Boyd and Lawton says that the Mahler measure of a multivariate polynomial is the limit of Mahler measures of univariate polynomials. We prove the analogous result for different extensions of Mahler measure such as generalized Mahler measure (integrating the maximum of $\log|P|$ for possibly different $P$'s), multiple Mahler measure (involving products of $\log|P|$ for possibly different $P$'s), and higher Mahler measure (involving $\log^k|P|$). Keywords:Mahler measure, polynomialCategories:11R06, 11R09

5. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 602)

Louboutin, Stéphane R.
 Resultants of Chebyshev Polynomials: A Short Proof We give a simple proof of the value of the resultant of two Chebyshev polynomials (of the first or the second kind), values lately obtained by D. P. Jacobs, M. O. Rayes and V. Trevisan. Keywords:resultant, Chebyshev polynomials, cyclotomic polynomialsCategories:11R09, 11R04

6. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 510)

Dubickas, Artūras
 Linear Forms in Monic Integer Polynomials We prove a necessary and sufficient condition on the list of nonzero integers $u_1,\dots,u_k$, $k \geq 2$, under which a monic polynomial $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ is expressible by a linear form $u_1f_1+\dots+u_kf_k$ in monic polynomials $f_1,\dots,f_k \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$. This condition is independent of $f$. We also show that if this condition holds, then the monic polynomials $f_1,\dots,f_k$ can be chosen to be irreducible in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$. Keywords:irreducible polynomial, height, linear form in polynomials, Eisenstein's criterionCategories:11R09, 11C08, 11B83

7. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 739)

Samuels, Charles L.
 The Infimum in the Metric Mahler Measure Dubickas and Smyth defined the metric Mahler measure on the multiplicative group of non-zero algebraic numbers. The definition involves taking an infimum over representations of an algebraic number $\alpha$ by other algebraic numbers. We verify their conjecture that the infimum in its definition is always achieved, and we establish its analog for the ultrametric Mahler measure. Keywords:Weil height, Mahler measure, metric Mahler measure, Lehmer's problemCategories:11R04, 11R09

8. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 140)

Mukunda, Keshav
 Pisot Numbers from $\{ 0, 1 \}$-Polynomials A \emph{Pisot number} is a real algebraic integer greater than 1, all of whose conjugates lie strictly inside the open unit disk; a \emph{Salem number} is a real algebraic integer greater than 1, all of whose conjugate roots are inside the closed unit disk, with at least one of them of modulus exactly 1. Pisot numbers have been studied extensively, and an algorithm to generate them is well known. Our main result characterises all Pisot numbers whose minimal polynomial is derived from a Newman polynomial Â- one with $\{0,1\}$-coefficients Â- and shows that they form a strictly increasing sequence with limit $(1+\sqrt{5}) / 2$. It has long been known that every Pisot number is a limit point, from both sides, of sequences of Salem numbers. We show that this remains true, from at least one side, for the restricted sets of Pisot and Salem numbers that are generated by Newman polynomials. Categories:11R06, 11R09, 11C08

9. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 511)

Bonciocat, Anca Iuliana; Bonciocat, Nicolae Ciprian
 The Irreducibility of Polynomials That Have One Large Coefficient and Take a Prime Value We use some classical estimates for polynomial roots to provide several irreducibility criteria for polynomials with integer coefficients that have one sufficiently large coefficient and take a prime value. Keywords:Estimates for polynomial roots, irreducible polynomialsCategories:11C08, 11R09

10. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 313)

Tzermias, Pavlos
 On Cauchy--Liouville--Mirimanoff Polynomials Let $p$ be a prime greater than or equal to 17 and congruent to 2 modulo 3. We use results of Beukers and Helou on Cauchy--Liouville--Mirimanoff polynomials to show that the intersection of the Fermat curve of degree $p$ with the line $X+Y=Z$ in the projective plane contains no algebraic points of degree $d$ with $3 \leq d \leq 11$. We prove a result on the roots of these polynomials and show that, experimentally, they seem to satisfy the conditions of a mild extension of an irreducibility theorem of P\'{o}lya and Szeg\"{o}. These conditions are \emph{conjecturally} also necessary for irreducibility. Categories:11G30, 11R09, 12D05, 12E10

11. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 191)

Drungilas, Paulius; Dubickas, Artūras
 Every Real Algebraic Integer Is a Difference of Two Mahler Measures We prove that every real algebraic integer $\alpha$ is expressible by a difference of two Mahler measures of integer polynomials. Moreover, these polynomials can be chosen in such a way that they both have the same degree as that of $\alpha$, say $d$, one of these two polynomials is irreducible and another has an irreducible factor of degree $d$, so that $\alpha=M(P)-bM(Q)$ with irreducible polynomials $P, Q\in \mathbb Z[X]$ of degree $d$ and a positive integer $b$. Finally, if $d \leqslant 3$, then one can take $b=1$. Keywords:Mahler measures, Pisot numbers, Pell equation, $abc$-conjectureCategories:11R04, 11R06, 11R09, 11R33, 11D09

12. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 196)

Dubickas, Artūras
 Mahler Measures Close to an Integer We prove that the Mahler measure of an algebraic number cannot be too close to an integer, unless we have equality. The examples of certain Pisot numbers show that the respective inequality is sharp up to a constant. All cases when the measure is equal to the integer are described in terms of the minimal polynomials. Keywords:Mahler measure, PV numbers, Salem numbersCategories:11R04, 11R06, 11R09, 11J68

13. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 328)

Mollin, R. A.
 Class number one and prime-producing quadratic polynomials revisited Over a decade ago, this author produced class number one criteria for real quadratic fields in terms of prime-producing quadratic polynomials. The purpose of this article is to revisit the problem from a new perspective with new criteria. We look at the more general situation involving arbitrary real quadratic orders rather than the more restrictive field case, and use the interplay between the various orders to provide not only more general results, but also simpler proofs. Categories:11R11, 11R09, 11R29

14. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 214)

Mollin, R. A.; Goddard, B.; Coupland, S.
 Polynomials of quadratic type producing strings of primes The primary purpose of this paper is to provide necessary and sufficient conditions for certain quadratic polynomials of negative discriminant (which we call Euler-Rabinowitsch type), to produce consecutive prime values for an initial range of input values less than a Minkowski bound. This not only generalizes the classical work of Frobenius, the later developments by Hendy, and the generalizations by others, but also concludes the line of reasoning by providing a complete list of all such prime-producing polynomials, under the assumption of the generalized Riemann hypothesis ($\GRH$). We demonstrate how this prime-production phenomenon is related to the exponent of the class group of the underlying complex quadratic field. Numerous examples, and a remaining conjecture, are also given. Categories:11R11, 11R09, 11R29
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